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ISS &Ator PPfc Working for (j Better Educated Kentucky SANDLIN, recc ntlv ILL1AM ) I !.....,.- ni Co. A.. u-na inuiMii. American Expeditionary Forces, is the Kentucky sergeant who four times could Have had a commission had he possessed the necessary education He hai come back to his native State and thrown his effort- into the cam pttgn to teach all Kentucky to read and write. His record while hi the war was such as to entitle him to promotion had he been able to read and write. The medal shown on his coat in dicate that he had .skill in the handling of arms and his record is of the best. Time and again hi mi terior officers recommended him tor nromotion and each time against the same old lack of education. The campaign is a unique one and is progressing favorably. he ran stumblingblock WILLIAM SANDLIN Teaching All Kentucky to Read and Write By STILES M. SCRUGGS Editor oi The DaiU Independent. Maysille. ky KENTUCKY public school teachers began an in tensive campaign on Monday. October 6, to stamp illiteracy from the commonwealth within the next six week-. The plan of campaign has been SO efficiently correlated by the public school officials, the heads of Kentucky University and the several colleges of the state, that the program is entirely feasible. For years the fight has been waged in this area of the South and Near South, but only within the lat few months has it gathered enough momentum to amount to a genuine battle of the hosts of enlighten ment against the devil of ignorance and darkness, And Strange to say, the in centive to blot ignorance and illiteracy from the entire district of Ken tucky was greatly book ed by the war, Specifically, Serjeant William Sandlin. a brave mountain boy, came back from France, after par ticipating in the desper ate engagements at the Argonne Forest and on the Meuse, Me tearfully reported that he was compelled to refuse a commission not once, but four times, when the promotions were ordered by his superiors, be cause of his lack of suf ficing education to read and write the English language or any other language. Coming back with this handicap strongly impressed on his mind, the fighter, who had won high honors on the firing line, said he was going to keep on going over the top at home. So he volunteered to to into all the high ways and bywa; - md tell the unfortunate illiterate oi the horp.rs of primary ignorance. The sergeant is now on the stump in Kentucky and declares he will remain there until the curse of illiteracy has been re moved iron; the picturesque hill-. glortOUS mountains and fertile blue grass valleys of Kentucky. But tin leaven of reform was placed in the educa tional loaf ago by Cora Wilson Stewart, long a school teacher and superintendent of education in Rowan County, Kentucky. Already her good works are apparent throughout the whole district of the Southl and. for tl e district from the Ohio River to the point of Florida and from Norfolk to the Rio Grande is already engaged in this intensive move to climb out of the murk and gloomy caverns of ignorance and walk in a pathway lighted up by the sun of intelligence and progress. The Country Life Reader, written and compiled a- a guide for adults to master the tasks of reading and writing, is a classic. It is so arranged that thousands of men and women have been able to read, write and uph r in from one to sjv, weeks by Using it a.s a textbn.,k. Possibly it will b. of interest to explain that the lessons are arranged on subjects that grip and hold the inter. t of the adult illiterate even as intently as the first reader holdl the primary pupil. For instance in one lesson the illustration is typically characteristic of an ordinary farm scene, with two countrymen passing the home of a neighboi in their two horse Wagon. The reading describes the scene as follows : STILES M. SCRUGGS "See this wagon! John bought it I year ago. It looks like an old. old wagon. John does not keep it under shelter. 1 bought my wagon six years ago. It looks as good as new. 1 keep it under shelter. Keep vour wagon under shelter!" Equally stressful are the other lessons, stressing the importance of the silo, the automobile and the auto truck, the various human and live stock foods and this little textbook has been worth many times its weight in gld. This wa the estimate of Governor James I). Black the other day. when he was most cordially pledging himself to work along that line to the limit of his ability. Mr. Edwin P. Morrow, who is opposing Governor Black in his campaign for re-election, is also an ardent adv. -rate of the "Down with Illiteracy" slogan for Kentucky by 1920. Here is ik letter, printed in the Country Life Reader for Adults that has already been copied and sent by thousands to relatives of Kentuckians, In reading it. the university graduate, the college alumnus and even the grammer school finisher, may easily get a thrill that comes to one when one sees a struggling human suddenly released from a yawning pit or similar predicament. Here is the letter : 'Barren Fork, Ky., Sept. 5. 1915. "Dear Mother: I have learned to read and write. I am writing you my hrt letter. This is written in the moonlight school. In this school grown men and woiw n learn to read and write. "I hope to write you many letters and to read many from your dear hands. "With much love. '"Your son, 1 William Read." Incidental to the ending of the world conflagration, Kentucky, in common with about all other common wealths of the nati n. has begun many great civic up lift movements. 1m, .king to the realization of a State Highway system of permanent roads; a great water way teeming with traffic the yar round by means of approximately 38 lock and dam improvements stretch ing along the Ohio on its north rn boundary; intensive fanning and a new impetus of factory improvements and the redemption of the State from illiteracy. And the greatest of the--' is the annulment of ignorance. Happiness Through Helping Others EDGAR VtNCENl I h;te before me I striking letter the Endicott i vvk i run e i . i ohnson. ,lln Ul , . hhshment. of Knd.- ohnson snoe manuiM . m -worker tt K V Tins concern employs l.s.(MH) shot wotKtrs. aMhe head of which is Mr, Johnson, writer of the letter at o't iii.m f j ,,un state- no, ,11 l 'I ii n ik " . the ranks. 1 hese art Mis mentioned. I man w no. has come up nom on that subjed ! have worked a1 the e didn't have 15 lOt dinners in my roiinlc of sliees bench and cat i m d dinner m re nut. was GEORGE P. JOHNSON merit, word: "1 pail, cent .1 ,v of bread, thinly buttered and a hunk oi bologna, and once in a while a or less stale dOUgn- bed down Wltn cold water or cold coffee Now. 1 know what pov erty is and 1 know wh.it wealth is. I know the game by actual ex perience." Then comes this re nt a r k a b 1 e confession, which 1 quote from an Open letter addressed by Mr. Johnson to the nun and women in his em ploy ". i will tell you WttO the real millionaire is. It is the man with good health, with a happy home, with a kind and loving wife, with a nice bunch of kiddies, with a clean mind, perhaps a member of some church, it dots not matter which, tiny ate all good, with a good trade, a good job, and a decent em ployer, living in a decent town, with kind neighbors, perhaps in a little home of his own. not too large, but large enough, with a nice fat weekly envelope I his is the only rich man. Don't make any mistake about it. This is correct. 'Success beyond this brings increased cares, responsibilities and worries. The selfish use of wealth brings nothing but misery, disappointment and suffering. The average man with enough and not too much is the real millionaire." The writer of this heart to heart letter t his em ployes has given US a far wiser philosophy than do those who write and speak of the acquirement of wealth as the great summing up oi a successful life. What is Mr. Johnson doing to prove the worth of his statements as to the unselfish use oi mone) I Is it all a beautiful theory? The reply to this RtUSt be found in the things the company is doing for tin- good of those in its employ. Thousands oi dollars are given back to the hands in tin shape of dividends every month; the health of the employes is safeguarded by a strong force of physicians and surgeons; libraries are maintained for their benefit; playgrounds, parks, swimming pouls, and ample provision for enjoyment when out of the factories are provided; rest rooms, laboratories, opportunity t develop musical talent, even a paper for the interchange of iews is fostered in fact. Mr. Johnson says if there is anything more he can do he does not know what it is. The town where tin shops are located is an example of beauty, largely tin- result of liberal gifts by Mr. Johnson and the members of hit family. Certain) the wealth accruing from the business is expended n large measure without selfishness. In all enterprises for the betterment of the town of EndlCOtt, as well as of the nearby city of Binghamtou. Mr. Johnson has .t large part. The Office of Public Record, London, in a manu script dated 1610 published some quaint "instructions for such things as are to be ien1 from Virginia." Con servation of forest resources js not wholly a modern idea for tin "Instructions"' have this to say about the products of the Tyne Trees." "Pyne trees, or ffirc trees are to be wounded within a yarde of the grounde, or boa re a hoal with an agar the ttlirdc pte into the tree, and lett yt runne into anye thinge that may receyue the sune. and that wch ssut s 0WtC wil be Ttirpentync worth IS d. Tonne. When the tree be ginneth to runne softelye t is to be Stopped up agayne for preserveinge the tree." Scientific American. V hat r are Hold Looks Like "G OLDEN" and "gold colored" are common ex pn s-ions. and convey definite ideas, and. to most pet ns, snrst the thought of the color of pure gold V a matter of fact, that which is "golden" i very little like in color to pure gold, the actual color of which comparatively few persons have ever Men. be cause gold is always alloyed in the forms in which it applied to practical uses. Naturally, on. would ex pect to find pure gold richer in color than the alloy, yet purity is not thus shown. Pure gold is much paler than the alloved metal, whuh is mixed with a small proportion of copper Of m1Mer aiin snver To give harMness, am xhh l gives a darker color. The pale color of Dure ....ia a. ..k,i i i v m.m. uuuvues in many persons to take the real metal for son interior substance, judging bv the ap pearance alone. Pwf gold i considered as being 24 carats tine thus. ,f two. ijx or ten twenty-fourths of allov is present, the gold is said to be 22, IK, or 14 carats fine f fl 0 OI ! hi gold used b) jewelers leldoffl OVCr 1S Crt ept m wedding rings, the standard fin nttl ot winch ,s 22 carats. Gold of 1H canits tim. U ,pp r gold almost invariably used in mounting diamonds, while M Carat gold i- generally used for the manufacture of chains ai d similar Jewelry which is subjected to hard wear. The term "solid Liold" is really quite misleading, and is. moreover, meaningless, ;is ,t ts applied b nianu fa Hirers to any artnle which ;s made from gold alio) as low in grade as Q carat Most of the cheaper s.i! nus and the like ate ten carat. (oins made from pure gold are quite Impracticable. I he purest coins ever issued, were the titt dollar piot which were once in general use in ( alifomia, the coin age ot which was abandoned because of their gnat loss of weight bj abrasion and becau e their inter, could be easily bored out and the cavity filled with lead these ioim u,r octagonal in shape, and wer the most valuable coins ever minted and circulated i m t m ,i AH gold is not alike when refined Australian gold is distinctly redder than that found m California, and placer Mold is more yellow than that taken from juart Tm latter fad is one of the mysteries of metallurgy! because the gold in placers omcs from that which is m quartz.