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Switzerland and the League of Nations Agitated Over Future Place in Family of Nations B I Palace of Uague of Nations: Front Klcvation of Design awarded irst Grand Prix de Home Geneva, Switzerland, December, 1919. Till people of Switzerland will within another th decide by a popular vote whether or no! the) will enter the League of Nations. For nearly ix 'a i ist the question has been much agitated in the ir is .nid in general conversation and tin- debates in the Federal Council, which resulted a few days ago in the d ided vote of 1J8 to 43 for membership in the Leafi light out some very intereting views. It will be remembered that within a week or to after the ligning of the Treaty of Versailles the Swisi Govern ment sent a communication to the Supreme Council oft: ti pointing out that certain clauses in the Leaffue Covenant would stand in the way of tin- mem bershri : the mountain republic, imposing as they would i abandonment ol the traditional policy of neutrality which almost from its birth has meant the very lif I Switzerland and which made possible not only her own peaceful progress, but also her marked lenrkea al ng humanitarian lines to all the belligerents. It was a ordingly suggested that some modification I ' - in question might be possible. The opponent! of the adherence of Switzerland to the League laid stress on the argument that such ad ! the loss of that neutrality which had teed in Mrnttt4 v t, CwitrUn1 k, i,.. - -vii-vfc.i,T U II IU V t MUM1 IV V L 111 OWei the Treaty of 1815. To this it was we answi r. i of 1815 bnjel) Switei ' . orftnizat find in t1, vmdd n and in : Then confirm cil of Si respond "would federa-: grandeur fullest a beaut future v. that. d should 1 a soul i ronscieiu. The which t 11 to all intents and purposes, the Treaty dead and Switzerland has contributed it demise; that in the League of Nations would be affiliated with an international r the preservation of world peace and at affiliation a guaranty, which her feebleness N her to hud in herself, for the integrity lability of her territory. little doubt that the referendum vote will i the National Council and of the Coun in the Swiss Parliament. "To doubt the our people,'' said a prominent Sw iss to me. 1 doubt the very existence of this Con Enlightened by those who comprehend the the opportunity, the people will follow in ty the parliamentary democrats who. with le of patriotism, have looked to the the intelligent faith of those who know defects and their mistakes, Switzerland the midst of terrestrial conflicts, not only arity and love, but also a serene and lively mendment to the resolution of adherence l.lVnr u I'll tlw HHtAfihi tt'ic ImI hi, h era 1 tM t,u Council, but to the Fed- the right to designate the three dele By PAUL TYNER .it(s from Switzerland in the General Assembly of the League of Nations. This tentative for the further democratization of the League is one which is being called for also in many other countries, notably in Great Britain If. de Rabours brought out during the debate in the National Council the close connection of Switzerland with the evolution of the idea of in ternational solidarity in all its stages. The first great international, he said, was that of intellect created b the invention of printing in the sixteenth century. Following the Peace of Utrecht in 1713, the Abbe de Saint-P ierre, stirred by the atrocities of the war, pro claimed the interest of all peoples in the perpetuation of peace. It is the glory of Rousseau to have first proposed -the proper means of realizing this project in the regeneration of society by the general adoption of democratic systems. It was partly, he said, in homage to Rousseau's memory that the states had chosen Geneva as the seat of the League of Nations. Concerning this designation of Geneva as the seat of the League, there is a very general feeling in Switzer land just now that one result of the American Sen ate's failure to ratify the Treaty would probably be the change of this designation to Brussels, This feeling was strengthened recently when representatives of the Secretariat of the League came to Geneva from London and positively, while not too politely, rejected the buildings which Geneva offered for the purpose and made strong objections even to the site beautifully situated on Lake Geneva at a short distance from the city. The criticism was made that the Genevese seemed to think the League would require buildings suitable tor an international exposition. It is certain that Geneva was President Wilson's choice and in view of the fact that Brussels is the seat of a monarchy and the residence of Bourbon and Bonapartist, pretenders to the throne of France, while Geneva is identified not only with peace and neutrality and the splendid international humanitarianism which brought the Red Cps into being, but also with pure democracy in tradition and in actual realization, his choice had reason behind it. Brussels was favored by both French and English delegates largely as a testi mony of recognition for Belgium's brave part in the war. Italy was inclined to favor Geneva Of course, with America out of the League of Nations the whole thing would be likely to degenerate into just such a pact of the European Poweri as would relegate to the rear such considerations as swayed President Wilson. We are all hoping that the Senate will realize that the surest way to "Americanize" the pact is to act in the true American spirit, as the Swiss have identified the true Swiss national spirit with the world's peace and the furtherance of international solidaritv on demo cratic bases. With some recent views of the site offered bv Geneva for the League of Nations. I am sending vou photo gaphs of the design for a Hall of the League of Nations which has just been awarded the Grand Prix de Rome for Architecture by the Paris ficole del Beau Arts. I his is probably the proudest distinction which an am bitious young art student could win. It carries with it full provision for four years' Study of art in Rome. There were about a score of contestants and it is testi mony to the inspiration of the subject that it was found necessary to divide the three prizes into "First-First." "Second-First" and "Third-First," and so on. Trie photographs herewith are of the "Firt-First" prize de sign won by Jacques Louis Rene Carlu. He is 29 vears old, a pupil of Buquesne, Laloux aid Recoura and "won the American Students' Prize for Architecture in 1910L The second grand prize was won by Jean Jacquei HafT ner, a young Alsatian and pupil of LatOUT, w ho won the American Architects' Competition for the Stillman Prize in 1911. The winner of the "Third-First" prize was Eugene Alexander Girardin whose masters were Gaulin and Laloux. His designs for a public library and for an open air tribune have gained him honorable mention in earlier competitions. All the designs presupposed the definite acceptance of the Geneva site, the ground plan of M. Carlu's de sign showing the lake front. The very imposing struc ture is supposed to cover an area almost equal to that of the Capitol at Washington. The architect has evi dently succeeded in making it expressive symbolically of the great idea for which the League of Nations stands. In talking with him about it at the colc des Beaux Arts, he impressed me by his modesty and was careful to have me understand that the plans prepared by him and his fellow students were worked out lim ply as a student's exercise and with no least idea of being actualized in concrete form. When it comet to the actual erection of the building or buildings that are to form the permanent home of the League of Nations, a competition in designs will doubtlesi D Open to the architects of all nations and the definite result will embody the world's best thought in regard to beauty, fitness and adaptation to its uses. Nevertheless, 1 have an idea that this Prix de Rome competition, open only to French architects, will furnish valuable pointers to the competitors in the larger tournament of brains and artistic skill. filP N(tu de Sautkurc: Smaller Building on Sue ol League of Nation at Peat Chateau Barthalooi: On Site offered for Seal of League of Nation at Geneva.