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THE BEAS&BOH2N HMDIEPEHBEfTir
13 M- W GVr JFrote FRANCES L. GARS IDE s - 'SwE&ai'' T ! wore never, in the history of the stage, as (1 shows on tlic h",uU as there are in t York C ity this winter. It is of more than jajtJnf It tO heir that the one which theater-goers, (Wing "iice, are seeing second and third time, was in by very young girl from St. Lottis, jj( e 11 Zoe Akins, and when Ethel Barrymore nia(K : appearance in "Declassee," she subtracted oee auti resi frocn the Promising Dramatists' group, and pla her solidly among those who have arrived. Hin rinks in New York with the best of then i It was not always ,. She has lingered on the horizon ! ?er than most writers of plays for the rea son that she stuck to her guns. She has written her pbyi ti were her story, and she stuck to them. In othei ll the Iteadfastly refused to consent to the endless re-writing and re-arranging which is the cus tom m (r new plajr-writer appears. She knew what ihi wanted; she lost in the beginning by refusing 10 d hai iron more in the end by sticking to her Opink 1. Somehow this seems quite characteristic of the Middle West. Discouragements a-plenty, but never i i oi conviction or courage! "Winn I was 21. " she says. "1 wrote a play called The ! ed l ady.' which May Robson accepted and began to rehearse. As loon as the company had been asseinf)!- d I was informed that certain ICCtiei would have to be changed I made the changes. Then, after a couple of rehearsals, I was told that one whole act would hue to be rewritten. I rewrote it. Then there were lORie more rehearsals, after which I was told an other act uld have to DC done over in the same way. I took the manuscript home with me, tore it up, threw it into the tire, mailed Miss RobtOfl a check for the advance royalty I had received, and swore a little oath to myself that I would never rewrite another play. "And I've stuck to my vow. All three of the plays I have had produced 'The Magical City.' 'Papa,' and DeclasseV have been presented practically as I wrote them originally. I have made minor changes, of course, but I have never had the slightest trouble in recogniz ing my brain-children when they appeared on the stage and that is something a whole lot of American play wrights are not able to say." Miss Akins came from Missouri. She is a daughter of Thomas Jasper Akins, a member of the Republican National Committee since 1904. She got her early writing experience on the staff of "Reedy's Mirror," at the age of seventeenonly a girl, and she is only a girl still. As a member of the staff of the "Mirror," she wrote poems, stories, criticisms, a little of everything as everyone does on a Mid-West paper. She first came before the public eye as a poetess; a volume of her poems was published in London in 1912 under the title of "Interpretations," and two years later it was brought out in N'ew York. She wrote a pageant, "Peace Tri umphant," which was done at the Hippodrome last year, and an "Ode to the Allies," which Ethel Barry more recited at the Stadium in New York on July 4, 1918. She also contributed to the Mirror a series of forty articles under the title of "The Shadow of Parnassus," which William Marion Reedy declares to be the most complete critical anthology in the English language. She has done a tremendous amount of literary work in a short time poems, stories, novels, plays. A novel by her, "Cake Upon the Waters," was published in Xew York early in the fall, and she is under contract to write three more. Her comedy of "Papa." published in 1915. will be produced in London later in the season, and "The Magical City" is being made into grand opera. For a season she acted, but tired of it and returned to her writing. Miss Akins has had many of that which others might call discouragements, but she was never dis couraged. She put the best that she had into her efforts, and then refused to be turned aside from her lllli MISS ZOE AKINS convictions. Do you stand by your guns like that ? It is one way to win Success. She has won it a must unique success, to have written what is considered by critics to be the best play produced in Xew York in many seasons. The Opera Singer and Her Old Clothes Kaaaaaaaaaaaaafl fl Laa Hl H, , ? aaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaal tMW LaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaH Bar''ll Ban LINA CAVALIERI The i ; om of whose garment ia an international affair. JUST novf everybody is talking about clothes, wo men is clothes, of course. It there is anything par ticularly puritanical or sednetive about a man's Wrments, no one has looked at him long enough to J over it. Hence, he is escaping the criticism which ... uih iien at tne women, that T Uv'lIuTi' or Una the Beautiful, for she is mtnon'u ,,istimtin of being about the only wo tionsn tagC wJl Sives out no advice, or sugges w ' PProval, or disapproval, about the way the She dr thcmsclves these days. Why? Because worno? "T ,,kl n) one (1m" herself, and thinks every She Privilege, of all0 o .(1jn k' Very (,ark' She wears gorgeous gown but UsuS j ' s nt green, snnu-times some other color, reen so Rrcen witn ,oosc De,ts trimmed with odd in the t m&l somehow suggest discoveries made one of th f the old KKvptian queens. The cost of Irse stones would more than pay for the ex tremely narrow, short skirt and pneumonia waist of the girl one sees on the streets, with enough left over to pay for her high heels. This explains why Cavalieri doesn't criticise; she can afford to dress to suit her taste, and her heart is a little too big to let her condemn the girl whose in come is so small she has to buy what the department stores offer, even if it is so much like the dresses hundreds of other women wear that she becomes part of an epidemic. "What," she was asked, "since you think the wo men of today are competent to work out their own clothes problems, and have no remarks to make on the new styles, do you think a woman should do with her old clothes? What do you do with yours?" With many pretty gestures and many appeals to an interpreter for the right word, for Cavalieri speaks Italian and French and but little English, she told that the disposal of her wardrobe had become an interna tional affair. And this is how it happened. Cavalieri didn't always have gorgeous velvet gowns trimmed with precious stones; she didn't always have clothes to keep her warm, and there were days when she almost starved, back there in Italy. If any one had told her then that "Hut, ah, ma cherie," she said, "it is hard, so hard, to think of. Me, I have suffered ! As a child to go hungry. It is sad, is it not?" Her father was a hodcarrier ; the Italian word for it makes the job sound easier, but the work was as hard. She was one of six children and they lived in Rome, and they were poor, so poor ! Unless you have lived in Italy, the interpreter explained, you can form no idea of how poor one may become, without perishing. The father died. It is a habit to which many fathers who are poor and have large families are addicted. T.ina was only thirteen. She could sing though she had had no training, and she was given an engagement in a second rate music hall at 60 cents a performance. To one who has gone hungry, sixty cents a day means life itself, and the family lived on that till she climbed to a dollar a night, and in a brief period she was earning the royal salary of twenty dollars a week. Her beauty helped, of course. Many a man sighed for her, and, mcrci bu n. Mon Picu, and all the others, many a man, maybe, paid her that greatest of all trib utes a man pays a woman in Italy, by committing crimes for her. She was turning the heads of grand dukes in Paris and St. Petersburg before she was 20, and it was in the latter city that she left the music hall stage to study for grand opera, making her debut nine months later in Naples in i-a Boheme." It is said of her that she created Thais, which she sang for two years in the Grand Opera House in Paris, but this was after her first season at the Metropolitan in New York, where her charm, her sensational story, her temperamental act ing and her jewels were more talked of than her voice. Indeed, the real polite critics say her voice is not flawless, and that, since she can act, the screen is af fording her greater opportunity than the stage. But to go back to her clothes. Lina Cavalieri was married a few years ago to I.ucien Muratore, the famous French tenor. This explains why the disposal of her cast-off garments has become an international affair. She is compelled because of her numerous ac tivities as an operatic, concert and motion picture star, to maintain a tremendous wardrobe. This fact has long been a source of gratification to Italy because every article of clothing she discards is packed away and shipped there. But since her marriage to a Frenchman, sin has felt it her duty to divide. So that every time a trunk filled with clothing goes to Italy, another follows it to France. Every time she goes into her beaded purse to help the land of her birth, she dips into it again for her husband's beloved France. She had a message to women; it is so unlike the messages women usually receive from others of their sex as to be worth repeating. It is a pity that in translating it in'.o English, one can not give with the translation the pretty gestures, the easier look of the eyes, the fascinating smile and the pleasing personality of the woman sending it to all her sisters in America. It is this : "There is no woman who can claim to be a good Christian who lets the moths feed on clothes that some poorer person might be wearing. I have no critieisms on what the women are wearing; I have criticism only for those women who hang up discarded garments on nails in the attic. There is an old saying that if you wish to learn if a woman is neat, look at her bread board. I think there should be another; If you wish to know if a woman is charitable, look in her attic." Every effort is being made to effect early ratifica tion of the woman suffrage constitutional amendment which twenty states already have adopted, but there is some opposition in states which have not ratified, although a statement issued by the National W oman's party at Washington names twenty-two stat- s as " ex pected to ratify." The reluctance of western governors to call special sessions for ratifications has caused dc lays not anticipated. George McAdam, writing in The World's Work on Governor Smith of New York, says: "The most in teresting thing about Alfred E. Smith is himself. His greatest achievement is that he has raised himself out of the pinch and stress and obscurity of the Lower East Side of Manhattan Island to the governorship of the greatest state of the American Union."