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Zhc 2attg- Enterprise.
OIL EDITION. PART FOUR. Vol. 5. Beaumont, Texa?, August 20t44MH. no i Mo. 101. REVIEW OF THE FIELD. The first oil lease on record In Jef ferson county was made In 1866 and was given by a Mr. Hillebrandt to a man by the name of Mason from Ala bama. The terras were one-tenth roy alty. In the same year Dr. B. T. Cav anaugh, an Eastern gentleman who had been prospecting for oil and coal Jn the Northwestern part of the State, and who endeavored to trace the direc tion of the oil, finally reached Sour Lake, where he found oil In greater quantities than at any point In the State. Dr. Cavanaugh said he was possessed "of Instruments which en abled him to locate two large veins passing under what Is known as "Sour Lake," which he said ran from North west to Southeast, and that two veins .crossed these at right angles. Dr. Cavanaugh then learned of the socall ed oil pool In the gulf and also exam ined the sea wax which is found In great quantities on the Gulf Coast. He pronounced It bitumen and para fine, and thought that it came from oil which escaped in the Gulf. He ad vanced the theory that there is a great vein of oil extending from here to Trinidad, and that the great bitumi nous lake at TrinldaS has its source here. Dr. Cavanaugh published the result of his researches in a Beaumont paper in 1878 and said that a great vein of oil flowed down the Neches valley. He was so firmly convinced of the existence of oil at Sour Lake that he would have put down a well If he could have secured a lease. The first most important effort at development was by the Gladys City Company which is told in another ar ticle of this issue by Capt. O'Brien: then the operations at Sour Lake by Savage Brothers. Capt. A. F. Lucas and J. A. Paulhamus next appeared on the scene, one to prospect for oil at Gladys City and the other to lease lands. The result of the former's ef forts was the accidental turning loose of the greatest gusner of oil in the United States, and some think in tTie world. According to the story told Ty the men who were working the drill on January 10th they had reached a depth of about 1100 feet. They had teen making very Blow progress n on the morning of the tenth, had pull ed their pipe to change the shoe. They had begun lowering their pipe and had In a string of 650 feet, when the pipe began to move upward and the water commenced flowing from the well. It moved slowly at first, and then It was carried into the air as if It were a mere plaything. It is estimated by those who saw it, that It went 300 feet high, and It was followed by a stream of oil which flowed 150 feet high. It con tinued to flow that way until the next morning, when It deereaseJ until it did not reach the helghth of the der rick, and It began to look as if it would do like all big gushers In this country had done before It, and would quit flowing. It wasn't that kind of a well, hewever, and shortly before noon It began to roar and throw shale, then stopped for a moment to break loose asaln with greater force than ever reaching a height, conservatively es timated to be 180 feet. This flow con tinued for nine days, when it was con trolled by a valve, firmly anchore.1. The striking of this monster gusher caused the greatest excitement in the history of oildom. Locally, the people went wild; not that It was surprising 4 '- W 1 THE FIRST OIL WELL, 1859. From a Painting by Thompson, Property of Judge L. R. Beckley, of New York. that oil should be discovered for it was known that a good showing of oil had already been found but because of the Immense amount. The first from the outside to reach Beaumont were the Corsicana oil men and among them was Mayor "Golden Rule" Jones of Toledo. Ohio, who hap prned to be in Corsicana at the time. He at once pronounced It one of the oil wonders of the world and said that It was fortunate for the oil interests cf the East that it was only fuel oil. He at once recognised th Importance of the discBvery and predicted that we lud entered upon an era of fuel oil. Tee volume of oil which came from the well .was at i rst estimated -from 5.000 to 25,000 barrels. The first man to figure out the most correct estimate of Its production was Col. W. A. Fletcher, of this city. He said that It was flowing at least 50,000 barrels. Afterward Mr. John H. Galey, one of the owners of the well, said that a Standard Oil expert had estimated that It would flow 70,000 barrels daily and this figure has generally been ac cepted as correct. The rush from the Corsicana field was followed by a host of oil nfen from the East. They had paid no at tention to the first reports of the big strike but when the man who sends V out quotations for the Standard Oil Company began to mark down the the Eastern product, because of the Lucas gusher, they awoke, packeJ their grips and boarded the first train for Beaumont. Among them were some of the oldest operators In the Eastern fields. Uncle John Galloway was one of the first to put in an ap pearance; Senator Lock wood. J. W. flrandon. J. H. Schiede. W. S. Watson. J. Quay. J. L. ODonnell. John Graver, John M. Murphy. M. Eagan. W. C. Mc Eride. J. J. Lledecker. all of the Penn sylvania field: J. L. Caldwell. J. C. MrMin-w. E. Stieaer. F. II. Park. Clell X:i hoi!. T. M. Kis?r anl J. M. Kelly of the West Virginia field; C. F. Lut kin, Senator "Shaw, N. S. Meadows, D. A. Herring, C. C. Conroy, V. Co vllle and Harry Decker from the Ohio field, while from California came Scott Heywood, C. L. Hanson, Chan cellor and Canfield, E. W. Hayward and many others. With them came a throng of promoters from the middle West and Beaumont at once entered upon an exciting era. It is worthy of note that the men who were the oldest In oil experience have made the least In this field with the exception of Guffey and Galey. These men are al ways the first In new fields. Neodesha, Kans., and Corsicana owe their devel opment to these enterprising gentle-' men. The old timers knew too much. They wanted no smal ltracts In theirs and they would not buy a lease. Such things were not customary with oil men, they said and they sat around while the greenhorns gobbled up the good things. The following story will Illustrate the way of things at that time. Dewey Heywood and Harry Decker were rooming at the same house. Both wanted to get in on the ground floor. Decker asked Heywood what he was going to do. "Well," said Dewey, "I have a few thousand and I am going to get as close up to that gusher as I can." "Not I." said Decker. "I don't want any small tract in mine. I have a few thousand but I am going to get as big a lease as I can for my money." The Heywood brothers secured a fifteen acre .'tract within a short dis tance oFthe Lucas well, on which they nave drilled three gushers, and the Heywood Oil Company expects to pay 20 per cent annanlly on its capital stock. Harry put a three thousand acre tract across the river and, while he could have realized a fortune If he had turn eel them loose during the boom, hl3 leases are not of any value at the present time. This illustrates the dif ference between the old timers of the East and the inexperienced man of fEe West, and up to date the latter have had the best of it. Strange as it may seem now after the wild excitement of April and May, there were many who thought that It doubtful if another gusner would be struck and the urlll of the Beatty or National well was awaited with great Interest, and when that well proved to be as good as the Lucas the excite ment was greater than when the Lucas broke loose. Oil companies were formed whose capital stock In some instances reached millions, and the companies which were organized first, were overwhelmed with appli cations for stock. There Is no mean at bant of knowing the amount of mon'v which flom-ed Into this city to be la vested In oils tocks. bit It