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Kansas' Four Legisladies Are Home-Makers Not Onlv Have the Fair Voters Been Shown How to Mark Ballots They Have Been Instructed How to Scratch Them! WHAT vman will do with the vote is no longer a matter of speculation. w w Paring the month immediately pre ceding the first national election in which women were permitted the right of franchise, the National Good Government Bureau mailed out ap proximately 4U.000 Good Citizenship leaflets to women inquirers. One hundred thousand political platforms and leaflets were supplied them by the Democratic and Republican part: - Many states, acceding to popular demand, had their own bureaus. Especially noteworthy is the achieve ment of Missouri The Missouri State League of Women conducted a political information campaign which embraced the sending out of explanatory m for mation concerning the marking of ballots and the scratching of them; and the conduct of a political in formation bureau which really informed. This bureau kept on file rec r U I I erning the candidates from each party, the information being obtained through questionnaires ent to the candidates them selves. These records told where each can didate stood on questions vital to women and children, and something of his record as office-holder. Even his religious affiliation was given. Thus through this nation-wide informa tive movement and its resultant good upon the election which followed, has woman proved her fitness for the ballot, and the whole has been, as smc une trenchantly put it. "A wonderful contribution to forward citizenship." But the holding of political office by women, particularly such office as has to do with legislation, is. comparatively speaking, as yet in its tentative stage. The states have proceeded cautiously here. But two women have been elected to seats in the Ixwer House of Congress. No state has had a v. man representative in its Upper House. Conservative Connecticut leads with five women members in its legislature. Kansas and C I rado come next with four each. California and Utah each have three. New Hampshire. New Jersey and Oklahoma have two ipiecc. Idaho. Indiana, Michigan. Mon tana. Nevada, New York. Oregon. Vermont, North Carolina and Washington each ven tured one. Thus it will be seen that less than half the states have woman representation. Why this notable lack? Is woman afraid of the venture for herself? Do men fear that she will spring too much sob stuff, or over-much freak legislation ? The women members of the Kansas legisla ture may be said to be "safe and sane" on these lines. Kansas "tried it out" with one woman member last term and liked the brand she picked so well that three more were added this year. A Kansas newspaper woman happily coined the term "legisladies," as distinguishing the Kan sas women members from the male members of the House The name fits. They are ladies. They are essentially feminine. All are home makers, who put home first. They have at tempted no freak legislation. One of them even voted for tlie repeal of the state's drastic anti cigaret law. on the grounds, not wholly feminine many male members accounted for their votes in the same way that it "didn't work in her town." One complains that the Topeka sidewalks hinder her in the wearing of high heels. An other bc'L'' a member addicted to lengthy flights of oratory, to let up a little that she "might get home in time to set her hens." Still another boasts of the fact that she helped to pick more than $400 worth of strawberries from her home warden Inst year. At least two of the Karfsas legisladies have judicial minds. One acquired hers by association with her lawyer husband. The other is a lawyer. Miss Nellie ("line studied law with her father, and was admitted to the Pawnee County bar in 1912. Although her county gave 1,000 majority to the opposition ticket, J ; iin'- defeated one of the most prominent attor neys of her county. While a number of women have been admitted to practice in the state courts, they have confined their activities largely to office service. Miss Cline is the daughter of G. Polk Cline, one of the most widely known criminal lawyers of Western Kansas, and was i ciated with him in the firm of Cline and Cline. She is a brilliant young woman as a first-er. She was the first woman in Kansas to practice before the su preme court of the state, the first to appear on the program of the Kansas Har Association, the first and only woman Democratic member elected to the House, and the first unmarried woman to sit in the legislative body in Kansas. Although she possesses many fighting traits inherited from her father who is a veteran Dem ocratic leader and old-time legal warrior, she brings no fads nor isms to her work. Rather her interest lies in the problems of good roads and transportation, as re lated to her section of the state, which is a garden spot for wheat-growing. She has been given place on many prominent committees, where her legal knowledge has proved of much help. Mrs Minnie J. Minnich, of Sumner County, is the By LILLIE GILLILAND McDOWELL wife of H. T. Minnich. of Wellington, a local Santa Fe engineer. Mrs Minnich was brn and raised on a ranch in New Mexico and received her education in the public schools of Raton and at the Ladies' College, Liberty. Missouri. Immediately upon finishing the course here, she became her fathers assistant and as sociate in business on the New Mexico ranch. Need less to say. the live stock interests of her section have in her a warm supporter. She has never run for pub lic office before, but her fine business training and ex perience stand her in good Itead in her legislative work, and she is honored with a place on many important committees, such as employes, public utilities, state institutions, cities of the second class, and agriculture, of which latter she secretary. Mrs. Minnich be Above MISS NELLIE CLINE From Pawnee County. Below-MRS. MINNIE J. GRINSTEAD From Seward County. Above MRS. IDA M. WALKER From Norton County. MRS. MINNIE J. MINNICH From Sumner County. heves that each member of the House should for the most part confine his activities to forwarding the in terests of the section he represents. The bills she has offered for passage have all been of this type. One, which has attracted wide attention, and which doubt less other sections will copj, is known as the Welling ton Foundation Bill, and was passed without OppOSl tion. It provides for the lending of money by the city at a low rate to those wishing to build homes Thirty such homes have already been completed since the lull was passed. Wealthy citizens have donated liberally to the fund provided for in the bill and the city is just finishing a successful $25,000 drive to add to it. Mrs. Ida M. Walker, of Norton, is a newspaper woman. She is an associate editor of the Real West erner, of which her husband. C. H. Walker, is edi tor. Her department. "On the Impulse. " is widely quoted in the Middle West Mrs. Walker was born in a s'd house in Western Kansas, in which section she has lived ever since. Thus she is a real westerner, imbued with the breezy, progressive ideas of the West. She began her career in her teens as teacher in the country schools. Later she taught in various city schools of her section. In her home town she has served on the local librarv board, a,s president of the city federation of clubs, and 1 1 now superintendent of the Methodist Sunday -I hoot She worked faithfullv durini; the World W ar in the various local activity She is now serving her third term ax re cording secretary of the state W. C. T. L She was president of the Kansas Federation ot W oman's Clubs for two years. She organized a aura ber of counties in Northern Kansas in Belgian and Near. East Relief work, and is now state director of woman's work for Near Kast Relief. Mrs. Walker has a keen mind and sound business ability, and serves on many important committees. N a brilliant orator, she yet has the happy facnlt) summing up the situation in a few words, in striking contrast to the jazz oratory so often found Among mei members. Mrs. Walker mothered the State Bonus Bill, of which 'he is joint author, and which has won favorable comment over the state. It not only provides for the s.-Idiers of the late war. but for the Spai American veterans as well. Mrs Minnie J. irinstead. of St. County, was elected in 1018as the first arora an member of the Kansas legislature. Tin male members, while scrupulously courteous, did not particularly welcome the innovation. They were afraid the woman member w be fossy and full of fads and isms. But the sound sense she displayed throughout the trying ordeal of her term as the only woman member, won not only for herself a warm welcome to her second term, but for her woman colleagues as well when they entered upon their first term. Mrs. Grinstead is the wife of Judge Grin stead, former county attorney of Seward County, and now judge of the Thirty-fifth District. She has a wide grasp on public af fairs. She is an ex-sthool teacher, a force fill speaker, a licensed evangelist, and h;is been lecturer for the National W. C T I' In the House she has never from the first .sidestepped responsibility. She is .. debate and has introduced her full shai bills. On several occasions she ha the House as relief speaker. Although the mother of four children, who with her 1 I band were in Topeka throughout her first term as legislator, and for whom ihe acted as housekeeper, she never once was mil from her seat at morning roll call. Mrs. Grinstead's first campaign was full of thrills. She opposed one farmer, a real - I merchant, who had served the previous term in the legislature, and had proved to be "terninst" every "fad or ism" that came up. and ha' voted "no" on every question save one that of the seg regation of Negro school children in cities of the second class. Mrs. Grinstead stood pat for ev ery measure she thought right and they were many, as might be expected from her previous career. She was elected on the Republican ticket by a small majority, but was given the second term without opposition. Mrs. Grinstead holds almost the record for service on committees in the House, especially Mich as relate to welfare and reform measures, and is the only woman in the United States who ever served on a legislative judiciary committee. Bttt all has not been clear sailing for tins, women members on the legislative sea-. Mrs Minnich has found herself between two w;io Hacktd in her campaign by the Railway Brother hoods, they are now protesting more or less mildly against the firm stand she has taken for the industrial court. Mrs. Walker is particularly good at checkmating attempted put-overs in leg islation, in which matter even guileless Kansas is not guiltless. This wins for her, of course, some passing resentment. Miss Cline is keen in debate and repartee, and no man likes to he worsted by a woman. Mrs. Grinstead introduce ! a bill making it possible for a married woman who might be hurt in an accident to collect her own damage instead of the money going to her husband, as under the present law. This bill brought upon her an SVS lanche of letters, some in praise, many condemnatory. woman from the effete Kast wrote: "For shamej Suppose I lived in Kansas and should hurt my hand while at my housework. I could then sue my own hflS band for damages." The bill, being too advanced even for advanced Kansas, was killed Mrs. Grinstead also mothered the Girls Dormitory Hill for state schools. In an eloquent plea for th measure, she spoke of the possibility of the alltm"i provided for covering the cost of a kitchenette for th various groups of apartments, in which kitchenettes the girls could make fudge. Hut the farmer mcmh rs would have none of this "tomfoolery' and the bill was killed, whereat Mrs. Grinstead, in a fit of tettl porary discouragement, exclaimed, "Oh, fudge! what s the use?" Bttt on the whole, the Kansas legisladies look upn their work as well worth while, since it has many COW pensationi to offset its trials.