Newspaper Page Text
oze .4 merica 's Champion Corn Grower Won the Prize By CARL SCHURZ LOW DEN mm "W The corn ktJ " the doorway of thebandiui! church seed-house But ELL, how docs it feel to be a cham pion?" 1 asked Peter Lux when 1 called upon him at his prosperous home in Shelby County, Indiana. "And," I add ed as an afterthought, "a double-gaited one at that?" The 1920 corn king removed his ever-present pipe. He smiled a bit as his mind went hack to the day at Chicago where, in the interna tional show, the biggest event of its kind in the world, he defeated seven teen thousand contesting ears and won the crown with twei white beauties grown by his own hand on l:. l. ,1 "It's LTeat." he answered. "I feel like 115 umi - " T o p , V i a real man that has accomplished something where (W that double-gaited stuff come in?" Tin- was easily explained, fie nau won the grand sweepstakes with his white corn; with his yellow entry he had taken second place in the fourth region which included the principal corn-growing states of the Union. At other shows he had taken top honoM with the yellow variety. He is just a much double-gaited as a horse that can win a pacing race and can. after a rest, follow up with a trotting victory; but Peter, of course, can do his winning simultaneously. I told Peter that I wanted to "shoot" him with my camera. He made no ob jection, but his wife came in and sug gested that he really ought to dispense with the service! of his pipe while the shutter clicked She never did like a pipe anyhow. "We really ought to have some rib bons for a background," I said. "Are they handy ?" They w re We emptied two crammed stationery boxes, smoothed the crumpled ribbons, ai d attached a small part of them to two squ i ei of white cloth. "That" , tlie ugliest ribbon I ever got," said Peter during the process. He handed me a cheap -looking strip of faded letters. and con ied: "but it brought me five hundred d 'liars in gold on ten ears I had in a Missouri show." Wai that the time they rode you around on their sh. lers like a football hero?" 1 queried. "Yes Peter replied, "I'd won the grand sweep stakes of h show." lie has two chances to avert the ill effects of the drouth and to obtain a proper pollenization. Some farmers invariably pull the suckers from the corn. Lux does not. He believes these extra shoots store up moisture and act as a reservoir when the weather turns dry. 77re? Seed Most Important HE KM PLOYS great care in the selection of his seed corn. He picks it from the fields before it has reached a stage of maturity; it really should be mature before it is plucked, but Jack Frost is a dangerous fel low that would ruin its power of germination. Jack must be beaten in the race, or he'll beat you. Lux is a scientific farmer that co-operates closely with the county agent. It's "Hello, Pete!" and "Hello, Kuss !" when they meet; then follows an exchange of ideas and experiences, for since the world began two heads have been better than one. I asked the cham pion if he considered an agent's work beneficial to a county and if he thought the system worthy of con tinuance. He grinned; then he answered with a whole hearted "Amen." Last year the average yield of the Lux corn was seventy-three bushels an acre. Perhaps the secret of 1 " mm mmmm m mmmm.m ' J aa -tkm How He Produces It AFTER ft all lb corn. 1 1 with wh early foi it with i picture had been taken, Mr. Lux told me his methods for producing prize-winning ill-plows his fields. He rotates his crops ind clover. The last of April is none too nting. When the corn is up he goes ovei iry hoe. at the same time thinning out the weaker ts. He cultivates it five times, with each cultivat! other from the stalks. 1,1 rk," the champion said, "is the price of raoceM ni-growing. If a man will work early and late ! every day and put plenty ol pep and get th im t and use his head, he'll make good in the game pre ided he plants good seed." Lux ha been growing good corn for ten or twelve ers. Hi ,t the idea when, as a young man, he at tended the tanners' short course at Purdue University. ",s ther was the old type of fanner that ranked "WClte ah ,-e science. Peter practiced what he learned urdui nid he returned year after year. Now he one oi the instructors in that course. He is also f, m demand as a corn judge and as a lecturer upon th' subject. DlaY l,1,iml,,un nas two farms, on one oi" which he the u U' u aml 011 tnc otluT whitc conK l:ach ot half1 1S l,1,'Uctctl wih a barrage of similar corn about cor w Ta WkU- lf his ,uiKhbors will not buy white seed f irUI nCXt his wh,u' fieWf hc ftt White corn fore k ' thc samc ru,c ho,ds f(jr ylow. Be- the w" I "'U(1 this 1lan the bir(,s a,ul thc bcc an(1 neiehh1 'V'JU'(1 clear thc Partition fence and mix his variety Vr11' PUen with that of his prize whitC cntaminati WCTC many hybrid ears because of thc Th' '''u. 0ut it thI Ollt,1'at'on s a very necessary process; with- bc unfit fCrn WOUld not be fertiIe a,u! thereforc wou,d inopnort Sml Occasionally a drouth comes at an Medina nt,me and reatI' interferes with the cross failn r two sucn experiences and compara days af erttaUgnt Pctcr Lux a ,esson- AboUt flftcen fie,ds and 1 or,Binal Panting he goes through his u arops a grain here and there. In this way PETER LUX The cup was won at the International Corn Show and was awarded to thc winner in the grand kwecpttakct on 20 ears of white corn. The ribhons were won in various exhibits. this tine yield is the fact that he uses plenty of fertilizer. "The twenty prize ears," he said of the group that made him the new corn king, "were selected dur ing the first week in October from a forty-two acre field of as pretty corn as 1 have ever seen. This field, from which clover hay was cut the previous year, was plowed ten inches deep in March, 1919. was dragged down when the weather permitted, double-disced both ways, and then dragged again. "After this soil preparation, two hundred and fifty pounds per acre of twenty per cent acid phosphate was applied broadcast with a grain drill. On the fifteenth of May the corn was planted with an application of one hundred pounds of fertilizer drilled in the row with the corn. "After the corn was big enough, it was plowed five tunes at proper intervals with a two-row cultivator. Just before it began to tassel, it was again gone over, but this time I used a shallow-tooth cultivator." The government has a test plot on the l ux home farm. Every year fifty rowi of seventy-rive hills each are planted. In the fall trne arc gathered and ex amined, the sheep are separated from the oats, the disease-free ears from the diseased. The experts are trying to breed seed of the disease-tree type. "Healthy teed," Lux told me, "is fully thirty per cent better in every respect; it stands up better, it looks finer, and it yields more than the diseased kind that is invariably drilled." The Government Interested THE plot will be used by the government for ex perimentation during five years. At the end of that period it is probable that a definite, workable method for eradicating the various corn diseases will have been discovered. When 1 asked the world's master corn grower to say whether the yellow variety is better than the white or the white su perior to the yellow, he demurred. Then he turned toward me and resolutely de clared : "The white was my first love, and I'd never go back on it. But I like the yellow, too." His seed-house is an old frame build ing that was known as the Ripple Church before its abandonment. Rows of long double shelves reach from the floor to the ceiling ; some are loaded with pearly white and others with yellow gold. It's the farm mint, a veritable treasure house. Boxes and barrels, both filled and empty, line the front; power machinery and sacks of the shelled grain stand on the north side of the old meeting-house. Prom this abandoned building Lux has on various occasions selected corn for South America. The buyers live in Ar gentina and Brazil. Shipping the seed across the equator is a delicate proposi tion ; it must be packed in hermetically sealed cans 10 that the high temperature will not kill it. Prosperity is in the air around the Lux farms. And why shouldn't it be? There's line furniture and electric lights in the furnace-heated home. There's a metal corncrib and a big silo at the barn. Your eyes tell you that this man, who is only thirty-eight, has successfully ridden his hobby. But hil h'bby is one that leads to the betterment of mankind, that leads to supplying the human race with more and better food, for he has demonstrated how to improve a very essential crop, t make the acreage produce more so that all the world may have more. And like other benefactors of humanity he helps him self in helping others. England and Japan Both Seem Satisfied With Their Alliance ONE of the most important pre-war alliances still existing, and certainly one with far-reaching ef fect on the war itself, is the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. It was this alliance which brought Japan in on the side of the Allies. The clause invoked was the one which stipulated that if Britain, while at war, should feel herself menaced in the Far East, then Japan should take Britain's part. When the war began Britain was not menaced in the Far East. J3ut when the German raiders darted into Eastern ports, destroyed shipping, and darted out again to haunt the high roads of British commerce, the clause was assumed, both by Britain and Japan, to be met, and Japan entered the war. It is 20 years since the Anglo-Japanese Alliance was formed, and it is clear today that both powers have been influenced largely by it; each certainly has modi fied its conduct out of sympathy with, or at least re spect for, the other. Both powers have constantly ex pn ssed their satisfaction with the arrangement, and if Japan at first felt she was gaining the greater ad vantage bv reason of the early recognition it then ac corded her of her new-born status as a first-class power, Britain in the long run has received full meas ure, not only in this war, but in the constant satisfac tion she experienced through having a policeman on the beat in her far distant Oriental orchard. Everything points to the renewal of the agreement. Britain more than ever desires it. Australia, her great Pacific Commonwealth, may well insist on it. For while Australia is frankly suspicious toward Japan she may well feel that bound in an alliance with Britain, Australia as an important member of the Empire, en joying with the other parts of the Empire fuller in fluence in the councils of the motherland than before the war, can expect to enjoy a certain immunity from Japanese aggression, as any move of Japan against Australia would be in fact a move against her treaty partner, the British Empire today being actually a corporation of partner members, nominally headed by the United Kingdom. Japan, for her part, might look long before finding a more useful arrangement, since it gives her com parative safety of operation all over the world, while permitting her to harbor and nourish her own careful resources close at home. It is true that public feeling in Britain is not so warmly disposed toward the Japanese as heretofore; in fact since the sentimental applause during the Russo Japanese war there has been a steady decrease of en thusiasm; but public feeling is not strong enough yet in Britain to dictate treaties ; the statesmen, both in Britain and Japan, want it. That will be sufficient "Poland goes neither to the right or the left. By swerving in either direction she would plunge into the ditch of reaction, or the slough of anarchy. Poland will progress straight forward, eagerly accepting the best the right and left offers to help her do creative work and beat hardship, making the national road ever w ider and more permanent " I. J. Padercwski.