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The Ford International Weekly THE DEARBOXtN INDEPENDENT Published h THE DEARBORN PUBLISHING CO. Dearborn, Michigan HENRY FORD. President. C. J. FORD. Vice President E. B. FORD. Secretary Treasurer. E. G. PIPP. Editor. Twentieth year, Number 15, February 7. 1920 The price of subscription in the United States and its sessions is One Dollar a year; in Canada. One Dollar and Fifty Tents; and in other countries. Two Dollars. .Single Copy, Five Cents. Entered as Second Class Matter at the Post Office it Dearborn. Michigan, under the Act of March 3. 1879. Abraham Lincoln ABRAHAM LINCOLN'S active life covered 28 years. LOn the 15th of April. 1837, he moved to Spring field. Illinois, to take up the practice of law: on the 15th of April. 1865. he was killed in Washington. The ex tent of time in which he was a national figure was less than 10 years, and for less than five years he was a national power. It may be said that half a century of preparation preceded his five years of service and martyrdom. And his preparation was of the simplest, and thereby the profoundest sort. He studied in three books, and all of them were volumes of the book of life. He studied the written Scriptures of the Bible; he studied the liv ing nature of men around him ; he studied the law in which wise men have sought to bring justice out of the confusing maze of thoughtlessness and self-interest. And from his studies in all these books he formed one basic conviction, namely, that only the right thing wears longest, only the right act serves longest, only the right word guides longest. To find the right thing, and upon occasion do it, was the whole policy of Abraham Lincoln. And though in politic! he accepted the not too high standards of his day accepted them in the sense that he was not called to oppose them he never cut any corners; and the result, or one of the results, was that the political standards of his time conformed to him. How ureat Lincoln was we never shall know, of what spirit he was, and what the mystic backgrounds of his nature. He never did or said anything sensa tional. His greatest words were spoken when there was no gallery. People were always finding out that he was a great man after he had long passed by, they were always discovering that he had said a great thing ifter they had nearly forgotten what it was that he said. Most of his policies were opposed and were nev er approved until they were far along in their opera tion and their wisdom was plain to all. After his death his spirit lay like a steadying hand upon the nation, and after his own generation had passed, the succeeding generations began their commemorative works. It "drives" to fix the memory of Lincoln in the minds of the people. The fireat War came and relegated many great names tu the past of forgetfulness. Many of the il lustrious dead were also casualties of this war, for their character and wisdom did not endure the testing of that time of judgment. But Lincoln has survived, ills words are as true now as they were before 1914. Hi- lervicc to his people is not yet done. Of all the great Americans, he is not only The Immortal, but the most active spiritual influence of them all. mm work that the more lu wasted, the more he decreasmg the vital tiff oi the nation j and that he more he pernntted RSI nun to loaf, the bcaVtf ft burden he was pressing upon the producer, and tin BCmrCef and dearer he was maku.g the iseCCtettSf I Ol M No one is ever so ignorant as not to know that it h, does not produce his bread, and .still eat. that some one i producing it for him. No one U CVCf 10 ig BOffial as not to know that if he shirks bil corner of the common burden, someone else'l corner ll made that much heavier. No one is 10 ignorant II not to know that if he tells a I.e. he lowers the taee value ol every other man's truth-telling--Of the SSSASSilHtion of human faith in the spoken word gOCI like a .shudder through all .society. Hut. knowing these things, men go on and practice them just the same. Why: W cause the immediate selfish advantage OWShldoWl the total social good. Men get by with their graft limply because there ean be no graft anjong the multitudes who produce that which is used for grafting. Men get h with their idleness, .simply because there are multitudes of men who keep themselve to the daily task year after year. The lie of the liar gets its currency simply be cause botH st men have given the the spoken word a current value; if we were all liars, it would he use less to tell lies they would simply not pass current ! counterfeiters can practice profitably only among a people where the coinage is sound. Unfortunately it is possible for the individual to "get by." to line his own nest, and to appear some what of a "success" in life through his use of unfair opportunity. Society may have been wounded by him. the liberation of the workers may have been a little longer postponed by his action, but at least he has "made good." he has "got his pile." he has "got by." There may be no jail to punish him, no public opinion to fittingly classify or declassify him. The which fact leads men to believe that there may be invisible tribunals before which his case is tried and adequate penalties meted out, not the least of which penalties is the effect on the man himself. Would Try the Hohenzollern W H ETHER the dcnmul made that tin body of the former kaiser be handed over to the i?nv ernnuiits of France and Great Britain for trial will be followed up insistently, or is a formal and tentative move for the fulfilment of what seems to be m 00. ligation, HO one can say with authority; but it cer tain that those who feel themselves responsible f0r bringing the arch-conspirator of the war to t- ,1 arc 1, ss embtrrataed wkfe the case standing as it do Holland's position has at least the sanction ; unj. veraal humane practice behind it, the former ka r fa. fog a political refugee, or, if not precisely t' at, at least suseeptiblc of treatment as such. A rath, r un usual refugee, to be sure, and certainly answer able to seriou.s charges, but nevertheless a fugitive to :. coun try whose ideals of political liberty have had an in fluence on all the world. It is hardly to be doubted that if the coup the League of Nations were established and made uch a demand. Holland would accede to it. She would then feel she was answering the voice of organized hu manity. In the present instance she is persuaded die is only answering the voice of the victor nations And by the time the court of the League of Nations is estabjished, William of Hohenzollern may have passed into the jurisdiction of a Judge before whom kings are as other men. Waste and Graft Defeat Themselves THERE is never a guaranty that men's knowledge of tin truth will be sufficient to obtain their prac tice of it. Indeed, if there were such guaranty, then the only problem we should have to deal with would be ignorance, whereas we know that even where ig norant iv dispelled a certain perversity and insidious selfishness always remain. Education, while providing a better working basis, is far from being a universal remedy. I" take a concrete instance: it was known by every contractor who put over a grafting scheme on govern- Man Is Child of a Larger Growth HIGHER-UPS quarrel just as the low-downs do, and from the same motives. To be sure, when the quarreling ones are high-ups they do their fighting decorously by letter and address, with a very careful avoidance of Billingsgate, but the sting is there just the same. And no fish-wife ever missed anything of the animus of a quarrel between kings or presidents or high-placed warriors. We are having our aftermath of war quarrels now. They are not new to us. The Civil War produced its crop of official jealousies. The Spanish-American War was unusually prolific in the same way. It would be astonishing if even our modest participation in the Great War should not have kept the record. General Pershing doesn't like General March, the principal rea son being that General March was technically his boss. Every European military authority gives General March unstinted credit for his work as Chief of Staff, but General Pershing in his final report on the operations of the A. E. F. was as silent about the Chief of Staff as if such an office or individual had never existed. Gen. Pershing, however, was not at all backward in allowing all and sundry to infer that he won the war. Doubtless the general was a fairly good and careful manager of the business he had in hand over there, but he never had a chance to show whether he was a great general or not. Nobody is sure even now, least of all in the United States, that he is. The spectacle of General March, who is undoubtedly a very able gentle man, being the object of what looks extremely like personal jealousy on the part of one who without General March's aid could scarcely have done even what he did, is not edifying. In very young and unimportant individuals such a situation could be understood; if understood now it must be on the hypothesis that even four-starred generals are like the rest of us, under the skin. The navy also has its crop of differences and dis putes about who was greatest in the war and who is entitled to most honor. Again it resolves itself into a matter of personal differences, or at least a dispute that began in personal differences. An unlovely kind of pride and superiority and autocracy has cropped up among a set of men who are only public employes and have no authority save what has been delegated to them, with reservations, by the plain people of the country. Is There No Help for These? THE government could relieve much unnecessary misery if it would begin at once to facilitate the arrival in the United States of the relatives of citizens who came here before the war for the purpose of earn ing enough money to bring their families across. Every gnat industrial institution in the United States could supply the government with the data of scores of cases of this kind. In some instances the head of the family has come over alone, intending to send for his family when he had a home made for them. In other instances the husband and wife have come together, leaving their children with the old folks at home, all of whom were to be brought over when the funds were ready. The war is written in terms of what it did to na tions, but the WOfid is not big enough to contain the books in which might be written the stories of what the war did to individuals and families. There are men in American workships who have not heard from their families since 1914, and there are men and wo men who have not heard from their children or parents in the same length of time. In many instaiu es, of course, they never will hear "it is the war." But there are still other cases where news baa come through, dire news of suffering which never promises to be relieved, from districts to which relief BUpptteJ and Red Cross ministrations do not seem to reach. Hundreds if not thousands of responsible h ds of families are waiting to bring their own sufferers across, are besieging the officials of all governments I r the opportunity to do so, but even though the war has been over for 15 months there seems to be no way by which residents of suffering countries can be -ans-ported to their self-supporting and financially bid peaSr cut relatives in this country. It is really a terrible and baffling condition wh n one i brought face to face with it in concrete instance It would seem to be worthy the attention and H riOBSl effort of those who have knowledge of how the chan nels can be opined, and power to open them. It is love of Justice, not fear of law, that makes civilization. Mothers are the only goddesses outside of mythology. Love never stands still. If it does not increase, it decreases. It is no use to hustle until you first get your bearings. Eife is a pleasure because it is a speculation. We all salute virtue and go on our way. Girls put on airs to take on millionaires. Pnieilliuu is the mother of poverty. Hope builds better than money. Beauty is never sin deep.