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The weekly herald. (Newberry Court House [S.C.]) 1865-1865, July 05, 1865, Image 1

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Marr;age notices, Funeral invitations, Obituaries,
and Communications of personal interest charged
as advertben.ents.
Public Meeting.
In cdmpliance with the recommendation of a
meeting of the citizens of the town of Newber
ry, held on the 27th ult., a general meeting of
tbe citizens of the District, was held on Monday,
Sd July, at Hurd's Hall. The meeting having as-.
aembled, on the pomination of Mr. Jas. Glenn,
Col. J. H. Wiltiams was appointed chairman, and
Henry Summer, Esq., Sec. The chaianan hav
ing stated the object of the meeting,. and an
nounced that it was prepared for business, on
motion of Rev: Dr. Brantly a committee of fif
teen was appointed by the chair to prepare busi
ness fm- the meeting ; whereupon the following
persons were appointed to constitute that ;coi
mittee: Rev. J. J. Brantly, L. J. Jones, Jas. X. f
Btxter, Isaae Hunt, Joh P. Kinard, C. H. Suber, 1
Thos. Lipscorr.b, Burr J. Ramage, Wm. Glenn,
-'T. P. Slider, G. S- Cannon, Robinson Spearman,
Icaac jerbert, Jas. 'air, and E. S. Keitt. .Thos. r
Lipscomb having declined toserve cn the com. t
1mittee, Mr. Tbos. Duckctt was appointed in his
-place.. Before the committee retired, L. J.
-Jones asked leave to read, a letter from Ron. W. t
W. Boyce, stating the impressions of the latter (
in reference to the feelibgs of the President of
the United States towards this State; and its res
toration to the Union, gathered from a personal
intervie* witb hie. Excellency. Mr. Jones then 4 t
.submitted a resolution in reference to W. W.
Boyce, and anothcr in reference to Hon. Jas. L.
Orr, which on motion, were"referred to the cont- c
'mittee, and will be found embodied in this re
"port. The committee then retired, and, after
consultation, reported through their- chairman,
.as follows:
Whereas, a meeting of the citizen; of the town
of New berry was called by the Intendant, to con- t
eider by what means a.general expression of the
sentiments of the people of the district might be a
obtaired, in reference to the statp of things
which has been brcught abot't, by the termina
tion of the late war and the dissolution of the a
Confederate Government; and, whereas,,a meet- Ft
ing 1tas peld, in pursuance of this call, on Tues- (
day, the 27th nit., at which a seiies of resolutions
was adopted, and, among them, one vcpmend
ing a general meeting of the people of the dis- a
trict, to be held on the first Monday in July ;.and 'c
whereas, in conformity with this recommenda- C
tion, the present meeting has assembled, we
therefore desire to give this public expression to
our views.
We are convinced that the objeet which has
broaught us together to-day is one of vital conse
quence to all; and we do.not believe it possible
that:any one can fail to perceive how deeply his
own welfare, and that of all most dear to him, is
* involved in the action which we may take. The f
object of this n:ceting is to do what lies in our 5
power, to heal the wounds which a long and dis
* astrous war has inflicted on the country, and to n
Testore to it law and order, and all the securities
and benefits which a recogn'zed and stable gov
ernent affords. -The surretider of Lee andb
Johnston has been followed by the capitulation
of all the rest of the organized forces called into
the Geld by the late Confederate'aGovernment:.
The-armDies recently arrayed against the Gor.t
ernent of: the United States, have dispersed,the t
soldiers have returned to their homes, and are
there quietly waiting for an opportunity to re
some their formcr peaceful pursuits. The appre
-hension entertained by some, that, after all or
ganized resistance had ceased, bands of despe-g
rate men would continue the' hopeless contest,j
and proloog the dreadful scenes of' blood and
suffering, has happily not been realized.'- Peacet
reigns throughout the whole land, and nowherea
is there manifested any disposition to disturb it.
But, though peacc has~ returned, the evil ef- ~
fects of the war still continue. In some portions
-of the late Confederacy, these evil consequenecs
. are beginning to be abated ; civil governmen~t
has resumed.its sway, business is slowly reviving,
and all thle political and social relations disturbedh
by the war are undergoing re-adjustment. Bu
in our State civil government is still suspended
and the inconvenient and arbitrary substitute o
military rule has taken its ph ,e; all business i
at a stand still, in the absence of a circulatinf
medium- in sufficient quantity for the wants of th(
people ; much difficulty and embarrassment ba
been produced by the sudden sundering of th(
ties which -have heretofore existed between our
selves and the laboring population, and the ex.
pedients which have been adopted to remed3
those evils will, it is to be feared, but imperfectly
accomplish this end ; and, mear.while, the rindf
Df men are in! a state of painful suspense a'td
anxiety. Whereas, under these circumstances,
we have met to consider what course we shall
adopt to remedy existing. evils, and to aver1
Dther and, perhaps, greater ones in the future,
Resolved, That we regard the war as finally. at
in end; that we are convinced, and believe it to
)e the conviction of the whole people, that. all
>pposition to the authority of the United Statee
,overnment has ceased in this district, and that
here is no disposition, on the part of any one,
o renew it.
Resolved, That the speedy re:toration of-the
tate, to the relations formerly ext ting between
t and the Union and Constitution of the States,
s the only means by which law and order can
'esnme their control, and prosperity bt restored.
Resolved, That we are.fully prepared to see the
uthorhy of the Constitution and. laws of the
Jnited States restored in this State, and to give
he promise of obedience to the same. required
y the Government.
'Resplved, That we fully concur in the memo,
ial, to the President of the United Stat'ea, adop
ed by a public meeting of the citizens of Abbe
-ille District, as expressing'our own sentiments
.d convictions.
Resolved, That; in compliance with t'e recom
nendation contained in that memoriil, we appoint
,ol. J. H. Williams as a member of the poposed
leputation to wait on the President, together
rith the Hon. Armistead Burt, depity elect from
L'ibeville Distridt.
Besolved, That, in the sense of this, iecting,
be Hon. W. ,W. Bovce., by his long. and, large
xperience in the political af%irs of trie coutry;
is discreet iudgment, and his pure patriotism, is
very suitable person to be appointed Governor
f Ecuth Caroliia, for the purpose of re-organ
ting 'her government, and bringinc her back
to the Fe4eral Union, and his appointment is
arrestly but respectfully requested.
Reaolved, That t'he distinguished ability, the
olitical wisdom and broad patriotism of the Hon.
ames L. -Orr; and his thorough knowledge df
lie condition and wants. of the State of South
'aro:iuat, point him out as a very fit person to be
ent on to Washington, to represent her interests,
nd to urge her restoration to the Fe.ieral -Union,
nd'we therefore endorse his appointment for
at purpose, and urge his acceptance.
eso'red, That. the newspapers df this State,
rd of Augusta, peo., be requested to publish
ae proceedings of this meeting, as soon as may
e convenient.
The report of the committee having been read,
-as, on-motion of Col. Fair, unanimously adopt
d. On motion, a committee of correspondence
f three persons'was appointed. The committee
onsisted of T. P. Slider, S. Fair, and G. DeWalt.
n motion-a committee consisting of T. P. Sli
er and W. W. Houseal, wasappointed' to raise
inds to defray expenses of delegate to Wash
,gton. On motion, the meeting then adjourned.
J. H. WILLIAMS, Chairman.
Hmr SrTME R, SeC'y.
Pursuant,~ to notice, a'mass meeting.of the citi
ens of Abbeville District, South Carolina, mostly
.rmeirs, was held ory Wednesday, Jfune 21, 1865,
rtheir Court House, -to consider their present
olitical,condition, an~d to furtler the estal>lish
Lent of civil government in their State. .
On motion of Mr; iH. A. Fair, Hion. D. L. Ward
tw, was. called to the chair, and James.C. Cal
gunl appointed secretary.
The chairma'n having explained the object of the
ieeting,on motion of Hon. A.Burti, it was resolved
at a commiLtee of fifteen be ippointed bythe chair
i prepare busin.ess for the meeting, whereupon
ie Tollowing gentlemen were appointed as the
Lid committee, viz: Messrs. Armistead Burt,
hos. C. Perrin, Thos. Thomson, J. Aigustus
lack, Robt. A. Fair, James McCastan, Pat. H.
radley, James Gillam, H. L. Jeffers, M. C. Tag
art, W. T. Drennan, John H. Marshall, T. B.
[ilford, James A. Norwood and Rev. J. N
oung; who reported through their chairman,
1e foirowing mnen2orial, which was ungnimously
'b his E:ecellene~y, Andrew Jonson,
.President of the United States:
he memorial of the citizens -of Abbeville.Dis
trict, South Carolina, assembled.in :nass met
ing, respectfully sheweth
That South Carolina has laid down her 'irms,
ntliies have esed int he,- borders and yet
her people enjoy neither the blessings of peace
nor the protection of law.' We have not, and
know not any persons in this State, who have the
purpose or the inclination to renew the contest
in any form. The zpeedy and complete restora
tion of our relations to t'.e Constitutier. of the
United States and the Union, and the peace and
security which they guarantee to the citizen, are
our unfeigned desire and the great want of our
whole country. In view of these desirable ends,
we pledge, in good faith, ready and unreserved
submission and obedience to all lawful authority..
The state of our exhaosted means and re
sources requires the fostering care of. law and
order. Parts of our State are under the incon
venient restraints of military authority, whilst
large sections, including that in which we
live, are without. any form of government.
All civil rule and rulers are suspended, and men
are subject to no other restrainls than those
which habit, or their own sense of propriety im
poses. All experience attests that these volun
tary restraints are inadequate to repress .the ra
pacious and othar vicions- passions of men.
Crime, ontrage and wrong at perpetrated with
impunity'tlbu the peaceable and helpless. Our
community depends upon voluntary and irregu
lar organizations for .the protection of' persons
and property, and a sense of insecurity depre,ssses
the energy and disturbs the repose of our pe"
The efficiency of the great laboring class of
he State has been seriously, and, we fear, disas
trously, impaired by inconsistent military regu
lations. This whole body of laborers his tren
demoralized by the removal of the domestic reg
ulations to which they have been accustomed,
atid the failure to substitute any other discipline
or govertment over them. The able-bodied
men r^nd women have, in many instances, aban
doned the farms upon which they were employed,
leaving behind them the children and the aid to,
be supported by the Ip-oprietors. In some in
stances husbands have deserted their. wives and
childrern, nd we have known both' fathew and
mother to abandon their inf int to be cared for
by others. We have not seen th" these labor
ers have 3een required by any o, der to remain
upon the farms and ,to labor-for the present year,
or even to assi4t in making and harvesting the
growing 'erps. Many of those who left the
ams have taken with them. th9 _nues. and
litbrses which were indispetlsable-for the ,farm
work. Those who reiniin upon the farms--re
g6neraiy- indisposed to iahor as they had pie
vi.'usiy done, or to De br'derly and industribus.
and many are loitering idly and mischievously
through the country.
The devastation of whole district- of our State
by armies or raiding parties-removing. or de
stroying every animal for labor or food, every.
article for the suhsistence of man or beast, every
implement and appliance of agricultui-e, has left
the whole agricaftural popnlati. r the country
in a most deplorable condition. Tbe"cottorcrop
of the last four years has been incon,iderable, as
but a small area was allowed by law to be planted:
and even now the supply of the mere necessaries
of life, is not only meagre everywhere, but in
some districts wholly exhausted.' Thi. section is
without mail fa,ilities, and its conmunications'by
ilroad have been wholly 'interrupted, and are
ndt tiely-soon to be restored.
These evils are greatly aggravged by :the to
tal absence of- any cieculating medium. Goldf
and silver are posses:; s- .v but few, and by
these fer in small sum.s. T - o. of cotton on
hand will supply but little it ar y more money
than will be necessary to pay taxes, 4nd we fear
that a large r1tmiber of farma must inevitably be
sold for that purpose. Tlfe growhig crop of cit.
t'on ,can add but little, it is -believed tiot one'
fourth of a million of bales,'to .the existing stock,.
which probably does not amount to one and a
half million of bales.
Amongst 'the great disasters wrhich the wiise
and the~ prudent amongst.us riehold in tb h ue
Idiate future of our unhappy country, is a oon fict
between the white and biaceraces, which there
.is much in their sundered rehtions to incite, and
in many. parts of our State no power of civil or
uwi!itanv government toj repress. 'Tnis danger is
fearfuliy~ augmented in its imminency and in its
horrors, by the superior nurerical strength of
th]e-blacks over the whites, and by the-fact that
Ithe latter are generally being disarmed of all of
fensive weajons, while many of the former arc
in the possession of fire arms an'd are expert in
the use of th'eml.
These political, social-and industril evils have
greatly paralyzed the mechanicalsand agricultural
industry of our country, and sadly depressed the
spirit and energies of our people.
In tender consideration:whereof we crave the
prompt aid of the goyernment, by remedial and
1preventive measures, to mitigate the -evils that
Aiisturb -us at the present, and to 'avert' the
calamities that menace ias in the future.
.We pray, that o.nr legislature may be allowed
to hold its usai sessions, and may have wisdom
to devise measures suitable 'to the necessities of
the State. That a convention of the peop?e may
be assembled: thiat th3etopgress of the United
States may exhibit T,he magnaniuitity and states
masi hich the 'difficult posture of, affairs re
ques:that the President of the United Stass
may so exercise the high powers entrusted to
him by the constitution and laswer as to acquire
for hiuiself.imperishable renown, and for his
cointry the 'blessings of peace, harmony land
uniIvdralerosperity. That Courts-Federal arM
State-may gain exercime wheir henefiat pawi
era amongst us, erimes be restrained, oontrac;s
enforced, controversies peaceaby settled, and op
portunity give; for easy access to judicial autho
rity. That postal facilities may be again afford
ed to us. That our public offices may be re
opened, and our private avocations safely and
profitably resumed. And that in all respects our
State Government may reassume its funcions,
and the reltions of our people and State to the
Constitution and Unign be speedily 're-estab
We recommend to our fellow citizens in' other
parts of our State, ai early exposition of their
views on the' subject of our deliberations. We
desire that this memorial be respectfully laid be
fore the President of the United States; and to
give greater effect to the voice of the State,.as it
may proceed from pr mary meetings, we suggest
that a deputation of citizdns should, if permitted,
wait upon the Presidept. We, on our part, nom
inate as one of such deputation, our fellow citi
zen, the Honorable Ar-nistead Burt, who is pos
sessed with the sense of this meeting, and the ills
we suffer, much more. fully than we have been
able -te express them; and if this should be
agreeable to other meetings we hope they will
confirm the appointment pf Mr. Birt, and add. to
him other suitable pei-sons from their respective
districts or secti'ns.
We recommend that a committee of three be
appointed by the chair to correspond with per
sons i{t other parts of the State, and invite their
concurrence in the foregoing memorizl.
- We request the newspapers - of this State and
of Augusta, Ga., to publish this memorial as soon
as may be converiie:.
On motion of Mr. Jeffers, the chairman of the
meeting was appointed chairman of the com
mittee on correspondence, and 'essrs. Thos. C.
Perrin, and Thomas Thomson were appointed of
the committee by the chair.
On motion the meeting adjourped,
. D. L. -WARDLAW, Chairsaan. "
JAs. C. CALnHous; Scretary.
The Past, the Present and the Future.
No State in t1' _ South h as clung with greater
pertinaci,y to the Jeffersonian doctrines of '98
and '99, than Sorth Carolina. She nobly- perl
led lier atl in thelr defene, she bs been. in-n'
inon with her sister States of the South, van
quished by the great Republican party of the
North, and State Rights may be now considered
defunct, and consigned to the tombs of -the Cap.
Under these circumstances what does the pre
sent require at our hands? A new- order of
things imperatively demands, a new order of men,
not identified with the past. Men, who are cap
able of.entertaining new ideas, not eld politi
cians wh'ose namys have becom8 -odious to the
doninant party in Washington. If these men.
love -their State, as they have always- professed
they do, they will stand aside, conscious of. hav
ing performed faithfully their duty to the State
in the past, and their inability to serve her-in
tl.e future, they will not mar her prospects by
allowing themselves to be placed in nomination
for olfice.
Believing as.we do in an all-wise and pver-ru
ling Providence, we must bow 'in submission to
-His wilL Let:us cheerfully aeeept.the new order
of things, implorp His guidance,.in the new paths
which have been opened up to us. Forgetting
thie pist, let us im'pro~ve the present, and with a
firm faith trust in1 the God of our fathers for the
future. -- AN Q,LD NULLIFIER.
Headquarters, UI. S. Forces,
NEWBERtRY, S. C., June 26, 1885.
G1eneral Order No. 2..
The following GeneraFOrder is hereby publish
ed for the informiation'tf the citizens of Newber
ry and vicinity:
C~lumbia, S& C., June 9, 1865
General Order No. 13.
W HEREAS certain persons have announced
to those colored people formerly their
slaves.and still remainting on their tenements
that tliey must quit,.with no provision made .or
attempted for said coloiral pebple to obtain shel
ter qr work,- it is'hereby ordered that no person
shall torn off from his place or house those col
ored people. who have ired witih him and still
'desire to remain with him and.do what they can.
-Any person or persons violating this order,
and turning out from their ltousesa these people,
to becom~e pa,upers upon the community, will be
forthwith-arrested and'reposted at these head
quarters for~ trial. Cases of colored, people resi
ding onr the places of their former masters, and
behaving improperly or refusing to -work- with
fair termis offered, will'be reported for action of
the military anthorities.
By order'of . A. S. HA RTWEL,
lrevet Brg Gen.
-Olicial : grO. F. HfeKay,Lieot: and A. A. A. G..
By command of M. MURRAY,
.Capt. ('omdg. Post.
Geo. W. IDns, Lieat. & Assa.-Pzdrost MarshaL
July 5.

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