SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
The amplitude of vibration of the
diaphragm of the telephone receiver
in reproducing speech is about the
one-twenty millionth of an inch.
Holophane glass is a pressed glass
resembling cut glass, having vertical
prisms on the inside for diffusing the
light and horizontal prisms on the
outside for directing the light.
Among the perils to which a sub
v marine cable is subject are ocean cur
" rents, which swirl against seabottom
crags and the attacks of sea monsters,
shurks, swordfish and the like.
Among other improvements at the
port of Boulogne, a French govern
ment scheme provides for the con
struction of an Atlantic steamer berth
920 feet long and 100 feet wide, with a
water depth of 25 feet.
The English cotton manufacturers,
who have for so long a time depended
on the United States for their raw ma
terial, have raised a guarantee fund
of $250,000 for the purpose of promot
ing the cultivation of cotton within
the British empire.
The strait of Cansq, between. Cape
Breton and the mainland of Nova Sco
tia, is to be bridged. The task is an
immense one, involving great engi
neering difficulties, and the outlay of
about $5,000,000. The bridge will be a
cantilever, with a span of 1,800 feet,
the longest in the world.
A new process for the manufacture
of artificial marble has been patented
■ in Berlin. Asbestos, dyeing materials,
shellac and ashes are pounded into a
stiff mass and then subjected to high
pressure. The product is surprising
ly firm and tough, not brittle, is very
easily worked by means of tools, can
be given a fine polish, and in appear
ance cannot be distinguished from
In the construction of a municipal
electrical generating plant for the city
of Geneva the engineers found them
selves confronted with a great diffi
culty in the constantly varying water
level of the river Rhone. In order to
overcome this inconstancy of the wa
ter supply a two-storied station was
constructed, with two turbines built
above the other on the dynamo
shaft. The plant comprises 18 sets
of these turbines. The total capacity
of the plant is 18,000 horsepower.
GREAT NEWSPAPER ARMY.
Immense Produc'tlveirn Shown by
the Census Bureau on Printing
The census biflleiin on printing and
publishing in the United States dur
ing the year 1900 furnishes a good
summary wherewith to judge the
vast extent of Qie newspaper busi
ness in this country. More thun a
thousand million pounds of paper
were Used to run off the various is
sues, and a daily paper was supplied
to each five inhabitants in the whole
land, while a weekly or monthly
reached each' two inhabitants, states
the Baltimore News.
A feature of the report is an ex
tended account of the operations of
the Associated Press, showing the
great development of news-gutheriitg
methods during the past two de
cades. Almost the entire chapter on
news-gathering organizations is de
voted to a history and detailed de
scription of the work of the Associat
ed Press, which, the report says, was
tlie leading organization in 18S0 and
now "is far in the lead of the news
gathering organizations of the
The report says that the Associat
ed Press now has about 700 members,
more than half of which are ufter
noon dailies, and serves about 2,500
daily and weekly papers n addition.
Most of the papers served are in the
United States, but there are 50 or
more in Canada, Mexico, Cuba and
Porto Rico, in its regular news serv
ice the Associated Press now uses
9,345 miles of leased wire by day and
20,467 miles by night. The annual
revenues derived from assessments
levied on the newspapers served ex
ceed $1,950,000, and the number of
words daily received and transmitted
at each of the more important offices
•er 50,000, or the equivalent
of 35 columns of an average newspa
per. For gathering foreign news tlie
Associated Press lias contract rela
tions with various foreign news agen
cies, with which it exchanges news.
Including other forms of publish
ing there were
with a capital of $202,517,072 invested.
This sum represents only the live
capital utilized and the value of the
land, buildings, tools, machinery aud
Implements. The value of tlie prod
ucts of the industry is returned at
•t $347,055,050, to produce which in
volved tin outlay of $36,090,719 for sal
aries of officials, clerks, etc., $84,249,
889 for wages, $55,987,589 for miscel
laneous expenses, including rent,
taxes, etc., and $86,856,290 for mate
rials used, mill supplies, freight and
Of all newspaper and periodical es
tablisnments, over 63 per cent, were
owned by individuals, 20 per cent,
in partnership, and only 17 per cent,
by corporations. The total number
are made as good stoves
should be made—to last a
long while and do oérfect
work While they do last.
Quality and Economy
Thatta It 1
If it is a .genuine. Jewel Steel
Ranger a fuel savftr, made in
thejârgest Stove Plant in the
World, it will haveyiis trade
mark and the makeVs' name,
cast on it. Don't accept a
substitute if you want tow
We sell and recommend Jewels
because we know them.
Loree, Eastman & Teller Hdw. Co.
of wage-earners in the industry in
creased only 10 per cent, since 1890,
but the value of products made by
them increased 21 per cent. There
was a much greater relative increase
imong wrttnen wage-earners than
men, showing the increasing propor
tion of feminine workers. Of the I
total value of products, advertising
formed 43 per cent., subscriptions an:!
sales 36 per cent, and book and job
printing, including miscellaneous
products, 21 per cent.
A Great Outlet.
The Detroit river is the outlet of
the greatest bodies of fresh water
in the world, aggregating 82,000
square miles of lake surface.
GOLDEN GAvE CITY LEADS.
San Franclioo Show, the LargMt Per*
ceutaRe of Suiicides—(liieaito
Hanks 111 I rd.
The number of people who voltuw
tarily shuttled off this mortal coil in
American and other cities during last
year has been investigated by some
driver in statistics and the following
figures indicate the results: San Fran
cisco leads with the largest ratio. 39.1
per 100,000 of population. Next comes
another Pacific coast city. Los Angeles,
with a ratio of 29.8. The reader has!
naturally been looking for Chicago,
and that cily does, in fact, come next
with a ratio of 24.0, followed by the
neighboring city of Milwaukee, whose
ratio is 22.2. New Orleans was the
scene of the self-destruction of 21.8
persons per 100,000 of population, and
Cincinnati followed close with 21.2.
New Haven is next with 20.9. and then
comes the borough of Manhattan with
20.0, though greater New York as a
whole is well down the list with a ratio
of only 13 0. This îr less than Roches
ter, Indianapolis, Philadelphia, Pitts
burg. Baltimore, Boston. Detroit,
Omaha and Louisville, besides all of
those specifically enumerated above.
As to the foreign cities. Paris leads the
list with a ratio of 42, followed by
Berlin 36, Vienna 28 and London 23.
There were more suicides* in Saxony
than in any other country. 31.1 per 100.
000. Tn Denmark the ratio was 25.8 in
Austria 21.2. in France 15.7 in the Ger
man emnire 14.3. and Sweden. Norway,
Belgium. Great Britain. Italy, the
United States and Spain followed in
the order given.
The table referring to American
cities is somewhat difficult, to explain.
Whv the city of the golden gate, and
Cnlifnm'a. wi'h its glorious climate,
its sunshine, its fruit and its flowers,
should show tile greatfst number of
suicides seems a mystery, unless the
presence of a lnr<re Chinese nonulation
explains it. The high suicide rate
of Chionsro is. perhaps, accounted for
bv the rush and struggle of that great
city and the lar<re foreign element it
contains—n foreign element, more
over. which comes mainly from those
countries where suicide is most fre
nuent. The same is perhaps true of
Milwaukee and of Cincinnati. The high
rate at New Orleans may possibly be
attributed to its relation to France
and the ideas and traditions brought
here from Paris, the suicide capital of
the world. But New York city easts
a cloud over some of these explana
tions. Here are the large foreign pop
ulations, the stress and strain of liv
ing and working, the poverty, the ex
citement. Yet Philadeluhia, the
sleeping city of the humorous para
graphes, has a higher ratio of sui
cides than greater New York. And
how is it to be exnlained that New
Haven leads all the other New F n Ir
land cities in the number of suicides?
St. Paul and Minneapolis lie side by
side, but in MinneanoTis the ratio is
11.4 and in St. Paul it is hut 6.5. It
seems that the conclusion® must be
that there is no method in suicide mad
ness and that the effort to reduce it to
rule is doomed to failure.
Wines, Liquors and
AN DR *3 W ERICKSON
Livery, Feed and
CORRAL and SHEDS
Saddle Horses and Good Livery
An old and established quiet and
homelike resort with the
Wines, Liquors, Cigars,
JOHN M. BRUNZKLL,
Granite Block, Silver City.
I 'Bretvery |
One of the oldest, Coolest
atz and Quietest Resorts in town
Beer on Draught by the
Only the Best Wiues jffiv
Liquors and Cigars served to jy J/,
Fred Grete Sr.
T T ▼ TT T
y T ▼ ^ <jr *r ▼ ▼ w T - y 'T " T
Silver City, Idat-Ko.
0. D. BRUMBAUGH, Proprietor
FranK. 'BlacKinger, Mgr.
v t ▼ v t ▼ yr-'r-' v y y y r yr " ' r
SILVER CITY. IDAHO.
First-CI&ss in Appointments
Sample Rooms for Salesmen
Stage Office and Wells Fargo (St Co.'s
Express in Hotel
Connor* tSt F'Va.n*. !"Props 1
A.-*--*-/»--*.-*. -s -*■
Sampson & Irving
hlftsat Silva r C
ity & M\irphy
ewey and De Lamar
-the railway terminus to aud from
Silver City, De Lamar, or other points in Owyhee. Keep good moun
tain rigs, with good stock and careful drivers.
SAMPSON «Sc HR/VITsTQ
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IN THE OWYHEE COUNTY*«
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