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Sinn Fein and Foxhunting in Ireland
T lag O CeCt OB the urtwit oat for ipeaal ai icuon by of 0k people. ' 'avs i i vat - u-r- . scat that the pcaearerr ti.v. va-. :'- . : ' - . i r-k . ' " - ' " v: v. V ri -' Ure ',Kf- wiwi: there CM be BO fronting. The chief difficulty it that those who ride to hoondi include many si what may be caJkd the "governing classes, that if, those who bold office it. the executr. ejOTcrnaw ti : - ftitnry officer- ar.d in the tharp cleavage which now exists between the popu lace in general ar.d these claims, the nrxsary good will i not il OUJM fof MUag. TI :s that while the tpOft in itself it popular, there is a certain amount of nerv- eg v - took that at any moment they By v ordered off the lands over which they arc rid ;:.g. 'i'r.:s : part:' : V .. he case v.r.er. it remembered that toward the end of last season hunting was pre maturely brought to a close because of a demand made by Sinn Fein that the various hunts should unite in a demand for the release of all the Sinn Fein pris oncn there in jail for regions offences. The hunts being composed of all sections of poli tics and particularly of official people who are not sup posed to have any pol tk at all could not agree to ac- sMiisHssssgsnsMLWsi t iini Ail iii jgaiin I, 1 fib . .a. nai MMjOgW LrSr Ls 4;," - i cept such a resolution and so many ol the hurts had to be brought to an cad This season the hunts are making a start tentatively, and it would seem that there is rot likely to be any fern ral opposition. In addition to the sporting in stincts of the people which lead them to favor the hunt, there are other practical considerations. The hunt afford rcry considerable well paid employment at the kennels, and various laboring associations have cd to rcqucit farmers and others not to prevent the hunting, inasmuch as the dissolution of the ken nels would throw many families out of employment. The farmers themselves have a direct inducement to encourage the hunt, as through it they have a re munerative market for oats and hay. These considera ior.s. while in themselves weighty, would not prevail if it should happen that military" officers or other b jectionab'e" persons were allowed to take part in the hunt and so it is that the success of the season de pends to a large extent on the people who hunt. The opening meet of the ward union staghounds I of which a photograph is drawn), took place recently at a place about twelve miles from the city of I Upward of a hundred mounted people, ladies and gentle men. assembled and took part in the chase, whilt drcds on foot and in motor cars came in the hope I getting a look at the sport. Other hunts, such a- the Meath foxhounds, the Kilkenny, the Galway Blazers, the Westmeaths and the Limericks have been busy cub-hunting, a process of "blooding" the hounds ; re liminary to the season proper. Most of the noted packs throughout the country' are ready to make a start. NEW YEAR'S DAY now sterns to be permanently f.xed or onr calendar at "January 1." but time was when it served as a "movable feast," inasmuch as it was shoved around on the calendar here and there. At one time the New Year was believed to D fin tbool 'he 25th of March. Then Julius Caesar, who will be remembered as or.e-t lme Fmperor of Home, had his own particular brand of calendar made to or der, which caused th New Year to fall on what is now January 13th. Omar Khayyam, expert in astronomy and wine, tried his hand at it, and it must be said that he did better than th'- party who fix'-d up a calendar for the late lam'-r.'-d J:!;;-.. Omar did not v.-'-m to be ex trinulj prottd of his ability to dabble in astronomy, for he wrote: "Ah. but my f.omputat ions, People say. Reduce the Year to Utter Rf Arming? Na . Twas only striking from th- Calender Unborn tomorrow and dcnd Yesterday.' Omar failed to fill out thr year b several days and it ' I 10 1'ope Gregory XII! that we owe onr present cal- 'lar. At various intervaJi snur 1582 the yars have been rounded out aouratdy, thanks to the GrCfOrfcfl reckoning, It was Gregory who conferred an ever lasting Uetftng upon the spinster by granting her a leap rear every four yiars. And so it is when we o out to the cabaret to usher m Ac new yar with food and souk, we lift up our ictl in vociferous "Happy New Year" as the last troke of twelve o'clock midnight, Decenber 31st, falls upon our ears. Speaking literally of New Year's flays, "there are others.' I he hinamcn ko stolidly about their busi nrss .,n January 1, but when February 2nd falls they dress in their best, pay all their bills and about 'p-etiiiK each othrr with a xrinninK nasal falsetto "KlSng Hi " To a Chinaman that is a far better MM of sayinK "Happy New Year" than the 1 ngHcll method. New Years in Other Lands 7 he Chinese cannot exactly remember when they began COtnpUlillg time with the beginning of the year falling on or about February 2nd. It all depends on the moon with them. .Sometimes it comes as early as January 30th and again as late as February 4th. When the Chinaman celebrates New Year he begins on January' 21st and keeps it up to February lfyth. but the big "Kung Hi day" is February 2nd. In Russia and in Greece what was good enough for Julius Caesar is good enough for them, in that they use the Julian system of reckoning, and their more or less happy New Year falls upon January 13th If Marc Anthony ever paid a formal New Year's tall to that well-known social leader of ancient Egypt, Cleopatra, he did so on September 22nd. and certain native Egyptians to this day leave their rice fields and their looms, put on their best garments and go down to their temples to worship on that date. For more than a thousand years the Jews have celebrated "Roshashona" on "New Years," in Septem ber. It does not always fall upon the same date, al though very close to it, the date being governed by previous Jewish holidays. This is a day of feasting and of services in the synagogues. In Turkey the Mohammedans lift their hands to Allah and betccck a yar of Ueasingl on the 28th ol January, for that is their New Year. In Fersia as in some few parti of Egypt, the New Year falls on Sep tember 22nd while in parts of Thibet they reckon the beginning of thr New Year from the first of August. In some of our Indian reservations where the "original Vmericant,w the Indiana, still adhere to many of their tribal ( , New Year's I)ay depends en tirely upon weather conditions. When the last snows ,,"! , '' "rst vl"",s of rass appear Indians hail the time as the beginning of another rear. In the old days K ai with them a season of dannng and feasting. It narked the time when the danger of famine was passed for game would no longer be snow-bound and soon th re would be scores of roots, b and green things lor while rivers, ponds and would be free of their ice feet and their fish traps C aid once more be set. The poor old New Year patron saint if there be - n a person must be very bus indeed since there is a II Year a day almost every month of the year in -ome part of the world or other. Furthermore, aim id every country has had its New Year's day sh.: ted about much as a fussy housewife shifts about a bit of furniture in the front room to get a better effect. Even China had a different time for its New Year once, as ancient records show, although in what cen tury, is not known. This used to be during the aut n:i equinox and in the days of ancient Egypt long bt Pharoah, their New Year also arrived during the equinox. In ancient Greece New Year was 000) in the time ol Pericka, in the summer solstice, or June 21ft Later, during the time of Solon, they cruv cd their New Year's day to the winter solstice and made it about Dec. 21st. It was Julius C aesar who first declared that the Roman New Year should begin in January. This era! upon the coming of Christianity. Before that time the Jewish people observed their New Year's day on the 25th of Uarch, or the beginning oi iprtng, but shortly alter that they changed it to September. Until William the Conqueror stumbled and fell upon the sands a he landed upon Albion shores, the New ar had been observed on what is now our ( hnstmas Day, but William was crowned on the first 0 January and he, too. made that the official Ne Near. After he died England fell in with the rest "t Christendom for a while and jogged New Year's day ahead again to March 25th. Then it began to be discovered that with all these peculiar reckonings in calendars it was becoming dif t,c",t .t0 'tablish agei or accurate historical dates, I the Oregonan calendar grew into favor again. The t-etbobc COUntriei were first to accept the Gregorian time which made New Year's dav fall on the first of January.' Later the Pro -slant countries adopted it. hut poor old eu Venn didn't settle down to a penna nenl day ol his own throughout most of the Christian MtmrttJ until as late as the year 1752.