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Dearborn independent. [volume] (Dearborn, Mich.) 1901-1927, March 06, 1920, Image 12

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2013218776/1920-03-06/ed-1/seq-12/

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ft W Craite 7ra? Afoe
Cabinet Positions
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(C) Harris & Ewing
He represents Maryland and has a plan to aid the Health, the
Education, and the Mining interests of the country by
creating a new cabinet officer to care for each interest.
SOME of tin people ol the United States will be
greatly pleased, Others will be decidedly surprised,
and still others will be badly jolted when they
learn that strong ertrt arc now under way to per
suade Congress to provide the necessary legislation for
increasing the number of cabinet officers from their
present number of ten to thirteen.
It is being strongly urged by those interested
in this heavy addition to the governmental ma
chinery at Washington that it is time the country
was provided with these additional departments:
A Secretary of Health,
A Secretary of Education, and
A Secretary of Mines and Mining.
The pru; sal to establish a Department of Health is
already well under way. A bill to that effect has
been introduced in the Senate by Senator Joseph Irwin
France, of Maryland. It has been referred to the Com
mittee on Public Health and National Quarantine, and
inasmuch a- France happens to be the chair
man of that committee, it is fair to assume that it will
be reported favorably and in due time come up for
debate and vote.
One feature of the France Bill will prove of especial
interest to the women of the country. It provides for
the appointment by the President of a woman as
sistant secretary.
States Must Co-operate to Get Benefit
SENATOR FRANCE'S measure provides that the
President shall appoint a Secretary of Public
Health! holding office for the ame length of time, and
subject to the same conditions as the head of each of
the other executive departments. The President shall
also app lint, as first and second assistant secretaries of
pr.bli: health, respectively, two men of proper medical
qualifications, and as third secretary of public health a
woman trained in the science of medicine or nursing
and public health.
This measure further provides that the Department
of Public Health shall function only in those states
which, by proper legislation and communication with
the Secretary of Public Health, signify their desire of
co-operation with this department. Suggestions and
re ommendattons for suitable legislation and adequate
appropriations are solicited by the Secretary.
M re specifically, the bill provides that $15,000,000
be appropriated for carrying on the work of the De
partment of Public Health for the fiscal year, 1920,
with these provisions: (1) This sum be made avail
able for distribution among states in proportion to their
population as shown by the last census; (2) Xo state
be entitled to receive allotment until it has fulfilled
Conditions for becoming co-operating state; (3) Every
co-operating state miM fully obey regulations of the
Secretary of Public Health, and the provisions of the
statutes; and (4i Every co-operating state must con
tribute to the public health work a sum at least equal to
tha contributed by the federal government.
There is also appropriated, for the construction of
sanatoria and hospitals, $4X. 000,000, to be alloted to the
ates m proportion to population as shown by the last
c nsus, provided that (1) Xo tate shall receive its
allotment for construction until it shall have provided
an equal ai I and the location, plans, purposes and
means of future support of prop',, I sanatoria or hos
I italfl htve been approved by the Secretary of Public
Health 2) In considering plans, location and purpose
of sanatoria or hospitals, due consideration be given
to necessity for immediate increased facilities for treat
ment of tuberculosis and possible availability of gov
emment hospitals already constructed for use by the
Department of Public Health.
While talking with Senator France concerning his
proposed Department of Public Health, he made
these explanatorv comments: "The bill which I have
introduced provides for the creation of a federal de
partment of Public Health, the head of which depart
mcnt shall be known as the Secretary Ol I ublic Health,
with a seat in the President's Cabinet. This bill is
somewhat similar to. and in certain portions identical
with a bill alreadv introduced by the Senator from
Oklahoma (Mr. Owen), but my bill provides in greater
detail for such an organization of the Federal Depart
ment of Public Health as would reach to every state,
congressional district, county and precinct throughout
the United States. It is drawn on the theory that
there can be no efficient Department of Public Health
without some provision for the extension of the ac
tivities of that department throughout the wide con
tines of the country and a close co-operation between
the federal government and the states in the simpli
fication and co-ordination of all of the varied govern
ment activities which have to do with the health of the
"With a Federal Department of Public Health or
ganized in accordance with the provisions of this bill,
we would have, without any greater total expenditure
of money, a governmental agency operating with such
scientific precision and so comprehensively as to insure
ultimately the elimination of those preventable injuries
and diseases which annually take such a heavy toll not
only of money but of suffering, misery and bereavement
"Under my bill there would be in every county and
precinct of the United States a public health officer who
would be at once the local and the federal health of
ficer, and there would be co-operation not only between
the federal and the state governments, but between all
of the various health promoting activities which are
carried on in the several communities. This bill will
be supplemented by two other bills which I shall in
troduce shortly, one of which will be for such an
amendment to the census law as will make it a con
tinuous social survey of all of the population of the
United States, including a survey of the health of the
population and the collection of vital mortality and
morbidity statistics, and a public educational bill which
will make provision for the establishment of a national
system of free education, universally compulsory in its
elementary branches, with provisions not only for the
intellectual but for the physical development of school
children, with adequate health supervision of the schol
ars, and which in its more advanced branches is ab
solutely free and open to everyone, according to his
abilities, with technical high schools, colleges and uni
versities all as a part of one system, it being the pur
pose to utilize and better organize all of the existing
institutions as parts of a great national system.
"The universally compulsory education of school
children would, of course, abolish child labor and the
provisions for free college and university courses would
give us democratic higher institutions of learning,
whereas at present most of the technical schools, col
leges and universities are not open to those of limited
means, the present system tending to make the higher
education exclusive and aristocratic. There need be
no opposition to such a plan for universal education by
those interested in private and parochial schools, as
under the plan which I contemplate, attendance at these
schools would be recognized as complying with the
compulsory education provision.
"It would be difficult for me to explain what very
radical changes for the better will be accomplished by
the enactment of such measures as my Public Health
Bill, my Social Survey Census Bill and my Public
Kducation Bill. As the Public Education Bill, upon
which I am working, provides free educational facilities,
so does this present Public Health Bill look to the fu
ture provision of free hospital facilities to all on equal
terms, on the theory that if the protection of the pub
lic health is a governmental function, no man should
be deprived of the most skilled treatment because of a
lack of means to pay for it. My Public Health Bill
looks to the establishment throughout the IV , States
of regional hospitals which shall be opei ,tli M
equal terms, and which shall be so adequat in thrir
accommodations that no man need be deprh of the
opportunities for hospital treatment."
Every family in the country is deeply in ted m
public schools. Any suggested change in man
agement, or transfer or sharing of author always
calls forth considerable debate. People, y i;
jealous of what they term "outside intertY
their schools; this is particularly true ol little
country schools. It is therefore a safe pred n tha
before Congress gets down to brass tacks in matter
of adopting legislation creating a Federal D artmeni
of Education, they will hear some mighty loi otests
from some of the folks "back home." Tin cts ol
"state rights" and "centralization at Wash: wjjj
he liscussc,l even more than they were during the pro
hibition campaigns,
From the viewpoint of the chap who ies a
comfortable position on the side lines it's g ing to
be an interesting scrap.
The Importance of Mines and Minim
PEOPLE who know all about the mines ai rj mining
business of this country make the declarati mi that,
next to agriculture, it IS by far the biggest and l lost im
portant factor in the development of America and is
therefore entitled to much more governmental consid
eration in the future than has been the case in the past.
Congress appropriated for the year 1010 more than
$72,000.(1110 for the development of the agricultural in
dustry. During that same period it appropriated for
the development of the mining industry less than
Eminent business men. high up in the fields of min
ing enterprises, are calling attention to the fact that
the total value of agricultural products for the vear
1918 was S1-U31, 000,1 X)0. while the total value of the
mineral production was $5,700.0)O,0O0.
The mining people are propounding this query
around the National Capitol: "If agriculture, with an
appropriation of twelve times as much as the mining
industry, can produce less than three times is much,
what could the mining industry produce with an ap
propriation of $72,000 j500?M
The mines of the United States furnish 58 per cent
of all the tonnage originating upon American railways.
Upon the iron mining industry depend the imple
ments of agriculture, which are the very basil f so
ciety when it is realized that civilization begins and
ends with the plow. W ithout the developm I of the
iron mines there would be no stoves or fumacei in the
homes. The manufacture of automobiles. . plane?,
skillets, war munitions, pots, battleships and railways
of all kinds would cease. Without the devi nt of
the coal mines the people would freeze and I atrial
plants would become bat roosts.
A great many people are laboring lind e mis
apprehension that American mining has been fully
developed. That's a great mistake the big gl are
yet to be tackled.
One of the biggest things that doiibtle 'Id be
accomplished through a Department of b I an(
M ining would be the stoppage of the shameful ..tsteot
The agitation for an independent Depi nit of
Mines and Mining with its head a member o l'resl"
dent's Cabinet, seems to be gaming grounj
Prior to the year 1910 the mining induct had re
ceived little encouragement from the I'm States
Government. In that year Congress created Bureau
of Mines. Kach year appropriations have 1 llttle
larger, but it is Strenuously urged that mine has not
received the recognition to which it is en' lS the
sect nd ii dustry In tin- United States.
Brown in the Chicago Dmiy New.

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