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The weekly herald. (Newberry Court House [S.C.]) 1865-1865, June 21, 1865, Image 1

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DeVoted to the Dissemination of General Information.
(Payment required invariably in advance.)
Advert,Tr,ents inserted at $1 per square, for
first insertion, 50 cents for subsequent insertions.
Marriage notices, Funeral invitations, obituAries,
and Communications of personal interest charged
as advertisenents.
Only a few dayihad elapsed, says the Charles
ton Courier, after the surrender of Johnston,
when primary meetings were held in many places
in North Carolina, atnd delegates sent to Wash
iugton to co: fer with the President in regard to
the afflairs of the State, and the ;ppointment of a
military or provisional governor. The result is
seen in the late proclamation appoimting the
ion. Wi. H. Holden, Ivith instructions to pre
at ribe such rules and regulations as mnay be ne
c:ssarv for the holding of a State Convention,
composed of delegates selected by that portion
vt thc people who may be entitled to the electo
ral franchise a, defined by the A mnn:ty' P1rocla
tion of Mav U, Ior the pu rpovse of alterir or
umend:ing ihe Cons:tittution1 o the S .tte, and tle
presentation of siicIh a Reiullic:n fori o State
governlment acs lhall entitle the State to ilI the
guarantees and protecon o the (;neral Govern
Georgia and Alabama are moving in the same
directiou. 3lMceiugs have beien held in manv
p!asce, xpretsiln a desire ihr the appVintmeii.
%t a milit:ry overnlor o that State, and no
(ouht it wi!l be tlone :is soon a; the tolvernmiient
er atiS1f that it is the de-ire of the loyal por
tion of, thle S .e
South tro lii t occupies the s:im111 relatio!s to
the G neral G1 over t r meas that ot thle borderiing
!:t. -s, ald tie sie steps are nIeC'.: vr in e
"ISe ior a return to civil j:ri'i:tmon areprv
Nentatltl i: he Na:ion Corr-res; -!I, as %w
be seen in the caQe of North :ina, the first
wp in the appuo.."l-at of a .-: c risional o v
N.o one and< r'anda thc importance of such a
itp beter ti:. Prf- !.ilt Jlohinston, who served
in il' can itV i: lit'ene (1duiing the most
tr ing period of -he wa:. is 'experience gives
h11:n a thorough krr,nwledgb of the v;ais and re
g;uirenlwmefis ( a State in the re-eDtablishment oft
its civil functions.
It nould emIii that the ti:,e by arrived when
the citizens of the Staie s:oueld adopt measures
-ftr the tPoin:dtmnt of a 'roviiornld ioveri:or.
WXith l:', an appointnrnt ig corne the gradual
re-opening of the Itailroads ai:nd channels of
tr:td , tj e stabliklhmn r of pos tal routes and
v;.crCa::i :.ation of tlie U. S. Couri., aad fital re
torn of civil anthrity.
TO accomplish these objects there should be a
:1ni ed andi ar::hcouious :.tiol on the part of the
tople. The mnilitary autl:oities, we believe,
are ready and a iiling to give all aid and a sist
ance in their power for the forwarding of such
A movement, as will be seeni at once by the re
port of a meeting held at Sunmme:vilie on Wen
rnesdaty last, which was published in our issue of
)esterdar morning.
Charleston, as the most important commercial
,intnt in the State, should be one of the first to
move in the mlatter. Her futuro prosperity very
largely depends on the speedy opening of -be
channeis of trade and the development -f the
resourees of the State. which can only be ac
romiplishedl by united and we!l directed etterts on
the part of the citizens.
Let past jealousies be h,rried, and all meet
with one common object, the prormtion of peace,
fellowvship andl good will, and the restoration of
Soeuth Cacina to her true positioni,in the galaxy
of States composing this great Republic. Now
:3 The timo~ for action. "Leave not for to-mror
row what should be donu to-day."-harleston
A meeting has been heid at Suimmerville, S. C.,
one also,we perceive through the Columnbia press
at Columbia.
It will be seen, from the above art'cle, that it
is n-ecessarv for the citizens of South Carolina, if
they wish to return to civil jurisdict.n and rep
resentation in. the National Congress, and the
appointment of a Provisional Governor from one
of the citizens of her own States to take the same
!teps as North Carolina, Ga. and Alabama. To
secomplish this, primary meetings miust be held
th.roughout the State, "indicating that there is a
united and harmonious action on the part of tho
people to be loyal.'' There is no use in ob-tina
cy, stubbornness and sulkiness. If a few are dis
posed to act foolish and to "cut off' their nose to
spite their face," let the balance,who are a large
majority and deeply interested in their social,
political and commercial welfare and happiness,
take the matter in hand and act.
The reopening of the channels of trade, 'of
railroads, the establishment of postal routes, and
final return to civil authority all depend on the~
hsia t i and oal action of the citizenIs.
further postponement. Let the citizens of New
berry come forward, call a meeting, and show a
disposition to act in concert with our sister dis
W-hat farmer, mechanic, merchant, lawyer,
or physician feels disposed to remain out in the
cold, under military law all the time, with uo
privileges and while tbe sister States surrounding
us,have acted,and will soon be enjoying the ben
efit of civil government an.d law. .
i oRest assnred, citizens, as !ong as you show no
dispdsition to be loyal, no disposition to concur
with the requirements of the U. S. authorities,
who, I assure you, are as independent as you are,
just so long will the State be under military gov
ernors, military rule, as at presens, with no pe
culiar privileges as when under civil government.
For once display some common sense. S.
Proclamation of President Johnson.
Whereas, the fourth sectiou of the fourth arti
cle of the constitution of the United States de
clares that the United States shall guarantee t)
every State inl the Enion a republicnn for;n of
government, and shall protect each of them
tgains,t invasion and domestic violence; and
Wherea:s, the President of the United States
is by the constitu:ion made Cormander-in-Chief
of the Army and Navy, as well as chief execu
tive offleer of the United States, and to take care
that the laws 'e failhfuil executed ; and
Whereas, the rebellion, which has been wagedl
by a portion of the people of the United State
against the properly constituted r.,thori:ies of
the governcnt thereot in the most viol.;ht and
revolting lorm, but whose organize(l and armed
forces h.tve now been abtost entirely overcome,
has in i:s revolutio(nary progre.s deprived tho
pole of the tate of Nourti Carolina of all civil
gover:net: ; antl
\hereas, it becomes :cccesary and proper to
carry ou,t .nd enifurce the ol,hi :tions of the
i:e. S!ates to the people of North Carolina in
'"ctr. tillm in the enjovneat.ot a republican
fo r:n (o' gO vetr::m)enrt.
N ow, t1er cOn-, in obieil"nce to the hlgh and
solemn d:tti.'mc d upon me by the Constitu
tion of the United Stxtcs, and for the purpose of
en:blin. the loyal peopic of said State to organ
i:wa .ste gorernt:eat, whereby justice may be
esta:i,isbe(l, domctic tranquility insured, and
loyal citizens protected in all tlh:.r rights of life,
:lerty and property, I, S ou;wv JONSN, Pres
ident-of the United States and Com:nander-ic
(hief of the Army and Navy of the United States,
do hereby appoint William W. Holden provis
ional Governor of the State of North Curolina,
whose duty it shall be at the earliest practica I
neriod, to prescribe such rutles and regulations as
mav be necessary and proper for convening a
convention, composed of delegates to bo chosen
by that portion of the peopl. of said State who
are loyal to the United States, and no others, for
the purpose of altering or amending the consti
tution thereof, and with authority to exercise
within the limits of said State all the pwers ne
cessary and proper to en:able such loyal people
of the State of Noi th Carolina to restore said
State to its constitutional relations to the federal
governne:nt, and to present ;uch a rep-tbtican
form of State govertmnent as will entitle the State
to the guarantee of the United Statcs, therefor,
and its people to protection by the Uaited States
against iuva'ion, insurrection and o6mestic vio
lence: Provided that in any election that may
be hereafter held for choosing delegates to any
State convention, as aforesaid, no person shall
be qualificd as ark elector, or shall be eligible ms
a member of such convention, unless he shall
have previously taken and subscribed to the .oath
or amnesty as'set f orthm in the President's pro
clamation of May 29, 1865, and is a voter quali
fed as prescribed by the constitution and laws of
the State of Notth Carolina in force immediately
before the 20th day of May, A.D., 18G1, the date
of the so-called ordinance of secession ; and the
said convention, wher' couvened, or the Legisla
ture that may be thereafter assembled, will pre
scribe the qualiicationss of electors and the cli
gibiity of persons to hold office under the con'
stitution and laws of the State-a power the pe6
pe of the several States composing the federal
Union have rightfully exercised from the origin
of the governmnent to the present time. And I
do hereby direct:
IFinst--That the military commander of the
department, and all otticers and persons in the
military and naval service, aid and assist the
said Provisional Governor in carrying into effect
this proclamation ; and they are enjoined to at)
stain from in any way hindering, impeding or
discouraging the loyal people from the.orgamz
tion of a State government as herein authorized.
SECoND-That the Secretary of State proceed
to put in force all laws of the United St.ate. th'
administration whereof belongs to the State, De
partment, applicable to the geographical himits
* Tan-That the Secretary of the Treasury
proceed to nominate for appointment assessors
of taxes and collectors of cu.stoms and internal
revenue, and such other officers of the Treasury
Department as are auThorized by law, and put m
execution the revenue laws of the United States
within the geographical limita aforesaid.
In making theiappointmecnts the preference
are to ne performed; but it suitable residents of
the districts shall not be found, then persons re
sidhg in eter States or districts shall be ap
Fort:Mr-That the Poiotma.ster Genernl proceed
to establish post routes an'd put into execution
the postal laws of the United States within the
said State, giving to loyal residents the prefer
enc: of appointment; but if suitable residents
are not found, then appoint agents fran other
F.-rn-That the District Judge for the judicial
li,;rict in which North Carolina is included, pro
cee- to hold courts -within said State, in accord
ancr with the provisions of the ~!.ct of Congress.
'!he A ttorney (neral will in!truet the proper
of- era to libel and 'ring to judgment, coaisea
I tion and sale, property eubject' to confiscation,
ani enforce the administration of justice within
sa?d State in all matters,within the cognizance
and jurisdiction of the Federal Courts.
SIxT-That the Secrecary of the navy take
possession of all public property belonging to
the navy department, wtlhin snit' geograpltcal
limits, and put in otleration all Acts of Congress
in relation to naval affairs, having app'icatian to
said Sate.
.r.-hat the Secretary of the Interior
put in forde the laws relating to the Interior De
partment applicable to the geographical limits
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set m
hand and caused the seal of the United States
to he afixed.
Done a, the City of Washington, this twenty
ninth day of lay, in the year of our Lord one
thnusand eight hundred and sixty-five, and of
ite lndcpendenco of the Unitcd States the
Ry the President:
"I:.A ui 11. S ::w.an. Secretary of state.
obor Re!uattl^:i
)rnier G :'r. Su nr Fi:r;Mr:N,
Aru;:re. GA., eJune l:th, 13., -
The fnllov il. rules r,re prcscribed for the
hiri: and gov: nleat of colored lhorers of
.uusta and vicitit,, and for the treatment of
Freed men:
Lahor.-rs will be allowed antd encotraged to
ma' vohuntary contracts, eithe:- with their
foranw'r I:-aste"rs, or cay other person wishing to
cmpi,; them. These contracts, whe. submiuted
to the Goneral Ruperintendent of Freedmen, will
he exai ined by himn, and if found to b. fair and
equitable, will be by him approved. But, owing
to the extent of country over which his jurisdic
tion now extends, and the great importance to
the people of making a good crop the preseont
season, it will not, at present, be considered ne
Scssarl hv the General Superintendent that con
tracts, to be binding, should be submitted to
him ; but if equitable, and based upon the sche
duic of prices hereKfter mentioned, will be con
sidered binding. If the *recdm,n:t desire to re
mnlin on the plantation of the former master, and
he also desires that they should remain, and the
workers consent t'o support the non-worker.+, the
emlp!over shall give to all, wholesome food, corn
h:tabie clothing, quarters, fuel and medicrl at
tendance, and divide among the- workers, pro
rata, what may be due them, if any thing, alter
deductin the expenses of supporting the freed
men on the plantation. The Government is not,
at present, prepared to support the infirm or
helpless ; there fore, until further orders, no per
son will he allowed to turn away the infirm or
I htple to become a burden upon the public;
they must be clothed, fed and properly cared for
when sick, deducting the actual expense from
thne wage.s of the able-bodied harnds. Should it
be proven that any have beni so turned away,
at asnes-ment will bo made upon the persons on
wo'e premises they were living, when this or
der was issued, for 'their suipport, and hc t ill bc
heild guilty of a misdemrnuor.
In cases when it is absolutely nee's3ary to
make exceptions to tihs rule, perm:ssionm must
be, obtained from this offiee. T,he following~
rates are fixed ,as the comipensation to be given
Male hnandls, 37 per month
.I.llf hands, 3 0"
Female hands,
IIalt hands,"
Male servants, 1st class, $10 per month
Mal se.rvants,d '8d
M-rrale s-at,a
Feaesrvanits, 1st class 8
Female servantu, 2d class "
Female servants, 3d " " -
These chi,ses wvill he determined by-merit, and
an agneemnent beCtwee-n tine emplhoyers and em
ployee. M.-chanics and persens having trado,.
will he allowed and encouraged to Lmake their
own contracts.
The money wages for fields hiands will be paid
ca he st ayof (Pctober, and 24th day of Dc
c miber ; for house servants, at, the end of cach
mioHth ; for mechanies, pe.sonis to!!owing trades
and lab,orers who work by, the day, as otten as
agreed upnon .btwe'n the paries. Al con' acts
for field hand9. wil be for the balance of the
'ear. FoH iTld hand7, house~ "'rvants, and a
laborer, ,:cptmn: machan~'s andi persaons fon
owr tra.14e" there mus~.t be wer hte '1
'xare in add non tn *'- oay, jo, -i'W
~I?&,. u 2 2t. ~C Ii t .1 U.
their freedon impotes upon them burdens and
dutie: They must labor and support themselves,
their wives and children; and if they desire to
l.ecome the o:mners of land, they must buy them,'
as oth-r Freedmen are required to do. They
nu,t fulfill all equitable contracts ; and if any
contract is broken by them, without just cause,
they will lose all that may he due them. They
are free in all parts of the State of Georgia and
South Carolina, and their rights- as freemen will
be protected by the whole military force of tb
L'uted States government, if nec'ssary. Every
act of injustice or cruelty done tham, will sooner
or later be investigated, and the wrong-doer se
verely: punislhcd. Idleness and vagrancy will not
be tolerated; and the government will support
none able and yet unwilling to worr'.
Wages, for a time lost on account of sicknen,
unless protracted, will not be deducted from the
field hands or house servants ; nor for any time
lost from any fanits of the employer, or on ac
count of inclement weather. But both wages
and rations will be deducted when sickness is
feigned for the purpo?e of idleness or refusal to
work when able to do so, and the offender may
be discharged by the employer. Whenever any.
Freedman is discharged by the employer or his
agent, and think himself- wronged, or whenever
they are naltrated or deprived of any right due
Freedmen, they should report the case at this
ofice, and the comnplaint-will be promptly attend
ed to.
iut, if the Freednian so discharged, refuse to
leave, or prowls about the premises to the injuvy
of any person; or in case any Freudman commits
an offence for which he should be punished, or
is conwidercd a dangerous person. he may be ar
rested by competent authority and brought, be
fore the Prorost 2arshal. Whenever a military
force cannot be obtained, a request may be made
at this oflice, where it will receive prompt atten
House servants are informed that they will be
expectcd to remain one half of each Sabbath
with their ennployecs, and field hands that they
are expected to eork cach day in the week ex-.
ce't the Sabbath.
Complaints have been made at this office, that
certain' parties refuse to allow wives to leave
their premisos with their husbands, or parents to
tike chargo of their children. Such persons are
notificd that Freedmen in this regard have the
same rights as white citizens have, and if they
interfere with those rights they are guilty of a
grave offence, wl:ich will subject them to severe
These regulations subject to the approval of
Biert. Maj. Gen. R. Saxton, Commissioner of
F:eedme for South Carolina and Georgia.
General Superintendent,
BArN o FACILrTI.s.-Our highly esteemed
feliow citizen, James S. Gibbes, Esq., IPresi
dent pro tem of the People's Bank, has been
granted permission by Gen. Hatch to remove
the effects to the city. It is contemplated,
we learn, to -re-establish it as a National
Bank as soon as all the arrangements can be
completed. The various o..her banking insti
tutions, it is hoped, will !ollow this good ex
ample. Capital is what is now wanted to give
confidence and revive business. Our citizens,
business men particularly, owe a debt of grat
itude to Mr.' P. H. Kegler, the worthy, enter
prising and courteous gentleman who openede
the fir t banking house after the occupation
of the c" y by the United States forces. Mr.
Kegler's house at the corner of King and
Baufai.n streets is now, we are happy to say,
an established institution, and has met with
the success it so well. merited.-Carlesston
Couricr, 1st.
A RRIVAL OF N.EGRo TRooPs-The. frst in'
staiment of-negro troops, designed for duty in
Augusta, reached there Saturday last, and
marched up Greene street to their company
grounds on the Arsenal bill. The colored,
opulation turned out en mnasse to look at
their brethren in arms, who marched with
considerable precision, and gave ample evi
dence of the efficiency of drill and'- discipline.
Jerusaler.1 is undergoing reesceitation. Many
pubic improvements have lately been made and
the popuTation has been increased by a great in-.
fux of Jews who have fled from northern Africa.
it is said that the Jews are much concerned
abIout this gathering up the stones and making
broad the ways of Jerusalem ; they say. "Now
we are certain Messiah's coming is very near.
It is said that Major General John C. Breck
inridge is trying to get to Europe. But he
cnn have no vocation there. Nevrermore wil
he have a homei. What a sad moral there is
in the story of that brilliant and most unhap
PY man.- "c.ouirile ~Journal.
A National Bank is to be established in
Charleston-probably in the course of a
month, The Cou.r;n' states that "a number
of otrr heavy mercliants have expressed their
desire to take shares."
Th~ .news of the opening of recruiting oSU
-ers for Mcxico in Ncv 3 ork and WastpngtoD,
creetd human tsen in whil- Te gen-~

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