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11 The Royal Road to Learning By t'RANCHS L. GAHSIDE I t ki;. i I V looks as if the time arere coining when 0008 ",ks will proudly say. T am a graduate oi ft.- M indicating that thev arrmirrri ull IIC M - n j - VI nil III' i knowle'' iww rwra io learning that lea( !Ml" (',H,r ! ;t ,n,,,,nn pktttff theater, "l-or. more Mid more, films are becoming educational, and the pioneeri In tins w ork are women, two of them, and young at that. They are Marguerite Pennell Gove and Ora irtcr Colton, ana tneir mission in lite is to put the educational idea into a motion picture. These J ing women contend that anything calculated to five inspiration to those who witness the fast moving picture If of real and immediate educational value. Therefore they go in for the picturing of any thing from science in its myriad forms to athletic ft, its and the d rationi oi homes. You Buy think this is easy. If you do, try grasping an idea out of the air. Suppose, for instance, they wanted to tell the story of the man who became a millionaire by picking up rags. It sounds like fiction; it is an oft told fact But when the picture were taken there Oi d be nothing in it but rags. There must be gore 10 th- story; it must have its thrills; it must have its educate nal feature. So much is to be considered that these -img women, while relaying out and rolling and macadamizing a royal path to learning for the little "f future generations to travel, have no royal time oi it themselves. In tin beginning there was serious objection on the part oi those who were to he ' taken." The morie vera entertaining, they contended, but in an amusing way: the) :!l not want their callings classed under that head. But the movies have climbed in public esti mation, and now there is hardly a man or woman of learning who is not willing to give his discovery, or invention, or whatever it may be, to the world.' v wants the public to know what he is doing. He is making the discovery that through the motion pic ture exploitation of his work he is adding to tin- world's education The "plot" chosen, there is next the writing of the scenario, which, in this work, is not a description of the villain, but the story of the beginning ot the idea. Then come the captions which appear on the screen to help educate the people after the whole series of pictures has been visualized. One reel showed a young woman making stuffed animals tor children to play with. They showed her first at the Zoo making friends with the real animals. Then they took her in her studio working out the patterns or the stuffed species, and then thev showed her poshing in the padding to give them the proper shape. That is not all, for they proceed to animate the Itrangi looking beasts, making them indulge in antics. Oiu may readily see that through a reel like the child gets a lesson in natural historv. with a smile thrown in that makes the lesson of longer memory than if it were committed trom the pages of a book. I hey take pictures of corrective health exercises. They discovered that 80 per oi me women ot the world were accustomed to walk wrongly and to hold themselves in incorrect positions. I ictures were made of run-down heels, pictures of the chorus girls' Feat of the mannish woman's feet, of the hod carrier's; in fact, of all sorts of feet. It might be called more than a lesson illustrating the folly of ill treating the feet; it might be called a lesson in leather, for naturally such a film told the story of the leather before it became a shoe. The Story of the Snowflake pic tures snow crystals in their varied forms; children, who had thought of snow as merely something to slide up on, leave the theater with their little minds amazed at thp va wi beauty of the Hakes that come swirling down; they have all the thrills that arc excited by a drama, and none of its tin healthful emotions. "The motion of the heart and of the lungs," says Mrs. Gove, "the circulation of the blood, are excellent tarli pre r physics when visualized on the screen. Now and then tornadoes are born; what causes an eclinse: how- ereat ... ' o- 1 1 i i i v I 3 think we may communicate with Mars; the intricate and inside linotypes; calculating machines; the Lewis gun aerial and depth bombs: the Mirely better impressed on the mind w'ith motion pictures than with the unattractive word, spoken or read. "I contend that as an educational factor the ani mated cartoon has a future that is unlimited." 1 4' Present Nlrs. Gove is engaged on a series en itled Master Minds of America. This means the se lecting of men who represent certain tvpes ; picturing them at work, telling something of their work and home life, etc. Mrs. Colton is working on the pictured story of People You d Like to Know.'' Wouldn't you like' for instance, to know more about John Burroughs? Mary Roberts Kmehart? You feel as if you lived next door atter seeing one of these pictures. "Wc work on the belief," said Mrs. Colton, "that the whole world is going to school. We think of the general public; we put ourselves in its place, and when mMwW mmmwT mm w 0 1 i 17 MARGUERITE PENNELL (JOVE we go into a workshop to tell a pictured story of what we see there we simply translate technical subjects into a language laymen can understand. And by laymen' we mean folk of all ages from six to sixty." The tremendous value of the screen as a factor in educational life is receiving a belated appreciation. The credit for impressing this value upon the public is due largely to these young women pioneers in the motion picture field. She Makes Toys That Children Love B 8 w$m vyl WWW W 9B W R wt Bt- Mi B ' ' aH g JL 1 mW m Wmmummmmtm mm BBt Mr m W m mmt M H mm JKmw 1 Amm ' J m MI TB bB mmmri . MmmmSm ' fmmmmm OUVB BARLB and two of her creation (C) PrtM III. Hnt ONCE Upon a Time there was a young girl and she had a big idea. She did not let it fall asleep under the moss that col lects in one's brain the same as you or I might have done, she But all this is getting ahead of the story. Kight years ago there came to this country a young girl from England named Olive Karle. She tried various kinds of employment, and two years ago found her tem porarily assisting a friend who con ducted a gift shop in New York City. Now a gift shop contains every thing there is to sell, for the rea son that there are no folks who do not like gifts, and they represent every age and nationality. Olive Earle waited on them a month, guiding them safely to the gift that would please most the one for whom it was intended, and saving many an anticipating recipient from receiving something he (or she) never wanted and could have no use for. All this time Miss Earlc's mind was very busy with plans for gifts, and one day the Big Idea came 1 She did not say, "Oh, what's the use? Others might make a suc cess of it, and such luck never comes to MK." She did not stop to think; she went to a neighbor hood ten cent store and put the big idea at work by purchasing for ten cents a Turkish towel, and every one knows what kind of a Turkish towel that might be. But neither its size nor its lack of Turkishness daunted her, and taking it home she cut a lamb from it, stuffed it with cotton, and the next day the lamb in the gift shop window attracted a customer, and brought its creator a dollar and fifty cents. She bought more towels, she made more lambs, till the lamb Olive had in the beginning had become the bellwether of a whole flock of sheep. She found orders were coming in faster than she could fill them, so she engaged a young colored girl as an assistant Then more colored girls, and as her corps ot workers in creased she changed the pattern and began turning out giraffes, polar bears, dogs, camels; not all oi Turkish towels, for one of the next of her creations was a litter of pink muslin pigs followed by a herd of yellow cambric elephants. She made silly lions of blue with green tails and tierce purple eyes : she put a wreath ot forget-me-nots around the neck of the giraffe and found it increased his value in the eyes of the little children who thereafter demanded similar Moral trim mings for other animals. This all happened Once Upon a Time not more than two or three years ago: Now. the making of her cloth-cotton-zoo has been taken over by the People's Institute of New York City, and made the special in dustry at the Lincoln House, in the heart of a colored settlement. Many women are supporting themselves making these animals which are now cut out hv elec tricity; Miss Earle then sat back and collected a royalty. But, no, that is not quite the case. She didn't sit back a moment; having tamed over her cloth covered zoo, she began to make animals of wood so constructed that every limb of the animal moves ThtS has aStO been taken over by a manufacturer who is turning out animals of this kind by the wholesale, but even then Miss Earle didn't sit back and rest while her laurels wilted, as so many might do. She freshened them by putting out Kfab-bags made of animals, the bag containing little gut opening in the animal's back ; horse reins w ith animals on, etc. "My head is just full of idi.." he said, "and it i only a lack of time that prevents me from putting these ideas into motion." Miss Earle advises children to make animals out ! Turkish bath towels, so don't blame the laundry man if towels are missing. Blame her! She s.is"a Kood-sizcd towel will make quite a Hock of waddling ducks and wobbly lambs, and if they are not repro duced according to nature, so much the better, for they must reflect the imagination of the child and have enough humor so that they will be pleasant companions to have around. "Any child who, on returning from the Zoo, cuts out a bird or an animal has a mind enriched by the effort and experience, and a beloved plaything as well."