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Making Sacrifices for Others By FRED L HOLMES awV a SSsf't. M LOVE for his f!lo'.v man that strange myster) that links the tin .an and the dtrinc has unfolded a world tenon for selfsacrince in the life oi Ira H. Dutton. He has been plain, clean-hearted man. For forty-three years he led the life of youth. Civil War soldier and business man. Then he changed his course, as in mid-ocean. He veered his bark to a port from which no traveler returns and for thirty-four years he has labored as a lay-missionary at the leper colony at Kalawao on the island of Molokai, Hawaiian territory labored that Others might live. Because he tamed aside from tin- world's com mercial path; because he faced a living death while othcr faltered to make the sacrifice, his story will live on. For him the Pacific fleet during the Roosevelt ad ministration turned aside from it ocean route to pay him homagr And in all these years he has not re ceived a cent of compensation for his services; never left the scene of his labors. The sacrifice that Ira B, Dutton has made in those years bl caring for the lepers, is rivaled only by the work of his predecessor, Father Joseph Damtett, who died April 15, INS1', from the disease contracted at the island while caring for otlurv The burden of the work then fell upon the Wisconsin Civil War officer, who had entered the uld three years before. Brother Dutton is a lay-missionary, not a priest. Robert Louis Stevenson made the story of Father Joseph Damien's sacrifice live in history and literature by his remarkable essay on tin subject written after a visit to that little colony. The story of Brother Dut ton"s work itself readl like a medieval romance. He was born at StOWe, Vermont, April 27. 1843. and at the age of four moved to Janesville. W isconsin, with his parents. When a boy he worked in a printing office and later in a book store. He attended Milton Academy in 1S57. On September 9, 1861, he enlisted as a private in Company B, Thirteenth Wisconsin Infantry, and at the close of the war he had reached the position of captain. A comrade recently described him as a "smooth-faced, boyish-looking young man. very courteous an ideal young soldier that others could well emulate." The war over, he worked for two years in con struction work at the national cemeteries at Shiloh and Corinth; for six years he was in the employ of the Louisville and Nashville railroad at Memphis. Tenn., and for the following eight years he was in the War Department as investigation agent and claim adjuster. Unknown to his many friends he had for several years taken a deep interest in studying religious ques tions. His announcement in the spring of 1883 that he intended to engage in church work came as a complete surprise. Some of the ways of the world had changed his course. On his fortieth birthdav he was baptized as a Catholic in St. Peter s Church, Memphis, taking the name of "Joseph," and immediately entered the Trap pist Monastery at Gethseniane. Ky. An incident in Dutton's life has been made the basis of that tragic story by James Lane Allen. "The White Cowl." After twenty months' study. Brother Dutton decided that his work was in the field of philanthropy. It was while staying at Kc demptorist Monastery in New Orleans, 1866, that I his ib the v ' provided hv the United States for the inhabitant ol the Hawaiian Island afflicted with leproay. he read of Father Damien's work at the leper colony and the appeal of the martyr priest for assistance. That decided his career. W ith his own mom he embarked at San Fran cisco for the Hawaiian Islands, never again to set toot on his native soil; obtained permission of the ruling dynasty ami of the C atholic bishop to aid Father DatHfen and entered the service, July 29, 1 880. In tin colony where the annual death rate is about one to seven. Brother Dutton took up the work that has since brought the recognition of presidents and government officials. The leper colony was established on Molokia Island by the Eiawatians in 1966, it oc CUpieS a tongue of land comprising about 6,500 acres, that juts into the sea. surrounded on three sides by the ocean and on the back b a natural, perpendicular wall from 2.000 to 4.000 feet high. The institution is Under the direction of the government board of health and all lepers or those on the islands suspected of hav ing the disease are brought there. To the colony once a week comes the boat with mail. o curiosity seekers are allowed. The squalid conditions that were found by Father pamien. the Belgian priest, when he entered the work in 1871, have been changed. According to Brother Dutton. there is a clean city, with white streets, comfortable homes and a fine water system. One of the last reports show that 645 lepers are under treat ment of which .71 arc males and 274 females. To date, 1,148 patients have been treated there. W hen Father Damien died of leprosy. April 15, 188(. the burden of the work fell to Brother Dutton. The priest, who for years had acted as carpenter, sex ton, teacher, and attendant of the sick, was buried in the churchyard near the scene of his labors. Others have since come to the aid of Brother Dutton. Under his direction the Baldwin home, a gift of a wealthy planter, has been erected fur the care of orphan boys, helpless cases and blind lepers. This home is "in charge of Brother Dutton. Women and girls af flicted with the disease are in charge of the Franciscan order, which has a mother house at Syracuse, X. Y. Mother Marianne is the director. From all over the world Brother Dutton has gath ered books and pictures, according to his letters, for the entertainment of the lepers. The home haN a library and veranda for entertainment. That he is a pro digious writer of letters i evidenced from the many that have been received by Wisconsin people. In one recent letter he said he was nearly a year behind in his correspondence and in another" he recently wrote that occasionally he works all night, after his duties oi the day are done. Night brings the quiet hours to read papers and write, he recently told one cor respondent. For years Brother Dutton refused to Memphis pressed He or- t I I BROTHER JOSEPH UUTTON take a pension from the government for his war service. ot long ago he read in a Memphis, Tenn.. paper that the St. Catherine Industrial School at was sorely for funds. dered the government to turn over to the school the twenty -si years of pension money that had ac cumulated. For his own serv ices he receives no compensation. When the United States (iovmiment gained possession of the Hawaiian Islands in 1898, he wrote that a general attempt was made to cut down expenses. "I had the laugh on officials," declares one letter, "in that they could not cut me down, for I have never accepted any pay at all." President Roosevelt specially honored the "Saint of Molokai" w hen the Atlantic fleet tinder command of Admiral Charles S. Sperry was being sent around the world in July, 1908. Because of his "servio s as sol dier and humanitarian," a detour was made from Hono lulu and the fleet paraded with flying colors before the leper settlement. FYom his meager laboratory in recent years Brother Dutton has been able to furnish much information to physicians who are hopefttl that the cure for the disease can be found. The United Mates (lovernment has built a modern near the beach. Brother Dutton has kept cheerful and the Baldwin home under his direction has become an d,imv of love and peace in this island of misery. Thus tar he has escaped the disease o many others have contracted while attending the suffering. To the biennial visitors of the Hawaiian territorial legislature he declared: "For not a million dollars, nor all the mono men could count, would I leave my home here now." To a man who complimented Brother Dutton on his sacrifices, he replied : "You speak of making sacrifices; that you make none. Ah. my dear sir, I make no sacrifices whatever; 1 have always declared that from the beginning. On the contrary, the only feeling I have is one of grati tude for being permitted to do this ; to do a work that has some good result." leprosarium Why "Pick At" Canada?- -By E. W. THOMSON FIFTY-THREE THOUSAND native-born Ca nadians served m the Northern army of the Civil War. The population of the Canadian Provinces was then under three millions. Probablv hatred of slavery, rather than devotion to the Union, drew most oi them to the ranks. Such survivors of them as returned to Canada after the war were more or less ostracized all their remain ing years by the "Tories" of Canada, who had sympa thized with Jeff Davis, even as "Grits" or 'Reformers" or "Liberals" sympathized with Father Abraham. Our dear Tories endlessly suspected the returned veterans of Grant and Sherman of being "annexationists," though their staunch Canadianism ought to have been inferred from the fact that they preferred residence in their own country to life in the more prosperous republic, to say naught of the fact that manv of them were volunteers against the invading Fenian's of 1866 and 1870, even as I was, though ever a sy mpathizer with Home Rule for Ireland. I often have wondered, and have heard other Ca nadian Civil War veterans express wonder at the utter foolishness of that element of United States politicians who have ever desired "annexation." or the voluntary entrance of Canada into the Union, yet they never neglected any opportunity to "knock" Canada, even as they arc now doing in regard to the independent status accorded to this dominion by the treaty, the peace league, and President Wilson. It has ever seemed as if those politicians hated Canada so bitterly as to be unable to refrain from hindering their own desire for annexation. It would seem that they have never pon dered the sound lesson inculcated by the good, old fable of the Wind and the Sun striving to make the pe destrian lay aside his protecting cloak. To this he held closer the more the wind blew. He cast it aside when the sun shone warmly. Soon aftir the close of the Civil War I heard and saw tin starry flag cheered in the theater of "Tory" loronto by a great majority of the audience , xt year the anti-C anadian politicians of W ashington pro ceeded to abrogation of the then existing reciprocity arrangement which was swiftly amalgamating Canadian With American interests in trade and manufacturing In I860 the same politicians supinely watched the hen lans gathering at and near Buffalo. V V for the raid r iirSy -nade arainst Cana(la in June of that vear in 1870 Fenian raiders were winked at again bv Wash mgton when preparing the raid near St. Albaiis 'er mont All claims of Canada for damages bv' these raids were contemptuously rejected bv Washington purmg .the next ten years Ottawa, under'both Torv ami Grit ministries, tried over and over again to obtain a renewal pi reciprocity. In September, 1878 our rones, turning protectionist, won the general election because the C anadian resentment at bludgeoning from Washington regarding tariff and hsheries had become so strong " "" Before 1890 had arrived onr Torv government aL-ain ought reciprocity and was again refuted The i! eminent won tin- election f m b,caus, i, beet, , vwf.(the Mrtory of the case .till 3 '"v POMewfen) that unreitrictedTeci! l.rocity wai being promoted hv Blame and Bntterw,,r.i as a method of brinxi, annexation , aSs ' One of the earliest moves of l.anrier after oh.am toy power at Ottawa in 1896, was to Se -k r . . The Taft-Ficlding pact was neaotkted it beaten at Canadian polls. Why? STnmfv K 2 many y,ars of bludgeoning byXJL ftf m a majority o Canadians . resentnWm which Ior.es worked up to thr point of furious n al " almost the very bargain that our great Tori J. Sir John Macdonald. had striven Cng Y j;;;"";';; me it seems that Canada then cut off her nose to spite L nele Sam's face, amiable too late, after having been 10 long unfriendly. C ame the World War. Still the Ttft-Fieldittf pact remained offered by Washington. This fact WIS grad ually helping toward kindlv relations between the two countries. I i)J came tjK, great republic's hearty participation with (ireat Hritain. Canada ami their Al lies m the hideous tight. Such affectionate feelings mutually and swiftly grew until never before were Americans and Canadians so heart-united. FroM this the closest relations possible, short of political union, might well have been reasonably expected to COIBC soon. I hen the same cantankerous Washington elements, that had formerly so long bedevilled the natural, neigh borly kindness, lodged in the circumambient ether howls declaring that Canada, despite all her enormous sacri nces and valor in the war, must not be permitted na tional status in the peace league. I he extreme foolishness of that howl may be ac curately estimated bv any person politically trained or educated who reflects that one vote in the council ot the league by the Cnited States or anv ether nation cannot hut be influential in proportion to tin popula tion, wealth and inherent power of the voting members JUSI so the vote of a billionaire on a directing board must outweigh the votes of small stockholders. potentially the Cnited States, as a member. w"i Ktude the peace league. Nothing can be more certain than that. With vhat effect on Canadians? Surely that of drawing them into closer and ever closer neighborly good will. What do they see? A desire a Washington to lodge one more kick on Canada Jfst or spite! So it seems to more than one Canadian Civil War veteran. And the course seems to us even more idiotic than that of the Italian firebrands who, ""tead of welcoming the Jugo Slav neighbor to FttttJJJ and thereby gaining a devoted ally for Italy, have done all possible to establish a n lentless enemy on her border.