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The Ford International WeeK(y
THE ID 1NBE r: ND NT Published h THE DEARBORN PUBLISHING CO. Dearborn, Michigan HENRY FORD. President. C. J. FORD. Vice President. E. B. FORD, Secretary-TreMorer. A J. CAMERON. Editor Twenty-first Year. Number 21, March 19, 19J1 The subscription price in the I nitrd States, its dependencies. Cuba. Mexico and Canada is $1.50 a year, payable in U. S. funds; foreign countries, subscription rates on iju-st Single Copv. Ten Cents. Entered as Second Class Matter at the Best Office at Dearborn. Michigan, under the Act of March 3, 1879. CHANGE OF ADDRESS To receive your copy without interruption, please observe the following: 1. Notify us at least two weeks in advance. 2 Give both old and nen address. 1. Write clearly. Well Begun! BOTH in his inaugural message and in the selection of his official family, President Harding has made a good tart. It promises much for the success of his administration that both utterance and action instantly captured the favorabk attention of the country. It is not too much to say that in this very beginning he did much to counteract the impression created in some quarters during the campaign that, being a man with out decided convictions of Bli own. DC would prove subservient to party leaders in the Senate ; one inclin ing toward illiberal "reaction" and devoid of high dealism or any vivid appreciation of the tremendous problems he would be called on to face and handle. He ha inspired a certain confidence in his con ception of the country's needs in various direction and in his determination to meet those needs by the application of common-sense measures and methods. Both in what he had to say and in what he left unsaid. Mr. Harding struck a response in the American peo ple. He told them what they wanted to know. He told them he proposed to work for disarmament. He told them what he proposed to do about lightening the burden of taxation and bringing about a more equit able distribution of its incidence ; about accomplish ing reforms in the direction of efficiency and economy in governmental departments; about just recognition of the rights of the workers and provision in many ways for the greater welfare of all the people. President Harding's quaint campaign phrase as to the supreme necessity of a return to "normalcy" in the everyday business life of the country sounded as a keynote and found expansion and confirmation throughout his inaugural speech. He left no doubt as to his determination to bring "horse sense" to bear in effecting readjustments in both our foreign and our domestic relations. He spoke as a plain man to plain people and with much moderation and good sense. The cabinet is one which, on the whole, must prove a strong re-enforcement to his administration. It was inevitable that the appointments of Mr. Daugherty and Mr. Hays should be criticized as "purely political." Both men, however, have shown exceptional organiz ing and administrative ability in other fields and there is a disposition to give them a chance to show what they can do. It must not be forgotten that our gov ernment is one of political parties after all, and that if party government has its disadvantages it also has its advantages. It is something to be able to place re sponsibility on a definitely organized group. All in all, while the appointments may not satisfy every one, it is important to note that just as Presi dent Harding does not himself propose to serve merely as a "rubber stamp" for any "Senate Cabal," so he expects every member of his cabinet to "speak for himself" and be his own man. He is wise. Silesia's Plebiscite IN CONFORMITY with the Treaty of Versailles, a plebiscite will be taken in Upper Silesia, on March 20, to determine whether that province shall remain German territory or become part of the Polish Re public. On the result of this expression of the peo ple's will at the polls, the peace of Europe and of the world may be said to hang. "Self-determination," in this instance, is much more complicated than it was in the Schleswig-Holstcin plebiscite. Germany claims that an overwhelming ma jority of the inhabitants of Upper Silesia are German in race and in speech and that they at heart favor continuance as a part of the German Kmpire. The Poles, on the other hand, insist that regard for his torical and ethnographic frontiers makes the territory PolMi. With characteristic heat and fervor. Polish agitators have been proclaiming this view during th past two years. To the support of the contention, heated appeal is made to Polish national pride, tradi tion and historical continuity Under all these surface contentions, it is under stood, lies the real crux of the dispute. Each of the claimants greedily covets the rich coal and iron de posits of Upper Silesia. And this greed is, in a sense, justified by the pressing need of each for the supply of raw materials necessary to the building up of its industries. Should the election go in Germany's favor, it is reported. Walter Simons, the German Foreign Min ister, has a;.sured Lloyd George that the payment of the indemnity demanded by the Allies wou'd be brought within the realm of possibility. His only fear of an adverse decision (on the lace of the returns) is that the Allied troops policing the plebiscite area will sup port Polish agitators in intimidating the Germans there from casting their ballots and expressing their free choice In such case, the French would feel obliged to extend their military occupation to practically all Germany and perhaps to seize the Ruhr Valley per manently. Indeed there is not lacking the suggestion that what France really wants is the Ruhr Valley, rather than the more or less mythical German mil liards. This to assure French industrial supremacy and German industrial crippling and exhaustion. Of course, this occupation would not produce the three billion of gold marks annually demanded by the Allies, and both the French and the British premiers are well aware of that fact. Consequently, it is suggested that both M. Briand and Mr. Lloyd George may be very glad to "save their faces" through a plebiscite favoring the Germans. Accordingly, it is believed that they have promised Herr Simons that there shall be an honest ballot and a fair count on March 20 in Upper Silesia. The entire situation stresses the importance of re moving the international distribution of raw materials from the region of national greeds and jealousies, if we are to eliminate one of the most fruitful causes of future wars. T "All They Possess" HERE is much that is as inspiring, as inem, in ine advertisement ot a lahoi wife in small Michigan town P Wants a $50,000 Man iROVOCATIVE of mixed reflections is the news that Postmaster-General Hayes is seeking a $50,- 000 man for the $5,000 job of Second Assistant Post-master-GenernJ. This official has supervision of the railway mail service, the air mail and allied activities. The presidents of a number of the big railroads have suggested the names of high-class operation executives in response to the Postmaster-General's request, and he hopes to induce one of them to take this important government job from "considerations of patriotic duty." It may well be asked, to start with, whether it is dignified or even honest for the Great Republic to pay any public servant only one-tenth of what his services are worth in the open market. The traffic manager of even a small town chamber of commerce, or of any large manufacturing concern, easily commands a salary larger than that which the government pays to its Second Assistant Postmaster-Gneral, although the lat ter position is one of immei ei greater responsibility and one demanding far largei experience, skill, judg ment and ability generally. Xor is willingness to sacrifice salary a fair meas ure of any man's patriotism. Having "patriotic" re gard to his personal and family obligations, many an able man earning from $10,000 to $50,000 in private life and probably spending it on his home, living and the education of his children might feel that he could not afford to give up his salary for a public position, however honorable, that barely paid his house rent in Washington. The scandal and the false economy of being restricted in our diplomatic appointments to mil lionaires able to spend several times the amount of their salaries that they may sustain the nation's dig nity in a foreign capital out of their own pockets, should have taught us the unwisdom of this course. Lastly, we come back to the utter falaciousness of making money the measure of the man. If a man is "on to his job," no other test is necessary. Neither the $12,000 salary paid to Charles E. Hughes as Secretary of State, nor the $150,000 he earned in his private legal practice is a true gauge of his value in his present job It is just as true today as it was 2,000 years ago that "the laborer is worthy of his hire"; but the hire, in either public or private employment, should also be worthy of the laborer. 11 h rl. rer vanished daughter. This hnihti leading fa of 'all that they possess ' for new op very of the lost child. s an earnest of good faith, they append viiivi; -y i iiiv.ii ' tii iiirNi(i-, At . - m m list: a cottage Jn'!in- and lnrn;fnr. It . not a I I a (til U't' (Hilt MM lirinhiro .t - ...... worm $1,40 paid for oui ( f a lifetime 'i earning! $200 in f i uici s Miver warcn anil tut For the restoration to their moth all over llli. iilUIV .1 W.lllll .11111 Till. wsaaaia arms of th. 1 daughter, they will gladly surrender all ti i :i ,! ...mi i f .. auu penuuess mey win cneertuiiy start life again. Everything is relative in this world after all Th humble couple offer for their daughter more m m iwn uuurtis oiierca by the K eity packer, Ludahy, lor the return of h A . son. sna tney are wise. They ansa ,s kidnapped are wiser than jnii i. uutRciciicr in nis reputed oner of ten ! inn c ',. ....... A . . -- L . I f . ,nxo v a, ntw rwmci, or me late Andrew Ca in his willingness to pay ten millions for in:,. irnegie a nirrin.. of ten years more of life after seventy. Lovt ii r cidedly the greatest thing in the world. For love this laborer and his good wife find no material price too great to pay. no sacrifice worth count ine Th, , like the wise man in the parable, glad to sell all thai he had in order to buy the pearl of great price. "Vha shall a man not give in exchange for his life!" I A Shock to Politicians T MUST have been as disappointing to the poli ticians as it was gratifying to all Americans mmA. ful of the reproach of the spoils system of which -post office was so long the stubbornly defended intrenchment, to learn that one of the first steps con templated by President Harding is an executive order extending the merit rule to all appointments of post masters. The terms of some 90,000 first and second-class postmasters will expire in the next month or T k...... - 1 1 ... n wu utcu quue generally assumed that the new ad ministration would grasp the opportunity to itrengthei the party machine by making a clean urc; Democrats and giving these jobs to Republican hench men as rewards for party service. In nil first ml at the White House, President Harding found I broom labeled with the sapient counsel: "U Office-seekers among his followers, hungry and thirsty after an eight years' fast, descended like a seven-year locusts on the national Capitol in th following his inauguration. It is probable that many of the job-hunters based their hopes on the appointment of Will H Hays U Postmaster-General. The facts that Mr. (lays tad served as manager of the electoral campaign that landed Mr. Harding in the presidency, a ! that was noted chiefly as an astute politician and party worker, lent some color to the assumption that the post office would now be prostituted to political ag grandizement. Most of the unfavorable criticism of the Presidents cabinet appointments by his political opponents, was leveled at his selection of Mr. Hays. Hence the surprise to the country contained in the assurance that both the President and his Postmaster General are determined to keep the post office out of politics and politics out of the post office, carefully safeguarding and improving it as an institution for public service. Such a good beginning deserves all possible ap preciation. Let the good work go on ! Nipped in the Bud SCORE one for the new Secretary of State! He had hardly been seated at his desk when Mr. Hughes was called on to act and act decisively h the little war that broke out between the republics of Panama and Costa Rica. His demand for the im mediate cessation of hostilities was complied with and the mediation of the United States accepted For some time past it has been evident that there were trouble breeders actively at work inciting n0S tility to the United States throughout Latin America. Panama at the start appealed to the League of Nations to intervene a plain blow at the Monroe Doctrine evidently shrewdly planned by sinister agencies. Th tppeal was withdrawn on a swift and sharp hint from Washington. So for the present, at least, a flame which threatened to spread into a continental conflagration has been extinguished a malignant plot nipped in the bud It will be well, however, to keep a watchful eye on Panama. For generations, the Isthmus has been a veritable nest of the "formidable sect."