Newspaper Page Text
Protection, Not Punishment, Her Aim A Strange Royal Gift T1HE IDIE.A3KB032M mDEPIENBEMIT A POLICEMAN had just brought into the court room i frightened, defiant hoy ol eleven years whom he had caught swinging on the back end of 4 street CAT. The law had hcen violated. ' The judge of the juvenile court heard the officer's report The policeman told how he had caught the "prisoner" reo-handed, stringing on th car, m open violation ol City ordinance. fudge Camilk (lira, T, P ) Kelley leaned forward .wr the great desk and in even, rarnesl tones. uianswu cne oincer, on behalf Of the court and the dear" child's mother for his vig ilance and protection in bringing the Child in before the boy, through thoughtless indiscretion, had been unfortunate enough to lost a leg or his life. The officer was duin founded. I u. boy'f face brightened. The officer had seen only the law vio lation, The b 1$ had th- .tight only ol the punishment. The officer, transformed into I hero, left the court room in a -foil of sell satisfaction. The i remained to learn from this remarkable woman judge of the m-w order of things a court irhosc ami is protection, not pun ishment. fttdgc Kelley, recently named juvenile judge at Memphis, Ten- ge, i- the first woman ever appointed to a judicial place in Sooth. She believes that the "children's hour has broken upon the world that hour 'between the dark and the daylight that is 11 the children's hour, the of the p.ist with its false i, is t child life and the day- of the future withhi visions ol child psychology. I'.irents. uncles, aunts and - will no longer say "go .., what the children are doing and tell them to stop." if they adopt the doctrine of this woman. The idea of using a long series of don'ts as rcmiud- m i restless juveniles, in search of mischievous oc cupation of something to do has given way to the gestion of right rather than wrong, and the super vised recreation on the playground with its wholesome -pn li n oi youthful spontaneity and force has taken the place of the tack in the teacher's, chair and the competitive tight at recess where small victims give gruesome entertainment to larger boys. Judge Kelley is the mother of three children. She hai never been sutfragist but now that women have the right oi full suffrage she hopes "that every woman will see her new enfranchisement as an open door of fering her the opportunity to make better education I part of every political platfo.m and a privilege toward getting better child welfare kgishU k n." "What part, in your opinion, does the juvenile court of today play in this scheme of reconstruction ? N the juvenile court the discipline of fear and punish meat or the discipline of loving protection and teach ing?" Judge Kelley has been asked. "My concept of a juvenile court is a strong arm used to supplement home care ami training, or to sttppl) a home if it docs not exist, and a place where parents K for counsel, concerning the life problem of then child. It is the arm ol protection that holds the child thought in correct channels until it is Strong enough to stand alone ; the protection of right training it lie.ils the bruised concept of mil" If it b comes absolutely necessary to send a child ' i "reform schoofM Judge Kelley msits that the child ) such a step is not taken as a punishment but r as protection SO that the child may be trained to S tervicc to himself and the world iys particularly, it seems to Memphis' new :uvc nilc judge, face a lot of hard knocks which might be sftb9 MRS. T. F. RBLLBK s voided Nor does she believe a little petting will make the boy a "mollycoddle." Listen to this "Poor little old boyt, I have always felt sorrv for them. We tenderly shield our girls, but we push a "mere boy of! into tin "shallot natch" to grow, s., ng the harder he takes lift- the sooner he will rx able to become a man. "A boy's heart starves for tenderness, and if moth er and fathers gave their boys more expressed lOVC and tender consideration, they would not be come "unconscious" the first time a real, sweet, fresh, young girl crossed their path." Judge Kelley think we have featured morals too strenuously. Instead she believes more em phasis should be given to educa tion and recreation. Mrs. Kelley has been "Judge Kelley" only a few months. The lirst month Mav of this vear she handled 133 caes. In June there were 143 cases. Of this number. 77 were not placed on the records because they were "first appearance" cases and Judge Kel ley has decreed that no record is to be made of such cases. She does not leek to send as many children to the reformatory as she can, but she strives to save them from themselves. She does not seek to have the state, county and city train the children, but rather seeks to have the parents train the children w ith the court's support. In the case of orphans, she is particularly careful and ha- found good homes for a majority of the orphan children who have been before her court. Children may enter her court in a stubborn resistant mood but they never leave it in that frame of mind. Judge Kelley. a descendant of one of the state's oldest families, is a lister of the late Howard Hawthorne ItcCeC, one of Tennessee's most loved and gifted poets. She is well versed in child psychology. Her own children are fifteen, thirteen and ten ears old, the two older being boys. During her ibsCttCC from home the children! who of course have the supervision of a gov erness, have been taught to submit all disputes and difficulties to her over the telephone. Her decision in cases thus referred to her is final. Mrs. Kelley, during the years when she could siend all of her time with the children, taught them to accept without argument her rulings, and now that the dis putes reach her via the telephone rather than face to face, the children accept with equally good grace any decision she may reach. She gives an attentive ear to both sales of such problems and hands down an impar tial decision. One of her first official acts was the ab olition of uniforms for children in the reformatory school and the adoption of an honor system. Tale bearing is not tolerated. Xo officer or employe of the c urt is permitted under anv circumstances to strike a child. Prohibitive rules have been done away with. In stead. Judge Kelley has had printed a list of affirma tive rules, telling the children many good things they may do. C hildren at the reformatory school are al lowed to play and they are permitted to talk at meaN. Improvement is more rapid and more certain under the new system and many apparently incorrigible chil dren have been restored to homes within the period of a few weeks Just now Judge Kelley has a plan for the purchase by the city of I large lot Opposite the juvenile court for the use of juvenile delinquents as a playground. Supervised recreation, she insists, will do more than any form of punishment. A Crisis in the I arm Loan System &. P. Mr. George W. Norris as Farm Loan Commissioner, and who iS the commanding influence tt1 the board, onl) from his personality whuh i- BSOSt agree but also as "dm f executive othcer." i opposed W the conduct of the business of the Federal Land Banks through the Intervention of the National Farm l oan Association, as provided in the Farm 1 "an Act. He would have loans made to the farmer borrowers through agents selected by the banks, when approved by the hoard, and require these borrowers SO take stock direct bl the Federal Land Hanks, thus destroying the jocal associations entirely. Already a bill has been utro,h,a.(i Dy Congressman Strong, of Kansas, pro viding for the "voluntary" limitation of associations, whuh is stepping-stone toward carrying out these WWs, H is said that Judge LobdtU tc.tj formtrty fV tr.ui nt nf the state frnsWwfiVri p 1m -W.tm.i neiwerj Ajsjoctatfiu fr the gtmii Kama. Senator Henry F. Mollis, the real author of the ar,1i loan Act, but for whose untiring effort and T'r 'stent determination no rural credit legislation u 1 ld have been agreed upon by the Sixty fourth COO Kress, in a recent letter to the "National Board of arm Organizations" at Washington, P. C. says: I wish to give my hearty indorsement to the ; kai t the organization of a union or alliance of Farm oan Associations, and to urge in the strongest terms the retention of the present co-operatie Farm l oan ssociations under the Federal Farm lxan Act. "The question of organizing local associations of farmers was carefully considered by the various com mittees and the decision, not only to permit the farmers to organize locally along co-operative lines, but to com pel them to do so if they desired the benefits of gov ernment assistance, was reached with substantial una nimity in favor of the co-operative plan. "The Farm Loan Act was the result of exhaustive and expensive personal study of the Furopean co-operative banks and Societies. It was intended that the Farm Loan Association! should set an example am! serve as a nucleus for further extensive co-operation along the lines of purchasing, selling, insurance, stock raising and standardization of market products. The formation of several thousands of these local loan as SOCiations demonstrated the importance of the move ment. "I wish merely to testify that the whole subject was Carefttlrjr investigated by the committees which worked out the Farm loan Act, an J that the decision was de liberately and intelligently reached. "Experience under the act merely strengthens my personal belief that the Farm Loan Associations should he continued." The Farm Loan System is facing a crisis, and is headed for severe reverses, unless its friends intel ligently rush to its assistance. IN lH.y flu emperor of Morocco, being in a repent ant and conciliate r BSOOd for having committed many misdeeds in his past, decided to atone for some of them by presenting to the United States certain tokens of his affection and good will. Accordingly, to the American consul at Tangier he gave two horses and a lion with the suggestion that they be forwarded to the President at the city of Washington With the "greatest pleasure" the worried consul ac cepted the horses and the lion. He was too much a diplomat to offend the emperor by refusing the gift but he really did not feel equal to the occasion and as suredly did not relish the job of having them safel) transported across the ocean. NO cables connected him with his homeland, for the device for sending messages through water had not then been invent When the horses and the lion arrived at Washing ton, President Andrew Jackson and the members of his cabinet were a bit disconcerted. Then somebod) had a happy thought that resulted in the matter being called to the attention of Congress. Strange to say, the eminent legislators displayed no disposition to hi itate; for early in February, 1835, the) "Resolved, By the Senate and H usc of Renresen tatives in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to cause the two horses received as a present b the con sul of the United States at Tangier, from the emperor of Morocco, to be sold in Washington C ity, bj public auction, on the last Saturday of February. 1835, and It cause the proceeds thereof to be placed in the Treas ury of the United States; and that the lion received in like manner, be presented to soch suitable institution, person or persons, as the President of the l'nr States may designate." The resolution was approved February 13, 1 835. Then the Secretary of State indited a letter to the emperor of Morocco expressing the great pleasure of the American Government and Presi dent Jackson at receiving such a truly magnificent gift The deluded old emperor of Morocco probabl never knew that the horses were sold at public auc tion, or that the lion lived thereafter in an iron -barrel room of a menagerie. Shackling the Flood Devils of the Iiatni cm sum for the benefits which they are to receive. Thus tar there has been almost no difficulty in the collection of these taxes. Indeed, it is shown by the records that tl percentage of delinquents is ceedmgly small, far smaller in fact than the average number of delinquent on state, county or municipal tax rolll The benefit to property is figured on the difference in its value before and after Hood protection, and I cost of the works is estimated at about SO per cent ol these benefits. Thus, . m added valuation of $1 ,001 the assessment will be $500 if paid fa cash Five per cent interest is added when the assessment is paid in annual installments over a period of 30 years. In only one way does it appear that th project falls short and that is in the failure to make pro visions for the development of electric energy. Stones which are set in the face of the concrete work oi the dams emphasize this by proclaiming the fact that the structures are never to be used for the generation of power. It seems that during the days when the Conserv ancy Act was still before the legislature and its fate very doubtful, the favorite argument of the opposition was that public money would build the dams but private interests would use them for power purposes This threat was probably a back tire inspired b interests which would have been seriously disturbed by the erection of publicly-owned hydroelectric plants, but which did not dare come out openly and oppose the plans for flood protection. The leaders of the Conservancy imminent, fearing for the success of their campaign and probably failing to see the duplicity of the attack, met the charge by pledging the public that. If the laws passed, the dams would never be need for anything except the protection of the valley. That pledge is tmworthj of the spirit which fostered such a mighty undertaking as the Miami Conservancj project. One wonders h on a people, who show the vision that the people of the Miami have exhibited m planning ft or their future safety, could have surrendered such an enormously valuable right as that which lies in the development of their water power. And it is im possible to believe that the time will not soon come when they will awaken to their loss and take steps to bring about an amendment of the act When that time comes the public will be able to judge by the identity of those who oppose the amend ment jnst what interests were at work seven years av I As the work nears completion ever precaution ij being used to protect it against sudden fsoods Th conduits in the base of the dams hae been left mm h larger than they w ill be when finally finished and oth outlets have been prepared for high waters. The Kngh wood dam at its unfinished end is to be protected h a heavy rolled fill during the fall, winter and Spring months. With the memory of the 1913 flood still fresh, the district is taking no chances of a repetition oi that disaster and the thoroughness with whieh this last de tail of the work is being watched is swnptomatic of the spirit of the entire project. "It must never happen again," said the people of the valley when the waters of the great flood had re ceded and the towering dams which will fasten the shackles so skillfully upon the flood waters of the fu ture are the result of that determination ; a tribute to the vision of a people who were willing to forget the immediate tomorrow and build for the ages.