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Afara? Afcw 0 Many Minds A o Philip Gibbs. Apart from individual theorists of the "cranky" kind, the main body of intelligent opin ion in England, as far as 1 know it. looks to the United States as the arbitrators Writer's View of of the world's destiny, and the What bnland leaders of the world's democ Thinks of America racy, on peaceful and idealistic lines. There is a conviction among many of us not killed by the controversy over the Peace Treaty that the spirit of the Amer ican people ai I whole is guided by an innate sense free from antiquated -pell-words, facing the factl of life, shrewdly and honestly, and leaning always to the side of personal liberty against all tyrannies of castes, dynasties and intolerance. Rudyard Kipling. One understands and accepts the bitter scorfc of the Hutch, and the hopeless anger of one'l own race in South Africa is also part of the burden, but the Canadian's profound sometimes humorous always polite contempt of the England of today cuts a little. Professor Charles Cestre, Sorbonne, Paris. France has enough nerve and grit for her own salvation. If she otters some signs of disquietude, no wonder, under t he stress of present difficulties, without even 1 sense of security at her frontier. But the indecision will be only temporary. Her people are ahtteminoua and thrifty, patient and tireless, cheerful withal, glad to enjoy the sunshine even on their ravaged lands and to sit in the family circle even under a tarred paper roof. Mato Nagin, or Standing Bear, a chief of the Sioux Indians. The Indian has always believed in heaven, but he never heard of hell until the white man told him about it. There was not much need for a hell in the red man's religion until after he began to drink the palefaee' whisky and to adopt as a rule of life the white man's code of morals. Before the white man came, my forefathers lived not only a simple life, but a humble and religious one. They all believed in the Great Spirit, and each day offered up a prayer of thankfulness and a request for divine guidance. Among my people there was no crime; in my tribe there were no criminals. Our wants were simple, our lives were free, and the action of each individual was gov erned by his individual desires. We did the best we could, we lived and loved, dreamed of a happy hunting ground beyond the grave. William E. Johnson. Be t re the war, something like 1.3(H) babies, according to government statistics, were annually suffocated by "overlaying"; that is, these babies were smothered in Drunken Mothers bed by drunken mothers. The Slaughter Babies operations of the war restric in British Isles tion, which were nothing but partial prohibition, reduced these to a little more than 500 a year. Because of the removal of the war restrictions, the slaughter of babies is now swiftly approaching the record made prior to 1(14. The people endure it without much grousing, the new -papers are apathetic about it, and the clergy, except in isolated cases, do not con cern themselves about the wanton slaughter. Karlo Von Kugelgen. -Bolshevism, in its Russian form, has proved itself impossible in Western Eu rope by the example of Hungary. So far as we can see such a system will never be even experimented with in Germany or Austria. Quite true, the Spartacans. and even the Independent Socialists, may become as great a danger for Germany as the Bolsheviki are for Russia. The English labor move ment may become more radical and attempt to revolutionize the economic machinery of that coun try. But it is doubtful whether the proletariat of Western Europe can now learn anything of value from Russian Bolshevism; and for that reason its infectious virulence is likely to grow le-- Henry P. Davison. One of the most terrible tragedies m the history of the human race is being enacted within the broad belt of territory lying be tween the Baltic and the Black and Adriatic seas. Disease, bereavement and suffering are present in practically every household, while food and cloth ing are insufficient to make life tolerable. Men, women and children are dying by thousands, and over vast once-civilized areas there are to be found neither medical appliances nor medical skill suffi cient to cope with the devastating plagues. Charles F. Higham, M. P. Newspapers, which should be the greatest educational inluence in the world, are placed a1 1 great disadvantage because usually their proprietors are seeking money or power, and they realize that the less the massei know the gn iter their power is. The trouble is that the people Want to think and try to think, but they are given the wrong things. Lady Astor. Let us avoid talking cant about the League. The ideal is fine, but unless the peoples and nations are just toward each other the League is utterly useless. Bunder Matthews. We need not be alarmed if, in this tirst quarter of the twentieth century, as in every quarter of every other century for now a thousand years or more, new words of all sorts and conditions are being added to the language, spring ing Up spontaneously, often from seeds of doubtful origin .... In the past decade we have learned to USC Pep and Ja; we have been taught to feel a hostile contempt for profiteers and hyphenated citizens; and we have been told what manner of man a drug addict is. and what manner of thing a fabricated ship. Pomeroy Burton. --There is, undoubtedly, growing feeling on the part of the general public against profiteering, but it is directed against prof iteering by Labor as w ell as prof l.abor as Well as iteering by c apital. If radical Capital Must labor leaders continue to push Beware of Public their demands beyond reason, as they have been doing of late, then the public will step in here precisely as it did in England, and force the radical leaders olT the map. putting in their place true representatives of the great mass of .und-thinking workers who want right and justice to prevail, and who want a labor autocracy just as little as they want a capital autocracy. Senator William H. King. It seem.s as though men in public life are afraid to deny the importuni ties of those who knock at the doors of Congress and demand appropriations and bounties and aid from the United State-. 1 venture the assertion that it would be for the interest of the people if there were more men in public life who served their country with fidelity and observed with scrupulous ness their oath of office. It seems as though public office makes cowards of men who sustained before entering public life reputations of possessing high moral courage. Bernard Shaw. If municipalities really want to raise the morals of a district, they must remember that the community consists very largely of young people growing up. At a certain period of their lives, when they begin to take I more general in terest in human relations and before they can af ford to get married, there is no use pursuing a pol icy of Puritanism a policy of strict repression of their human impulse. Dr. Frank Crane. Trust the people, believe in the people, give the people a chance to get what they want this is the only highway to the millen nium. The idea that the people don't know what is good for them, that they need to be ruled, pro tected, managed, whether by a Solomon or a Trotzky. a landed gentry or a proletariat, leads to the ditch of monarchy, caste and eventual ruin. Representative Joseph Fordney. The trend of opinion toward tax revision is well defined, the so called excess profits tax being apparently the cause of the most dissatisfaction. Com l.eudcr of Ways and plaints of business interests con M cans Committee cerning its operation have been Suggests a New Tax growing in frequency and ur gency. To the excess profits are attributed the stilling of initiative, the enonragc- ment of waste, and the prevention of expansion; and many government offcials and others blame it fOf Bitten Of the hu h cost Of living. In conversa tions and conference! between members ,,f the Fi nance Committee of tin Senate and the av and Means Committee of the House in regard to less ening certain tax burdens, niuch attention has been paid to proposals for placing a small general tax on retail sales. I am convinced that a tax of one per cent on all retail sales would produce more than one billion dollars annually. Edward N. Hurley. It has been stated that he fore the war not more than 100 Americans had an international vision. Since the war that number has greatly increased, but as a Former Shipping whole we are still inc lined to be Board Head Talks concerned only with our home on Internationalism affairs. But, gentlemen, the fu ture success of our country de pends absolutely upon the men who are thinking internationally. Those American manufacturers and merchants who are not planning to sell at least 10 per cent of their products to foreign coun tries and to carry on advertising campaigns that will keep American products before the eyes of the world are not doing their parts as Americans. For otherwise we cannot realize the fullness of Ameri can prosperity. Bainbridge Colby. Possession implies steward ship. Power implies responsibility and there rests upon this great and powerful republic, blessed above all lands, fortunate beyond the dreams of the men who founded this country, there rests upon it a reciprocal duty to the world, a duty that we should undertake happily, soberly, responsibly, to adminis ter our wealth, to apportion our power in great works of modest succor and relief to those who are less fortunate. Franklin K. Lane. To know America is to love it. For it is a thing of life; it is growing, strug gling, climbing, stumbling. It is thinking through its problems, groping through them, living through them. Out of its wealth in things of the earth and its greater wealth in things of the spirit it is mak ing a new society different from any that is or that has been. Gray Silver. Washington representative of the Farm Bureau Federation. It is regrettable that Congress adjourned without passing the needed pending agricultural legislation, which would have done much to encourage food production. Living costs will mount higher and higher, anJ unrest become greater and greater, until proper legislation gives the nco'-ary facilities to increase and provide proper distribution of same. Pending legislation, which would provide farm credits, legalize co-operative marketing, insure a cheaper fertilizer supply, and keep open the world markets, would prove a material aid in encourag ing farm crop production. Senator Frederick M. Davenport. There is a growing group of liberal capitalists in America. They regard themselves a trustees for the whole industry and not simply for the The New Group of stockholders. They are as thor (apitalists in oughly opposed to labor run the Business World ning the business as are their more conservative confreres, but they have wiser plans for preventing it .... W the main this liberal group of capitalists seek so to conduct their own business for the good of the whole of it. labor included, that unionism becomes unnecessary and relatively unimportant. . They cut the ground from under the feet of radicalism by beating radicalism to it in the lessening of un necessary and unjust inequalities. Walker D. Hines. A considerable part of the public was misled into thinking during the period of Federal control that the increased railroad cosb were not due to new conditions growing out 0 the war which were atTecting correspondingly all other business activities, but were merely due to Federal control of the railroads. The error in this view is strikingly shown by the proposals of the railroad executives for increased rates. The rai road executives represent that rates must he r use to produce one billion more dollars in even every twelve months. Yet the deficit duriftf entire twenty-six months of Federal control wa only $900,000,000. John R. Rathom. Are we to stand idly by Witt folded hands and see the torch of progress and vancemcnt, the sanctity of the home, the brotherhood of man, based on self-respect and tttal respect, our flag, our laws, our human thy, and our increasing passion for orderly me of self-government, all these things shatter CO smashed into the dirt of oblivion, because we not the common courage to stand in the W J these crazy fanatics and block their path to struction ?