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The Ford Internationol Weekly THE DEARBORN INDEPENDENT THE DEARBORN PUBLISHING CO. Dearborn, Michigan HENRY FORD. Preaident. C. J FORD. Vice President. E. B. FORD. Secretary-Treasarer E. G. PIPP. Editor. Twentieth Year. Number 9, December 27. WQ. The price of subscription in the United States and its poaaesaions is One Dollar a year; in Canada. One Dollar and -v Tents; and in other countries. Two Dollars. Single Copy. Five Cents. Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Post Office at Dearborn. Michigan, under the Act of March 3. 1879. Facing 1920 political parties, personal prejudices, sel. seeking interests? , The Choosing of representatives to govern and make laws for ns will be one of our gtW m 1 J We should forget party -clamor, discard the mere oratorv and enthusiasm of a national campaign, ami look at the men who seek our suffrage. Who are ttu Why do thev want to act for US, whal are their real motives, what have they demt Here is an obligation to real thought, and none should lightly try to escape the obligation. Wc shall gel the sort of representee. the iort of spokesmen, that we vote for. It we cjhoose those who do not carry out our desires, the fault ti Otirt, the future blame shall be ours. So. from all aspects, the beginning of 1920 is Of inmeUM importance to every American. And he Will not be a good American who passes it by carelessly M merely January 1. I day. It means more than that it means the opening of an era: and upon our re.e turn of that, and upon our willingneM to bear our share of the obligations that fall upon all. will depend whether it is our best era or our worst. ONE of the best tales told by one of America's best tale-tellers deals with a jobless darky who was sprawling beneath a tree half -asleep when the whistles and bells of noon aroused him partially from his doze. He gazed sorrowfully at the homeward procession of a group of more industrious dark brethren. "Fo' some folks." he soliloquized. ' 'at noise means dinner-time but fo' me it ain't nuffin' but 12 o'clock!" On a midnight soon to come, whistles and bells will signify the passing of one brief round of months and the beginning of another. For some folks those sounds will mean a New Year: for others nothing but January 1. Which is it going to be for you just a day (set apart a trifle from other days because you may sleep later and dine more leisurely than usual and go to a matinee) or a genuine occasion a pausing point for thought-taking. heart-searching. ambition-making? Will it be merely January 1 or a New Year? There never was in America's history a beginning of a twelvemonth which more seriously, more solemnly, called for thought, for ambition, for resolution. Neither we in our own time nor our forbears in theirs ever faced a year more momentous than 1920 is bound to be. Problems beset us. conditions confront us. com pared wi'h which the problems and conditions of past American generati ni sometimes seem simple. And these must be met in 1920. The solutions, .he remedies, must be provided by all of us by our thinkers and our workers, by those in the studies and those in the shops: although, in these stressful days, we should each be thinker and worker both. The Price We Must Pay to Live i the most vital problem for most of us. Yet the answer to it is the simplest. Why is that Price so high? Because there ha been a " famine of things." there has not been a supply to go around. What will bring that Price down? The production of more food to sustain us. homes to shelter us. garments to clothe us. vehicles to transport us, and machinery to aid us in turning out all those necessities. 14 rt work, work to the limit of our capacities, will end the famine, will supply enough of those things we need, will move the relation of income and outgo back toward where it was before the world went mad with war and turned most of its energies toward destruction. Less work, as some evil-intentioned lead ers of the thoughtless are suggesting, will but intensify the famine, add to the Price. Does not every worker, with a little consideration, realize this? Does he not understand that our salvation is work, creation, production ? Thought and action based upon thought must be brought to bear upon our other problems. What is to be our relation to the rest of the world? Few can now believe that our ways lay apart from our brother nations' ways; that our future is to be aloof from theirs, It we are to go forward, they must go for ward with Hi : we must be brothers in fact. And who is to speak for us our desires for our re lationships? Our representatives in government. Have they spoken truly, thus far? Many of us believe not. Shall we not see to it. then, that those who in future shall speak for us shall truly represent us instead of The End of the World IN EARLY December the world was set agog by an alleged astronomer's prediction that the world would come to an end on December 17. Although the originator of the report was never identified, and the ' Professor Porta" of the prediction was never known at any of the institutions of learning where he was said to have carried out his researches, yet the story wai enough to create considerable excitement in the United States, Canada. Mexico. Cuba and Porto Rico, accord ing to the newspapers, and to be the attributable cause of numerous suicides. Such scares and superstitions always have a religious tinge because of the rather shapeless opinion among the multitudes of civilized countries that the Bible fore tells the destruction by fire of all things visible. It is only right that the Book should be relieved of that imputation. Great events are said by it to impend, but the "end of the world" is not one of them. The end of this "age" is predicted in numerous passages this form of civilization, this system of standards and liv ing, industrialism with its attendant evils, so-called progress" and "civilization": these, say the Scriptures, are to disappear amid circumstances of great unresl and uproar. But this is not the end of the world, the t.arth, and does not come in a day. Scripturally speaking, the next great event on the divine calendar as it relates to this earth, is not the end of the planet, but the reappearance of Christ, com monly called the Second Coming, which is to be suc ceeded by the withdrawal of all morally sanative in fluences from the earth, all the moral prohibitions which at this moment prevent men going the length of wicked ness of which human nature is capable. Then, when the present order collapses. Christ descends to the earth (his first descent being only to the upper "air") and sets up his kingdom for a thousand years. Even then 'the end of the world" has not come. But after the thousand years, the earth is sterilized by fire, the original order of unspoiled nature is restored, and Earth begins to fulfil the destiny which was intended for it from the beginning, a destiny hindered and postponed by humanity's moral lapse. It was rather strange and disconcerting to see how greatly the religious consciousness of many people seized on the possibility of "the world coming to an end." Members of the Christian faith, at least, would have been saved uncertainty by consulting their Book. Tax on Tax AVERY large part of the high cost of living i taxes pure and simple. It is what we are paying for the war. The producer of raw materials must pay a tax on his profits and adds not only the tax but a profit on the amount paid in taxes and passes it along to the manufacturer, who in turn must pay a tax on what he makes and adds it to hi- cost. The manufacturer adds a profit to this, also to the amount paid for the tax part of his raw materials, and passes it along to the jobber, tax multiplied on tax. The jobber repeats the operation and passes his tax to the retailer who shoves it on to the ultimate consumer, collecting not only his own tax. but the taxes of the three who had a whack at it before he did There are many contributing causes to high costs, but one good place to begin work on them is in Congress. How long Will the People Stand It? THE 0f our preventable national anxieties sli.,Vs no perceotmk decrease. Those which we formerly explained bj reference to the war. continue with . and there is DO sign of abatement. The coal strike and the coal shortage seem to have become almost as Rxe4 , ialt oi thl country's winter experience, as Christ 4 and New Year's. The threat of tie-ups in essential products arc constantly with us. and though attempt ;it a general strike have never been successful in the United States and never will be because that is not the way the people of the United States do busint -still enough trouble has been caused to dislocate in dustry, curtail the incomes of hundreds of thousands of families, and Spread a spirit of anxiety over the people that is harder to hear than actual and Unavoid able deprivation. The coal strike was a case in point. Not that he trouble causal by the men in November and Deo her is the whole story, for it is not. The story begins a long way back. It begins with the deliberate curtail ment of the production of coal for the double purpose of making the miners eager for their jobs, and keeping the inflated price of fuel where it was dttritlg the war. It is regrettable to have to report that DQth miners and operators are united in the opinion that the public ought to pay still more for its coal an opinion which If be held, if at all. in a mind calloused to a lympi thetk knowledge of the plight of hundreds of thousands of our people. The coal strike did not make the coal shortage: that shortage existed, together with high prices, for several years before the strike. And the settlement of the strike will not make any notable dif ference to the public until a deliberate policy is adopted of mining enough coal to bring down the retail pri This with the steel strike brings us face to face with a new attack not a strike of labor against capi tal, but a strike of labor against labor. The total ef fect of both strikes will have to he told in terms oi WOrkingmen thrown out oi their jobs for lack of ma terial, factories dosed down for lack of fuel, and families suddenly brought face to face with a si income at the most expensive period of the winter. Tin blow fell most heavily on the workingman, who. with out any part in the original difficulty, was made vic tim of it all. The strikers have their union fundi on which to live. What Surplus has the worker who M not on strike, and yet whom the strike render pulsorily idle? Heretofore, when strikes were industrial disputei between two parties, the government has wisely out of the quarrel But when strikes menace tin very living of the people, their health and their ability SO perform the duties of citizenship, then it is plainly a matter which calls for governmental attention. Dur ing these two strikes against the American pa) en velope, the government has done little or nothi ex cept by a persuasion which did not always pel sde. Our whole machinery seems to be devoted to hi Ipfflg people get along without what they need, instead ot providing them with necessities. Our Coal A ImSB istration was never devoted to getting coal. Our in dustrial conferences were never devoted to getting Steel. There has been a timidity and hesitancy .bout touching the real source and cause of the t :ble. Whether the government feared to precipitate a vorse condition, or whether it was merely the hesitanc of a cabinet to act without the President's leadership time will have to tell: but inactivity in the face of menac ing evils has been a very disquieting mark ad ministration policy during the last few months. It is doubtful if the American people will rtyi stand for these blow-ups which throw men out oi work at Christmas time, and pull and haul them hither and thither in constant uncertainty and anxiety. Nothing is easier than to start a strike, as the professionals in this line well know. But to reconstruct industi .1 re lations and build them on so solid and satista ry a foundation that they remain and adjust them elves automatically when need is. requires a higher t; c leadership than is now to be seen. Without alcohol to irrigate them, the wild oat crop are certain to be less than usual. Eternity the time a school boy lives between llol day and Saturday morning The man who puts his character in pawn will prob ably never redeem it. The real father recalls his own youth be tote Ik' chides his son. The original monumental liar was a chiscllcr of epitaphs.