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DULUTH BOUNDARY I , i ill I y s7 7 I ! si .xrYf S ?i , A ;J v 1 T OPENED J Vli7 7 "J 7 . IN HAND I r yy0"10 MILWAUKEcPl DITRonQjLJ , CHICAGO TOLEDO cKjveland THE WAY At the Soo Depth in Locks 24 Yx feet. Unith of Locks 1350 feet Connecting Waters Channels 20 to 21 feet. THE WORK At Nia&ara The New Welland 30 Foot Locks 25 Foot Channels Total Lift 326 Feet The rest of the job "A Short Stretch of Tumbling Rapids in the St. Lawrence" Ontario to Tidewater - - 181 mi. Navigable River 135 mi. To Be Improved 46 mi. Total Lift 221 ft. Estimated Cost International River $60,000,000 Canadian River - - - 50,000,000 Estimated Power International River 2,000,000 hp. Canadian River - - 2,000,000 hp. I he Problem of (living Lake Steamers Clear Passue to the Ocean. "Do you know that the highest paid laborers in the world live here, that here is the largest machine shop in the world and hundreds of others not so large, botllmost, and that the man who pays the third highest income tax in the world does his work, and makes his home here? MDo you, Oh yon representative of the effete and lelf-sumcient Kast, know that these things are true?" There were many of these things I did not know, but, ifter all, there Wtre KMBC things that editor him self did not know, and could not anticipate, one of which was that instead of looking forward to the proud distinction of o(KMHM) souls, the city of Detroit in this day and age would be laying claim to a population of 1390,000. Nor did he know that Cleveland, once aspir ing to the distinction of eclipsing Detroit but now with letter honors, would make the tremendous gains it has in Bitters of industry and population, and that other Great Lakes cities would produce the avalanche of products they have poured forth in recent years. Hearings for About a Year ANT) now these grave and self-contained gentlemen, sitting about the big mahogany table in that New York hoteL were calmly talking about converting these selfsame cities into seaports, with ocean carriers ply ing regularly between them and the great foreign marts of the world, calmly ignoring even Xew York. Wouldn't you have expected to see someone excited? Wouldn't you have awaited the arrival of important personagi a growing red in the face and gesticulating wildly over this contemplated marvel? But th e only person who seemed to be excited was a newspaper man from one of the big lake cities who kept assuring the members of the commission that a desperate fign1 was impending between the proponents of the St. Lawrence project and the big interests of the Easl but without succeeding in causing much of a flutter ong the members of the tribunal themselves. "Do you think this thing will go through?" I asked Obadial I iardner, American chairman of the commis sion; but the massive Xew Englander from Rockland, e., m smiled soothingly. "It d ends on how much sentiment for it there is UBOng I people of the fourteen states who aro said to be in favor of the project," he replied, cautiously. Charles . McGrath, the Canadian chairman, a stately, white ha ed personage who does not go in much for C( ny n, said nothing but nodded his head. buying an elephant till you know you've iot w for him to do," sententiously added the Amer jcan chairman, smiling. "The commission will hold Wings, probably in most of the cities affected, and Some of the (treat Lakes Tonnage The latest figures as to the comparative quantities of various commodities passing through the "Soo" Canal were compiled in 1913, the last complete year during which statistics could be compiled before the war, and they are as follows: Commodities Tons Iron ore 48,109,353 Coal 18.622,938 Wheat 6,144,645 Other grains 3,488,147 General Merchandise 1.770.860 Flour 1.770.860 Lumber 900.000 Manufactured iron and pig 402,912 Salt 180,997 Copper 85,378 Stone 6,181 Comparative values of the same products : Products Value General Merchandise $265,000,000 Wheat 184,000.000 Iron ore 158,000,000 Grains other than wheat 85,000,000 Coal 58.000,000 Flour 47.000.000 Manufactured iron 30,000,000 Copper 20,000.000 Lumber 14,000,000 Salt 547,000 Pig iron 141,000 Stone 61, OCX) then draw its conclusion from the testimony. The hearings probably will take the better part of a year, and meantime engineers representing the American and Canadian governments will make surveys." The proposal to create an all-water route for ocean carriers from the Atlantic to the lakes will be opposed bitterly by powerful forces in the Kast. But it is being fought at present, so far as possible, with the weapons of silence. The reception accorded the International Joint Commission on its visit to Xew York was ac cepted as proof of this by many persons supposed to be experts on the subject. Hut on the other hand the friends of the under taking are well prepared to conduct a vigorous public campaign, as was proved by the mass of material al ready in the hands of the commission. Among this material is a vast amount of data bearing on the grow ing traffic of the lakes, and the savings to shippers and consumers that would result from an all-water route. One of the interesting points brought out by this mass of material is that the cities in the lake region have been growing much faster than those on the At lantic seaboard, the figures since 1870 showing 850 per cent for the interior municipalities as against 350 per cent for those on the coast. In the matter of tonnage of shipping, the figures are equally impressive. Great Saving in Freight Charges THE arguments already laid before the International Joint Commission is that the extension of the Great Lakes system to the seaboard will save five cents at least on each bushel of wheat shipped out of the Great Lakes region, and corresponding proportions on other commodities such as meats, provisions, dairy products, fruits and other western products. "Carriage by the Great Lakes goes at an average rate of one-tenth of a cent per ton mile and rail rates average three-fourths of a cent a ton mile," one of the briefs sets forth. "Extending the Great Lake substitute cheap water carriage to the seaboard will for the costlier rail haul and eliminate one pair, sometimes two pairs, of terminal charges. "Direct imports via the lakes is a reasonable ex pectation. When the coast line is extended to the heart of the continent, ocean traffic will follow it as surely as the Mediterranean traffic flows to Italy and Asia Minor. "Remove the barrier that separates the Great Lakes from the sea." The cost of the proposed development has been esti mated, as already explained, at $250,000,000. but this expenditure, it is predicted, will be more than made up to the two governments by the new power that can be developed along the St. Lawrence in connection with the plan to provide a seagoing channel. Under the proposed agreement it is proposed to pool this power supply, aggregating about 2.000,000 horsepower, and to apportion the revenues equally between America and Canada. Thus, it is contended, the project can easily be paid for by the development of the new power, and a "thousand miles of new coast line" added to the United States. Will the Great Lakes people need Xew York's con sent? And can they get it? They may. but it will be difficult. And certainly not before the opponents of the plan have subjected it to a severe test of the "silent treatment." 3 68 Ml I FT. DROP FIRST ST. LAWRENCE SLOPE Lake Ontario to Montreal 5ECTION SECOND SECTION IOFTi O'AFT .ooodrop II Ml 7AAI ; I8FT DROP n.D30P HfcAAl 8FT. DROP O Z' : a Oi r; o: a 9 5: z. 2 ui O' Oi S Si S! Si Rotable Improvement of International River Two Dams to (Jrown the rapids and furnish po er Costing about $60,000,000. eh mi 30MI DROP .CLEAR SAILING a. i Ui' t I4MI I6AAI 3! Uli or; vvdFtDROpJCLfAR SAILING t! l! 5 1 Z 2:3 8MI iCLEAR lAtltNC 45 FT TO ATLANTIC i 8 Mi 1 X 8 ! 9 5:? z; o Probable Improvement of Canadian River Ship Channels to replace present canals Costing about $50,000,000.