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Canton daily leader. [volume] (Canton, South Dakota) 1896-1896, October 31, 1896, Image 1

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•?." 1
een Cheap and Very 'Plentiful
Season-Million* of Baaketa
"ffhtppcd to Chicago for/Packing- and
Iiuaclons Frmt. f% -1
Every time Chicago sits down to
^.•breakfast in the peach season, sajs
^Kthe Chronicle, the yield of halt a hun
§p£dred acres of Michigan peaches is con
jsumed, and the country west, rolling
tip a proportionate average, helps to
..^pay off that vast army of pickers, pack-
«,'i «rs, carters, vesselmen, teamsters,
*1 ii commission .merchants and basket
*?*•', makers who, since early in July, have
been part and parcel of the 'millions -of
the ^anions peach belt of .the Wplver
ile «&£te. If rom Berrien County north,
•rpafl band ten miles in width along
ires of, Lake Michigan is the la
fruit center, and all this terri
tory, with its millions of acres, is de-
voted to
supplying the Western markets
with fruits and vegetables of various
JP'- W, kinds, with peaches far" in the lead as
an edible, out of which many hand
i,\/a' some fortunes have been'made by in
telligent growers. The present year
has been a banner one JOT this inter-.
iU est. More peaches hate Taeen shipped
than In.any previous season, for several
days of tone week some .20^000 bushels
»|L V« arrivtagln Chicago regularly., notwitli
standing'the fact that detest vario
la V' „ties dropped from $5 to $1.75per bush
el, and .that thousands- of 1-5 bushel
1 baskets 'brought less thscn 'S eents
gjL'V,4' Michigan peaches begin coming as
early as the first week in July, and
I V,A(' shipments continue until anow flies.
all of them are sent, Ijy boat,
and a morning scene in the Chicago
peach (docks is often enlivened by the
i' arrival .of a steamer carrying as high
as TO^IOO bushels of the fruit. The mo
ment these arrive a hundred stout-
armed men march in single file'down
a ^gangplank, and, threading .the bas
eft ill half-dozens, convey them to. as
,i»y waiting cars. Th^y are ,hur
to rthe great commission marts of
fe eltj:, and the big steamer "puffs its
way hack to St. Joseph for another
load, to keep busy
3,000 men
who ane'engaged daily (during the sea
son about the various loading and un
loading "docks.
There to a profit in raising peaches,
notwithstanding the price fluctuations
of the season, and fruit growers in such
•^favored localities as Benton Harbor,
where transportation facilities .are su
perhr, are exceedingly prosperous «nd
Here is located the largest
y^peaek farm in Michigan, and that
Wmesuw in the wrald. It is owsed 'by
%§!RoHani Morrill, president of the Mkfb-
State Horticultural Society, and
Jhe has made a fortune out of it. It is
about miles from Benton Harbor,,
iand contains 300 acres, 100 acres of
ane devoted exclusively to1
ipeaches, meaning a yearly yield of
180,000 bushels. Ten acres Is devoted
It© a late vartety, known as the Golden
Di»p, which has yielded $10,000 clear
^profit within five years, being, there
fore, most appropriately named. Other
great farms are being yearly opened.
one of jvhlch, owned-by the West
p.' 'Michigan Nursery Company, will con
tain 800 acres, and eclipse even the
Morrill farm as soon as the trejps be
gin to bear.
1 Thirty years about cover the history
*ot the peach industry in Berrien Coun
ty, for it was not until 1800 that or
chards of any size were set out in the
vicinity of Benton Harbor and St. Jo
seph. The pioneers soon had fruit
bearing land up to ?1,000 an acre. The
year 1808 marked the appearance of
such diseases as ''blotches" and "yel
lows" among the peaches, spreading
until five years later not a peach or
chard of any size was left in Berrien
Cbunty. Orchards which had been
worth fortuiies were set back on a gen
eral produce-bearing basis of value.
The peach industry was dead, and not
until ten years ago did a revival come.
The disease gradually lost its hold,
and Berrien County is now the banner
peach district of Michigan..
Naturally, the peach tree is a sloven.
It will grow out oi shape in on6 sea
son if left to itself. To correct this the
grower goes over, his orchard every
spring, cutting Off just. half of every
twig which grew the season before.
In another respect the peach tree is
very troublesome. It undertakes more
than it can accomplish in fruit bear
ing. It overloads itself, and the first
given'way before this scrutiny, and
even if no State Inspector were going
tfle rounds of Michigan orchards the
yellows would have little chance to
spread, for no progressive farmer
\-auld let a suspected tree stand for
aa hour after it had been noticed.
The foundation of a peach orchard is
the nursery, In which pits froni the
peach orchards of Tennessee are plant
ed. At one year old these seedling
shoots are taken up and set out in the
orchards in squares-of twenty feet,
giving 108 trees to the acre. In the fol
lowing spring they are ready for bud
ding. Buds are taken from bearing
trees which have demonstrated the
quality of their fruit. A branch is cut
from the tree, and from this branch a
bit of bark is cut in the shape of a
dagger's blade, carrying with it just
one leaf bud. With a pointed knife a
perpendicular slit is cut in the bark of
the seedling, almost at the ground. This
slit is about an inch long and at the
top of it, at right angles, another cut
is made through the bark, extending
a quarter of an inch on each side of.
the perpendicular slit. Into this ero3S
cut the point of the dagger-like piece
of bark is thrust and pushed down
ward until it is snugly housed by the
loosened bark, leaving only the bud
protruding. On each side of this bud
the bark of the seedling is wrapped
and in a few weeks the incisions have
healed, leaving the bud growing.
The year following the budding pro
cess the pruner passes through the
young orchard and cuts away the whole
top of the seedling, just above" the
shoot from the bud, and the bud's
growth is thinned to one straight shoot.
At one year old this shoot will pror
duce peaches. They are not allowed
to grow, however, but are pulled olf
before the pits in the fruit begin to
harden. The next year they are allow
ed to bear a few peaches, in the third
year they bep.r a few more, and in the
fourth year the orchard is paying
profits to the grower. After this year
nothing else, is grown in the orchard,
but from May 1 to Aug. 15, twice a
week, the ground is stirred by a
"weeder." which loosens the soil to
i(Sceae In It. Morrel's Peach Farm.itlie Largest In Michigan.)
work of the grower is to thin his
peaches. On an average it costs $17
an acre to do this work. No skill is
needed for It, and the Michigan tramp
has the reputation of doing the work.
Provided with a step-ladder, he goes
over every limb, flipping off the fruit,
as hearly as possible leaving the peach
es four inches apart on the twigs. This
is done just "before the pits begin to
harden in the green fruit.
Flint of Berrien County peaches
comes the "Lewis seedling," one of
the amst popular varieties. It is of
median size, red-ooated and having
white meat. The Crawford peach is
another favorite, and is of a golden
yellow tfie "Stumps" peach, beauti
fully matfced, with a white meat, is
profitable, but of them'all the "Elber
ta" peach is king. Just now it is os
the market, large as an ordinary tea
dip, blotched with brilliant red, and
the under side yellow as gold. It
brings the top price of the market, the
Wholesaler in Chicago paylug $1 for
seventy-two picked peaches.
Peaches in Berrien County are near
er perfection than they have ever been,
and to maintain this perfection or
chards are watched for the first sign of
deterioration. No tree that is un
healthy is allowed to cumber toe
ground. The dreaded yellows bare
the depth of an Inch or more. A man
with one horse and this "weeder" cul
tivates twenty-five acres a day on an
average. Between crops bonedus: and
potash are sowii broadcast over the
ground, the influences of which are
manifest directly in the fruit, show*
Vug juiciness and color.
Economic Value of Birds.
The economic value of birds is untoia
This fact might be placed beyond dis
pute If it were possible to prepare two
tables—one showing how many wire
worms it would take to destroy a mile
of turnips,' how many grubs to ravage
the wheat harvests of a dozen farms,
how many insects to strip the leafy
blades of a forest bare, how many to
spoil the fruits of wide orchards, and
the cither recording the fact that these
Tery numbers of insects are eaten by
a few humble birds in the course of
the year. That the result wonld be con
clusive evidence of the birds' value
may be safely foretold by a glance at
a few facts which have already been
brought to bear upon the question.
In the spring, when there are clamor
ous young birds in the nest, the house
sparrow returns every three or four
mlnntes, each time bearing spoils in the
shape of insect food. Calculated at its
lowest possible value—that is, allowing
only one insect to each journey—this
thankless task represents tens of thou
sands of captured insects as the work
of one pair of birds in one month. Swift
filers like the swallow that hawk for
food in the air may rank higher. They
slay hundreds of thousands.
Liberal Marriage Laws.
The marriage laws of the different
States in this country are in general
so liberal that to most persons it will
be a surprise to learn that in quite a
number of States the marriage of first
cousins is foibidden. This is the case
in Arizona, Arkansas, Illinois, Indi
ana, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Ne
vada, New Hampshire, North Dakota,
Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Da
kota, Washington and Wyoming.
Willie—Are you the nearest relative
I've got, mamma? Mother—Yes, love,
anrl your pa is the closest relativf
you've got.—Judge.
Consequently This Algerian Pconndrcl
Arose from His Grave.
Hanging, when done officially, is ex
pected to result in the death of the
man hanged. It does not always have
that termination, however, and Ameri
can!' history records .a few instances in
which men who have been hanjred and
pronounced dead have been resusci
tated and lived long and more or less
useful lives thereafter. A similar case
occurred recently in Tunis, Algeria.
Mohammed Ben Ahmed el Habibi was
sent to the gallows for assassinating
a fellow "religionist" at Bizerte, near
Tunis, Algeria, quartering two of his
children, and firing on the guards com
missioned to arrest him.
When the day of his execution ar
rived a great crowd of Arabs had gath
ered near the gallows to witness the
last writhing struggles of the doomdd
man. Finally the Victim was led forth.
The hangman seized him and put the
silk rope around his neck. Immedi
ately the assistant loosed the strap
ind Mohammed Ben Ahmed swtin#
out Into space. Spasms shook the body
of the murderer then all was siient,
and everyone thought that it was all
over and well over with Mohammed,
Ben Ahmed. He was left suspended
about a quarter of an hour, after which
he was cut down, placed on a litter,
and carried to .the criminals' cemetery.
After the grave-digger had finished
his labors, the body was placed in the
unhollowfed- trench, and a few shovels
of dirt were thrown upon the quiet
form. Suddenly the still form began
to show signs of life, and at last sat
up with great difficulty, and coolly
remarked to' the dIggerr "Befo\'e you
bury me give me something to drink."
The Unexpected resurrection so af
frighted the sexton that he dropped his
shovel, and fled to the prisop at Barrio,
where he informed the director of his
weird discovery.
From 9 o'clock until 12 Mohammed
Ben Ahmed remained in the shallow
grave exposed to the burning rays of
the sun. Then he was removed to the
hospital for convicts at Sadiki, where
lie was taken e&re of. He was soon
out of danger, and was transferred to
the galleys of La Ghulette, where he
is doomed to hard labor for life, which
Is looked* upon as a commutation of
sentence. The grave-digger was so af
fected by the shock given his nerves
that his life Is in danger.
ther Have Been Invented
a Salt
Lake City Genius.
Mr. Matthew Hilgert, of Salt Lake
City, has invented a ventilated shoe.
The shoe has a laminated insole having
three air channels leading from a com
mon source in the heel. The hole in the
heel lis supplied with a spring acting
on the principle of a bellows, and at
every step the air is forced through the
channels provided and around the shoe
by •the motions of the foot.
The Pueblo Women.
"The Pueblo-dndian women are
often very pretty as girls, and some of
them make stately young mothers,"
writes Hamlin Garland in the Ladies'
Home Journal. "They work generally
in groups of three or four, cooking,
whitewashing, weaving, or painting
potteiy. They seem to have a good
deal to chatter about, and their smiling
faces are very agreeable. They have
most excellent white teeth. Their
ceremonial dress is very picturesque'
especially the costume of the Acoma
and Isleta girls. All burdens are car
ried by the women of Acoma, Isleta
and Laguna upon the head, and they
have, in consequent, a magnificent
carriage, even late in life. The old
women of Walpi, on the contrary, are
bent and down-looking. They carry
their burdens on their backs slung In
a blanket. The girls of Isleta wear a
light cloth, over their heads Spanish
fashion, and manage it with fine grace
and coquetry. The
dress of
the Hopi women consists of a sort of
kilt, which is wrapped around the hips
and fastened with a belt (a modification
of the blanket or wolf-skin) above this
a sort of sleevless chemise partly cov
ers the bosom. Their hair is carefully
tended, but it worn in an ungraceful.
mode by some of the women. The wo
men of Hano cut the hair In front
square across about the. line of the lips,
while the back hair is gathered into a
sort of billet. The front hair hangs
down over the faces, often concealing
one eye. The unmarried women in
Walpi wear their hair in a strange
way.- They coil it into two big,disks
just above their ears—'the intent being.
to symbolize their youth and promise
by imitating the squash flower. The
matrons correspondingly dress their,
hair to symbolize the ripened squash.V
Some of the maidens Were wonderful
ly Japanese in appearance
London Smoke.
Anew and unexpected agency is hav
ing a most beneficial effect in contribut
ing to the abatement of the smoke nui
sanee in London. The relative clearness
of the London atmosphere within the:
last twelve months has been plainly ap-i
parent, and the smoke cloud which ob-!
scures the London atmosphere appears
to be progressively lightening. Mr. Ear-,
nest Hart,chairman
ofihe Smoke Abate
ment Exhibition in London, frequently:
pointed out that the greatest contribu
tors to the smoke cloud of London'were
the small grates of the enormous num
ber of houses of the poor, and a great
deal of ingenuity has been exhausted
with relatively little success in endeav
oring to abate the nuisance,
The use of gas fires was urgently rec
ommended, but had hitherto been diffi
cult, owing to. its cost and the want of
suitable apparatus. The rapid and very
extensive growth of the use of gas for
the working qjasses, due to the intro
duction of the "penny in the slot" sys
tem, is working a great revolution in
the London atmosphere. During the
last four years the South London Gas
Company alone lias fixed 50,000 slot
meters and nearly 38,000 small gas
cooking stoves in the houses of the
workingman. This movement is still
making great progress, and we hope
means may be found to extend it to the
houses of the more comfortable classes.
The enormous improvement in the Lon
dpn atmosphere and the clearing away
of a smoke pall which hangs over Lon
don may then be anticipated. (Ureat
progress has already been made, and
still may be hoped for, in the clearing
of the London air.'
Unusual Snrgical Operation,
A quite novel surgical operation has
successfully been performed at Parma,
Italy, by Professor Camillo Verdelli, in
the presence of all the physicians of
the Paimese hospital and with very sat
isfactory results. The new operation
was the washing of the heart. It was
the first operation of the kind and Pro
fessor Verdelli employed the washing
apparatus recently invented by Pro
fessor Rlva. After making an opera
tive incision Professor Verdelli first
cleaned the pericardium of the patient,
a 12-year-old boy, of tlie pus which had
accumulated thereon, and then pro
ceeded to wash the heart with a strong
solution of soda biborate (borax). The
operation was very successful, inas
much as no further complication has
arisen. The boy is now doing very
well and Is on his way to complete re
covery. Professor Vardelli has re
ceived numerous congratulations for
his success with the new operation
from surgeons all over Europe.
Kashmir Sheep.
A. traveler through Kashmir recently
foiyid in practice there a novel method
of putting fodder up for winter use. The
country lies in a valley among the Him
alayas. The chief industry of the peo
ple consists in raising fine wool and in
making this into fabrics which have
carried the name of the country all over:
the world. "A curious custom in some
places," he says, "Is that of hanging
quantities of bay up among thie
branches of trees. Why it was done
was more than I could guess, till my
guide informed me that in winter the
snow lies five or six yards In depth and
that the supplies of hay, which now
look only as if they were meant for
giraffes, are then easily reached by the
flocks of sheep which abound there."
Seemed Reasonable, ''v*'
"On what ground," asked the court,
"does the petitioner base his demand
for changingTiis name?"
"On the ground," replied the peti
tioner's attorney, "that he was not con
sulted when his parents, who were
Methodists,-gave him the name of John
Wesley. He now wishes to have it
legally changed to Roger Williams, so
he can join the Baptists quietly and
without attracting undue attention."
Managing Editor—Send the chief ar
tist out on that suicide story, will you?
Assistant—Not safe, I'm afraid. He's
drunk to-day. Managing Editor—That
so? Well—then have him make a pos
ter for us!—Truth.
How people long for undisturbed
peace, as they grow older! And how
the band plays on just the same!
Very Pretty Desijrna that An Not
Difficult to Stale.
Small round and square doilies, to
match this design in center, pattern
and edge ojin be made six or eight inch
est in diameter, or square, if desired.
A very nice set would be one square
centerpiece about twelve inches each
way, one round centerpiece about twen
ty inches In diameter and half a dozen
each of square and round doilies, all
worked in the maiden-hair fern pat
tern, and having pale green applied
centers. The design for a square doily,
shown in the illustration, is somewhat
similar in pattern to the centerpiece,
but bearing a buttonholed scroll edge.
This is a very effective edging, if
nicely worked, and. filled in the solid
parts, and centerpiece treated in a
similar manner would be very pleas
ing. In combination with green fern
leaves a bright pink edging would
be in harmony, but if a white or cream
edging is preferred it is always a satis
factory finish at the edge of fancy
pieces. For cotton table covers, sofa
pillow-slips and pillow shams this
treatment of applied centers will be
found very attractive, as, for instance
a white cloth with a pink, blue or green
patch and a design carried out In the
'same shade of linen as the applied
What could be more pleasing thai
a centerpiece of white linen With a
pale pink applied center and a design
of sweet peas worked in several deli
cate tones of pink and blue and the
stems and leaves in light gree#V The
possibilities of this scheme are with
out limit, and while these suggestions
are for the centerpieces and dollies
only it will be possible to adapt this
idea to almost any. piece of embroidery'
invention Which I* Canting Consld
erable Talk in the Cycling World.
One of the largest-bicycle makingr f,
firms in the country has been experi-,
menting all summer with a chainless ,/
bicycle, and. results ri
are more than sat-§^ .:^VM
lflfactory.' It is an
nounced that the-i^
gear will be large
ly used on their
1807 wheels.
r- Hi
A glance at the||f||§|||
cut will give a fair
idea of the
The usual
shaft carries, In
stead of the ordin-,
ary large sprocket
a beveled gear of *_
suitable size, mesh- §}Pj^§0$
ing with which Is a
smaller gear, he S
The One with Which Aaron Burr
Killed Alexander Hamilton.
The. famous pistol with which Aaron
Burr killed Alexander Hamilton is now
in possession of Mr. Louis Marshall or
Versailles, Ky. The weapon has chang
ed hands often, and while in the pos
session of Mr. Thomas F. Marshall he
had the dueling pistol altered from a.
flint to a percussion lock. It still shoots
very accurately, and carries a two
ounce ball. Its barrel, which is 12
inches long, looks more like a flection
of a shotgun than anything else, while
the handle is marked twice with the.
"X" sisrn. which meant in the palmy
days of dueling that the weapon had
done fatal work.
thing, -c .V"
shaft of* which
through or oyer the
.. Jfv
right rear fork
rear end of thtoV-.yv-.'
shaft carries an-f
CHAINLESS WHEEL, other email gear
on the rear hub, instead of the usual
rear sprocket. At each end this shaft
is carried on ball bearings, which are
arranged in such a way that wear can
be taken up without affecting the mesh
ing of the gears. The bearings for the
hub and cranks are of the Usual form.
Once adjusted there is seldom a
change, and when necessary it can be
done as readily as a simple bearing.

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