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BEAUMONT OAltY tNTlRPRISE.
n 11 1 PRACTICAL ADVANTAGES. IT a.-a kilt a nrrt.lLI.-t wtil'h h in cnmnarison with tbe Th .re many uractkal a Ivan- mineral oil production exported ia &w, weight of wolij fuel in too. It tagea which only -.-d be euunoraled In California the law regard, jto- divide the nurolr of pounds is a .on to convince any one of the great Jeura it a mineral production. i... .k nn.in..t ttri n).iinbit and uiul. iklrh ia nern-ltted ly the O.l sand drooiiti often run :n iuly the result by the price of oil per Us of liquid fuel: rurow groove, or. one might y. IS SAFE, EASILY HANDLtw, barrel we gt a figure .bowing woa. m, Diminiebta tne wast o .u. goidies, also omeume, in uoi-hk u- There was 45.11 itr cent of the crude d through the same mains, making J0 not at all time grasp the breadth of It lief jr iu iumiii me meaning oi iuc on in v-aiuoinia. ti the ga to a high polut and thua In- j, changing the commercial aspect of th creasing its cost. Hut the price char- j;taIe xiii Stale, heretofore regarded AND A MONEY SAVER. getj in ttiia city baa been steadily u-udiug downward fur several years and now having reached II. S3, with promise of a fl rate from a new producer. Uaa at II a thousand ft is a rbcapfr fuel than crude petrole um m 12. M) a bamd. the Oakland Combustion la Perfect With No Ash Remaining. Great Cain In Heat Units Over Coal. Insur ance Requirements. coal must cost ver ton Id order to be from ,ne lot of combustible with the jjn anj s remarkable well producing of the same cheapness. Ob the other ates and gasses. etn.ingly almost exhauittcft supply tl band, if we divide the above result by 2 j . reduction la the eo.t of la- petroleum may have a brother well joo the price of coal per ton. we ou.a.n bof, (or cunjing coal luto bunkers, itt (wy that it a duster. For instance rt,, ,,- ttlout II a mouth the equivalent price per barrtl which an(J a HecoU(j handling from tu bunl;- Muster." have already been found jurw upeuslve ibun would be crude oil must tost if it Is u be no more ex- ,olha furnace. The oil handling ear tie famous gushers in the Beau- Ju xtH ,tj-. pensive than solid fuel. The cost of or 0j tjt.se gttp8 mechanical. ,on, ji4trict. . col in this second caicuiatiou uiui 3 d Where no firing tools are re- . Eaitern e.tt .ilere ,re many at a kingdom of fruit and flowers, can, vviih her fuel oil more than evenly com pete with manufactories of the world. This agency it in authentic pottession of authentic factt and figures at to the ap plication, adaptation and use of fuel oil 10 locomotive powers and domestic use in California that are simply startling in their significance. Kerr's Reports. Include the lubor and expense of Lao- all..ej ie8g injury ts .loin tho bik-k dllng the coal aud ushes which will be wwk oJ (nH fUrnai. and grate bars do dispensed with where oil la the fuel; not dKerjorate. end the price of oil must be taKen as Repulrf t0 tlit brlcUwork of The use of liquid fuel is by no means delivered to consumer and not the pU nJ lfce bonf(, room io0r ot recent date; Its use has for many price at the wells. The consumer diminished, as the tendency to years been pretty general In Russia who may be fortunate -nough to have bfU;d by clnilm and are aid California, ana the question can- his factory situated at Corskana need qi)encbt.d by water l8 absent, tot any more be considered a problem not figure on the latter calculation. reKU,atlon of tb9 nre is which has to pass through Its experl- fuel oil being delivered at 50 cents po8fl)ble 8g the deroand for steam may mental stage. Pr barrel through a pipe line wbicn ThJg dlmlnlshe8 ,os8 beat There are two kinds of liquid fuel conveys the oil direct to the consumer. b)owlng off at iafety valve which crude petroleum and the residue from With no strikes to bother or seizure ofun anoUDt9 t0 5 per cet H,,nrnn rie netrole- of coal by railroads, the lot of the wells that have no casing, the stratifica ion being ufficiently hard for the pur potes of pumping. While there may be an exception or two in California, tuch a thing here i practically imposible. Kerr's Report. in- 3,400,000 FUEL OIL FOR KITCHENS. There are 1750 Oil Burners in Oak land Kitchens. um consists almost entirely of a mix a. I..- tiutrinut. ture oi a greai nuiuuci . ..... . VPK. bfoi'IREMENTS. . 1 l.ninn. nnlnt Bnd INSUKANCB Rfc.yLlKE..Mli.10. manufacturer is certainly a happy one (, open,Dg of the furnace doora as far as fuel Is concerned New York Commercial Los Angeles, August 1. The an- have after repeated and long discourage- THE OIL SITUATION. The condition of the petroleum dustry in California for July shows it it undergoing a very severe ordeal of rc- itdjuitinent. The activity of the tpring Texaa Coal Production Is months is over, development is stagnant, Tons a Year, prices of petroleum disrupted, supply 1 ;.rr, w'" ; IMPORTS 4. WOO IONS cannot be sold. The efforts of the Kern . river oil producers and the Los Angeles Scale of Ratea on One and Two Line Producers Astociation to crystalize Haula Which Will Be methods of production and means of Equitable. transportation and regulation of tale, Following Is the argument for re fer firing and cleaning la made un- nouncement comPS fron, Oakland. nKnt arrived at only an inadequate tolu- ductlon in oil rates to be submitted nwpssai v. bo that the holier may oo . f rllllA llirnpP ,... to tne rauroau commission ai me near boiis differing in doihus poiui. ou- -- - cha.n bene- urtoi,, -w - cai.. mat l uu cruue on uumers nam tlon, .... density. Being submitted to dlstllla- We have thus far nte e ected t0 mtt ,es8 from unequal fced iQ h9 ktchcn ,tovet . ,f , waj ,,,, lng now In progress in AusUn. It tion, It gives off a series of hydrocar- ISr ?' of that Cty. m in peLylPvania, Ohio and later in -ay. t e uuu, ,i w - - npt-essarv however, to consider hons known as gasoline, benzine, ker- Uto nectary, bo osene etc. residlum Is generally coa- The first distillate of crude petrole- f . th um and which evaporates at a low objected to by the 7th. Where tne engine room id Th remarkabie feature of this Is i.i:... ti.;. M!i;,,t!nn nt hnsinM. the boiler room, the absence of dust . . wij evnct an Innovation i:.... . .1,. and ashes about the machinery la of of Ma Mr be flr8t ,ntrodlI0. tliJ gh ot fre,ShVrair.r9pr:duhc:.oSnUth: mnnifPHt nd vantage. j .AnnrDu in o Mmmnnitv shorn ..... .... .. Texaa toal froauciion. . . . . u " ' , any o l be d. The sliort sigtiteu are ais- Sin. Wlin penoicuui iuc, qh )s prouueeu nuu is luuocijufuiij ,..,! . . . ,ho .. . . ... .. courageu. per barrel r. o. o. nenuiuoui, tne cnenpeBi. as h ugures oiu, ul- , . ,,. ,,. :,.:t,i,i- " .. t.. mi I V luul lxi mm w.. - . . , .. m ni inn . 1 i . 1. 1 1 t. J ...- raised the less dangerous oils are u.s- f freight rate to poi ui corning to me ua.a pu....N o, u Tll,,re are many causes for tho present " , of ,h " t about ... . ... . ,.. in the to the safety ot tne premise " ,... ia n aboap, Rav ne over the cost nnkinmi nanra. It rppihr that crude .. . . . . 4UU,uuu ions, 01 mis umouui nuoui tinea, uniu me iCluV.w ....nt are complied with. The usu- - " .7 , ,h " , " 1 .7 , , n unhappy condition of petroleum atiairs. still reaches 30 to CO degrees a fZrZn are fhat the storage of coa To put t I. r way wl h n t y s rota ed at PPY whefe well known fuel oil expert. Mr. Cal loway also is one of the best known temperature Is the most inflammable, .,. POI.norationg. provided end gradually as the temperature , conditions looking . .. i .1 nlla nro dis- L"" Aocnrdlne to the United States ata- the long headed observer Texaa produces annually, of semi-bituminous and lignite coals 3,- 750,000 tons is lignite and Is produced in Central and Western Texas, the a lu , .,.. hentinl' Olie ion ui 11 oro TirnVIMPII Willi VPHUiniwot t.- ...... . , ,to .v..i, c artmtrablv answers the con- . . , ., c. costing Jl.as r. o. d. b"'u.u, rei dBS fVsood llauid tel. This resi- aPPHanc a In U r a.ainst coal deliver., at the Bdne t.p- K,tche due contains all the neavy hydrocar- that ti .k a f : P faf as ,9 Ple at $3.50 a ton, and granting an n,nn $2.50 bons capable of creating heat the -'- , 7, 7 "n eit.nted in the equal freight rate to point or cons.imp S temperature to which it has been Practical; a .mall pump a.t.iated BEAUMONT RESIDENCES exposed having freed it from all dan gerous volatile liquids, guaranteeing complete safety. A match or any oth er naked light is Immediately extin guished when plunged into it. To nake it burn requires special treat ment. MANY ADVANTAGES. The advantages which can be urged in favor of liquid fuel are many and important. First. liquid fuel has a Higher calorific power than has coal. Weight for weight it is possible to se cure a calorific power of 20,000 heat units with oil while the calorific pow er of coal may be put at from 12,000 to la.OUO heat units. This means that one pound of oil is equal to about 1.6 pounds of coal in theory and frequent ly equals 2 to 1 in proctice. Another factor of vital importance is the power to vaporize water. Engin eers of experience who are familiar with the practical working of coal know that under the most favorable conditions not more than ten pounds of water can be vaporized per pound of coal; petroleum shows a vaporiza tion of 1 to IS pounus of water for every pound of oil consumed, estimat ing in both experiments the feel wa ter at 212 degrees F. The heat in coal transferable io wa ter is about 70 per cent, while the heat in petroleum transferable to wa ter is about 80 per cent, a gem of about 0000 hat units in each pound, rhi, is on the basis of pure coal. When we consider the waste amount ine in some cases .1.- r ,t.. mavna.lAnoit , I . 1. ' ,1.- rr-..unn A,l Tn- B month uvci-iuiiuucm, inc ...vjvpv.iiiw, im-ouucuu iiurm ui 1110 icaa uuu - fuel which cosls no more a"d the sharks. Hundreds of inexper- t-illo railway, and is conaumod wuniu a month is certainly a big ienced would be managers of short cap- a radius of 100 miles of the mines italized companies have taken chances producing it, none of it ever reaching ( Mll'3iM - ;MSg l-- - -; " ' ' 'fm mnJiJZ . lt? J. J. Rush Norvell. O. B. Greeves. Solinsky. W. H. Bartholomew. W. C. Averill. anytning witn 0n unproven oil land, too often saddling Southern, Central or Eastern Texas. Texas Coal Consumption. The annual consumption for Texas for commercial purposes and for rail way demands is iu excess of eight million tons, leaving a deficit of 4,000,000 tons, which deficit is eup plled with soft bituminous coal, from foreign territory, as with one excep tion (Houston and Texaa Central railway) lignite is not utilized by railroad companies, it being deficient in necessary values. This deficit of 4,000,000 tons takes from Texas an nually, for freight charges aud mine cost, ?17,250,000, which ia distributed in the other states to tho laboring people and to the railroads; this estimate eliminates tTexas railway proportions of through freight ratca on the deficit. With equitable freight rates on oil, the cost of this deficit ($17,250, 000) would find Its way, by legitimate channels, among Texas people la the vay of increased dividend to the manufacturer, increased wages to the laboring man, increased earnings to our railroads, increased acreage In rice, cotton, cane and other Texai, products. Increased dividends will induce capital to invest in Texas, in creased wages will bring labor and citizens. The rice and sugar industries are directly affected by these fuel oil rates, as cheap rates permit the development of millions of acres ot fertile land, located along our rail ways, as water Is the principal ex pense and oil the most economical fuel. The development of these lands in rice or sugar menus millions to 25 per ceui 6 ... i ..u o .... - ... .t . .h.n.mh tho its nf I m um venient over found in nearly an coai, suiu ua boiler room. the discharge oi same uon, me biuB i.u.e,u - -;ni ni,i;ffn. .. ,, . i. iwnnr.p . j ... :i i r ,mr,a aa tn n manv which uainomia uas ueeii nv-uniu...- on inemseiNes ..u.,v.u. - . , ncrease to tne railway com- Yihii,. elate ana eaiiu; auwi ttpi n tr ronnectea witn tne siauu yiye iuci uu ia , , . , - storage tank, which in turn dustrial propositions wnicn nave nere- it i ... - - - - lo lexalt muol, i-Piard instead of aid in generating the dereround Bt0raee heat, the difference in the per -em glye8 the requlrei pressure to the tofore forced annual aencus. obtained in actual practice is far great r than shown y tne above compari son. There is also iu coal a large per centage of loss in transportation and combustion in the heap, varying from 5 to 1" P'i" r, nl- ,-'l-om ,llP8e faltS WC can safe'v ronrlml- that the heating capac ty of oil is almost twice That of coal. s K'n-.hlly used. TI KI. COMI'OSITIOX. The following table shows the chem icsl imposit'on oi fuels: WimuI-Moisture. 2 per cent; car .r M ier cent; hydiog -u 4.S per oxvku 33.2 per cent: nitrogen, omizins burners in the furance; the standplpe must have an overflow pipe or relief valve, connection beln niado at or near top of the stand pipe for the re turn of surplus oil which the burners do not use. to the underground storage tank. To the bottom of the stand pipe is connected the pipe or lead line which conveys the o.. to the burners or injectors under the boiler into which the oil is forced under stand pipe pressure of from 6 to 8 pounds, and where the oil comes into contact with the air or steam, resulting In at- The burner in all systems ot OIL FACTS. One gallon of water weighs 8.33 lb. One gallon of crude petroleum about 20 degrees Baunie gravity weighs 778 lbs. A barrel of exported mineral oil con tains Si gallons. A barrel of crude pe troleum contains 42 gallons. Not counting overflow waste and the make money peddling out crude fuel fulfillment. For instance, there are many oil at $1 a barrel or at the rate of $1 oi) conlpan;es in the 15 oil fields of Cal- a month for kitchen fuel, about one- jfornja t,at pay a royalty of 25 per cent third what It costs the average fain- tQ ,Q ppf cem an, agrpe t0 ,rjng ; from ily for gas or coal. three to six wells a year. Other com- Whether the burners In use by the )an;cs pressed for tankage, pipe line and northern housewives are entirely sat- transportation facilities have run their 1 UKL OIL. - The Southern i'acilic Railway wWh uses more petroleum as a fuel in iti lo comotives than any other railway in the United States, has recently given out the f..lt....-;wr r,fri.r,.u .in, I furti frntii actual isfactory or not does not seem to be pr0(lm.,s in ,,, :iI, pressed f engineering department: 1.1.. ...... LHt.-v.Arl in Tia Anee- ... .. . . i ... rttroleuin Coal thoroughly established in IOS Ange les but if they should prove to be so with the present prices for fuel in sulphur. 0; ash. 1.2 per tnlg cagg i practically an injector. 1.4 r eat; car- Uallr in an annular jet, and its fine tr cmf ..... krini,. it tn a r.nili- at the Equator. UA,U. . K- ' u. ... Tli -nn.Mmn um t1I rill liV 3 OHI I J . - I IV IVIIJUMlJlKJH vl a!-" J tion in which it can combine rapidly and completely with the air. . per tl)t r-i.r . Coal nioisliiie. Ion. 75 per cnl; Eitroten. 1 rr nt; ah per cent. Lignit moisture 14 per cent; car ten. 55 per cnt; dydrogen. 4 per cent. Oxygen. 15 pr cent; nitrogen 1 per nt; sulphur 1 per cent; ash 10 pr ect.. Oilmojctnre ; catbon. per cent; lydrogen. 14 rr cent; orrn. ; al trtgen 0; sulfcpur. ; ah . COMMERCIAL SIDE. The commr ial ide of the quwtion aun b overiookefl a to the rel-t-iv cot -f n wieht of tal- crlfi effi in- in I u' Tb;s ! nlt may 1 dG to . t. - (ka II i v a - .r.t rri P-r ton of 1 or f, ,jr B v h,, .... m '1 on Ar,t rri'-e p-r ba:rl of o.l- Tie I- o- " -ZzXZ iB Un.. 'T tt- n-Vr T W.r -t of i. than at a LaO 'ttl ! 0'C " D VI mi. 1. fi ) d fo- i r '! y rp' u tl jt-rC cf oil -Bt raior re pv--i - ' accidents by fire and flood the total num ti,j8 , ty. there would seem to be a Iter barrels of crude petroleum pro- pSKji)iijty of disposing of nearly luOO t'ueed in the United States from 1850 barrels of oil a day for domestic fn tip to January I, 1901, is the appalling el in this city to say nothins of other number of 1.000.584.4.-9 bbls. Counting towns in Southern California. -6t cubic feet for a barrel, this would The state at large should crude oil domestic fuel con hi .1f - 1: t ... A'.nntttfr ,1.? Loma n t.t,tll1a- , . t ..s., .uu 1, ..- n a uuc line a vjvi 111 ui"i" in-. ..m ine Steam carries 111- iiu.u .u . . , ., . u 1 ... in .!. families for .. . .. 1 .1 ,n L tt.rnft arn mn inc i imiiiMi u iiiai.vv ... Lv their creditors have sold their oil at ;my price. Di-iorgaiiiatiiui in price was the result. The older, the stronger and better coin paiiics, earlier on the M:eiie refused to ciiinbinc with tlie younger and weaker, and the conwquen'-e was the weaker in drowning have nearly ilragcrcd nn'lrr Ratio of fuel ! cap. th.r who niiht lave .avrd th'-m. Ration by imaure .. Miles run 24 2-M AveraKe steam pr-ssiiie. . . . 133 13') tials. of water cvap O60J 5y8o Gals. Oil burned 755 Lbs fuel burned 6040 H"4J Miles run per ton 74 '4 557 . I 1.41 ..lOBygal. I.T motive engine is aWit 25 bbls. a day. common ... 1 r .. . -.i;f. Kem to Hrlrfc manufacturers thlxnehout the l me enu 01 ine pre.eni ,cr Wn..- Kart and North are using petroleum nas dfferem railroads will have n;o as a substitute for ,ft It is en&lnes in use. For 360 days in a year -mokelefg. for the fine pry of oil f..it wou'J require a total consumption thich comes from the burner consists l,v the railwavs alone of over loonoooo of nh m nute particles of the liquid J,t 0f pe roleum yearly. Ibcre are t-n refinerit in Cal.fornii Ui iig two m I! cm barrels of crude an nuillr. The ,-reet ra.Uays, 15 river and is o tboronahly m:x-d with oy geB that wbea it burns th otobii?tlon ia compete, and only tam and ar bonir a'id gas fo out tbro'ieb the top of th kiln. O l f'i-1 wbn rr-'rr;y ap pi ! i aWj'ii'ely ran. "ne mn ty urn tz a va've ma? vtn.if - b Jt of a kn rtitaitiTig i tn i'ion i-ik. itvmrs, two ifc-amsh ps. the Union ,)r,.frable fuel, at approximately Ir jn w.-. t'.e 1 u.tn lryn Uots. tne Fer es and f -ur cit tea:iitr consum; inothtr rn.ll.on. One hundred manufac- Tlie oil sharks of the cast with their Thin it will lie son that :ilont 170 gal- .. ... . . r ... . r .. t. . .r...i.,. 1 . ... .1.. ..... .H . f from l.OoO.lMMI to 3.UW.IMMJ iiarrM 01 w ducat metliols lor tne faic 01 men v ions 01 iui on cjn.j out . mhen brought Into tiifi dev lopiurnt stock have adverti-ed bituminous cual. I be gravity ol tlie o.l dividends and profits and made state- as about lO d'grtc s fiatime, flash point nients in g'aring lines no:hing short of .-40 I'., fire .mt f I". Mr. Stilllman. wholesale line-. The wildcat methods the riiR iier .f the t' -ts ftrtind that Tex- f,r the; sale of mi-h companies as the i ,,. ,as .,vral alv ani:igs over rle Diamond Star, the Santa Maria, the California p rod int. Central Star, the HawVeye, the Fjstrrn Tr id'i t K .ky of the Santa I'e g vei -tar. Old .lory. the Kastern Cortsoli- otit the follow. rig far-j r,it f'iel o:l te-s da'ed. the R Pan'X h. and a do?n cm that railway : 1-af oil cor-KTa'ion-. and a vore of "T'-nv fr e 'J"'t pt "d fre si t to called oil invr-t tr.er.t c-.mpan'e- have fg tie on a -0 'lay rm e-4 2177 resulted in a ..r? ,! '-rr d Si'J V7 t,f -,al atM .,v-re4 974. m: tit aboit from mhich it will tale :!n'e r"r- 4j m . j- r -n. 1 1 is m ;.ns - -00 irtil f-u a I'lTiR true ' r-r-fy ai-d i-oer. jr n'n-h f-r a 11 ' i' n. at fl ?, llM-re no do-l.t n t'-e tn.nd of r birr-' w iH ! '.. lent ro-t ... , 1.1 use l.u) a oarrei be a maximum prif-e to be nai.l at anv n, nt on tne naiini for oil delivered in barrel lots, the present valae on loard cars in Oak land in carload lots now being but To cents, while the margin left for the retailers i very high at ll.sO. It would seem, however, that petro-l-um gas. tven under the most fa vorable method of using oil. would ie the fame roi. and the claim is made that fuel pas . an e produ'ed and -",ld at a eoid profit for SO cents a 1 ! ! in a r.ir. d 1 In a Urr5. If lf or ng inJjitre .n San Franctco, fac- thousand f4. at which rate the cost :n o-her cjast c.ties. pump ng ta- for ib av-arre family would be ! fwl f-cra ttrolrum. e'e and t--n tl and II. r. ,-,g .t wou'd male a to a! con- atsm.yai.ee or a greasy fwl " . -1- .ffi-a je.s.'ble t e cf aV-tt 15.- r.-4 with. aLd h maximum of , KaTiim- ait th J.lt'I.-n is as- ifj'fj u ..i. ;"! a . i- w'yu d 'a s OHH't Vi. -J fu.I , , .r tr.-r .v. -.i. t, ,v.. itrarwi 1" I Anrej-s (,4 mo-i -ltt. II ' 1 ' t t . . . a ... ... . iflyj j'ltr.'ii ane ra- o 1 - - ' ho-,e who tinder-lard 'he sifi "0 tl.at t ie j,r-nt d-pres.j.i ; v.rjr .--t With eas all the iVft that ".''d ha.';- n o t' 14 4 10 '-.! -f-" I:ii'"e ' ol J :nd r.'r'if-m o.l T l,r w Id j-r; 1!" J4 .E Ur 3 5 rs -n t- -lie wa. .!! r--n. V.rr lb' T1'-S. It W.'l T.-1 --.r j,-r.-rr-. d w,.. r't.p w il a-'m --r ral of ti e fi."-1 r ;nt'! rrit fr""'"e '--r ?id f--'rT:t r'od 1 " In g i)1 in t r fii"T erfri - 1 a ?2 rr bif-'l ' -j'l:t4,i.-ri! - ;t aV" A f-T -oil. KTT'f P-p'T. : r'.- J J 'O '-. " T-,!;.V.,f y y,.y v - fri"d :I i 7 ' i I