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The Ford International Weekly
THE DARBOM INDEPENDENT PuUtslud h THE DEARBORN PUBLISHING CO. I)earhern Michigan HENRY FORD, Pre rid i C. J FORD. Vice President. B KO KD. Si-cietar Treasurer. K t, PIPP, Editor. rwentieth Year. Number 23, April 3, 1920. The price -i subscription in the Tinted States and its (,i-ri is One Dollar a year; in Canada, Om Dollar and Kitty Cents; and in other countries. Two Dollars Shirk Copy, Five Cents. Entered as Sre Mid Class Matter at the Post Office at Dearborn, Michigan, under the Act of March J, 189. For Clean Politics WHETHEK a seat in the United State Senate is a purchaseable commodity is a question winch has engaged the people of Michigan, ever ince the spring of 1918. At that time Truman H. Newberry, Republican candidate, was declared to have won the election, after a campaign which had become notorious for its lavish expenditure f money. The election re sulted in widespread discussion of the methods used and in dissatisfaction with the result Out of this arousal of the public conscience came a grand jury in quiry, and out of the grand jury came the indictment of 135 men from all parts of the state, the list being headed by Senator Newberry. As a result of a trial of the in dictments, Senator Newberry was found guilty, sen tenced to two years in prison and to pay a tine of $10, 000, and with him If) accomplices were convicted and given in most cases jail sentences. Thus came to a conclusion a most important service rendered to the people of the state of Michigan, and to clean politics throughout the country, by the United States Government whose legal officers had charge of the prosecution. The service thus rendered did not consist merely in indicting and convicting certain in dividuals, but in laying bare the ramifications of a political system that was spread out like a web to con trol political activity and to catch the money of opulent candidates. The exposure was complete; the people of Michigan were astounded t learn how far-reaching the lysteffl was. hew many supposedly respectable citizens it included, and with what perfection it reached Ottt t control every cross-roads leader and every city ward-heeler. The trial just ended was a model of dispassionate and unpartisan procedure. It was perhaps natural that, in the absence of any other explanation to make, some oi the convicted men and their friends should have voiced the charge that the Administration at Washing ton was responsible for the outcome oi the trial. The charge will hardly hold water in the face of the facts. Michigan is a Republican state. Of tin- 23 members who comprised the grmnd jury, f9 were Republicans. Tki jury which convicted Republic Senator AYu herry and Jus Republican associates W04 a Republican jury JO men beu$ Republicans, one a DeutOCrUi and the other an Independent, The trial judfft also was a Republican. The only conclusion that can be drawn trm a 0UV hon obtained under these conditions is that the prosecution had . OOodi, and that the jury was bouud by the facts to find as it did. The people of the state of Michigan, weaned by constant crookedness in their political affairs, passed a law limiting the expenditures which candidates could legally make in their campaigns, tin belief in which tin law was passed being this, that when the How of money was decreased, the interests that were in politics for money only might be starved out. It was for ex ceeding the expenditure which the state permitted him to make exceeding it 50 times over that Senator New- rry was indicted. The law that had been violated is now amply vindicated. In a sense, .Senator New berry was the victim of a system. The system guaranteed him a seat in the senate n he would finance the kind of campaign the money-hungry politicians were ready to make. He produced the money, and they produced the seat. It remains yet t be seen whether or not there was trickery in the count of tin ballots A certain natural sympathy for Truman H. New berry. Ins friends and their families, cannot be stifled. The disgrace is not a light one. and disgrace i a thing which no nght-th.nking man covets lor another Hut until sentence was pronounced, the state ot Michigan was disgraced, the people ot the state were disgraced, the Republican party was disgraced, and the law was disgraced. Disgrace ought to rest where it belongs and certainly it did not b, long to the state, the people nor the law. It is alw ax s painful to see the infliction of pain and anxiety on the innocent, and it is sincerely n. be hoped that in the future the politicians will think ot then families before committing the act which will compel attorneys to ask a jurjf to consider the families which they themselves forgot The Newberry verdict ought to serve lor a long, long tune as a deterrent from shady politics in Michigan and adjacent states. The present exposure has proved the political death knell oi men who have long been known as "kings" of their respective counties. 'I heir successors m leadership, if successors tiny have, will bear very vividly in mind the Newberry trial with its i xposures and consequences, and the very name ot that proceeding ought to serve as a strong warning when ever crooked methods are proposed. The trial serves notice also on the national system which uses these purchaseable state systems, that the practice of picking western senators according to their acceptability in New York offices is and will remain a thing of the past. Women and Sewing Machines THE English are not any funnier than the rest of us. It is merely that now and then some few of them see fit to employ their talents and energy in di rections that seem funny to us. In real humor they haven't the edge on us. What makes them seem to us so funny at times is their frightful seriousness in mat ters in which we remain calm, which we accept with out getting unduly excited. Eirst it was Mr. Horatio Bottomley, editor of John Bull, who became rampant in the field of satire when he cavorted recently all over America and Americans. What Horatio said wasn't true; but that made it all the funnier in that he took himself so tremendously seriously. We laughed at it. long and loud. Now it is Mr. James Swinburne who gets into the vaudeville spotlight in England to tell us something about woman. Mr. Swinburne is a well-known en gineer, and while this does not make him an authority on matters that pertain to women, it does not prevent him from being very funny. His list of funny things about women is a long one ; and it is a serious array, which makes it very funny. Among the items chosen at raiuh m are : 1. "There has never been a woman critic." This assertion will probably appear funny to Mr. Swin burne himself, if he will take time to look at it, and then take some more time, maybe a week, to let it soak in. 2. "No woman has brought out a system of har mony." One is prompted to ask how could she with Mr. Swinburne around? 3. "Woman lacks the mechanical faculty ; how many women in England have ever taken their sewing ma chines to pieces to understand how they work?" Strange, isn't it. what vagaries these engineers run to? The chances arc that every stitch of clothing which Mr. Swinburne has on his back, even before he retires, was made in large part by machinery, and that on these machines there were at work more women than men. And yet he wears those clothes. 4. "Women always look best dressed as table maids, nuns, and nurses. Give a woman her head and she makes her costume ugly by doing everything to destroy the appearance of her figure." If the question were not impertinent, one might ask whether it is nurse maids whom Mr. Swinburne ogles on the tramcars, or women more fashionably dressed. And thus the long list of items runs on. The truth of the matter is that Mr. Swinburne does not rep resent the English view of woman; he probably doesn't represent anybody but himself and that not very well. Mr. Swinburne knows as any may who is not con genitally unable to understand it. that without the aid of England's women in the war he would not now be in a position to ply his trade as England's chief fun maker. As far as the question is concerned of woman's be ing less able to take sewing machines apart than man is, this is entirely within the realm of academic quib bling. We know where to go when we want our stitcher taken apart. In the meantime it is hardy moved, supported and passed, that Mr. Swinburne had better stick to his engineering. He may know some thing about that. A Beckoning Business YOUMi man, have you ever considered tarmii., as a career? Very likely not. You have heard so much about "the farmer's lot" that you have furimd a distinct aversion to taking it on. And yet, if yui only knew it, farming offers you one of the most wonderful openings that could be found just now Indeed, farming is the only one of the really im portant half dozen professions that isn't overcrowded There is not only room at the top, there is roum at the bottom too which is a very important point for the beginner. It is almost wasted effort to say these things to the average city man. But here and there is a felow whose ears and mind are open and who knows that advice is not always idly offered. The farm presents a field for a man's life-work which an unplaced un settled young man will do well to consider. The farm resembles every other sphere of labor in that it has its drawbacks. Even being president has its drawbacks, as every president has discovered There is nothing on earth without alloy. One of the principal drawbacks of farming, as seen by the city man. is that it doesn't have a pay day every week But it has a pay day every year that enables a man to turn around, plan and accomplish something. Young manhood is building time, sowing time. If the young man doesn't get into a line of advance ment ; if he doesn't wisely weigh the value of future knowledge and experience against present cash wages; if he doesn't realize that it is not what he may be able to do now, but what he may be able to do when he is 40 or 50 years old that counts, then he is not laying a very strong foundation. Learning is more important than earning in the formative years of a young man's life. And farming offers just this. It is the happiest combination of muscular and mental work that has ever been known. It is a man's job. because he can work at it with his hands, and with his mind. Farm ing is not a clodhopper's job. It has always seemed that physical labor predominated in farm operations, but the steady incoming of power-farming has lifted a great part of the burden off animals and men. Earmers are now entrusted with the most important problems underlying our economic structure the prob lem of food and other vital supplies. They posse today a recognition and esteem that they have always deserved, but which the delusive glitter and quick re wards of city life have conspired to withhold from them. The city has had its day. The rich are al ready deserting it, and the workingman w ill do so in good time. We shall all be suburbanites when the glamour of the city shall have faded. The city may be a good place in which to work ; it is becoming less and less a desirable place in which to live. Modern inven tion is making possible for the farm home all the real advantages which the city home was thought to possess. At this time of the year, as in the early autumn, the countrysides ring with the voices of auctioneers who preside at the moving of some farmer from the land. An alarming number of farmers are going out of business. The fact itself has a double significance: first, that the farmers who thus sell out ire able to retire on what they have earned (which in itself com mends farming as a business) ; second, that the farms thus given up are open to someone else to run (which is of interest to the young man looking for a career). The call is no longer "Young man, go West r The cry is, go to the land! Dollars may rise and fall i" value; the land remains. Wars may hinder the orderly processes of society; the processes of nature continue their course as always. The farmer's partners are the honest, constant ones of sun and soil and shower They play no tricks, though a scientific knowledge helps increase the assistance that may be gained from them. And when a man begins to work in the earth, his social conscience no longer troubles him he know that what he does is first honest, then serviceable The culture of the soil holds harm for none lift'l greatest torture is to live without being loved. YOU can put a fool on the track of advice but you cannot make him follow it. The sinful who forgive sin in others are far bctter than the upright who never forgive. If you keep going after worth-while things har enough, they will begin to meet you half way. If the recapitulation of every life had to be P"b hshed, how virtuous would be the next generation. We acquire manners, morals and customs; but envy, greed, hate, passion and love are a part of US. " life's happiness depends upon whether we rule t I or let them rule us.