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. j the f?roU , ' flowed him. They fought under there fr Bear made one dive under the floor, and the ( . r . lulc. but it was no satisfaction ior ON ,uldn't see the skirmish. Alter a little nothing hut squeals and grunts the I hi c " I dled off. t . h'V . bear found be was free, instead of eotn- jLi the varH he made a break into the street. r '. him Thev wenf ilnwn tin ( U ItV t f seared rabbits, and the hear started mg .1 . ,.fw oA the uu " . i.-i. o lot O to climb a tree. When be k't about half way up a hiu and a snap, and got a g"d hold Oil 'a That settled it. The dog held on. The the bear J amj didn't want to come down 11 1 he dropped square on the dog. Hut there was he was wnipneu. he ..k ... that lear : he knew ? 1 ' val'ked right back to his box, where he knew h aiidhf . solemnly fell into single file be waVi md thev made quite a procession down the hum in.... - "Then we made OUT parade, and the crowd followed , i thr lot. where we pave our free show, of a it DHK , .,,1 ilnnrv utTf ifwntd tor ine. aim r- ..-. rr din ? 'Some time aroimu on- v.vv . v..-iw lw w,. 1 1 1 ."the English became ashamed of the manner i W h their fair- were being conducted, and Parliament Srtook to do away with them. In the plao of these - more substantial attractions bewail to develop. rul were ipccialized into menageries and exhibitions. Thev were itationary, and they were as much theaters h v were circuses. The itagei were enoeinotia, and t the -close of the acting performance, acrobats and Sained snimall were brought ! pony races jA the performances. "Of course, this class of amusements was ported Into ' America, but it did not flour inhere. Pi tried it out in New Orleans before he started our circus, and it was the onlv financial failure he ever made. Be !ween 1800 and 1860 most of the population the United StatW was in the cuntry. Communities wen far apart, and the only station for showmen was to put their shows on wheels and take them to the people. That was the beginning of the American cir- m and it crew into an institution utt'rly different from any the world ever it t "The first of these shows were called Yollinc shows' and they were extremely primitive. None of them traveled very far from the Eastern Coast. When they started tat the beginning ol the union, they had hopes of crossing the mountains, and getting i new territory, but when they came to it mountains in Pennsylvania, thev turned kk; they had troubles enough where they , and they stopped before they ventured m the midst of new ones. Pa brought the first rolling show into the Middle West. "He did it. because there was a lot of fanaticism and ignorance to buck against in the coast country of the East : people there still iMoriated the circus with the old fairs of England. Various states pasted stringent laws, culminating in 1R32, in the passage of an act by the legislature of Connecticut fix g the license for the bigger shows at $1.- (W a day. That hit pa's show, for he had eight wagons, and thirty-five horses, and it was one of the biggest shows then in Amer ica. A thousand dollars represented the gross receipts for several weeks. "These laws drove pa into the Southern Territory. He developed it, and we practic ally ruled the South as far as circuses were concerned for a couple of generations. Pa W a trademark, Southern men, southern women, and southern horses against the world.' I was old enough to be a performer ton he took the first circus into Florida d into Texas. But when he got ready to do it, pa broke the Connecticut law to bits. At the 5arr time he took the circus out of the evi class that other people had placed it in. and started it on the road to being consid ered respectable. . Jn 1852. he wanted to go into the state 2 Connecticut. We had been down in Jionda, and worked our way North along e Cost- The people of Connecticut were 'rcus hungry, but there was that law around for Sltte i a hih rail fence- Pa went be" the legislature, but it refused to repeal tho ib TllC mcmbcrs of the legislature was that the si'nt a woman HgbtS dnt L thing ; but after pa promised lonir ? Jr0men of his show should wear wmiM when the' rode. and the men knep k t. FUIICU ano iriiiea smrts ana license 7 tbc Rislature reduced the state. a cent nKllre for him and we entered the Tt season 'iv-norse t 1411. Well, everv night the property man had an aw tul time trying to haw lomething for Cinderella to give her. He would get a loaf of bread for the witch, and when it came out of the ring he would try to save it for the next night, but we boys used to lay for thai bread, and it never touched the ground before we had it. We weren't hungry, but we Just wanted to le doing something. '(ne tunc the property man naaaged to hold on i to the bread for four nights, and it rot fto hard end dry that nobody wanted to eat it Then he got i little careless with it. That was ur chance. There v. as a little ereek OUtSldc the dressing tent, and I grabbed the loa! oi bread, and threw it Into the tter. When it came time to give the bread to the witch there was none to give her. There was no time to delay, either. "The candy butcher came along just then with a basket Ol gingerbread. The property man grabbed a big chunk .t it from the basket, and ran into the ring and handed it to Cinderella. After that part of the show was over we boyi thought we had struck it rich. Gingerbread! We stole it, and thought we had something soft for the rest of the season if we worked it right. "Next night we were waiting to get the ginger bread, win n we discovered that the property man had provided pound cake. We could hardly wait for the witch to get through looking at it. When it came OUt we grabbed it, and took two or three mouth -fuls. It was yellow corn meal bread made to look like pound cake. Ugh! "But our venture into the state paid. The show did an enormous business. In Hartford we showed Dolls Date Back 4,000 Years A S:" ' ' lijaieO HfrVE HBIMflDlltlHBWc mm H&ruS5jtE9aV?ifiaKV ' Jpai6r - "v3i Top A cwnivora house, howin a whecletl winter cotfe. where the betn the menagerie p their h inter. Center Ch.ir and tahle highly prized by the "Governor " and occupying place in his dinTn room They were cared by the "Govemor't" daughter. The bird and animal head 'are ood aculpturea from beata in the circua managerie. Ilt.wn The "ring barn" where most of the nation'a celebrated circus performer, kept themselves in condition, and worked up ne acts The mechanician shon here. ia a lonl Me equipped with rope, and pulley. Rider, attach the end ol a rope to their a long poic cnin nr.c;cini new act., and the other end to the pole. It revotvea 2i?tW?iCnndfl ?h7, .HP from .heir hor.c. .h.y .r lei. h.n,ia, h. ir until the horses come beneath them again. the feature nf th tiarade was a team. Earh neiai nl th horses was a in color, and had a white mane and derella aTSt carricd the spectacular play of Cin show and WaS rcndere(J by the children with the nine years u dnc n a grand sCa,e 1 was abm,t same age v thcn' and my cousin was ahiut thc int0 the Vk.i know in the play the witch comes to eat;,...! Qr n and asks Cinderella for somt thing t just bef re she turns the pumpkin into a chariot. on the city commons, and had to give four perfor mances the first day to accommodate the crowds. The menagerie pulled the most of them, because it offered an excuse to those people whose moral scruples were most strict to see the Biblical creatures in real life. You know in those days we advertised the menag erie animals as 'Biblical creatures and I never thought ue were far wrong in doing it. "From that time on circuses no longer were con sidered an aggregation of vagabonds." This is the seevnd of several articles by Mr. Bamet, on early circus life in A merica. A mother will appear in am early issue N IMPORTER of toys, doubtless with an eye to publicity, recently remarked that dolU were com ing "in ftgam. An American manufacturer promptly replied to this that at no time, in war or peace, had dolls been "out"; and that the only dolls com ing "in" were I few meager lamples that could not hope to compete with the established doll industry of the United States. Be that as it may every doll has its day, and every day has had its doll. It is an old saying that the child is mother to the doll; but it i true that explorers find the doll-instinct almost everywhere they go; and rec ords of past ages indicate that wherever the human in stinct existed, it was echoed in doll-love. At times dolll have exceeded their sphere among children and have been appropriated by grown-ups. During the fourteenth century it became the custom to use dolls as mannequins on which were displayed min iature gowns or costumes of the latrvt ityle. This prac tice still exists in France, though the elegantly-attired wax dolls of today are more often the puppets of so ciety ladies than the useful equipment 01 the dress maker. Often the doll has been aim to combine util ity with other purposes. For example, our forefathers b -ing great masters f magic .. .. . t r were able to insure trie speeaj aeatn ot a rival by sticking black pins into a wax figure of the enemy. DMls in Mexico were used in reliyi"Us rttes, after which they re turned to their proper function of affording amusement for the children. A very primitive doll can be found in Russia; it i the moss doll and effectively expresses the poverty and loneliness of Ri -sia's great foret regions. It is roughlx fashioned of wood, with a face of pathetic sadness, and dressed in hood and clothes of forest moss. The male doll is distinguished from the female only by the hatchet which he carries! Among primitive dolls are those cut from ch'ps of wood and gaily painted in the colors of the Russian opera. In the Congo a baby". "bugg" - the mother's back, to which the infant is strapped. The dollies of the youthful can nibals conform to type, and are simple sticks of wood, wrapped and tied OH the child's back with rags. Korean girls use similar sticks of bamboo, but art is added to utility and elaborate coiffures are arranged with plaited grass. A doll of such superb al lurements neglects none of trn arts of tht toilet, for its face is carefuD) powdered b the little mother though no face exists. Ostrich bones are the material for many of the old Peruvian doll-, tnd M X is always distinguished, for the male wean a blanket while the female b clothed in a petticoat Dolls have been dated a far back as 4.000 years ag. and dolls of "civil ied" char acter," too. The doll was an important in dividual in the life of the Egyptian child: the doll was varied and amusina in forms, and was mummified like any other respect able person. Will tin Tedd) Bear IfVi a long as the Egyptian doll, which, carefully formed of wood, beautifully painttd, adorned with lucky emblems, and with hair made oi Nile mud beads strung on strings, still rests in museum - f Abyssinian dolls till use that method of representing hair, although in a more elaborate manner. The doUS often havt movable joints, worked b strings Mam are of modelled brone. r earthenware, ami clearly show a Greek influence .similar to that seen in Egyptian pottery and portraits on mummy cases. In the far North is found one of the best ( xamples of civilized dolls. The toy of the Alaskan child is a superb little model of Eskimo life. The doll is beautifully dressed in sealskin, and may be the predecessor of the Teddy Bear. Not only do dolls portray the costumes and physical characteristics of their day, but also they often reflect mental traits and so cial habits. As the Boeotians were re garded in ancient Greece as the most stupid of human beings, so the Greek comic doll was an imitation of the blank-faced Boeotian. Among Mohammedan peoples dolls are re garded as graven images and as such their use is forbidden. But the Mohammedan girl will not be deprived of her human rights, and overcomes the religious obstacle by hav ing a doll without a face. The population of India today represent- a fusion of two peoples the light-skinned of Persian origin, and the dark-skinned aborigines. With the general exception of South India, where the conquerors from the si.uic mainland did not so freely intermingle, the higher castes are as a rule lighter in complexion than the lower castes. This difference is carried over into the manufacture of dolls. A beautiful toy of Indian make shows a fair rajah seated in a gorgeous howdah on the back of an elephant but the mahut who sits back of the elephant's ears is almost black. Also, Negro children naturally love best the pickaninny doll, and look on a white doll as some thing abnormal. It is a long road from the flint doll of the Congo to Edison's wonderful phonograph doll, but its king dom is the same, and is everlasting, the heart of the child.