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The Newberry weekly herald. (Newberry Court House [S.C.]) 1865-1865, August 09, 1865, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218730/1865-08-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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-S .-.- -,- *
-. - -
" r
- Devoted to the Dissemination of General Information.
Thos. F. & R. H. Greneker.
(Payment required invariably in advance.)
Advertisementsinserted at $1,50 per square, for
lrst insertion, $1 for. each subsequent hertior.
Marrage noties, Funeral invitations, Obituarie ,
and Communications of personal interest charged
as atdvertisemcnts.
"BHE public attention is respectfully invited to
a choice selection of GOODS just received
.at the above namid Store, consisting of
A large assortment of very superior
- . - &c., k&e., -&c.
On- hand a large stock of BROWN SHIRTIYNG, I
&c., &C., all of which will be.sold at SMALL
'HIt :1NS, and other produce will be TAKEN
Newberry, S. C., July 12, tf
- Headquarters, U. S. Forces,
- - Newberry,.JuIy SI, 1S5.
HE Brevet Big. Gen'1 Commanding, will
Lnierl the irhabitants"of Newber: y and
La6rens District, at the time and places Ldow
mentioned, for the purpose of cxplaiiin the
tights, duties and obigations of freedmen : nd
m I2ployers. } nployers are re-pectfully re--I
Teated to notirv the freedmen of the rime, place
iud oFjent of-the meeting, and turnish facili:ics
so that -all may attend.
Conrt House, Saturday, Aug. 5, 11 eclock, A. M.
P'o-taria; Moniday, ". 7, "
, )Lariton, Tuesdoy, " 8, -
ftittgre's, WSedue.day" 9,
- Javigsliorc's, Thursday " 1, "c
L.LIE\S h)1STR (T.
4iartin's Depot, Frjay, . Aug. 11, 11 A. M.
arn C. H1.- Stturday, " 1. "
Ioigue's Store, Mond.y " 1, -
Turbling Sboals, Tuesd-1y, " i,
Waterloo, ' Wecdnesday 16,
Br tBr. Gen'1 . H. V WYCK.
JIE8 DURot, ?Gylam. ct4. A. A. G ,e.
Newberry, S. C., July 15, 1865..
Qeneral- Orders No. 2.
-IL All permits heretofare granted, for the sale
of Ale, Wine, Cidcr, Brandy, Whiskey or any in
toxicat g drinks are here.by revoked, and selling
of the samne to any person or porsonis is protb
- ited.
IL. Any person having in their possession
any horses, mules, wagons or any Government
* property, will immediately report the same to the
nearest military post and have it recorded.
III. All cotton being transported must be in
* pected by the - nearest Provost Marshal, and
iarked "Inrsoected and Passed."
Any person failing to re,ort such property will
be ~ adjudged guilty of viol.tion of Orders, and
punished accordingly.
By order of
Brefet Brig. Gen. C. H. VAN WYCK,
Command ing District..
-HRrmz B. Looxis, 1st Lt. & Adj't 56 N: Y. V..
- rvs Marshal.
NWEEERY, S. 9., JulyS1st. 1865.
All contracts between planters and freedmen
ivill be examnined and approved at the Ordinary's
offlce, at Newberry-Court House.
By order of
Commissioner of Labor.
1 stRi B. LooMIs,
GoTernmeLd ClaIit and Applicationls for
rpHE subscriber has mzade arrangements -with
..one of the most anle and influential legal
- rms in Washingtt a c' y, for the prosecution, of
-Government claims anid applications for pardon.
All applications for pma umo.der the A mnesty
Proelamation must first ,e len. ilih the Pro
-visional Governor, and froma tbena forwarde( to
Washington city for final act'on by the President.
~The intervention of an attorecs -n at thas
place and Washington city, will, reatly facilitate
the transaction and completion of suich business.
- ~ c-. J. ELFORD,
Attorney at Law,
J,il 2E 3 - Grcendilr) C. C.
Lines to oar Baby.
Little allspice, pickel, pepper,
Baby, changeable and fickle,
Lying in yotir nurse's arms,
cafe from everything that harms
Full of smiles and fIl of tears,
Full of joys and full of fears,
Are you mortal or divine ?
Tell rme, little baby uine !
Little rabbit, cricket, r,obin
Babyr, uhimpering and sobbing,
Sleeping on your mother's lap,
Dreaming, 'whiles of sweetened pap ;.
Pleased with chirp:ng, pleased with song,
.Quieted by nothing long,
Care vou most for milk or wine?
Tell me, little baby mine !
L:ttle monkey, lemon, clove 1
Bab., fruit of wedded love,
Seated on your father's knee,
As wide awake as you can be,
Striving, while you clutch the air,
To.pull his whiskers or his hair,
Think you not you're something-fine ?
Tell me, little baby mine I
.Little poppy, saffron, thistle
Baby, stilled with chirp and whistle,
Nesied in your cradle small,
Like a little waxen doll ;
Do you in your slumbers view,
Spirits hovering over you
Angel spirits half divire ?
Tell me little baby iire !
Little cherub., sunshine, star
Baby, comfort of mama,
Welcomed to this world with kiseeq,
Crowned with io%e and earthly bli;ses ;
Dimpled darling, blue-eyed boy;
A future hope, a-present joy ;
WhN thus round my heart entwine ?
Tell e, little baby mine I
The Tax Law.
The United States Tax Bill is a subject of much
interest to us all, and one upon which inost of
our-citizens btve had very little chance of in
forming themselves; hence we publish some of
its most import,:nt provi3ions, that people ma..
know' what they wifn have to pay, that they may
no: hcrcafttr be anoi ed by unncccssary appre
"Thefe. shall be raid annually upon the an
nual gains, profi and inc6me of every person
residing ii-j United States, whether derived
from any kin -of property,,rents, interosts, divi
dend{ or salaiies, or from airy profession, trade,
eniploZnentt, or vocation, earied on in the Urni
ted States or elsewhere, orfrom any soirce what-,
cvrr, a duty of five per centum on the exc-as
over six hundred dollars, and not exceeding five
thousand dollat, and a duty of ten per centum
on the excess over five thousand dollars. And
the~ duty herein provided for ' shall be assessed,
collescte<, and paid upon the gains, profits and
incon for the- year ending the 21st December,
dext preceding the time for levying, collecting
and, pa ying said duty."
This is the tnost irportant_clauseof the law
the one of general application for the execu.tion.
of whtch it is provid'd, "That it shall be the.
duty of all persons of -lawfoil age to mke and.
render a li,t, in such manner as may be pre
cribed by the CommisSioner-of Internal Revenue
of the amount of the'r income, gains, or profits
as aloresnid," under oatb.
No farmer, manufacturer, mechanic or any
other person will pay any tax at all on his ins
comne, unrless it amounts to six hundred dollars,
after dciiacting the. necessary expenses for car
rying on his business. In addition to thl-,, he is
allowed to deduct his house rent nnd all
taxes he pays to the. General -Government, to the
state, county and town, from his necessary ex
pensecs, atnd he pass no income tai at all, unless
his i.:comse amounts to more than six hundred
dollars after these deductions are madhe.
In the event that a man is unable, to pay his
taxes, and his property has to be taken away by
the-sovernment agents and sold for that purpose,
thre law reserves to him the following articles:
"The tools or implements .of his trade or profes
sion, one cow; armss and provhions, household
furniture kept for use, school books and apparel
necessary for a family."
In ad~dition to this, there are many specified
taxes, only a few. of which are of -general inter
est enough to our citizens to 'be noticed in a
short article like thi4.
Merchants who sel over twenty-five thousand'
dollars pay fifty dollars tax ; those who sell over
one thousand and under twenty-five, pay ten
dollars tax, and those selling under one thou
sand are not taxed.
The tu on liquors may be summed up as Lol
lows: Distillers making over three hundred bar
rels pay a license of fifty dollars; making les
than three hundred, pay twenty-five dol}ars;
those making less than 'one hundred. and fifty
barrels of apple or 'peach brandy, pay twelve
dollars and fif ty cents. In addition to this, a tax
of two dollars has to be paid on every gallon of
whiskey, and a. tax of odie dollar an.d ftty cents
on every gallon of brandy, and every retailer of
liquoi-s must pay twenty-five dollars tax.
Lawyers, physicians,.and dentists pay. ten dol
lars tax each. Auctioneers from ten to twenty,
according to sales, and one-fourth of one~ per et.
n amount of sales. .Cotton pays two cents a
pounds; manufactured tobacco forty cents a lb.;
ap't segars ten dollars per thousand.. Carriages
and gold watches from one to twa dollars each,
necording to value ; pianos..pay frorn two to four
dollars, according to quality.
All ;ailroads and'stage routes ~pay a tax of two
and a half per cent on the gree~ amount of their
receIpts, and ferries pay three per cent. All
manufacturers of 'cotton or wool pay a license of
ten dellars and a tax, of five per cenf on the value
of goods they make.
The tax of fort7 cents a pound laid on. manu
factur.ed tobacco wes intended to.be. paid by.the
manufacturer, but there is nio offcer authorized
to colle,ct it. 'Hen.:e it can.only be piid by those
w ho ship tobacco l'o other States. The samea
ma h aid of the tax cf t-:o cemt:; a pound on
The foregoing is the present United States
revenue law-as it now esists ; in it. there is no
tx on lands at all, but in the place thereof a
tax on the income of all farmers Who clear more
than five hundred dollars a year.
There is, however, a back tax on lands to be
collected for. one year only, as the law was re
pealed after.one year. This tax is eighty cents
ou every hundred dollars worth of land valued
bj the tax books of 1S60.-Rateigh Standard.
The Twenty- Thousand Dollars Exception
President Johnson was waited on July 8, by
Messrs, J. A. Jones, R. A. Lancaster, M. H.
Hozall and J. L. Apperson, representatives of
merchants and others, of Virginia, who wish
ed him to amend the amnesty proclamation
by taking out the $20,000 cTause. They rep
resented that this feature interfered with the
developement of industry by binding up capi.
tal,.and in this way opprescel the poor, and
when they attempted to-borrew money in the
northern and middle States, They were at once
met by the objection that'they had over $20,
00.0 ; and that if they had, accommodation
could not be extended, so thAy *ere unable
to give work to the poor who called upon them.
The President reminded them that.the am
nesty did not cause this distrust ; it was the
commission of treason and the Violation of law
that did it. The amnesty proclamation left
these men just where they were.efore. It'did
not add any disability ;'if they had committed.
treason they were answerable.to the confisca
tion law, which Congress had passed, ang
w6ich he, as President, could not alter. or
mend. In the amnesty proclamation he had
ofiered- pardon to'some persdns, but that did
not injure other persons. Would they like to
have the amnesty removed alto ether? Would
they feel any easier in that case ? -'
One of the depatation answered, "No ; but
it would assist us very much'if you..would ex
tend the benefits to p.ersons worth over twen
ty thousand dollars."
The President rerplid thnt, in making ex
ceptions, he had acted on the natural supposi
tion that men had aided the-rebellion accord
ing to.the ct;nt of their means. Did they
not know this ? - -
One of.the 'deputation replied, "No ; I did
not know it."
.The President-"Why, yes you do know
perfectly well it was the wealthy men of the
South who dragged the people into secession.
J lived in the South and,kjiow"how. he thing
was done. Your ate was over* emirigy
opposed to socession ; but your kicl men used
the press and bullies, and -your little army, to
force the Stato into secession, Take the twen
ty thousand dollar . clause : Snppose that a
man is worth more than that, now war is over,
the chances are ten to one he made , out of re
bellion.contracts, &c. We might as- well talk
plainly about this. I don't.think you are so
very anxious about,relioving the poor.: You
are very eager to help tho poor 1. Why don't
you take the surplus over $20,000 yod own
and give' it to them ? In that way you will help
them and bring yourselves within the benefit's
of-the proclamation. I am free to-say I think
some. of you ought to be taxed on all over
$235,000Y to help the poor. When I was milita
ry governor of Tennessee I asscssedsuch taxes
on those who had been wealthy leaders of re
bellion, and it had good effect.
One of the deputation-It no happened that
ncne of us were leaders. We staid out as
long as we could, and weme the last to go into
the rebel ' n.
-. Presiden .-Frequently those -who went in
last were'the worst alter they got in, but be
that as it may, understand me, gentlemen, I
dont say this personally, I am just speaking
of the general working of matters. I know
there has been an effort made by some to per
suade people that the amnesty proclamation
was injuring them by shutting up capita! and
keeping work from the poor. It does no such
thing. If that is done at all, it is done in con
sequence of violation of law and the commnis
sion of treason.
The President concluded by saying he would
look at thbe papers p resented, but so far had
seen. no reason for temovitig the exception.
I INew York Itemsg -
The Third Avenue Railroad company run
cars through to Yofkville and Harlem--a dis
tan-e of eight miles from the City Hall--for
the low price of seven cents. Some idea ma~y
be formed of the business done by this horse
car institution, when it is kn-own that cars
leave the City Hall and the stables in 61st
street firom daylight until 12 p. hi., every
three minutes, and from that hour to day
light again, every fifteen minutes, and they
are always full.
.The 1st and 2d avenue. railroad have neat
and extra wide can, called dummies, with a
small engine in one end, which are run on the
route from O1st street out. These -cars pre
sent a singular appe~arance at a short distance,
as little or no smoke is visible. -
. Cars: are driving omnibuses out in New
York ; there being very Tew except the Broad
way lies. -The numerous railway 'routes in
the adjacent street tave 4imrinished the prea.
sure anid crush in%roadv?ayftogeat sitent.
No railroad*hah; as yet been laid in that great
torou-ghfare below 25th street; although fre
quent efforts have been made to do so.
Broadway and some of the other principal
streets are now swept by a machine in the
shape of a wagon, with a revolvmng fan, which
takes up the dust arid djrt thoroughly.
- Mose-pic-nics are the order of the day ;
and nearly every morning cars and boats leave
the city, filled to ovetflowing with live freigh..
nhc-c paYtC m wetionta1 to a certain eX
tent-Sunday schoool, German turners; spir
itualists, free-lovees, etc.-taking different
days for their froli s.
The fashions for ladies strike one v*y
,agreeably. imagine a nicely fitting colored
gaiter, or "Balmoral" shoe-laced ai>ove the
snkle, witlrtsmall silk tassel appended ; *a
neat and very pretty "Balmoral" skirt-of a
grave or gay color, according to the taste
of-.he wearer-extending a little below the
top of the gaiter; the'skirt of the dress hooked
or drawn up by a cord, so as to show three or
four inches of the aforesaid Balmorals;a broad
bolt, ivith a large buckle ; a tasty bonnet,.
without a crown ; an imitation Scotch cap, or
a regular boy's cap, -with a feather or bunch
of feathers on one side ;''the front hair tucked
up in little ri-lges ; tie back hair arranged bo
as-to fall gracefully down on the shoulders, in
a sort of ball-termed a waterfall-completes a
very elegant and.attractive toilet.
This "two hundred acres of vanity," as it is
irreverently termed, is being rapidly filled up,
and another piece of "new ground'" will soon
have to be added. Miss Csnda's handsome
"affair,," which cost the modest sum 'o $25,
000, and for fears has been considered the
principal attraction of the cemetery. has been
completely thrown in the shade -in price, at
least, $50,000 and even $75,000 being no un
common .price for the ornamentation of a
grave. Several of this class have lately been
erected-a vault somewhatresembli-g a Turk
ish mosque is now the "lion" of the place.
The Central Park d'raws thousands of visi
tors daily-in -carriages, bretts phM,tons, so
ciabies, solitaries, and 1;alf a dozen other
styles of?vebicle ; persons on horseback and
on foot. Saturday.afternoon is the fashionable
time for visitors-therer being music on the
mill by Dodworth's 'celebrated band. Minia
ture lakes, fountains, bridges, delightful dri
ves, cool retreats, shady nuoks, a fine collec
tion of wild animals, comprise some of .the at
tractions of this renowned.park.
As a gendral thing, the feeling toward the
people of the South is very bitter--a.- great
many persons going so far as to say that the
Southerners bare not suffered enough-that
Sherman'should have wiped them out com
pletely. Of course there are exceptions to
this rule. This ill feeling is more generally
noticed among that ctass of persons who have
never-seen a day's'service, but have.rerbained
at home making money.- The Federal- sol
dier speak far differently of their former
foes--they feel inclined toge them a lift snd_
h e~iir p ft1idige that has been ddne,
1at all classes are not so embittered is ex
hibited' in the treatment bf tbe* released
Confederate prisoners quartered ih the Battery
barracks. Every day, charitable ladies and
gentlemen virit-the prace, and liberally supply
the poor fellows with good things.
Hcarper's Weekly Jo urnal and Leetie's flus
trated Seua, of the 22d July, are filled with
horrid pictures, giving -all the detailed scenes
.in the execution of the wretcaed creatures
condemned for participation i4 President
Lincoln's uiurder. These are self-styled jour
nals of civilization, and tbrough their me'
dium humanity is ta'ught to gloat over the
writhing agonies of fbese victims, wben mo
ras, Christianity, gpod taste, and all the sen
sibilities require that, if death be the neces
fsary pen'alty of crime, it is evil to the heart
t.. famijiariz:e mankind toany such spectacle
Iofh human sufTring. The sensibilities are to
be kept alive and active bty civilization, and
whatever tends to - render them callous is
amongst- the most fatal influences that could
operate against human civilization. Human
ity can gain nothing of good by familiarizing
the sensesto mortal suffbring, urtless where
charity and benevolence, art-and agience com
bine for its relief. <.11 sensible parents iwill
revolt at pec mitting their children to witness
the dying agonies of a vic(im on-the gallows.
ft is nearly as bad to place before their .ayes
any lively representation of the realitys The
cruel and the horriblc are not the proper ob- -
~jectspf art. The Greeks, who were the pro.
per nias.ters in art, chose for theirsubjects
only the gratid, scblime and terrible-not the*
loathsome and horrible. The Laocoon is a
terrible picture, no"t a horrible .one, and 'the
elements of the sublimne in it niecessaifiy ele:'
vate the spectar, as he beholds heroism,
brarely struggling in .unequal conflict with a
more than mortal foe. Such pictures as these
of Harper and Leslie should be denounced
everywhere as gross autrages upon human
sensibility. --
-The Herald's special'says the Freedman's
Bureau has secured a large quantity .of con
fisca ted and abandoned lands in the South
for the especial benefit of the negroes. Not
less thian 100,000 are.now subsisting off' the
Gov.ernment rations in the State of Virginia
The Englisti armor-plated fleet, on invitation
of' Napoleon,' s to make a tour around the
French coast. 'ihe French armor plated fleet
is to do the same around the English -coast..
The combined Seets w.ill be at Plymouth~ by
the middle of July.
{ 'nas in thejfwn of Cape ElizabethpState2
of Maine, a fesv days since- turned his ooly
daughter ont'of one of his bouses for non-pay-,
ment of vent, he having some dozen tenements
to let besides.
*Porctzby, a Russi,an village., built .oii the
side of a monhn was reenztly swallowed up
in the-earth., great crevices- appearing. In 'the
mountain side after a heavy shower. --
The R'iccian telegraph line is pirogressing
* asonic.
For the irformation:of our Masonic friends
we publish the fellowing summon_s :::::
7, ,A. B. 2395.A. -1. 1865. r.:
* Ci cx='rrI,-Oao, Jue 24th,
A. J.' 2895 A. D. 1865
To the Officers and'Members of the General
Grand Chapter U. S. ; and of the several State
Grand Chapters ; and the-Subordinate Chap
ters under the immediate jurisdiction of the
General Grand Chapter, and to "All whom it
inayv Concei-n :'! I fraternally communicate the
following official summons of theM.-E. Gen'1 -
Or. H. Priest for a Convocation oythe Generat
Grand Chapter of Royal Arih Masons- of -the
U. S., to be held-in Coiumbus: O.,oc the bth -
Septenber next. May there be a c-oriat rer
union.on-4at 'joyful day."A'
General Grand Secretary -
CRA iLESTOY, S. 0 June 8, 1865.
Whereas, When. tho General Granid Capter
closed its labors at Chicago in Sepember [859,
and it had resolved - that the next General
Grand- Convocation.should be-hel4 at theci;y
of Memplis, Tennessee, on the second Tuesday
in Septemper 1862; and whereas the repre
sentatives of the General Grand Chapter, is
consequence of-the unh,appy and discordant
condition of the country could'not be couven -
ed at that time and placc; and therefofe, bw
due proc1imation,in the constitu(jonal exe
cise of his preprogative, suspend the said
Triennial Convocation of 1862, until the res
toration of peace and unit+ ; and whereas, by
the blessing of Divine Providence, the friendly
relations of all parts of'our common- country
are now restored, so that it is "no longer . im"
practicable for representatives from all see
tions of the Union to assemble -together- n
fraternal consultation'
Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Albert
9. Mackey, General Grand High Priest, iii
virtue of the power in me vested, do' ti.ersby ;
summon the Representatives of the ,Grand
Chapters.and-of suCh subordinate Chapters s
may be under theim 'ate'urisdiction of the &
IGenat ra Cap er, to ae ib-Wian'I3urs
day, the-seventti day of' September, 1865, at
the city-of Columbus, in the State of Ohio; for
the purpose of opening and holding a session
of the General Grand Chapter of the United
States, and therein, to deliberate and act on au
matters relating to the. good of Royal .Are
Masonry, and - the, interesta- of the General
Grand Cbspter, and the, State Grand
Chapters, as in their wiscxn tnay seem best
(Attest,) General Grand High Pries -
Joa D CALDWELT, General Grand Secretary
SEKTER, ,. C., July 23, 1865.-A most4lis
tressing occurrence took place in so x<join
ing' district, a few nights ago. An old gen
tleman, residing in the country, who, fiom
the circumstances must have_anticipated,ard
prepared 'for A v ti from robbers, beang
some one on his -premises at night, bailed
three times, and receiving no answer, fired -
bis gun with fatal effect at th.e object of .his
suspicions anid his fears. Advancing to .as
eertain~ the.effect of his-shot; with indescrib&
ble-anguish he discovered the.body of his son
in the last agonies of. death-a~ son who had
lonw been a prisonr at the Nortlh, ands whose ~
partial dearness prevented his- hearing his fa-.
the's challenge. After a long and.wearisome- .
~absence from - home, he. was thos- strangely .
killed Ks he stepped. upon its thr-eshold,-by '
the father whom he loved and'ionged- to meet..
A. few moments more . and ble return would *
bare given jby. and -gladness to -the entire
househod-a household now wrapt. in grief
inconsolable by this most terrific and affict-.
ing event. A sad warning to all; for even
in the present unsettled state of th4 cgerntry,
and notwithstanding the comparative impu
nity with whi"ch r-obheries and murders.have
been commit-ted in some neigh%orhoods. ons.
cannot be too cautious in the use of fire-arms.
- - [(Charesin Courier.
The Panama Review gives the followng sum
mary of news from Central and South Ame'rica
Chile at peace.
- . Bolivia qgiet'; -
Peru in a row,
- Equador in a riot;
Columbia sleeping,
Costa Rica the same;
N icaragna keeping,
The peace for-autme ;
Bondurau uncertain,
- Which way to go;i
Salvador's troublett ended, *
- Gatitemale's also.
A-Gang efiten men favished and severely
beat-an elderly-lady, near Willikaiaborgc Long
Island,. a few days ago. Sk thea grffians
were arrested.
- Arr?angemenfs are-being- iniade for a telt
jraph. firfe througheio:to FPanaaud all
the South Afnerican cities. -
-Martial law has been re-established in Nor
folk, owing to the riotons coonut prevailing
there. -
.ttis slated that the Atserted -portions of
Virginiir are completely overrun with game.
T'he railroads- of Virginia are indebted to
the State about $50,000 ,000.

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