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buv bustling overseas and bark constitutes that J The Jews have suffered from the per nibitions and pathetic incapacity of some of 2 mo advertised men. Th- B'nai B'rith has this much in its favor: its i hin has alwavs been progressive. Only when k a "nit Hiell as local agent for the "leaders" of il h' m Vork Kehillah has it set up in its neihbor the " lT0c influences which tend toward division in- H. d of I cttcr 'L'nder whose inspiration it was that the B'nai B'rith a rtook to bring its great power to bear against one Shakespeare's plays, cannot now be said; but it 0t been most unfortunate for Jewish influence in all haS ,L Successful oh, yes; but such a success as S:W'e could wel. do w,hu. Mereh to glance over the record is interesting: 1007 Jews force "The Merchant of Venice" to be j from public schools in Galveston. Texas; Cleveland. Ohio; EI Paso, Texas; Youngstown, Ohio. pQgTeW have "The Merchant of Venice" clim ated from the English course in the high school at Q Paso. Texas. 1910 Apparently the "Merchant" slipped back into Cleveland schools for in April the superintendent of public schools issued an order that it was not to be used again. 0H Rabbi Harry V. Ettleson and Solomon Eisner request the Hartford, Connecticut, school board to have The Merchant of Venice" dropptd from the reading list of the schools. The board complies. 1912 Jewish resident- of Minneapolis, Minnesota, inaugurate I movement to have "The Merchant of Venice" dropped from the public schools. In Boston, MassachiiM t:. the superintendent of schools refuses to withdraw ' The Merchant of Venice" a text book, on the demand of Rabbi Phincas Israeli. 1916 On demand of Jews the New Haven. Con necticut, board of education votes to prevent the read me of "The Merchant Of Venice." and extends the prohibition to "Lamb's Tales from Shakespeare" until an edition is published which omits the play. And so on down the list of cities. A diversion was created by the Jewish attack on Sargent's painting en titled "The Synagogue" in the art scheme of the Bos ton Public Library. Many denunciatory resolutions were adopted throughout the country with regard to that, but the painting is still there. The Jewish Idea of "Rights" IT IS all part of one mistaken program, to prohibit 1 free speech, with reference to the Jew. It is utterly atone side of all that American principles mean. Shut him up! Boycott him! Tear down his painting! Bar his words from the mails and public library! what a waste of energy and what a self -judgment such an attitude I And it has become pretty general. Last Christmas most people had a hard time finding Christmas cards that indicated in any way that Christmas commemorated Someone's Birth. Easter they will have the same difficulty in finding Easter cards that contain any sug gestion that Easter commemorates a certain event. There will be rabbits and eggs and spring flowers, but a hint of the Resurrection will be hard to find. Now. all this begin- w i t !i the designers of the cards. And even in this business one comes upon that same policy d declaring Anti-Semitic everything that is Christian. H Rabbi Coffee says the New Testament is the most nti-Semitic book ever written, what must be the judgment on an Easter card that is truly an Easter card? In November, 1919, the Anti-Defamation Committee Maimed that ISO American cities had excluded "The rchant of Venice" from the public schools. The spapers at this writing are announcing that David Wfield, the great Jewish actor, is going to play "Shy in the manner which, as he believes, represents jhetnie Shakespeare conception. The Anti-Defamation kague may yet find itself to have expended much energy beating the wind, especially as the best Shake spearean critics declare that "The Merchant of Venice" is not about a Jew at all, but about Usury as a vicious practice which gripped both Jew and non-Jew and brought division. There was, however, a certain finesse in the manner of the Anti-Defamation League in approaching the matter of the exclusion of the "Merchant " It was not an incapacity to appreciate the fine work of Shake speare. Oh, not, anything but that. Nor was it a confession of thin-skinned lensihility on the part of Jews. Not at all. No, it wai really for the benefit of the Gentile children that the Anti-Defamation League wanted them kept away from that play in their reading lessons. Here Are Their Reasons II ERE are excerpts from one of the letters sent out from the Anti-Defamation League in Chicago to tlv superintendent of public schools in an important city. The italics are ours : "We have just been advised that the . . . high schools still retain "The Merchant of Ven ice" in the list of required readings .... ' We do not base our request because of the embarrassment which may be caused to the Jew ish students in class, nor is our attitude in this regard based on thin-skinned sensitiveness. It is the result of mature consideration and in vestigation. Our objection is made because of its eject upon the n on -Jewish children who sub consciously will associate in their own minds the Jew as Shakespeare portrayed him with the Jew of today. Children are not analysts. A char acter in the past vividly portrayed exists for them in the present. The Jew of Shakespeare lives in the mind of the child as the Jew of New Vork, or the Jew of Chicago, or the Jew of Newark. Your teachers of literature might sa much in favor of Shylock's good qualities, but our experience has been that only very seldom are Shylock's good qualities brought out strongly before children. Those traits of his character which are brought out most vividly in the study of the play are Shylock's greed, hatred, revenge and cruelty. "The fact that the College Entrance Require ments Board realized the justice of our stand and struck the play off from the list as required read ings for entrance to our universities and colleges indicates clearly that it is a most serious problem .... ". . . . We believe that when you realize the great harm which might be caused to hundreds and thousands of law-abiding Jewish citizens of this country, you will grant our request that the reading of 'The Merchant of Venice' be discon tinued from your schools." To Do Away With Shakespeare? AND in this case it was. Notwithstanding the fact . that the play was used in the high school, and the argument of the letter was addressed to the effect of the play on children, it was discontinued. A study of the schedule of just what occurred showed that ev erything had been made ready even before the letter was written. Does this frittering away of Jewish influence strike the Jewish leaders as a wise policy? Is there any hope whatever of doing away with The Merchant of Venice"? Do they not know that it is the observation of teach ers of literature that even if non-Jewish children are forbidden to read the play, Jewish children are going to read it anyway, since it is the Jewish children who must heartily enjoy it because they more clearly un derstand it? Do not the Jewish leaders know that non-Jews do not read the "Merchant" for Shylock, except perhaps his noble defense of the Jew as a human being? Who ever hears Shylock quoted in anything but this, which numerous Jewish writers, delight to quote? "I am a Jew. Hath not a Jew eyes? Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, af fections, passions:" To effect its purpose the Anti-Defamation League will have to perform an excision on our common Eng lish tongue. The wie and witty sayings of this Shake spearean play have passed into the permanent coinage of daily speech. "I hold the world a stage where every man must play his part ; and mine a sad one." . . . I am Sir Oracle, And when I ope my lips let no dog bark !" "If to do were as easy as to know what were good to do, chapels had been churches, and poor men's cot tages princes' palaces." "The Devil can cite Scripture for his purpose." "A goodly apple rotten at the heart : O, what a goodly outside falsehood hath !" "Truth will come to sight ; murder cannot be hid long" "All that glitters is not gold." "A harmless necessary cat." "The quality of mercy is not strained, It droppeth ,iv the gentle ra:n from heaven Upon the place beneath. It is twice blest: It blesseth him that gives and him that takes. It is an attribute of God himstlf; And earthly power doth then fthow likest God's, When mercy seasons justice." Their Cours? a Mistake THIS is beyond the power of the r.ti-Defamation League to destroy. Shylock may be forgotten, but not these living line.-. It is true, however, that in 150 American cities, according to the league's claim, school children are prevented reading and hearing these words in school. But is it worth it? Is it a part of "Jewish Rights" that an admittedly great play, taught in all the English courses of all the universities, should be prohibited to the children of the people in the public schools? From the prohibition of the Bible to the prohibition of Shakespeare, the whole Jewish course has been a colossal mistake, the reaction from which will be to belittle Jewish Dttbtic judgment in the future. It was all er well said by a correspondent to the Newark Evenmg News, January 13, 1920: "To the Editor of the Sews : "Sir Protests have been made by the rep resentatives of the Jewish, Scotch and colored races against Shakespeare'l being used in the public schools, the former because of the portray al of Shylock in "Tin Merchant of Venice." Some Scotch if oik have nn tested, as I understand it. to the Newark Board of Education, on account of the character given Macbeth. The colored folks, judging from the letter printed in the Kens from Washington, do not like the char acter Othello, owing to his despicable treatment of Desdemona. As a descendant of the Welsh race, I enter my protest in behalf of that ancient people in regard to Shakespeare's ridicule in Henry V, oi the Welshman, Captain Ffluellen, who is made to look il if he did not know any thing about war. "I have no doubt that others could fmd fault with Shakespeare's penchant for holding up the weak side of some of his characters, so I think that Shakespeare and the Bible minht well be kept out of the public schools because both books are rough on certain people whose identity is clearly shown. The board of education is to be congratulated for taking action in the mat ter, which promises at this late date to place the Newark educational system in a class all by itself." Abook containing 236 pe. of the first twenty article, on Tht IntemaU.nalJew will be sent to eny eddre... upon receipt of 25 cent, in .Up. to cover printing ami mailing cost. 7,,, lW we havc thk editor of the in? oi Chicago, tell ah U!r & an "Anti-Semite" is individual of low morality and , wth displays animosity ThJr the Jews" He goes on: the rfaUWaS a timc whcn wc had Semit? t0 look Bpon an 'anti Jew, ! 2S a. man who dislikes the Jcws and wU u . . ..u wouiq not associate Today, how UDon even- 1 A 1 dna rrimtnot L t. i a : c.mic are nm t wcause wnai inc nmrww"'' that thi tor. today to kill Jews." Can it be possible to swill e(htor's readers have so little intelligence as aUow Ppaganda of this sort? Th Mayer tKeCCAt,y Pushed reminiscences of Siegmund tober in u Austrin Jewish leader who died last Oc- dtvelonmJlS mnft,fth yar. throw much h8ht on hc rope fEnf ,i Jn influence in Austria and m bu generally. When Mayer was a member of the Jewish World Notes ltn them Tj. , roust ruZ AUUy. nowever, we derer o5 Upon CVCI7 'Anti-Semite as upon a miir- Vienna city council he had an encounter with Carl Lueger a colleague. Lueger said the Jews ought to go to Palestine. Mayer rejoined, "If the Jews are too much for you, you may go to Palestine ! Sir Alfred Mond, prominent Zionist and commis sioner of public works in Lloyd George's Government, announces that he has purchased a piece of land on the shores of the Sea of Galilee and will build a bungalow on it for his summer vacations. According to a Vienna dispatch, the Austrian Government has in structed its Paris representative i EichorT and Tarnoczky, to take up with the League of Nations the question of the expulsion of scv eral thousand Jewish refugees from Central European lands. Alth. ugh leading Austrian Tews agree antl the government that the prcscna of these invaders is seriously in tensifying the food situation, wealthy American Jew are exercising influence against their return to Poland, Russia and the Ukraine, with the design of enabling them instead to emigrate to the United States. The Paris press is much stirred up over alleged discoveries by the French secret police, service de surete. that Dr. Max Nordau, Zioi tst leader, has been acting as go-between for the French communists in dealings with Krassin, the Bolshevist commissary.