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Pages 9 to 1 6. ges 9 to 16. VOL. VIII. NO. 229. WATERBURY, CONN., MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 2, 1895. VmVV, TWO CENTS. THEY DO NOT MARRY. AND VET COLLEGE GIRLS MIGHT IF THEY CHOSE. This Claim Is Made by and For Tlicm A j Few Personal Experiences Do Men Value Hands More Thau Beads? Girls Who Could, but Would Not. Copyright, 1895, by American Press Associa tion. 1 1 Oi-Lf,. vii TTTII' 1 j . S jsoiial experience are j fiJbiiS. worth more than a vol- .-jSv, ' nine of theorizing. y Cynics may sneer, talk ' about men not off ring themselves to strong minded women and hint that the reason in most cases is the lack of opportunity. Let their igno rance be pitied while we seek for actual conditions and leave the moralizing un til later. To say that less than half the women who graduate from colleges marry, and a fair proportion of those after they are 80, calls for proof. There are two kinds first, a comparison of the catalogue of a ladies' seminary with ono of n coeduca tional school, and, second, examples that come within my own knowledge. Take a cataloguo of a fashionable girls' school and placo it beside one of a college where the sexes study aether. In the first caso you will find the title "Mrs." after three out of four names, and in tho second after ono out of every five. Before proceeding with my second proof I will answer tho cynic who, ii reading the caption of this article, will exclaim: "Why? They do not have ti chanco!" That is a sledge hammi r Id' v from a wedge shaped mind. If the oyi::e will look back on his own history, ).. will see many women who might ! married had they Veon content with him. Every woman has an opportunity to marry. Gain tho confidence of t- most forbidding unmarried woman ' your acquaintance, and in shyoonndri:' she will give proof a ring, letters t' other attestation of her "throe offers. " I challengo any sa;io woman in t' -United States who has passed yo to deny that at least ono man has wanted t " toarry her. No, tho ironic reply thr.; women do not have a chance to many does not hold good. "Barkis is still Willin," but Peggotty has learned te reason. It is a fact, that there is a larr class of unmarried women in this cor." try who have no wish to marry. Ov. . side of individual reasons, there is one general cause for this, and it is found in the difference in intellectual growth. Woman is progressing, while man is re trograding. A Gorman woman of intel ligence, who has spent some time V: i Jmerica in the wealthiest and most iv- II lied families, made a neat summary ( uo conditions when sho said: "The American women know something aboui everything. Tho American men knov. everything about one thing business. " But to return to tho second proof examples of college women who have not married and their reasons. Some years ago I graduated at a first class col lege. Of five women who wero in the same class only one is married. They were pretty, bright, and in one case rich. Then why have they remained un married? I havo seen them all within the year, and having tho subject on my mind I sought their reasons. The first was a physician, tho least handsome, but the cleverest of the quintet. Aft er listening to an enthusiastic resume of her work, I asked abruptly, "Why have you not married?" "In the words of Sammy Roach, an old Englishman who worked for my father, 'I nefer loaved but wance; me loavo died an I nefer loaved again. ' That is, ho died to me when he puiutcd a Darby and Joan picture of our future. We wero to bo one. Fancy being one when the man is always a whole one. Such a career is like tho sign after a figure to denote a fraction which is less than half, or liko the inverted V in mathematics in which the opening is always toward the greater quantity and Which is read 'is greater than.' The comparison this man this woman did not charm me. " "Did Darby find his Joan?" I haz arded interrupting tho flood tide. "Yes, two of them and is now in search of a third. Ho is tho shepherd of a little flock in tho mountains and I think he especially wanted mo becauso I inherited a barrelful of sermons from my grandfather. ' ' "Will he find her the third Joan?" "Not here. Sometimes I havo been almost tempted to marry. It is so hard for an unprotected woman in this day of protection. But now since I havo fought my way through a medical coK lege and into a reputable practice I can still guide my timid steps.. I shall no l t Hh TTTi i in jvJU Jc! never "marry, for I tell you in candor that no happiness is equal to that of a woman in this day who has kept her independence and fulfilled her ambition. We are the happy women. " "Six years ago, was it not, since I saw you?" said I to the trim looking nurse I went to see after leaving the satisfied doctor. "Six? Yes, it was. We neither of us thought then that my education would make me a philanthro pist," "No, for when I saw you your educa tion was leading you into what was called a good match. " The nurse blushed a little and after a minute said, "Yes, I had almost decided to marry. " "If it isn't too painful to recall," said I, as she hesitated. "Nonsense," with a little laugh, "but I am always ashamed to give the reason. It seems so frivolous. Mr. prononnccd 'put' as though it were the first syllable in 'putty.' " "Oh, no, you cannot put me off with that reason. You aro too sensible a girl to care whether tho man yon lovod slaughtered the whole English language. There is a deeper reason. " "Pronunciation is important in these days," she replied evasively. When sho saw my incredulous looks, sho finally confessed. "Well, if yon will know it, here it is. It seems silly when I express it in words, but it has always been ado quate to my mind. I was sitting in the library one evening waiting for my tianco when I heard him talking with his brother at the gate. Tho brothor was asking him to bring mo with him to seme family party they intended hav ing. Mr. called out gayly as he bounded toward tho door, 'All right, .lack. I'll bring my woman with me. ' My woman !" Tho trained nurse looked very untrained. "My woman! That is ho reason I never married. I have nev er met a man who somewhere in his unfair mind did not harbor tho thought my woman' instead of 'my wife.' " Very meekly I said, "That same man is today president of one of tho richest roads in the country" "And one of tho best men in tho world in his fam ily," she finished for mo; "I know, for I nursed in his family. " "How did you happen to go there?" "I was sent," said sho as conclusively as though thero er-uld bo no such thing as an excuse is iien she was hidden. "Weren't you just a little bit sorry to 1 :.-o it all?" "Sorry! No; I would rather endure n;! I havo in trying to take care of my--' 'If than marry the president of the United States if he would not recognize my equality with him. Sorry? No," -lie called back defiautly as she hastened out to bind up the broken body of a t. wshoy w!u had boon run over by a heavy dray. "You are 20 years old." The woman to whom this was spoken -N as handsome. Sho was well dressed. Tier manner was that of a person who :iad r " in the world. "Brutal to tell mo, but then 'Gott sei '1-vik,- tho old maid isgouooutof stylo. only know of one. Sho is my age. Was a hello cycles ago, but some way was counted out when tho matches were made. Now her brain cells, like her cheeks, are painted with rosy hopes of men. When I see her my supremo feel ing is gratitude gratitudo that I live in a time when a woman can bo some thing besides a spouse or a spinstor. " Following up my point, I inter apted her, "Twenty-nine, unmarried :;! rich. " "By choice, in all my life, although I have met men of nearly every coun ' ry, I havo never had a lover who did not love tho ducats my father left mo. i have never blamed them. Nothing is so helpful to a young man as half a million. Amiablo and pleasing as I havo been, I havo always learned at tho last moment that my would bo husband had written to my bankers to find out whether I had complcto control of my fortune. That is my secret. " "Well, then, your life has been a fail are. Your money spoiled yon for the r.mbitious that tho other women in the eluss had. " " You aro wrong. There is no hap pier woman than I. Some women may bo moro content for a year, but as a permanent possession I have content ment. I travel, I study and I am no mean business woman. My fortune has almost doubled, although I 6pend '.' yally. When I reach -10 I may see a j.;Tay future, but I shall endow an orphanage and take care of the waifs unfortunate marriages have thrown on the world. " Tho fourth woman who graduated eight years ago from that western col lege will never marry. I saw her, but wo talked of nothing but her work. She is principal of ono of tho best known women's colleges in tho country. Three years r.go her lover was drowned and tho has never spoken his name since. Her face is one of the saddest I know, and her life the noblest. Her life shows that loyalty is a virtue that ednoation does not eradicato in a woman. The last of theso college girls had been tho most ambitions of all. When she carried off honor after honor, her friends prophesied great things for her. Always wanting to bo a lawyer she en tered tho law school of the University of Michigan tho year after sho gradu ated. So well poised was her mind, so judicial hor temperament, that the ex aminer singled her out from a large class as worthy especial commendation. She even reached the fame of three lines of Associated Press matter, always printed advantageously in the newspa pers under a half column descriptive of a Kansas woman's fight with a bear, under the double header "What Women Can Do. " This woman married a man to whom sho had been engaged in her college days. He studied law in the same school. Of southern birth, ho wanted to settle in Georgia, the state which seemed to him pregnant with possibilities. They settled in Georgia, although the wife had always had a longing for Minnesota. He is now a ris ing lawyer and she an excellent house wife. I was with her for two days be fore I could quite explain the heart broken look in her face. We wero sitting together one eveuing, and I said: "Your husband doubtless owes something of his success to your well balanced mind. How happy a man must be who has a wife that understands all abont his busi ness !" "You are still a theorist, I see. My husband is too tired when he comes home at night to think of his law cases. Ho never mentions them. I tried to help him, but no man with a good brain needs a woman's head. He only needs her hands." Then, turning to the little daughter at her side, she- said, with an energy that recalled the ambitious school girl to my mind: "This child shall know from her mother that a husband is not necessary for a woman's happi ness, and a profession is. What would I not give if I could feel this night my brain on fire and every pulse quickened by the eager studv of an intricate case at law!" Of theso women who graduated eight years ago tho four unmarried aro tho contented ones. Volumes of theorizing would not prove as conclusively as theso examples that college womeu do not marry because marriage makes it im possible for them to fulfill their ambi tious. Lindsay Jar vis. A Coming- Dramatic Star. Miss Maxino Elliott, who is consid ered one of the most promising actresses of the stage of today, is beautiful and talented, but sho probably owes her suc cess moro to her strength of will and power of application than to tho first qualities named. Sho has always been a great rtodent and a vqracious.jeader, but she began her dramatic, career with absolutely no friend whatever to help her along. 6ho was born in RtX'kland, Me., of respectable but poor parents and traces her descent from New Eng- MISS MASINE ELLIOTT. land settlers. Sho has a superb physique, a splondid carriage and her features aro of Grecian regularity. Sinco last Sep tember sho has successively personated with tho highest approval of the press the parts of Dora in "Diplomacy, " Grace Harkaway in "London Assurance," Mrs. Allenby in "A Woman of No Importance," and Alice Verney in "Forget Me Not. " After leaving Miss Roso Coghlan's company, Miss Elliot played under Mr. Augustine Daly's management, making her debut as Heart of Ruby in a translation of Judith Gautior's "La Marchando do Sourires. " She is to appear in Mr. Daly's company the present season. No Law to Stop Thorn. American womeu bicyclers ought to contribute a fund for tho purpose of a leather medal for Alderman Crabtreo of Chattanooga, and the medal should have tho figure of a woman bloomer rampant on both sides of it. Alderman Crabtrce tried to get a resolution passed through the Chattanooga city council forbidding women to wear bloomers or "bifurcated garments" on the streets, for the reason think of it ! that tho wearing of bloomers was a monace to tho peace and good morals of the "male residents" of Chattanooga. Of course such a ridiculous ordinance could not be enforced, even if it wero passed, for bloomer garments are not men's attire. Even if tho women should appear out and out in the garments usually worn by men, it is doubtful if theio is any law in America that could stop them. The matter was tested by Mrs. Tomri Jon, time and again, in Chicago, sonic years ago. She and her husband gave street entertainments by which they earned a living and she wore men's gar ments because they wero more conven ient. Policemen occasionally arrested her and Ehe came off victorious every time. E. A. OL A Block of Five, j A contemporary speaks expressively : and reminisoently of Harrison, Reed, McKinley, Allison and Morton as I "block of five." St. Paul Globe. M. 'torn POOR OLD CRUSOE. His Hut to Re Torn Down and a Prison Erected There. Thero has been received during tho past 30 days news from Chile which will not be regarded as joyful intelli gence by the friends of Daniel Do Foe. Poor old Robinson Crusoe's hut on Juan Fernandez island is to be torn down, and in its place will bo erected a prison station, to be used as an auxiliary to tho Chilean penitenthiry at Santiago. Juan Fernandez is to be thrown open to set tlers, and rumor is extant that Mocho island will ako bo advertised as "a splendid place for a poor man to mako a fortutio. " Mocho island is mentioned in connection with tho story of Juan Fernandez, becanse, according to South American historians, the spot was prob ably the landing place of Sailor Alex ander Selkirk, whose adventure De Foe elaborated into chapters of marvelous narrative, instead of the lonely rock several hundred miles in a southwester ly direction from tho port of Valparaiso. Doubt still exists in tho minds of a number of Chilean writers as to tho identity of tho island on which Selkirk spent four years of lonely existence. The Chilean department of coloniza tion has never been inclined in time past to invito settlers to tho islands ly ing off the coast of Chile and owned and controlled by that republic. Robin son Crusoe's domain has been zealously guarded by representatives of the Chil ean government, and all attempts to settle upon it or to learn the secrets of its queerly shaped canyons, ranges and peaks havo been discountenanced by stolid officials of that little southern nation. San Francisco Bulletin. BAD ST. BERNARDS. If This So Tree. School Readers Win Have to lie Revised. All except tho most depraved cynics will grieve to learn of the sad indict ment of tho tt. Bernard dogs, which are supposed to be trained to rescuo belated travelers in the Alps. These noblo beasts, which everybody has been told possess fidelity moro than human, havo been accused of base treachery by cer tain mountaineers. Thus one traveler writes : "I was approaching tho summit of Piz Langnard in company with a friend when a huge St. Bernard met. us on a narrow path. With a very transparent assumption of good feeling toward us the brute ran at us and tipped us over tho ledge. Providentially tiie next lodge was near, and we fell softly on tho biiow. Then the fiendish ingenuity of tho brute became apparent. Instead of tttempting our rescue, as tho dogs in foolish old legends do, this great cur busied himself with the luncheon bas ket, which had burst with tho impact, and ato our cold chicken, while wa, with some deft alpenstock work, at length retrieved our safety. The sooner theso mountain pests are extinguished tho better. " New York Sun. Those Society Rumors. But of all tho Vanderbilt rumors the most grotesque is that young Cornelius Vanderbilt, a mere chit of a boy, is paying serious attention to Miss Grace Wilson, tho charming daughter of the luckiest family that ever lived. By Jove, but these Newport gossips aro funny ! We shall neit hear that adorable old Peter Mario is to marry some miss in short dresses or that John Jacob Astor's son is engaged to Miss But my gal lantry and her age forbid me to mention the lady. Cholly Knickerbocker in New York Recorder. A rSourulary Monument Gone, Tho granite monument marking the Mexican boundary at Tia Jnana, in San Diego county, was upset last January by a flood shortly after it was erected by the international boundary commis sion. This elaborate shaft fell into quicksand. Stienuous efforts were made to recover it. The sand was probed to the depth of 25 feet, but no trace of tho lost monument could be found. It has been necessary to buy a new sito for another monument, 100 by 100 feet, and erect a second shaft thereon. Los Angeles Times. The Wondcrfnl Phonograph Some curious studies in tho phono graph have recently been made by sci entists in Europe. As tho marker runs over tho wax cylinder the investigators have tracodt-he vibrations photographic ally on gloss plates, thus obtaining tho curves of tho tones peculiar to each vowel. Edison caught and fixed the sound, and these experimenters aro now showing it in diagrams. The possibili ties of the phonograph are vague, but they are plainly in tho region of the wonderful. St. Louis (ilobe-Democrat. A Great Wheat Market. Eureka, S. D., claims to be tho lar gest primary wheat market in the world. Tho town is the terminus of tho Mil waukee railroad, in the center of a great wheat growing region, and there are 30 warehouses and elevators there. It is expected that about 8,000,000 bushels of wheat will bo handled there this season. Needs a Ctood Business Man. Kvery Republican presidential boom should have a shrewd purchasing agont in charge of its southern delegate department. CLEVELAND SILVER SPOONS. The President's Grandfather Made Thero. In a Caunecllcnt Vitiate. William Cleveland, grandfather r.f President Grover Cleveland, was a silver- smith in drowsy Norwich town among 1 the hills of eastern Connecticut anil j deacon for moro than a quarter of a cen- j tnry in tho village Congregational ! :luuch. Tho house in which ho spent, i his long life is still standing. His shop, n weather beaten rookery, wss torn down several years ugo. The "Deacon," as he was always ad dressed, was an expert workman, and his goods were always in demand. As a j consequence tho country families abont Norwich town have Cleveland silver spoons in abundance, coining down by inheritance from old time ancestors. j A Norwich town woman's legacy of two of tho spoons exquisitely wronght i specimens of painstaking work was re cently transmitted to Ruth Cleveland, and in return a personal letter of thanks was received from her distinguished fa ther. President Cleveland's great grandfa ther, Aaron Cleveland, was a business man and politician in Norwich town in post Revolutionary days. He was active in speaking and writing and took the lead in opposing slavery in Connecticut, introducing the first bill for its aboli tion, and being dissatisfied with tho gradual emacipation measure adopted in 1790. Later he becamo a Congrega tional minister. Tho old villago records cf Lebanon, 12 miles north of Norwich town, declare that Mrs. Cleveland is a great -granddaughter of Mrs. Mary Rogers, a Leb anon woman. New Y'ork Herald. I IN A MILLION YEARS. A Conversation on Immortality Between Mrs. Beecher and Mark Twain. A current, paragraph reports Mrs. Thomas K. Beecher as having conclud ed a conversation on immortality, iu which Mark Twain has "taken the ag nostic side," by asking him whether ho would confess his error if he should meet her in heaven a million years hence. Mark promised that ho would, and sealed the promise by writing ap propriate stanzas on three stones found on tho banks of tho Chemung river, the three stones being fragments of what onco was a single rock. The "contract" is dated Elmira, N. Y. , July 2, 1S95, and here are the terms of it : If yon prove right and I prove wrong, A million years from now. In language plain and frank and strong. My error I'll avow (To your dear, mocking face). If I prove right, Vy God his graoa, Knll sorry I shall be, Fer in that solitude no trace There'll be of you and mo (Nor of our vanished race), A million years, O patient stonel You've waited for this imssuco. deliver it a million 3-ears fcurvivor pavs expressago. Critic. Enforcing the Blue Laws. Fontiae, Mich., is going a littlo fnrther in tho enforcement of Sunday laws than any other place yet heard from. Restaurants, saloons, candy stores and tobacco stands are closed on Sun days, and ice cream dealers may not de liver their goods to customers on that day. Now over a hundmd citizens havo signed a petition asking that tho livery stables be closed, and yet another peti tion has beeu circulated and extensively signed asking that milkmen and icemen bo prohibited from plyiug their busi ness on Sunday. There is a not inn among tho Sabbatarians that tho latter pctitieii is a device of tho enemy, but if so tho enemy is working it very serious ly and energetically, and with a good show of success. New Y'ork Sun. Days of Miracles Not Passed. Farmer John Hodden of Verona, N. J. , believes the days of miracles are not past. A few days since lie mowed a large quantity of hay in the great field at Caldwell. Next, day lie took several teams to draw the hay home, expecting to find it in an unfit condition for haul ing without throwing and drying, as a heavy rain passed over the section the night before. Mr. Hodden was surprised to find that not a drop of rain had fallen on his meadow, while to the west, south nud east of his land the ground was sat urated. Cincinnati Commercial Ga zette. TTp to Date Blue Grass Belles. The Blue Grass belles have taken the stump for woman's rights. Maids e.ud matrons of Kentucky aro now delivering fervid addressos iu various parts of tho state under the auspices of the Equal Rights association of Kentucky. A few days ago Miss Laura Clay and Mrs. Eugenia Farmer stirred up a big audi ence in Bowling Green to "immense enthusiasm. " A Case of Fourteen to One. Queen Victoria, during her reign, has had 14 parliaments on her hands, and all her speeches to them combined are not as long as one president's message. A president who keeps his messages down to a column and a half will re ceive general commendation and get in his work far moro effectively. St. Louis GlobeDonHicrat, A Misfit Name. King Patchen of the pacing world I It doesn't sound well. Ho ought to have his name changed to lit the title. Chi cago Post. Love's Riches. Oft I reenj, niy friend of friends. The l;iys wo tilled with j y, V."hcn you wero just a little girl Ami I a hte'iiy boy, Wh'-n you w'-ul'i s::y, "Now let us play That I'm a lady fair And you a Iut:;: who brings a ring And roses for l:3y hair." Since that glad time full many a year Has all too (juiekly flown, And many a smile has come the whlla For every Kfief we've knovu; The palace craud which then we planned. In dreams of long ao, lit ours today, for still we play The thlitgs we wish are so. And that is why, my friend of friend Our lives aro filled with joy. For you aro stiil my pretty girl Ami I your hapny boy. And s i to mo you'll always be ' A lady sweet and fair, And 1 a kinfi who brines a ring v And roses for your hair. Xixon Waterman in L. A. W. Bnlletta, A SAFE PREDICTION. New England Will Oppose Any Further Tariff Tinkering. Judgo Lawrence, the head of the wool growing triumvirato, has written to The Wool and Cotton Reporter to say once more that "the peoplo of New England may as well understand that the people of tho country will not tol erate tho infamous swindle of free wool and protected wooleu goods. " It seems to us more likely that the peoplo of this country will never again tolerate a wool growing triumvirate that starts the ball rolling for a now tariff when nobody else wants it, and by adding to tho du ties on wool brings on changes in two or three thousand articles, and ends by driving the Republican party from power and knocking off the wool duties altogether. Porhaps Judge Lawrence can see somo faint suggestion of his own imago in Ihis picture. If he cannot, a great many other peoplo can. After tho foregoing outburst ho simmers down and makes an appeal to his former allies, saying : "Tho timo has como when New Eng land should aid in securing protective legislation and not give aid and com fort to its enemies aud to tho enemies of our country and of our industries in foreign huids. Onco moro I make my appeal for equal and exact justice, for protection equally, fully, for all." This is a clear implication that New England gave aid and comfort to the Wilson bill in tho last congress, which is not time, but it is a safe prediction that sho will oppose any tariff tinkering for a few years, at all event, being in structed by the consequences of tho tariff tinkering t Lawrence, Delano and H.U'pster and the McKinley experiment of lbiJO. New York Post. NEEDS OF THE HOUR. Harmony Is Growing In the Hanks of Democracy - Future Bright. Tho fact that thero is triilo less crowd ing among presidential candidates in Demix'ratio than Republican circles should give 110 anxiety to tho rank and file of the national Democracy, says tho Philadelphia Record. Lincoln's saying that it is easier to make brigadier gen erals than brigades is aptly applicable to the present, political situation. What the Democracy most needs today is ra tional and honorable harmony in its rank and tile. Such a feeling of union is growing rapidly throughout every section. Immaterial aud irrelevant issues aro disappearing and the na tional Democracy is making ready for an active, earnest and intelligent cam paign in lyjii. The Democratic party is the party cf tho peoplo, and as a party of tho people it knows that numbers with organiza tion are invincible ; without it power less. Bosses aud bossism, one man ad vocacy, hero worship of tho individual theso must and will bo got rid of. Organization will set in with now and practical life, and the party will be equal to tho battle of tho next presi dential campaign. Democracy isn't worrying about an abscuco of presi dential candidates. Tho party of Jeffer son, Jackson, Tilden and Cleveland may be relied upon to choose a safe, sound and honorable standard bearer at the next national convention. Thero need be no misgiving for tho future. Har mony, union, organization these axe tho pressing necessities of tho hour. Wages In the Woolen Industries Tho predictions of tho tariff reform ers that the removal of tho duty on wool would not only add to tho value of fleeces, but increase the trade of the manufacturers by broadening the lines of business, aro amply justified by re cent events. Wages in tho woolen and worsted industry of Rhodo Island were increased to 12 per cent this month, the seeond advanco in that state within three months, aud theso advances were voluntary. Equal improvement in wages was experienced by all other New Eng land woolen, worsted and cotton opera tives, notably those at Lawrence, Low ell. Nashua aud Manchester, along the Merrimac. Theso signs indicate any thing but miu to tho woolgrowers and manufacturers. Philadelphia Times. Campaign Boodle For Harrison. Mr. Benjamin Harrison will probably not lack for a fat campaign fund next year if he gets the Republican nomina tion. His very liberal friend and post master general, Mr. John Wanamaker, is reported to havo cleared $4,000,000 as the profits from his big Philadelphia store in 1S94, with a prospect of a little larger sum this year.r ""rT'""' " "