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A Young Pioneer
By FRANCES L GARSIDE YOl D hmk ,t was a man whose MM if on the door ot a certain Nov York office ... the , , " borhood o, all Stmt; M. Hull. d7xTng h!stX;rH K 0l1 BiUkla Systems The second surprise is that she is M onlv a w man, but a remarkably young one at that. Pe'rhans was the ignorance of extreme youth that gave her the murage, for she started the business in a corner of .mother woman s olt.ee with a capital of one hundred Hollars when she was J"ly a girl, and now it has developed into a business enterprise of income tax proportions To Miss nnn is credited the introduction of library technique in to commercial life. Be tween countless interrup tions, she recalled how she Stumbled upon the idea of library methods in business houses. On Quitting Prat! Library School hers was the usu al library experience until a prominent law firm surprised her with a request to put its scrap books and Clippings into some sort of accessible shape. "The experience." she said, "suggested the ap plication of librarian technique to the data that accumulates in ev large business concern and whose preserva tion and ready accessibility make so much for efiiciencv I invaded the business world as a solicitor for contract w .rk. I talked my head off in the effort to make banks, insurance companies and corporations see the value of my proposition. It was all so new they could nt grasp it. The first corporation I put on a working library ba-is was upset by the incompetency of two girls to whom the corporation intrusted the care of the library. They knew nothing of tiling, indexing and talOgmg, They were ignorant of books or their care I here were no women trained for the work outside library school graduates and their assistants. The trained sneered at my introduction of library method into the business world. Unable to convince them of the great need of library technique in commercial life. Of to see the broadening opportunity contact with business would open up to the expert librarian, I If f OTCad to train girls specially for com mercial librarianship, filing, indexing, cataloging, nancial, legal, engineering, insurance, public utility! 1 like data." Mis a Hull has outgrown the solicitation of contract rk. W hat with lecturing at Columbia University on library economy, training filers and indexers for gov rnment positions and supplying great corporations with expert service, she has no need for soliciting, and time left to flirt with the frivolous things of life. that she would anyway, for a woman who has made such a success of such a unique business is not (C) U. 4 U MISS Hl'l. I. inlidaysriVOlUS tUni f f"i:Hl' CVC" on Sl,ndas a,uI m wVTV ma ,bl' .-'"hing of an inspiration ' f' story, told in the simplest and humblest a a , that will open a door to other girls who are --Klering what to do to help keep tin "umilv going. tod hv h bCSu,CS fVf " ne's mb,,i" i" hm IWSJ b the lormer hope these da vs. "After the work in the lawyer's office, I saw the - ortun,ty tor similar work, and I opened my little hce, and sent out circular letteri which sound very to !,ne now-- Thc work Poured in, much to my surprise, and sometimes of a nature that was al most to my consternation. it ' in'VV' firSt WC book and "' index r I ?ce r Pnvate libraries. Then requests to do translations or difficult research work aim to act as consultants in office index problems be EL? 7nU' !" Bl,sm: ss m" found a woman's natural w th in r T Very, h,e,Vfnl' and il came abemt that With mcreasing work I had to stay in the office for could find were sent out to analyze office files and to systemize records. "We have had calls for emergency war work at a big industry plant ; we supplied the Italian Commission with a worker to keep track of the correspondence and appointments the British Consulate has been supplied with special helpers through us, and our translators are in constant demand. 1 There is no limit to the diversity of the calls made upon us. One of the girls I trained had charge of the Emk vTakr cr! rcc(,rds s basis the Bilh Sunday advertising and circulating campaign" . hi reply to a query about the type of woman who IS interested in learning filing, Miss Hull said- "She used to be the fluffy ruffles type. Now she is the more intelligent woman, often with previous of fice experience, who wants to get into business. The women who index and have charge of the big correspondence files in Wall Street have a re iponstbility which entitles them to executive rank and to at least .000 salaries. Not many receive it now but the day is coming when they will receive more for men more and more, are appreciating the fidelity' and good work of the trained woman. "I can answer your question about what faculty women need most if they take up indexing work by just one word, concluded Miss Hull. "That is the common sense trait which always takes a business through difficulties just intelligence rightfully ap plied, and plain stick-to-it-ive-ness." Miss Hull has the only business office of the kind m New York City. She was the originator of the plan t putting a commercial business on a librarv stand ard, and, so far as known, there is no office like hers in the world. On the top floor of an office building that gives a view away down the bay, she does a consultation work through the day and conducts a school in the evening, sending out hundreds of girls every few weeks equipped to do that work which means economy in time, a preservation of records, and avoidance of irritation over the lost moment and the missing letter in brief, to put in a business man's hand just what he wants for reference the moment he wants it. This Is a Crowded ft arid AN, being himself an animal, will be interested to -k,1TVhat scientists now estimate that there are mjm different known species of animals m the world New Species are being discovered all the time. Hack m 18J0. for example, Prof. Uunther's est mate ot the number oi known species was 78,588 made a list to com the specie, which had been dis covered up to that time. Scientists and explorers keep adding yearly to the total, however, and so it may reach a much higher figure than at present. lint if you think the number ot kinds of animals is startling, hold your breath over the number oi kinds of insects. In 1905, the naturalist HrVVudc a ? i a quarter a mil insects.' and at that time he declared his belief that he had lifted not more than a tenth of the actual total. Electric Current from Salt QY SHAKING an ounce of Kochelle salt crvstaN T " Possible to generate a current of sufficient In whit U ! Sm,mI thr:U,Kh a Phone. Tins is due to what is denned SI piezo electricity, the term piezoM be ing derived from the Greek and lignif) ig Mprcssure " In a recent experiment in this form before the New York Electrical Society, a current of sufficient velocity was generated to carry the sound of a phono graph through many circuits to 160 tel. phone re ceivers distributed among the audience. It has been discovered that as many as 2d persons may thus "listen m" to the changes which are in progress in a single crystal of Passing It On A SLRGKON of national distinction not long ago re aceived a letter from a former patient in a distant city, which ran as given below. This patient' case had caused the physician much suppressed anxiety Dear Doctor: Perhaps you will recall having oper ated on me at Hospital March H. 1912 forao- pendicitis. I left the hospital March 20 in rood con dition apparently. But on locating in this citv I began to suffer frequent attacks of pain in the vicinity of the car. Last month I had an X-ray picture mad. I am writing you at this time to learn whether you ever missed anything of value during my itay in the I 1 Hospital. If so. I would be pleased" to hear trom you about it. With best wishes, I am. Very truly yours. After soberly considering the tone and significance ot the letter and recalling the patient's libera minded ness and love of humor, the surgeon sat down and wrote this reply : Dear Mr. C I am in receipt of vour favor of recent date, and beg to say that I do recall verv vividly your operation last March. In fact. I passed several sleepless nights about that time, and yon were lucky to get away when you did. I am at a loss to say what your aftertrouble was due to, though I have my own suspicions ot course. However, it you will have your home . cut it out under the guide furnished by the X-raj plate and return it to me at once I promise to take no legal ac tion against you. Honesty is the best policy. Hoping to hear from you promptly, I am. Very sincerely yours. Beware of "Peanut Units 9 1 IS always a safe plan not to buy land just because you have received a glowing circular describing how wealthy you will become if you do. A city dweller recently received a circular from a fnca'o "(hvelopment company" offering him a sen acre peanut unit" in Florida forMhe remarkablv low 1 2,500. He was informed that he could raise a thousand bushel crop of peanuts on the land and sell tnem for 2 a bushel, which looked like a highly en g return. However, before thc citv dweller "bit," he sent tne circular to the Department of Agriculture, with 1 'jury as to whether the investment was a good one He learned, in reply, that thc average vield from res of peanuts is $200 to $300. and that he could ise a 100-acre farm in the county mentioned in nular for the amount he was about to put into acres. "The entire unit system' of selling land, whether r peanuts or pecans or peaches or what not. is simply Means of selling land at several times its value to ipectmg investors, according to thc government H city dweller put the $2,500 into land where he could see it. A Sparklers in Arkansas I HOt (iH you do not hear much about them. tf Xranss has several diamond mines. During 1918. yield troni the.se mines included one stone weikihiiiK .j l'arats, and another f 11 carats. Diamonds lose aoouj 00 per cent of their wetfftll when cut and polished, JO that the larger of the e diamonds ought to cut to a Kein of about eight carats, and if of good color and oniliamy. ihould b- worth about $4,000. mhr two diamonds larger than this have ever been the t nitcd States. One of 2375 carats in the un was found in Manchester, Va., in 1855, and one -J-o i.irnts was found in Wisconsin in 1S8. , 'he geological formation in which the Arkansas anionds are found i, called pcridodite, and is akin to u,c Unions South African kunberlite. A Women's School for Citizenship By elus meredith PEOPLK who think the enfranchisement of wo men is simply going to double the present vote may be interested in the New Hampshire way of extending thc right hand of fellowship to the " new voter. The fact that New Hampshire, which has not yet given even presidential suffrage to her womenkiiid. should be the first state to hold what was really a Political Institute is remarkable, but there is a reason why, and that reason is Mrs. Mary I. Wood, correspond ing secretary- of the Gen- eral Federation of Wo men's Clubs. Now New England is regarded as a thor oughly conservative sec tion. Every one has had Hatnpi hire granite emblem of fixity, but MRS. MARY I. WOOD New citeu as an unswervable .ew rmgianti nas nev er had any hesitation on the subject of educa tion. It has been strong for schools and study and lectures and forums. It has always been willing to take the awful risk of learning some new thing that might not be in complete harmony with a lot of old things that might even overturn some of the established ideas in the course of time, so when somebody reminded Mrs. Wood that women might even vote for the presidential electors next year, a duty for which they were not prepared, she said. "Let's have a school for citizen ship ! The president of Hetzel, is an Oregon of women going to idea, and invited th their own college with "Citizenship New Hampshire College, R. D. man. used to the fearsome sight the polls, and he welcomed the I women to come to school in They got together a faculty to deal in general and "Political Poliri" and "Reconstruction Problems" in particular. Then the Committee on Management, instead of making a program as long as the moral law. left some time for discussions and they left one free afternoon. "We decided that we would try to get lira. Nancy Schoonmaker of Connecticu to fire her course of citizenship lectures." says Mrs. Wood, "and around that course, which gave the machmerv of citizenship, we built up a schedule which emphasized the tact that the mere doubling of the male rote was ROt worth thc effort which we have put into gctti::t: it I A No. that party politics, simply as such, would tail to attract thinking women unless there was SOUK program in the party which meant progress. My thottgnt was that we would look a little at the exact spot where we are now standing, and then read the Sidepostl to sec w hither we are tending and which road WC wish t" take. We opened the meeting! with a sh,,rt parliamentary drill simply to tide over the awkward moment when people are strolling in. I intended to get a good parliamen tarian, but never got to it and so played with it my self. The New Hamp-hire women are used to BSC and will stand a good deal from me! We are such a little state with some of the finest women in the world, without artificiality and a very kindly s,,irit among BS all." Mrs. Schoonmaker. who has written a book and conducts a correspondence course in citizenship for Connecticut women under the auspices ot the Con necticut Suffrage association was Tent" by that as sociation for the week, with the result that most of the rest cf the New England states represented now want to "borrow" her to conduct classes for them also, and similar schools are proposed for the near future in a number of other states. Requests for plan and program have come from Indiana, Maim. Vermont and Toronto, and the Dominion of Canada is plan ning for a series of schools, reaching from ocean to ccan. Everybody was pleased, interested and inspired to go home and have a "district school" ot her own 1 v erybody. that is, except the professional polttksani wbo cant see why women can't be content to let well enough alone and vote the ticket." this being the uni versal Slew Of m male politician whether he has his habitat m Morida or Vermont.