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•?." 1 FAMED FOE QUALITY. MICHIGAN PEACHES CARRY OPF ^-HE PALM FQR FLAVOtt. JUL •v een Cheap and Very 'Plentiful Season-Million* of Baaketa "ffhtppcd to Chicago for/Packing- and Distribution. t* *'A i* Iiuaclons Frmt. f% -1 Every time Chicago sits down to ^.•breakfast in the peach season, sajs ^Kthe Chronicle, the yield of halt a hun §p£dred acres of Michigan peaches is con jsumed, and the country west, rolling tip a proportionate average, helps to ..^pay off that vast army of pickers, pack- .. 1 s'"h'- THE STREET MARKET FOR PEACHES IN BENTON HARBOR. matt «,'i «rs, carters, vesselmen, teamsters, *1 ii commission .merchants and basket *?*•', makers who, since early in July, have been part and parcel of the 'millions -of i"' 1 1 the ^anions peach belt of .the Wplver ile «&£te. If rom Berrien County north, •rpafl band ten miles in width along ires of, Lake Michigan is the la fruit center, and all this terri tory, with its millions of acres, is de- voted to supplying the Western markets with fruits and vegetables of various JP'- W, kinds, with peaches far" in the lead as an edible, out of which many hand i,\/a' some fortunes have been'made by in telligent growers. The present year has been a banner one JOT this inter-. iU est. More peaches hate Taeen shipped than In.any previous season, for several days of tone week some .20^000 bushels »|L V« arrivtagln Chicago regularly., notwitli standing'the fact that detest vario la V' „ties dropped from $5 to $1.75per bush el, and .that thousands- of 1-5 bushel 1 baskets 'brought less thscn 'S eents gjL'V,4' Michigan peaches begin coming as early as the first week in July, and I V,A(' shipments continue until anow flies. /|4jNearly A all of them are sent, Ijy boat, and a morning scene in the Chicago peach (docks is often enlivened by the i' arrival .of a steamer carrying as high as TO^IOO bushels of the fruit. The mo ment these arrive a hundred stout- armed men march in single file'down a ^gangplank, and, threading .the bas eft ill half-dozens, convey them to. as ,i»y waiting cars. Th^y are ,hur to rthe great commission marts of fe eltj:, and the big steamer "puffs its way hack to St. Joseph for another load, to keep busy #the 3,000 men who ane'engaged daily (during the sea son about the various loading and un loading "docks. There to a profit in raising peaches, notwithstanding the price fluctuations of the season, and fruit growers in such •^favored localities as Benton Harbor, 4.1 v*, ,tr" E MORN13TG -SCENE where transportation facilities .are su perhr, are exceedingly prosperous «nd vsa£ta Here is located the largest y^peaek farm in Michigan, and that Wmesuw in the wrald. It is owsed 'by %§!RoHani Morrill, president of the Mkfb- P|lgan State Horticultural Society, and Jhe has made a fortune out of it. It is about miles from Benton Harbor,, iand contains 300 acres, 100 acres of i-which ane devoted exclusively to1 ipeaches, meaning a yearly yield of 180,000 bushels. Ten acres Is devoted It© a late vartety, known as the Golden Di»p, which has yielded $10,000 clear ^profit within five years, being, there fore, most appropriately named. Other great farms are being yearly opened. one of jvhlch, owned-by the West p.' 'Michigan Nursery Company, will con tain 800 acres, and eclipse even the Morrill farm as soon as the trejps be gin to bear. 1 Thirty years about cover the history *ot the peach industry in Berrien Coun ty, for it was not until 1800 that or chards of any size were set out in the vicinity of Benton Harbor and St. Jo seph. The pioneers soon had fruit bearing land up to ?1,000 an acre. The year 1808 marked the appearance of such diseases as ''blotches" and "yel lows" among the peaches, spreading until five years later not a peach or chard of any size was left in Berrien Cbunty. Orchards which had been worth fortuiies were set back on a gen eral produce-bearing basis of value. The peach industry was dead, and not until ten years ago did a revival come. The disease gradually lost its hold, and Berrien County is now the banner peach district of Michigan.. Naturally, the peach tree is a sloven. -1 It will grow out oi shape in on6 sea son if left to itself. To correct this the grower goes over, his orchard every spring, cutting Off just. half of every twig which grew the season before. In another respect the peach tree is very troublesome. It undertakes more than it can accomplish in fruit bear ing. It overloads itself, and the first DOCKS given'way before this scrutiny, and even if no State Inspector were going tfle rounds of Michigan orchards the yellows would have little chance to spread, for no progressive farmer \-auld let a suspected tree stand for aa hour after it had been noticed. The foundation of a peach orchard is the nursery, In which pits froni the peach orchards of Tennessee are plant ed. At one year old these seedling shoots are taken up and set out in the orchards in squares-of twenty feet, giving 108 trees to the acre. In the fol lowing spring they are ready for bud ding. Buds are taken from bearing trees which have demonstrated the quality of their fruit. A branch is cut from the tree, and from this branch a bit of bark is cut in the shape of a dagger's blade, carrying with it just one leaf bud. With a pointed knife a perpendicular slit is cut in the bark of the seedling, almost at the ground. This slit is about an inch long and at the top of it, at right angles, another cut is made through the bark, extending a quarter of an inch on each side of. the perpendicular slit. Into this ero3S cut the point of the dagger-like piece of bark is thrust and pushed down ward until it is snugly housed by the loosened bark, leaving only the bud protruding. On each side of this bud the bark of the seedling is wrapped and in a few weeks the incisions have healed, leaving the bud growing. The year following the budding pro cess the pruner passes through the young orchard and cuts away the whole top of the seedling, just above" the shoot from the bud, and the bud's growth is thinned to one straight shoot. At one year old this shoot will pror duce peaches. They are not allowed to grow, however, but are pulled olf before the pits in the fruit begin to harden. The next year they are allow ed to bear a few peaches, in the third year they bep.r a few more, and in the fourth year the orchard is paying profits to the grower. After this year nothing else, is grown in the orchard, but from May 1 to Aug. 15, twice a week, the ground is stirred by a "weeder." which loosens the soil to (GATHERING THE PEACHES. i(Sceae In It. Morrel's Peach Farm.itlie Largest In Michigan.) work of the grower is to thin his peaches. On an average it costs $17 an acre to do this work. No skill is needed for It, and the Michigan tramp has the reputation of doing the work. Provided with a step-ladder, he goes over every limb, flipping off the fruit, as hearly as possible leaving the peach es four inches apart on the twigs. This is done just "before the pits begin to harden in the green fruit. CHICAGO. Flint of Berrien County peaches comes the "Lewis seedling," one of the amst popular varieties. It is of median size, red-ooated and having white meat. The Crawford peach is another favorite, and is of a golden yellow tfie "Stumps" peach, beauti fully matfced, with a white meat, is profitable, but of them'all the "Elber ta" peach is king. Just now it is os the market, large as an ordinary tea dip, blotched with brilliant red, and the under side yellow as gold. It brings the top price of the market, the Wholesaler in Chicago paylug $1 for seventy-two picked peaches. Peaches in Berrien County are near er perfection than they have ever been, and to maintain this perfection or chards are watched for the first sign of deterioration. No tree that is un healthy is allowed to cumber toe ground. The dreaded yellows bare the depth of an Inch or more. A man with one horse and this "weeder" cul tivates twenty-five acres a day on an average. Between crops bonedus: and potash are sowii broadcast over the ground, the influences of which are manifest directly in the fruit, show* Vug juiciness and color. Economic Value of Birds. The economic value of birds is untoia This fact might be placed beyond dis pute If it were possible to prepare two tables—one showing how many wire worms it would take to destroy a mile of turnips,' how many grubs to ravage the wheat harvests of a dozen farms, how many insects to strip the leafy blades of a forest bare, how many to spoil the fruits of wide orchards, and the cither recording the fact that these Tery numbers of insects are eaten by a few humble birds in the course of the year. That the result wonld be con clusive evidence of the birds' value may be safely foretold by a glance at a few facts which have already been brought to bear upon the question. In the spring, when there are clamor ous young birds in the nest, the house sparrow returns every three or four mlnntes, each time bearing spoils in the shape of insect food. Calculated at its lowest possible value—that is, allowing only one insect to each journey—this thankless task represents tens of thou sands of captured insects as the work of one pair of birds in one month. Swift filers like the swallow that hawk for food in the air may rank higher. They slay hundreds of thousands. Liberal Marriage Laws. The marriage laws of the different States in this country are in general so liberal that to most persons it will be a surprise to learn that in quite a number of States the marriage of first cousins is foibidden. This is the case in Arizona, Arkansas, Illinois, Indi ana, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Ne vada, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Da kota, Washington and Wyoming. Willie—Are you the nearest relative I've got, mamma? Mother—Yes, love, anrl your pa is the closest relativf you've got.—Judge. A HIS TIME HADN'T COME. Consequently This Algerian Pconndrcl Arose from His Grave. Hanging, when done officially, is ex pected to result in the death of the man hanged. It does not always have that termination, however, and Ameri can!' history records .a few instances in which men who have been hanjred and pronounced dead have been resusci tated and lived long and more or less useful lives thereafter. A similar case occurred recently in Tunis, Algeria. Mohammed Ben Ahmed el Habibi was sent to the gallows for assassinating a fellow "religionist" at Bizerte, near Tunis, Algeria, quartering two of his children, and firing on the guards com missioned to arrest him. When the day of his execution ar rived a great crowd of Arabs had gath ered near the gallows to witness the last writhing struggles of the doomdd man. Finally the Victim was led forth. The hangman seized him and put the silk rope around his neck. Immedi ately the assistant loosed the strap COOI.LY ASKED FOB A DHIXK. ind Mohammed Ben Ahmed swtin# out Into space. Spasms shook the body of the murderer then all was siient, and everyone thought that it was all over and well over with Mohammed, Ben Ahmed. He was left suspended about a quarter of an hour, after which he was cut down, placed on a litter, and carried to .the criminals' cemetery. After the grave-digger had finished his labors, the body was placed in the unhollowfed- trench, and a few shovels of dirt were thrown upon the quiet form. Suddenly the still form began to show signs of life, and at last sat up with great difficulty, and coolly remarked to' the dIggerr "Befo\'e you bury me give me something to drink." The Unexpected resurrection so af frighted the sexton that he dropped his shovel, and fled to the prisop at Barrio, where he informed the director of his weird discovery. From 9 o'clock until 12 Mohammed Ben Ahmed remained in the shallow grave exposed to the burning rays of the sun. Then he was removed to the hospital for convicts at Sadiki, where lie was taken e&re of. He was soon out of danger, and was transferred to the galleys of La Ghulette, where he is doomed to hard labor for life, which Is looked* upon as a commutation of sentence. The grave-digger was so af fected by the shock given his nerves that his life Is in danger. VENTILATED SHOES. ther Have Been Invented bjr a Salt Lake City Genius. Mr. Matthew Hilgert, of Salt Lake City, has invented a ventilated shoe. The shoe has a laminated insole having three air channels leading from a com mon source in the heel. The hole in the VENTILATED SHOES. heel lis supplied with a spring acting on the principle of a bellows, and at every step the air is forced through the channels provided and around the shoe by •the motions of the foot. The Pueblo Women. "The Pueblo-dndian women are often very pretty as girls, and some of them make stately young mothers," writes Hamlin Garland in the Ladies' Home Journal. "They work generally in groups of three or four, cooking, whitewashing, weaving, or painting potteiy. They seem to have a good deal to chatter about, and their smiling faces are very agreeable. They have most excellent white teeth. Their ceremonial dress is very picturesque' especially the costume of the Acoma and Isleta girls. All burdens are car ried by the women of Acoma, Isleta and Laguna upon the head, and they have, in consequent, a magnificent carriage, even late in life. The old women of Walpi, on the contrary, are bent and down-looking. They carry their burdens on their backs slung In a blanket. The girls of Isleta wear a light cloth, over their heads Spanish fashion, and manage it with fine grace and coquetry. The every-day dress of the Hopi women consists of a sort of kilt, which is wrapped around the hips and fastened with a belt (a modification of the blanket or wolf-skin) above this a sort of sleevless chemise partly cov ers the bosom. Their hair is carefully tended, but it worn in an ungraceful. mode by some of the women. The wo men of Hano cut the hair In front square across about the. line of the lips, while the back hair is gathered into a sort of billet. The front hair hangs down over the faces, often concealing one eye. The unmarried women in Walpi wear their hair in a strange way.- They coil it into two big,disks just above their ears—'the intent being. to symbolize their youth and promise by imitating the squash flower. The matrons correspondingly dress their, hair to symbolize the ripened squash.V Some of the maidens Were wonderful ly Japanese in appearance London Smoke. Anew and unexpected agency is hav ing a most beneficial effect in contribut ing to the abatement of the smoke nui sanee in London. The relative clearness of the London atmosphere within the: last twelve months has been plainly ap-i parent, and the smoke cloud which ob-! scures the London atmosphere appears to be progressively lightening. Mr. Ear-, nest Hart,chairman ofihe Smoke Abate ment Exhibition in London, frequently: pointed out that the greatest contribu tors to the smoke cloud of London'were the small grates of the enormous num ber of houses of the poor, and a great deal of ingenuity has been exhausted with relatively little success in endeav oring to abate the nuisance, The use of gas fires was urgently rec ommended, but had hitherto been diffi cult, owing to. its cost and the want of suitable apparatus. The rapid and very extensive growth of the use of gas for the working qjasses, due to the intro duction of the "penny in the slot" sys tem, is working a great revolution in the London atmosphere. During the last four years the South London Gas Company alone lias fixed 50,000 slot meters and nearly 38,000 small gas cooking stoves in the houses of the workingman. This movement is still making great progress, and we hope means may be found to extend it to the houses of the more comfortable classes. The enormous improvement in the Lon dpn atmosphere and the clearing away of a smoke pall which hangs over Lon don may then be anticipated. (Ureat progress has already been made, and still may be hoped for, in the clearing of the London air.' Unusual Snrgical Operation, A quite novel surgical operation has successfully been performed at Parma, Italy, by Professor Camillo Verdelli, in the presence of all the physicians of the Paimese hospital and with very sat isfactory results. The new operation was the washing of the heart. It was the first operation of the kind and Pro fessor Verdelli employed the washing apparatus recently invented by Pro fessor Rlva. After making an opera tive incision Professor Verdelli first cleaned the pericardium of the patient, a 12-year-old boy, of tlie pus which had accumulated thereon, and then pro ceeded to wash the heart with a strong solution of soda biborate (borax). The operation was very successful, inas much as no further complication has arisen. The boy is now doing very well and Is on his way to complete re covery. Professor Vardelli has re ceived numerous congratulations for his success with the new operation from surgeons all over Europe. Kashmir Sheep. A. traveler through Kashmir recently foiyid in practice there a novel method of putting fodder up for winter use. The country lies in a valley among the Him alayas. The chief industry of the peo ple consists in raising fine wool and in making this into fabrics which have carried the name of the country all over: the world. "A curious custom in some places," he says, "Is that of hanging quantities of bay up among thie branches of trees. Why it was done was more than I could guess, till my guide informed me that in winter the snow lies five or six yards In depth and that the supplies of hay, which now look only as if they were meant for giraffes, are then easily reached by the flocks of sheep which abound there." Seemed Reasonable, ''v*' 1 "On what ground," asked the court, "does the petitioner base his demand for changingTiis name?" "On the ground," replied the peti tioner's attorney, "that he was not con sulted when his parents, who were Methodists,-gave him the name of John Wesley. He now wishes to have it legally changed to Roger Williams, so he can join the Baptists quietly and without attracting undue attention." Managing Editor—Send the chief ar tist out on that suicide story, will you? Assistant—Not safe, I'm afraid. He's drunk to-day. Managing Editor—That so? Well—then have him make a pos ter for us!—Truth. How people long for undisturbed peace, as they grow older! And how the band plays on just the same! Very Pretty Desijrna that An Not Difficult to Stale. Small round and square doilies, to match this design in center, pattern and edge ojin be made six or eight inch est in diameter, or square, if desired. A very nice set would be one square centerpiece about twelve inches each way, one round centerpiece about twen ty inches In diameter and half a dozen each of square and round doilies, all worked in the maiden-hair fern pat tern, and having pale green applied centers. The design for a square doily, shown in the illustration, is somewhat similar in pattern to the centerpiece, but bearing a buttonholed scroll edge. This is a very effective edging, if nicely worked, and. filled in the solid parts, and centerpiece treated in a similar manner would be very pleas ing. In combination with green fern leaves a bright pink edging would be in harmony, but if a white or cream edging is preferred it is always a satis factory finish at the edge of fancy pieces. For cotton table covers, sofa pillow-slips and pillow shams this treatment of applied centers will be found very attractive, as, for instance a white cloth with a pink, blue or green patch and a design carried out In the 'same shade of linen as the applied patch. What could be more pleasing thai a centerpiece of white linen With a pale pink applied center and a design of sweet peas worked in several deli cate tones of pink and blue and the stems and leaves in light gree#V The SQUARE DOILY. possibilities of this scheme are with out limit, and while these suggestions are for the centerpieces and dollies only it will be possible to adapt this idea to almost any. piece of embroidery' work. NEW CHAINLESS WHEEL. invention Which I* Canting Consld erable Talk in the Cycling World. One of the largest-bicycle makingr f, firms in the country has been experi-, menting all summer with a chainless ,/ bicycle, and. results ri are more than sat-§^ .:^VM lflfactory.' It is an nounced that the-i^ gear will be large ly used on their 1807 wheels. J? r- Hi X* 'wi n- 'A a' I $ t# 1 .. f* y. A glance at the||f||§||| cut will give a fair idea of the The usual shaft carries, In stead of the ordin-, ary large sprocket a beveled gear of *_ suitable size, mesh- §}Pj^§0$ ing with which Is a smaller gear, he S The One with Which Aaron Burr Killed Alexander Hamilton. The. famous pistol with which Aaron Burr killed Alexander Hamilton is now in possession of Mr. Louis Marshall or Versailles, Ky. The weapon has chang ed hands often, and while in the pos session of Mr. Thomas F. Marshall he had the dueling pistol altered from a. THE BURR DUELING PISTOL. flint to a percussion lock. It still shoots very accurately, and carries a two ounce ball. Its barrel, which is 12 inches long, looks more like a flection of a shotgun than anything else, while the handle is marked twice with the. "X" sisrn. which meant in the palmy days of dueling that the weapon had done fatal work. 't thing, -c .V" crank.' tv shaft of* which as through or oyer the .. Jfv FAMOUS PISTOL. •k right rear fork rear end of thtoV-.yv-.' shaft carries an-f CHAINLESS WHEEL, other email gear on the rear hub, instead of the usual rear sprocket. At each end this shaft is carried on ball bearings, which are arranged in such a way that wear can be taken up without affecting the mesh ing of the gears. The bearings for the hub and cranks are of the Usual form. Once adjusted there is seldom a change, and when necessary it can be done as readily as a simple bearing.