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5 Zd&5 to W the Gospel JOHN T. MINKR. whose home is near Kingsville, Ontario, has provided a novel place of refuge for wild ducks and geee dur ing their flights north and south, and thousands of these fowl visit him with season-like regularity. Dur ing the middle of March Mr. Miner watches for the flight of the birds. Soon thev begin to arrive, and between two and three thousand remain under his protection until May, when their northern flight is re sumed. Mr. Miner has construct ed a large artificial pond. Shrubbery and wild herbs, with a few rugged and pic turesque pines, give a wild and protective environment. During each migration Mr. Miner feeds the birds from five to six hundred bushels of corn. It is a rare scene when feeding time arrives. Such a flapping of wings, stretching of long graceful necks, and pipings of ex cited calls! Some of the more trustful birds perch themselves upon their bene factor's shoulders and arms. It was in 1904 that Mr. Miner accidentally discov ered that the migratory wildfowl would visit him yearly if food were supplied. Noticing a few ducks and geese swimming on a pud dle, he took a handful of corn and scattered it on the shore. The birds came and fed. and came again and again, and now for the last fifteen years they have sought his place in increas ing numbers. The same birds have been known to return as often as four and five seasons. A most interesting fea ture of Mr. Miner's experi ment is the method by which he obtains accurate information regarding the regions visited by the ducks and aeese while in their sea sonal flights. Every year a number of the ducks and geese are coaxed mtu a large wire enclosure where tags are attached to their legs. This is easily done for the birds have learned to trust Mr. Miner. Five hundred birds have been tagged since Mr. Miner commenced his work. More than one hun dred and fifty tags have been returned. They have come back from thirtv-six states of the Union and from the waste of Cant bringing wit them man Uiterestina pieeei oi information. 1 bf oeen anud that during the winter Reason h- U far south as the Guli o( Mexico, while m sum Set tin y scatter over the Canadian VPg which are the summer teedmg grounds of ttM The wese journey only as tar south ai the LMTO l!L dwelling on the Atlantic seaboard. Jht 0m long Arctic day arrives, the geese migrate al mott to the pole. This has been proved t re- tUrlham Lvon MacKenzie King. Liberal leader of Canada, dispatched an investigator into the snowi of Baffin! Land to procure geological specimens Eskimos displayed tags pi Mr. Miner s birds. Tte tags are now in the Museum of Natural History, Toronto. Canada. Frequently Indians JOHN T. wno penetrate the forests of northwest MINER ern Cana(la return to the Hudson Bay Company posts with tags taken from birds they have shot. The Hudson Bay Company forwards v BB BBSl JnTrErJuJ BaBg jSmbT t Sw Bit v rl ear ' " Isi. - ' "GStmM Wild geese and ducks enjoying the protection of Mr. Miner's pond before continuing their northward flight them to Mr. Miner. The birds do not sojourn with Mr. Miner in any numbers on their return journey from the North in the autumn. Mr. Miner has no ex planation for this although he has studied their habits for years. Once during the migration from the North, there came a mother, with five or six young ducklings whom she had piloted to Mr. Miner as if knowing that t Mi i hm J! her voting. This was a compliment i ft'SSdhW $W and ,t amply repaid s h wounded bird into his arms and carries it to u home where his daughters have t.anslormed the ni table into an operating table, with themselves n?rrOft i enra is elected but someone, the " ,e or duck is too badly injured, I sually, however, it is able to ft) awaj with its companions. MR aflNES accomplishes two ends by his tag sys tem in addition to other identification marks on th ,;i,s. he findl space for Bible quotations. While not , mmTster or evangelist, he is a man 01 simple ia,tn. t has found its way to Mr. Miner s ear of a young American private who was converted before goingj the Great War. after he had shot one of Mr. Miners bird. From Northern Saskatchewan there comes a tale of the conversion of Indians brought about by this strange method. . And it is not without its humorous side. A colored minister was hunting in the marshes of Louisiana. He shot and captured a duck tx Bring this inscription : "For me to live is Christ, to die is gain." Phil I, 21. Sunday came and to the congregation he proclaimed 1 in solemn tones that the Lord had appeared to him in person, descending from the clouds with the birds perched upon his arms, one of which dew directly to him with the unquestionable message oi his salvation. Mr. Miner travels the United States and Canada, lecturing on the habits and migratory customs of the wild ducks and geese. Ev ery year he is adding to his store of information by observations at his home stead. But he is not con tent with this alone, and endures the fatigue of life in the northern wastes, on camping trips each fall, which excursions usually net him further knowledge. Mr. Miner is occupied at present in writing a book dealing exclusively with the life of these wildfowl, and by this means he intends to place before the public ev- nrvthitur tliut lie h:i loamr! during the fifteen years of his activities. Fasting is evident before the continuation of the birds' northern flight commences. This is their signal to Mr. Miner that they are about to depart During a warm spring evening, in the crimson rays of the sun, they fly away, but not until they have flown many times around the little sanctuary, honking a farewell. Attempts to Inflict Militarism on Australasia Melbourne, Australia, Oct. (By Mail). NOTWITHSTANDING the outcry that one of the objects of the war was to destroy German mili tarism and to put an end to continental con scription generally, it is astounding to find that both in Australia and New Zealand men in high official posi tions declare themselves advocates of those very meas ures which were to be suppressed for good and all the wide world over, because they were such a constant menace to international peace. It will be remembered that upon two occasions dur ing the progress of hostilities efforts were made to impose conscription in Australia. At the first referen dum the proposal was rejected by a majority of over 70.000 votes ; and upon the second occasion, in spite of all the disadvantages which the anti-conscriptionists had to contend against through the application of the War Precautions Act, the voice of Australia pronounced its verdict against conscription by a majority more than three times greater than the previous record of its defeat. "We shall have none of it," was the emphatic re sponse of the Australian people at the polls ; there was no mistaking their fixed determination to prevent the introduction of this principle to Australia, and if an other referendum on the subject were taken tomorrow, after all the awakenings of the recent conflict, there is not the slightest doubt that the supporters of con scription would be found to constitute a very small minority of the electors. Under these circumstances, it can be described only as a piece of colossal impudence for anyone to talk ol conscripting a people which has so emphatically re fused to be conscripted. And what else is it possible to say of an address recently delivered to military of ficers in Melbourne by Lieut. -General Sir C. B. B. Wmte in the course of which he said that "the first vital lesson of the war is that the defense of Australia By J. GRATTAN GREY can be best conducted elsewhere than within Australia. We cannot secure our safety by merely putting into an act of Parliament a clause which makes liable for service in the Commonwealth every able-bodied man between the ages of 18 years and 60 years. The remedy is simple. We should make it perfectly clear in our Defense Act that in a great emergency every man must serve not only in Australia, but wherever Australian interests are best protected. The question of what constituted a 'great emergency' might best be decided by a two-thirds majority of both Houses of the Federal Parliament. If that were done, there would be no necessity in time of war for referendums which are a reflection upon the country." What Lieut.-General White could have meant by "a reflection upon the coun try" it is impossible to say, unless he simply desired to express his disapproval of the twice-recorded verdict of the country against conscription, but so far from that verdict being a reflection upon the country, even many of those who voted for conscription are now thankful that the proposal was defeated, as they now realize what an additional sacrifice of human life, and what greater financial burdens would have inevitably resulted if conscription had been carried. Although wisely rejecting conscription, and now shaking hands with herself for having done so, Aus tralia took a greater share in the war than any other oversea British dominion. Out of a population of five millions, the total number of men accepted for active service during the war was 416,809. Of these, .29,883 were actually dispatched to the various theaters of war. The number of killed was about 60,000, and the wounded were in tens of thousands. This was Australia's contribution of men under the voluntary system of enlistment. Our actual war expenditure was $1,800,000,000 and $500,000,000 for the capitalized value of pensions, repatriation, loss on civilian property and so on incidental to the war. The only feasible explanation of the attitude of re turned officers is that an attempt is being made by the returning officers to establish, if they can, a military caste in this country. To many of them a return to civil occupations is distasteful. What they most ardent ly desire to secure is easy and well-paid billets for the rest of their lives. But in these aims they will be woe fully disappointed, for Australia has no time for a military caste, or for keeping numbers of men in use less and unproductive positions merely for the gratifica tion of personal vanities, and the transference of mili tarism from Germany to Australia. One of the first acts that will be done after the resumption of power by a Labor Government will be to so amend the De fense Act as to erase every atom of compulsion con nected with it. A small permanent citizen force is all that it will maintain, and for this citizen army voluntary enlistments to keep up its strength will be resorted to. Conscription is not required in Australia, and the best proof of this is that during the war more Australians voluntarily responded to the call for service abroad, and were sent overseas, than was the case in the other dominions where conscription was enforced. No con scription will be needed in Australia should she ever be threatened with invasion, for to a man Australians will rise to defend their country, and will patriotically make every sacrifice to repel any enemy that is au dacious enough to attack it. Without drawing any of fensive comparisons, it can be truthfully declared' that ustralias volunteer armies abroad had no superiors, and established a record which far outclasses that of many of the forces compulsorily raised by several of the belligerent nations.