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The Ford International WeoMv
THE DEARBORN INDEPENDENT THE DBARBORN PUBLISHING CO. Dearborn, Michigan HENRY FORD President C. J FORD Vice President E B FORD Secretary-Treasurer W J CAMERON. Editor Twenty-first Year, Number 22, March 26, 1921. The subscription price in the United States, its dependencies. Cuba Mexico and Canada is $1.50 s year payable in U. S. funds; foreign countries, subscription rates on request. Single Copy Ten Cent. Entered as Second-Class Matter at the Post Office at Dearborn. Michigan, under the Act of March 3. 1879. CHANGE OF ADDRESS To receive your, copy without interruption, please observe the following: 1. Notify us at least two weeks in advance. 2. Give both old and ru address. i. Write clearly. An Opera Bouffe Plot IF THERE is a librettist eager tor a comic opera plot funnier and more fanciful far than anything his wildest imaginings are likely to conjure up, let us commend him to the assumedly serious arguments just now occupying much space on the editorial pages of many American newspapers and dealing with the in demnities demanded of Germany by the Allies. One such article appears under the caption, "Ger man Republic in Reality a Sham." Perhaps you have supposed that the emergence of the German Republic from the ruins of the Hohenzollern Empire was a natural and logical sequel of the decisive defeat of German imperialism at the end of a fifty-month war? To the ordinary mind, the smashing of the Hinden burg line, the shattering of the German battalions, the utter economic exhaustion of the blockaded country and the complete undermining of the "war morale" of a population behind the line's were stern, cold facts. Recognition by that population of the true causes of woe, misery and disaster in the vaunting ambition and reckless arrogance of the imperial regime, might suf ficiently account for the downfall of the empire, fol lowing so swiftly on the ignominious, flight of the gilt gingerbread emperor. When to these immediate and obvious reasons for the rise of a Social-Democratic Republic in Germany we join the big fact that for nearly thirty years the anti-imperialit Socialists had been the majority party in the Reichstag by the man date of a popular vote, carrying on through all those years an active and effective propaganda in the press and on the platform, no difficulty should be found in accounting for a German Republic that is. the prosaic mind unaccustomed to traveling in the irridetcent paths of spectacular extravaganza would find no difficulty. Foolish delusion this, we are assured by the know ing writers who have been nourishing their mentalities on the jingo pabulum purveyed io generously by the Paris pre--. The present republic in Germany was merely "a rase concocted for the undoing of the Al lies1 by poor Mr. Hohenzollern and his friends. Hin denburg and Ludendorff actively aided and abetted by Socialists 1 It wa never meant to be anything more than a "temporary makeshift" to tide over until "Ger man intrigue and cunning" should Ue able, through shallow pretense of compliance with Mr. Wilson's de mands, to outmaneuver the keen-witted diplomats of France. Britain and Italy to say nothing of American diplomacy ! The German Republic, we are solemnly informed, was "faked" in order to fool the 11i s into granting lenient reparation terms and to mask Germany's mil itary activities, resources and man power. An army of millions, "every man a trained soldier91 and supplied with complete and formidable fighting equipment, is ready to take the field "when the hour strikt if Proof? Bless you, haven't the junker fl aln ad started a movement for the annexation of utria? Are they not talking openly of the return of the rloheri SOUefH dynasty to the throne? And most clinching argument of all has not the return oi the Hohen zollern to rule at Potsdam. a loot as the peace terms are settled, been predicted by Lad Nora Bentinck. niece of Count Bentinck who harbored the ex-kaiser at his castle of Amerongen for eighteen long and weary months? Truly, the opera bouffe mind hits only the high places in its fantastic flights of imagination. It is ex empt from such prosaic considerations as the effect on the German "will to war" of the actual toppling in the dust of the imperial idol with its head of gold and tevt of clay. To this order of mind, the utter exhaustion of Ger many's energies and resources in the nearly five years' war org'. involving the starvation, ol it! women and children, are just '"stage business," thrown in for ef fect. The actual loss of Alsace-Lorraine. Prussian Po land, the Saar Bain. the African colonies, the Shan tung lease and the Pacific Islands all these count for naught. Or perhaps, they are all a part of the "ruse" to fool the Allies, part of the dark, deep and designing plot of the cunning Germans to get out of paying their debts and instead to start all over again the ruction that, in addition to the losses named, killed off some three million of their best men, maimed and disabled as many more, reduced the population to starvation rations dur ing four years, cost the country its industrial and com mercial leadership and gave a lasting black eye to its pretense of ethical culture? Are there no bounds to jingo credulity? Such wild and weird yarns seek vainly to perpetuate the war legend, picturing the Germans as satanic supermen or hopeless idiots. Let us return to normalcy! The British-Russo Treaty THE document signed by repreeentatnri of r Britain on one side and of Soviet Ru other on March 16 is not called a treaty T The Men Behind the Press iHERE is something worth thinking about in a suggestion made by William J. H. Boctcker in the Erie RevitW National safety may depend, he points out, on the big guns of our fortifications and our fleets, but even more on the men who handle those guns. The question, "Who handles the gun?" is of such im portance that our government recognizes the necessity of putting none but Americans on guard or in charge of these guns. Far more powerful, however, than all the big guns in the world, as a weapon for the defense and preserva tion of our democratic institutions, is the press. So Mr. Boetcker asks why this great bulwark of our peace and honor should not be as jealously guarded as are the guns from being controlled and directed by alien and possibly inimical interests? And he suggests that Congress should pass a law limiting controlling owner ship of American publications to American citizens and requiring the writer of every book, and of every maga zine or newspaper article, to sign it with his name and a statement of his nationality, so that readers may be able to make allowance for national bias or propaganda. D The Obstinate Eleven UE perhaps to the ardent temperament associated with warm climate, when the Spaniard is a rad ical he is very, very radical. In the vivid phrase of pokerdom, he "goes the limit" in socialistic extremism. Spanish revolutionaries are not apt to be troubled by any very delicate scruples as to the use of bomb, torch and dagger in advancing "the cause." But a delegation of Spanish Socialists, recently returned from Moscow to Barcelona, frankly express themselves as "horrified" by the state of things they witnessed in Russia. They visited the country on the invitation of the Soviet Gov ernment with every expectation of being able to prove to their associates at home that the Russian experiment was such a success as amply to warrant affiliation with the Third Internationale. Instead, they found condi tions of misery, tyranny and oppression beside which the worst of the evils of that monarchist and "bour geoisie" rule which they had hitherto so fiercely de nounced are the merest child's play. Most of all. they seemed to have been astounded by the utter cynicism with which Lenin discarded any semblance of regard for the most elementary principles ot that democracy which is the fond aspiration of the Spanish Socialists. The dictator, they report, offered ai obvious explanation of the "delay" in transforming Russia into a happy and prosperous communistic com monwealth, the imperviousness of the peasants to Bol shevist arguments. The peasant class, he said, con stitutes the very large majority of the population and they are constitutionally "non-proletarian," so that there is nothing to be done but to hold them in strict sub jection virtually making slaves of them, until they are forced to change their minds and become good pro letarians. this period of necessary rule by a small and des potic minority is placedby Lenin at forty years. Mean while, as Russia is not an industrial country, the "pro letarian" minority has nothing but worthless paper money to offer the peasant majority in exchange for food produced in the sweat of their brows. Lenin is a vivid reminder of the twelfth juror in the old story who blamed the failure to agree on the "obstinacy" of the remaining eleven good men and true. It is h;.i.1 -n.. i ... mt!i mauiam leicrieu iu as a iraue agreem fl " y stantially. we are told, it is the same as the di iff tji from London to Moscow bv Leonid k'n. ... o minister ot trade and commerce, in January last w : ii - "told us provisions ueai UHcny wiin a resumption trade between the two countries, the irrrrm . ' a compelling illustration oi ine iar-reachn ig sco a.i ivviiaii ... vi iu mill !iailO!!;t traH so it is actually a treaty ana one in which the clau "incidental" to providing for trade reiumnftiAa ..... ; . . , . i ,,uu m prooaDiy tnose ot cniet importance. Manv neonle who have all aloni? rlparlv r o " 'sugnizc the perils of Bolshevism, and who have not hesitatt to express horror at the mere suggestion t! a v. LI irritn "1.1....,!.. 1. im I3H VEVTT71 T"HTT"1 oiivuiu fiacy mv MWWJ UalKl Q Bolshevist usurpers, will condemn the treaty as a tna surrender of nrincinle and a deliberate MnL. .,.vU,JU 0j itiiui ism auu i:iaiiut. iiicic is soiiiein ir.g to j said for this view, but it must also be admitt , that the humbling ol pride is not all on one side. In exchanea for its virtual recognition of the di facto g . rnmej of Russia, Britain has exacted certain lubstanoal ad vantages for herself and for the rest of the world. t i l a. ... r 11 I cnuer ine ireaiy, Lruain win m large m isure phj cate both the radical labor element and the tradin I'll w Fnr tVw tittnr it inciirnc tVi tirt t profitable trade with a population ot more than m millions. But it also secures the clearing of mines from the Baltic and approaches to Russia, the ending of the blockade on both sides, and pledg 3 aainn its renewal. The Soviet Government is particufcrn bound to refrain from any encouragement of ?iatic peoples to action against British interests, espedalh in Asia-Minor, Persia, Afghanistan and India. Ai the spread of Bolshevist influence in the Near East and the Far East is regarded just now as one of the most serious menaces to world peace, this provision mut be considered broadly as of much more than I r it 1-h na tional interest. So also the provisions for the renewal of postal and telegraphic communications. For all the world, most decidedly, an advantage is gained in the treaty's provisions binding each party t retrain from hostile action or propaganda 1 :ide its! t 1 - 1 . . 1 . ... . own Doruers against ine otner s institutions, or giving assistance or encouragement to any such propagandas outside its own borders. It may be taken for granted that propaganda against British institutions includes propaganda against American institutions against democratic institutions anywhere. At any rate, it opens the way for similar agreements with the United States, France and the Scandinavian countries, as well as with the Latin-American republics. French opinion is said to regard the agreement as unworkable, in view of the present revolt in Russi.i and Russia's shortage of exportable stocks, and to be averse to entering into any similar agreement until Soviet Russia recognizes the old Czarist debts. But as the treaty would stand if the Soviet regime should be overthrown and experience has taught us that its early overthrow is problematical, Britain's example will be likely to commend itself to both France and the United States as time-saving. Lenin's cynically avowed dis regard for the sanctity of promises and pledges was given by Mr. Wilson as sufficient reason for refusal to negotiate with his government. But in the present state of international ethics, perhaps self interest is no inconsiderable guaranty t good faith. From the humane viewpoint, of course, the big thing made possible by the treaty is that it makes pos Mble the feeding of millions of human beings now the edge of starvation, probably averting a famine a appalling as that in China. With even an approach to economic rehabilitation, the Bolshevist horror be most surely undermined. Be Careful, Mr. President RUMORS from Washington indicate that the head of a private detective agency may be considered tor the job as chief and reorganizer of the combined secret service departments of the United States Gov ernment. President Harding would do well earnesth to consider all that this may mean. It is not tittmg that the secrets of the United States Government should be put at the dispoSal of private detective agencies. N man should be entrusted with any part of a specia agent's work until all his antecedents are fully known. It is to be hoped that President Harding, through haste or inappreciation of the importance of the post, wi not make an appointment which can make itself c hurt fully not only in every department of governmet1 but in every aspect of American life as well.