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Dearborn independent. [volume] (Dearborn, Mich.) 1901-1927, June 26, 1920, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2013218776/1920-06-26/ed-1/seq-2/

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Afara? Afcw 0 Many Minds
Philip Gibbs. Apart from individual theorists of
the "cranky" kind, the main body of intelligent opin
ion in England, as far as 1 know it. looks to the
United States as the arbitrators
Writer's View of of the world's destiny, and the
What bnland leaders of the world's democ
Thinks of America racy, on peaceful and idealistic
lines. There is a conviction
among many of us not killed by the controversy
over the Peace Treaty that the spirit of the Amer
ican people ai I whole is guided by an innate sense
free from antiquated -pell-words, facing the factl
of life, shrewdly and honestly, and leaning always
to the side of personal liberty against all tyrannies
of castes, dynasties and intolerance.
Rudyard Kipling. One understands and accepts
the bitter scorfc of the Hutch, and the hopeless
anger of one'l own race in South Africa is also
part of the burden, but the Canadian's profound
sometimes humorous always polite contempt of
the England of today cuts a little.
Professor Charles Cestre, Sorbonne, Paris.
France has enough nerve and grit for her own
salvation. If she otters some signs of disquietude,
no wonder, under t he stress of present difficulties,
without even 1 sense of security at her frontier.
But the indecision will be only temporary. Her
people are ahtteminoua and thrifty, patient and
tireless, cheerful withal, glad to enjoy the sunshine
even on their ravaged lands and to sit in the family
circle even under a tarred paper roof.
Mato Nagin, or Standing Bear, a chief of the
Sioux Indians. The Indian has always believed in
heaven, but he never heard of hell until the white
man told him about it. There was not much need
for a hell in the red man's religion until after he
began to drink the palefaee' whisky and to adopt
as a rule of life the white man's code of morals.
Before the white man came, my forefathers lived
not only a simple life, but a humble and religious
one. They all believed in the Great Spirit, and
each day offered up a prayer of thankfulness and a
request for divine guidance. Among my people
there was no crime; in my tribe there were no
criminals. Our wants were simple, our lives were
free, and the action of each individual was gov
erned by his individual desires. We did the best
we could, we lived and loved, dreamed of a happy
hunting ground beyond the grave.
William E. Johnson. Be t re the war, something
like 1.3(H) babies, according to government statistics,
were annually suffocated by "overlaying"; that is,
these babies were smothered in
Drunken Mothers bed by drunken mothers. The
Slaughter Babies operations of the war restric
in British Isles tion, which were nothing but
partial prohibition, reduced these
to a little more than 500 a year. Because of the
removal of the war restrictions, the slaughter of
babies is now swiftly approaching the record made
prior to 1(14. The people endure it without much
grousing, the new -papers are apathetic about it,
and the clergy, except in isolated cases, do not con
cern themselves about the wanton slaughter.
Karlo Von Kugelgen. -Bolshevism, in its Russian
form, has proved itself impossible in Western Eu
rope by the example of Hungary. So far as we can
see such a system will never be even experimented
with in Germany or Austria. Quite true, the
Spartacans. and even the Independent Socialists,
may become as great a danger for Germany as the
Bolsheviki are for Russia. The English labor move
ment may become more radical and attempt to
revolutionize the economic machinery of that coun
try. But it is doubtful whether the proletariat of
Western Europe can now learn anything of value
from Russian Bolshevism; and for that reason its
infectious virulence is likely to grow le--
Henry P. Davison. One of the most terrible
tragedies m the history of the human race is being
enacted within the broad belt of territory lying be
tween the Baltic and the Black and Adriatic seas.
Disease, bereavement and suffering are present in
practically every household, while food and cloth
ing are insufficient to make life tolerable. Men,
women and children are dying by thousands, and
over vast once-civilized areas there are to be found
neither medical appliances nor medical skill suffi
cient to cope with the devastating plagues.
Charles F. Higham, M. P. Newspapers, which
should be the greatest educational inluence in the
world, are placed a1 1 great disadvantage because
usually their proprietors are seeking money or
power, and they realize that the less the massei
know the gn iter their power is. The trouble is
that the people Want to think and try to think, but
they are given the wrong things.
Lady Astor. Let us avoid talking cant about the
League. The ideal is fine, but unless the peoples
and nations are just toward each other the League
is utterly useless.
Bunder Matthews. We need not be alarmed if,
in this tirst quarter of the twentieth century, as in
every quarter of every other century for now a
thousand years or more, new words of all sorts and
conditions are being added to the language, spring
ing Up spontaneously, often from seeds of doubtful
origin .... In the past decade we have learned to
USC Pep and Ja; we have been taught to feel a
hostile contempt for profiteers and hyphenated
citizens; and we have been told what manner of
man a drug addict is. and what manner of thing a
fabricated ship.
Pomeroy Burton. --There is, undoubtedly,
growing feeling on the part of the general public
against profiteering, but it is directed against prof
iteering by Labor as w ell as prof
l.abor as Well as iteering by c apital. If radical
Capital Must labor leaders continue to push
Beware of Public their demands beyond reason, as
they have been doing of late,
then the public will step in here precisely as it did
in England, and force the radical leaders olT the
map. putting in their place true representatives of
the great mass of .und-thinking workers who
want right and justice to prevail, and who want a
labor autocracy just as little as they want a capital
Senator William H. King. It seem.s as though
men in public life are afraid to deny the importuni
ties of those who knock at the doors of Congress
and demand appropriations and bounties and aid
from the United State-. 1 venture the assertion
that it would be for the interest of the people if
there were more men in public life who served their
country with fidelity and observed with scrupulous
ness their oath of office. It seems as though public
office makes cowards of men who sustained before
entering public life reputations of possessing high
moral courage.
Bernard Shaw. If municipalities really want to
raise the morals of a district, they must remember
that the community consists very largely of young
people growing up. At a certain period of their
lives, when they begin to take I more general in
terest in human relations and before they can af
ford to get married, there is no use pursuing a pol
icy of Puritanism a policy of strict repression of
their human impulse.
Dr. Frank Crane. Trust the people, believe in
the people, give the people a chance to get what
they want this is the only highway to the millen
nium. The idea that the people don't know what is
good for them, that they need to be ruled, pro
tected, managed, whether by a Solomon or a
Trotzky. a landed gentry or a proletariat, leads to
the ditch of monarchy, caste and eventual ruin.
Representative Joseph Fordney. The trend of
opinion toward tax revision is well defined, the so
called excess profits tax being apparently the cause
of the most dissatisfaction. Com
l.eudcr of Ways and plaints of business interests con
M cans Committee cerning its operation have been
Suggests a New Tax growing in frequency and ur
gency. To the excess profits are
attributed the stilling of initiative, the enonragc-
ment of waste, and the prevention of expansion;
and many government offcials and others blame it
fOf Bitten Of the hu h cost Of living. In conversa
tions and conference! between members ,,f the Fi
nance Committee of tin Senate and the av and
Means Committee of the House in regard to less
ening certain tax burdens, niuch attention has
been paid to proposals for placing a small general
tax on retail sales. I am convinced that a tax of
one per cent on all retail sales would produce more
than one billion dollars annually.
Edward N. Hurley. It has been stated that he
fore the war not more than 100 Americans had an
international vision. Since the war that number
has greatly increased, but as a
Former Shipping whole we are still inc lined to be
Board Head Talks concerned only with our home
on Internationalism affairs. But, gentlemen, the fu
ture success of our country de
pends absolutely upon the men who are thinking
internationally. Those American manufacturers
and merchants who are not planning to sell at
least 10 per cent of their products to foreign coun
tries and to carry on advertising campaigns that
will keep American products before the eyes of the
world are not doing their parts as Americans. For
otherwise we cannot realize the fullness of Ameri
can prosperity.
Bainbridge Colby. Possession implies steward
ship. Power implies responsibility and there rests
upon this great and powerful republic, blessed above
all lands, fortunate beyond the dreams of the men
who founded this country, there rests upon it a
reciprocal duty to the world, a duty that we should
undertake happily, soberly, responsibly, to adminis
ter our wealth, to apportion our power in great
works of modest succor and relief to those who
are less fortunate.
Franklin K. Lane. To know America is to love
it. For it is a thing of life; it is growing, strug
gling, climbing, stumbling. It is thinking through
its problems, groping through them, living through
them. Out of its wealth in things of the earth and
its greater wealth in things of the spirit it is mak
ing a new society different from any that is or that
has been.
Gray Silver. Washington representative of the
Farm Bureau Federation. It is regrettable that
Congress adjourned without passing the needed
pending agricultural legislation, which would have
done much to encourage food production.
Living costs will mount higher and higher, anJ
unrest become greater and greater, until proper
legislation gives the nco'-ary facilities to increase
and provide proper distribution of same.
Pending legislation, which would provide farm
credits, legalize co-operative marketing, insure a
cheaper fertilizer supply, and keep open the world
markets, would prove a material aid in encourag
ing farm crop production.
Senator Frederick M. Davenport. There is a
growing group of liberal capitalists in America.
They regard themselves a trustees for the whole
industry and not simply for the
The New Group of stockholders. They are as thor
(apitalists in oughly opposed to labor run
the Business World ning the business as are their
more conservative confreres,
but they have wiser plans for preventing it .... W
the main this liberal group of capitalists seek so to
conduct their own business for the good of the
whole of it. labor included, that unionism becomes
unnecessary and relatively unimportant. . They
cut the ground from under the feet of radicalism
by beating radicalism to it in the lessening of un
necessary and unjust inequalities.
Walker D. Hines. A considerable part of the
public was misled into thinking during the period
of Federal control that the increased railroad cosb
were not due to new conditions growing out 0
the war which were atTecting correspondingly all
other business activities, but were merely due to
Federal control of the railroads. The error in this
view is strikingly shown by the proposals of the
railroad executives for increased rates. The rai
road executives represent that rates must he r use
to produce one billion more dollars in even
every twelve months. Yet the deficit duriftf
entire twenty-six months of Federal control wa
only $900,000,000.
John R. Rathom. Are we to stand idly by Witt
folded hands and see the torch of progress and
vancemcnt, the sanctity of the home, the
brotherhood of man, based on self-respect and
tttal respect, our flag, our laws, our human
thy, and our increasing passion for orderly me
of self-government, all these things shatter CO
smashed into the dirt of oblivion, because we
not the common courage to stand in the W J
these crazy fanatics and block their path to
struction ?

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