The Ford I nternationnl Weekly
THE DE ARB ORN
THE DEARBORN PUBLISHING CO.
HENRY FORD. President.
C. J. FORD. Vice President.
K. B. FORD. Secretary-Treasurer.
E. G. PIPP, Kditor.
Twentieth Year. Number 22, March 27, 1920.
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The President's Stand
IX OXE of the strongest documents oi his Presi
dency, Mr. Wilson has affirmed his uncompromising
support of Article X of the League of Nations Cov
enant. This is the article which pledges the member
nations to respect, and to preserve against aggression
from without, the territorial integrity and political in
dependence of the nations included in the League. The
President says that the enemies of the League have
followed a true instinct in concentrating their attacks
on Article X, "for it is undoubtedly the foundation of
the whole structure."
The President's contention is sound. Article X if
the foundation and security of the League. If the
members of the League do not agree to stand together
to maintain its integrity, it will never attain a vital
existence; it will sink to the level of a debating coun
cil to which the nations will send their literary and ideal
ist statesmen instead of the men who are able to say,
' we will do this or that." Lacking Article X the
Covenant will resemble a municipal ordinance in a city
that has no police. The principle would be announced,
but it would not be actualized.
Even the opponents of the Article wiH admit that
much. Their contention against it is that they are not
so interested in the establishment and maintenance of
the League as in safeguarding the interests of the
United States. They freely admit that the League
would require the pledge of force on the part of its
members to maintain League conditions in the world;
"but," they say, "we don't want to pledge the force of
America. We don't want to be in a position where we
shall be under moral obligations to interfere to pre
vent aggression elsewhere in the world. This may be a
fine thing for Humanity, but is it a fine thing for the
The President meets this contention squarely when
he asks senators to put humanity above special national
interests : "If 1 had the opportunity I would beg every
one concerned to consider the matter in the light of
what it i possible to accomplish for humanity rather
than in the light of special national interests." Surely
the lesser is contained in the greater, the good of the
United States in the good of humanity; but apparently
there are senators and others who do not think so.
For the first time the President makes mention of
the forces he had to fight in the Peace Conference. The
imperialists and militarists are against the League in
all its articles. In France, he says, the friends of the
League were able to defeat the militarists, "but they
are in control now." In spite of that, and before the
militarists could destroy the situation, France adhered
to the League.
In this connection the President very powerfully
mphasizes the renunciations which the imperialistic
nations have made in order to accept Article X. Ag
gression has been their life. Their diplomacy was built
UpOII the idea of conquest. Until the United States
suggested the League, and obtained the moral support
of tllC peoples oi the world for the League, the im
perialistic nations sawno other course than to continue
the old game. The war itself was an imperialistic war,
and imperialistic designs made their appearance at the
very Peace Table and caused all the difficulties that
were experienced there. Now, says the President in
siihtance. these avowed imperialists have renounced
their imperialism in order to constitute such a League
as the United States has suggested They have said
one by one that they will renounce all aggression, not
only renounce it for themselves but resist it when
made by others upon any member of the League. Shall
the United States, the nation that has never been stained
by wrong ambitions .shall the United States, which
has nothing of tins rii SO renounce, retire to cute,
the League with a pledge 0 IttpfCri the new order.
We shall have to enter the League as a lull sham
in the responsibility oi maintaining it. sa I the PrtSt
dent, or we shall have to retire "from the great coun
cil of powers In which the world Wlf laved.
There still remains the question oi whether, with
out the United States, there ever will be a League ot
Nations. The League was meriean in its inception
and program. Without the constant impulse of Amer
ican ideas can the l eague Income in any degree a
realization of the common people' hopes? It is very
Australia Welcomes Immigrants
The Silent Struggle in Japan
IT HAS become the habit to consider Japan so far
dominating her part of the world that the possi
bility of her sharing, with her Western compeers, the
pains and veaknessei contingent on evolutional) proc
esses, escapes us.
We have come to believe that she is the one co
hesive power, strongly welded, undisturbed by dis
sension, strong-handed, strong-ruled, and strong-purposed;
she, alone in the world, has nothing to do but
look around and slt where she shall put her foot next.
It we don't believe that, we certainly talk as if we did.
Some twelve months ago Tin I )k kmor Indk
PEXDENT published an analysis of the governments of
the world, in which the government of Japan loomed
up. with surprising abruptness, as easily the most auto
cratic un-democratic rule among great peoples. Only
a few semi-civilized peoples remained in a similar con
dition. It was pointed out that, under a form of con
stitution modeled on that of the German Empire, and
granted craftily by the Mikado in 1 SS. the Premier
or Minister President of State is responsible not to the
Imperial Diet, but to the Mikado who alum can ap
point and remove him. It was indicated further hovi
the Mikado himself is a screen behind which is a
powerful group of aristocrats known as the "elder
Statesmen," who actually control the government.
It can scarcely be necessary to do more than al
lude to the tremendous wave in favor oi really popu
lar government that has swept the world during the
past five years. Not just here and there, but in every
land; not just a cause in the mouths of a few ardent
disciples and their leaders, but a matter of common
conversation in the mouths oi the great public How
was it to be expected that such a changed viewpoint,
apparent in France. Britain. Italy, everywhere in
changed suffrage relations could fail to appear in
It has. of course, and while the world has been pic
turing Japan as the one untroubled power, that coun
try has. in fact, been eiiau. d in a silent, desperate
struggle to maintain her aristocratic supremacy over
the new liberal movement The appointment of Kei
Hara was at once a concession and a victory; a con
cession by the ruling group ; a ruler by the Liberals.
What mattered it. thought the elder statesmen, who
was premier, since he was a servant oi the Mikado,
and they were, in actual fact, the Mikado?
Hut once Hara was in, he Spoke his mind and
stood fast by his Liberal colors and they couldn't put
him out. They and the Mikado were helpless. When
Hara marched into the government as premier, the
Liberal tide rolled Up strongly behind him to the
steps of his office and the Mikado's palace. There was
no sweeping back the sea.
After two and a half years of inactive existence the
Japanese Diet "met last C hristmas Day for its first
business session since its election two years before.
The reason for its enforced idleness was obvious in
its first business. It moved tor an extension of the
franchise. The government headed by Hara. anxious
as it was for reforms, could not undertake to go so
far as the Diet wished. And so suddenly did the par
ties gather to the new idea of an extended suf
frage that the Premier was forced to ask the Mikado
to dissolve the Diet, to save a complete collapse. So
the Diet which lived two and a half years, never did a
stroke of business.
The Constitution says a new election must be held
within five months, and throughout Japan the parties
are gathering, a new 1 organized Socialist movement,
a quiet but hearty Labor movement, several reform
movements, all, however, united in a common view
pointthe viewpoint of the modern world democracy,
real, genuine, hundred per cent man for-man democracy!
It is banly possible w, have been mistaken; Japan
as a tremendous, impregnable world power may be
nothing more than a bogie of OUT imagination. Like
the rest of the world she has her wayward children,
who insist on thinking for themselves. And the Jap
antM public has never been afraid to speak its mind
and strike a blow for its purposes when nSJQISlSI I.
Japan has her troubles.
HE cycle of immigration i found in -two Con
ninpor.ii statements by two distinguished leaden
in two oi hritam s overseas dominions. Mark siiel
don, high commissioner in the United States for Am
1 1 alia, recently told a New York gathering that Aus
tralia "could tincl employment almost overnight i0r
.mother lO.OOO.iHXr ver Australia's present popuhti&l
0f 5.0IMUXHI. The additional population, said Mr Shel
don, would give a tremendous increase to production
and incidentally help to restore the equilibrium 0
Sir Andrew Macphail. of Montreal, on th. other
hand, speaking to the Canadian Club of Ottawa, al
most on the same day, denounced the practice of ad
vertising for the purpose of obtaining immigration of
all sorts and conditions of people and added that
Canada was scrutinizing her immigrants closely and
in fact, closed the gates on 20,000 persons last war.
Australia is at the beginning of the cycle, Canada
at the end. Both Mr. Sheldon and Sir Andrew Mac
phail are. in a measure, right, although Mr. Sheldon is
on the most generally favorable ground. The- rtically
immigration includes "all sorts and conditions of peo
ple." and any man or woman is a welcome citizen in
prospect, providing good character is established. In
the United States we rather pride ourselves on that
very quality of our freedom, and can contemplate the
soil of the country as literally seeded over and plowed
in with "all sorts and conditions of people." From
that assimilated mass we get Americanism.
Hut from that mass Sir Andrew does not get
Caivadianism. On the other hand he denies the ef
ficacy of the "melting pot," and argues, somewhat
pessimistically, that the "lower race always prevails."
If this argument were true, it would mean that Amer
ican citizenship today represents the lowest strata of
our immigration, a conclusion manifestly absurd, since,
despite the fluid element of un-assimilated aliens, the
bulk of alien immigration, after arrival, tends dis
tinctly upward. The average level of arrival is high,
However Canada's problem is different from ours.
When the United States, was peopling the West there
was no hardy and experienced neighbor close at hand.
Canada is part of the civilized Americas; even her
wide spaces cannot remove the actual presence and
spirit of established society which effectually broods
over the whole continent. Canada, in the view of Sir
Andrew at least, has enough to go on with, is in no
rush to people her billowing provinces, but can afford
to pick and choose a high type of immigrant. A splen
did theory, of course, and one in which we can wish
Sir Andrew well.
Australia, distant so many days over the Pacific,
comes more nearly home in experience to the United
States. Australia's surrounding ocean is no greater
isolation than was the surrounding uninhabited lands
which spread out on every side of the pioneering
Americans. Australia has pioneering to do. can, as
Mr. Sheldon says, take care of 10,000,000 strangers
almost over-night; and could, although Mr. heldon
doesn't say so, give them each a fine farm, and turn
to welcome 10.000,000 more.
Australia is a country of the worker, and is willing
to take a chance, just as America took a chano when
she opened the Gate of Liberty to tired and I imped
Europeans. It is a country of hard knock . blunt
words and a certain rugged quality which k ; the
health rate high and the death rate low.
The day may come when Australia will feel itself
arrived at Canada's settled state, and guard her doors
with careful scrutiny. But at present we can, it we
choose to watch, behold a replica of our own great
drama unfolding in the South Pacific, with almost as
tremendous a possibility of development. Australia,
like Alaska, has only been scratched on the sun'ace.
The untutored savage will easier believe the story
of Jonah than the story of the Wright brothers.
Tell all you know, if you wish, but in the name
of Justice do not tell more than you know.
The wife of a mean man is shabby. The wife of a
fool is overdressed.
Tears of love are pearls. Tears of envy are salt
It is more difficult to appear honest than to really
The romances in books are but the shadow of those
Between sin and hypocrisy, choose sin as the lesser
An uncorrected mistake leads to many more.
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