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Despite All Obstacles, That Little Belgian Paper Appeared "Regularly Irregular" r kan all heard of tke little Belgian paper that was published in Brussels despite all efforts of the (urmans to suppress it. ? how a copy was even laid on the desk of the German (Governor General. This tells how a 74-year l J "reporter" and other i m tually kept up tke publication. W: Brussels, Belgium, Feb., 1920. HEN the Ger mans marched in to Brussels thev topped the publication of all the Belgian pa pers. They wanted the Belgians to understand that war was war; that they were there to rule and nothing must he said or printed contrary to their wishes. And then a little pub lication appeared. It was called La Libre Belgique ( Free Bel giutn. ) The title itself was a protest against tin Belgian invasion. The fact that the paper appeared, and came out "regularly irregular," as announced in the first issue is not news, but how it appeared in spite of warnings and threats of death and actual arrests and punishments is news. This is told interestingly in a book just out and written by M. Albert Van de Ker ckhove. who was one of the writers for the paper and under a 15 year sentence, when peace came. Ambas sador Brand Whitlock has written a preface for the book. In opposing the authority it was necessary to pub lish secretly. Victor Jourdain, a newspaper man 74 years old. Father Dubar, a Jesuit priest. Kugene Van Ihren. Abby de Moor. Vicar of St. Albert parish, and others were among those interested. The spirit of adventure was strong, decisions were taken and on February 1. 1015. I .a Libre Belgique saw the light. Victor Jourdain was among those who first furnished the copy written on a typewriter, which on one oc casion, on being finished was rolled up and placed in a hole in the end of a cane after which it was carefully aled wit!, a metal cap. Van Doren with cane in hand went first to one printer who w hen told what was wanted threw his hands up in the air and apparently with vision of a firing squad refused to do the job. Carefully guarding the walking stick Van Doren went in search of another. After further inquiries an Italian wa found. His conditions were stiff but he could be counted on. They were accepted and the paper appeared with a circulation of 2.0(H) copies. "Van Doren and his wife once in possession of the printed copies slipped them in an envelope, and the dbtribution began," writes M. Van de Kerckhove. "The little news iper was placed in the letter boxes of senators, de ities, and well-known persons. The suc cess was real, Everybody wanted to see the clan destine paper. The title pleased, the program also. "One was even placed on the desk of General von Bissing. The w i a war of trenches and maneuvers began and did r finish until the armistice. The same copy of one number often had more than fifty readers. It came back in shreds to its owner, who kept it as a relic. "The del ery of La Libre Belgique to homes no doubt required some prudence, but it sufficed to have a iUpple hand and rapidly to slip the prohibited paper 111 the kttei box of subscribers. It was the free dis tribmion ii offered the most serious danger." W the Press Hid Behind Furniture HlLf the paper kept coming out regularly, it was feh ' tin- method un to this time did not offer , - mavm, .r i i 18 ...b.mi, ui saieiy aim a reai uuiucium pi not) wa t i ii i vuliriwl iini'KiriF V ti .'Mintv riKtm in a jarton manufactory, which in the beginning of the war had been i rj as an ambulance, was finally found. Her behind a ,,f furniture in a part of the room which lad been partitioned off, a printing press and the necet jyphcrnalh were installed after great difficulty. j continuei the author, "one lived amid per istal alarms and constant preoccupation, the newspaper SeoW despite winds and tides. Success was greater JjjJJ great, Number JO was illustrated for the first mc- K;i(i(rs wm. onf(Tt.(j tH. Shntaneflque face of jj govt.rn,,r general, reading attentively La Libre fallf?k.e' ' ,lr nr'Kmal photograph had been admirably JJ by a friend of A. Dewit, bookseller, and admirable QPagan(,st. It caused general hilarity." thp- "us tune a tragic incident marked the career of loAtf? S,Ut hillipe Baucq, a young architect, wS the distribution of the paper. He furnished Fr ,of ,a Libre Belgique to seventy-live carriers, servient I'' Mlss Cave11' Baucq already had rendered face tu rhls cntry and like she he was doomed to by the f erma" firing S(luad 1Ie had bcen arrested a fiei crrnans accidentally while they were following British uman' With Miss Cave11 hc had he,l)C(1 !romisin80 Ts across the Belgian frontier. Com (lrnnfH g l';,,K Ts wre found. Hi was tried and con- 'EvervK ,MisS Cavdl " ths hibited Stet 5Sf ! system for hand,inK the pro ',er babv Sometimes a mother would be pushing A nrettv hahv rroir1 mi Libre young woman sometimes carried a music By EDWARD SCHUUiR roll which instead of a sheet of music contained a clandestine number." The raglan coat with specially prepared suspenders was often used as a means of concealing a supply of La Libre Belgique. Caught and Sentenced BUT after various vicissitudes, the clandestine print shop finally was discovered, it was a catastrophe." says the author, "worse than that a debacle. Father Dubar and many others were caught in the net and sentenced. The Germans believed they had killed La Libre Belgique, but La Libre Belgique with more spirit than ever led the charge against the Germans with ever growing success." It was an endless chain, a real battle, the publica tion of La Libre Belgique under the eyes of the enemy. mjmtma mitM kmttt urn i rr mm Mm OU uf fto - f t m At . t i )'' iprw. mm imtinn m m mm mtmmm mm Mil LA LIBRE BELGIQUE u rrvna in Tr " "T H'LLf TLN Of PBOPAOANOe PATWOTIQUt - BtOUUtBtMOT WtOULJE m if moummun mxxnm mu tcmtwi rt to'' 1 SET. IT.'.' On mm Mt mm m u mm pitmrn Um tmtttm iMinMMk. mmm rr , 9a. m wmm mm Ommtm. M- tm9M D" " u umm Ottjm mmjgmM mm mamm tMml wmm a'tim jutf, i mm, rm m"m mutm m m mt - kwm cr''MtiTe 1 " y. .- l-r , mm fm mm. iw mmtt r w rf tmm m mm m mifmm m mm ,mm mm'" f mm-t miMi mt m m mmm m . miimm . - mmm ..- mm mm 4tm m- mm mm mm " ' mmt- IMMlMM M mm mm InHHm mmm mm m mmnmmmm Aam M , m ' mtrnm If MJ mmm m mmm i ! too I u ,. . mmm m mm n u Im immnm m 0m T1 i wi n m iimim ,,m m 3m fmt mmmtmtmt. mjmm mt m rtmM FACS1MILK OH URST PAGE OF I.IBKK BFI.GIOUK When one fell another took his place. Tactics were changed. Various persons were now charged with print ing different succeeding numbers and general distribut ing depots were changed every minute. More troubles followed. The printer, Dolimont, who worked in a cellar which he entered through a trap was arrested and in a few days 42 others followed suit. Further secrecy was found to be necessary. The management, editorial department, printing and distribution were hereafter kept scrupulously distinct. Friends, as it developed later, worked on the same paper without ever know ing it. "It was precisely this discretion, sometimes carried very far, which created after the liberation of Belgium comical incidents and sometimes misunderstandings. Propagandists who lived in adjoining houtef distributed the prohibited papers in great number without ever doubting a reciprocal activity. With what a laugh did they discover one another after each having been hid for four years. Some times two companions would hoard a street car. They were neighbors and did not breathe a word. Arriving at distributing depot! one would sometimes meet a patriot leaving a package just brought from the print shop while the other was carrying his away. "One can never know of this admirable devotion shown by this small army w-hich never tiring, accepted the most ungrateful role, constantly risking arrest at all corners of the street while carrying packages. "The students of a college one day played a 'dirty trick on the Germans. It was decided to stick 250 copies of Libre Belgique on the walls of Brussels. At daybreak they could be seen all over town. A copy was stuck on the Hotel Astoria almost under the nose of a sentinel while Ruprecht of Bavaria was there. A Teuton officer took note of the incident which amused the public. He ran to the Kommandantur. The pub lic were ordered to take off the offending sheets. The mucilage was good. It had time to dry. The police were in no hurry. One could read and laugh at ease. "Following tradition, several days after the arrest of those who, it was claimed, were the chiefs of La Libre Belgique, a number appeared. It was 143. All of the copy of 143 had been seized. By an extraordinary ef fort all of it was prepared a second time. Fathers Peeters, Deharveng and Hebrant wrote from memory the text of the articles captured in the cellar of the printer Dolimont. As to the articles of Fidelis (M. Van de Kerckhove) a carbon copy had always been saved. Father Delehaye and the author, II. Van de Kerckhove, soon after were each sentenced to 15 years at hard labor having been condemned by the German for their part in publishing the paper. The war was drawing to a close, but Libre Belgique did not fail its readers, and if sometimes there was a little delay in issuing during which time the public imagined the worst, numbers were regularly maintained in sequence, and "thanks to clever maneuvers," says the author, "a copy even found its way into the prison of Yilvorde. For all the prisoners, especially those who worked for La Libre Belgique and who suffered cour ageously for it, this was unparalleled joy to read secretly within two steps of the Germans, almost in their grip, the articles condemning' them, ridiculing them and crying victory. For victory was there. The deliverance was no longer delayed." With the cessation of hostilities it was announced that amnesty had been accorded all political prisoners. After the departure of the incarcerated from their cells, the noise in the vestibules of the prisons of St. Gilles and Yilvorde was deafening. Those who only a few minutes before had been prisoners with an un certain fate awaiting them began singing the Bra banconne. Vers l'Avenir and the Marsellaisc, and that continued, says M. Van de Kerckhove, up to the day the revolutionary troops tried to turn over Brussels to the horrors of Bolshevism. Audubon's Backward Glance car, c. crain THERE is something appealing m the picture of an old man who sits down at a table or desk, looks back at his youth, and writes. Then, if ever, age and childhood meet. The greatest ornithologist, or bird man, in America's history turned, in his declining years, to "scratching this poor book of mine with a miserable pen." He wrote his journal for the perusal of his two sons and he rather bluntly labelled it, "My self. J. J. Audubon." After his death the bit of auto biography was found inside an old calfskin volume. ' Perhaps it would be well for me." he ruminated, "to give you some slight information respecting my mode of life in those days of my youth, and I shall do so without gloves. I was what in plain terms might be called extravagant. 1 had no vices, it is true, neither had I any high aims. I was ever fond of shooting, fishing, and riding on horseback. To reach the maximum of my desires in those different things filled every one of my thoughts." He put down the raising of fowls of every sort as one of his hobbies. "I was ridiculously fond of dress," he admitted. 'To have seen me going shooting in black satin smallclothes, or breeches, with silk stockings and the finest ruffled shirt Philadelphia could afford, was, as I now realize, an absurd spectacle but it was one of tnv fotbfo and 1 shall not conceal it. 1 purchased the Inst horses in the country and rode well and felt proud of it. My guns and fishing tackle were equally good, always ex pensive and richlv ornamented, often with silver. Audubon declared that in his youth he was extremely fond of music, dancing, and drawing. Like most young men of the period he was filled with the love of amusement and therefore attended all the balls, skating matches, and house or riding parties within reach. As he disliked cards and never gambled he said he had no evil practices other than his love of amusement. "I was, besides," hc told his sons, "temperate to an intemperate degree. I lived, until the day of my union with your mother, on milk, fruits, and vegetables with the addition of game and fish at timet, Never had I swallowed a single glass of wine or spirits until the day of my wedding. The result has been my uncom mon, indeed iron, constitution." His abstemious habits caused him and his associates great annoyance when he was in France, for he would not drink wine. Furthermore, as he cared for nothing but pies, puddings, eggs, milk, or cream, often not a single dish suited his taste. "Many a time," he wrote, "have I robbed my ten ant's wife, Mrs. Thomas, of the cream intended for the market at Philadelphia." He pictured himself in his youth strong and active as an antlered deer, fair and as rosy as a girl. Apparently he did not maintain the careful habits that gave him health in his early years, for he afterward regretfully asked himself the question: "Why should I not have kept to that delicious mode of living, and why should not mankind in general be more abstemious than mankind is?"