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Review of the History-Making Events of Last Week
- «— Farley Thinks Midwest Safe for Roosevelt—Sloan Urges Industry to Save Nation—Crisis in Europe Is Approaching. By EDWARD W. PICKARD © Western Newspaper Union. POSTMASTER GENERAL FAR LEY, in liis capacity of chair man of the Democratic national committee, called that body to J. A. Farley meet in vvasmng ton January 8, when arrangements will be made for the convention of 1936 and the place of that gathering se lected. He told the correspondents that the chief bidders for the convention would be Philadel phia, Chicago, St. Louis, Kansas City flliu OUU r liUlLlSLU, UI1U UCU1CU IUC report that the first named city already had been decided upon. He said he thought the highest bidder would be selected, provided it had adequate convention hall and hotel facilities. Stories that Senator Donahey of Ohio or some one else would be given second place on the ticket instead of Garner were laughed at by Mr. Farley. He asserted that there was no doubt about the re nomination of Garner for Vice Pres ident. Asked about the two-thirds rule, he said the committee might recommend its abandonment, but that any change was the business of the convention. Commenting on the .■Literary Digest poll, which shows a majority in the Middle West states voting against the ltoosevelt New Deal, Farley said: “So far as the poll relates to sentiment in the Midwest states, like Iowa, it is 100 per cent wrong.” He insisted that the President was very strong, not only In that sec tion of the country, but in every part. “The President will carry as many states next year as he did in 1932,’’ said Farley. Roosevelt carried all except six states at that time. Farley said he believed Roosevelt would win the electoral vote of Pennsylvania, one of the states that voted for Hoover In 1932, and that also there was a good chance of carrying New Hamp shire, another of the Hoover states. JAMES M. CURLEY, governor of Massachusetts, was the original “Roosevelt for President” man of New England and, though he has broken with some Democratic leaders of his state, he Is still an ardent supporter of the national administration. Therefore he has decided to be a candidate next year for the senate seat now held by Marcus Coolidge. “I iiave made up my mind,” he said, “to go to the United States senate to be part of the move ment to change the economic condi tions of the country to provide for social security.” Senator Coolidge had not Indi cated whether he will seek re-elec tion. DRITISH, Irish and Canadian del •*-' egations opened conversations in Washington with American ofil cials looking to the establishment of transatlantic air mail and pas senger service. It was believed this could be accomplished as soon as reciprocal pacts are signed to al low the landing of American planes on foreign soil. Heretofore this lias been blocked by the jealousies of foreign aviation interests. The delegation from Great Brit ain is headed by Sir Ronald Bands, director general of the general post office. He is accompanied by C. K. Woods Humphrey, who is managing director of Imperial Airways, Ltd. Postmaster General Farley an nounced that he would ask congress at the coming session for funds to start an air service between the United States and Europe. Experi mental flights would be made next summer and the route opened in the following year. GOOD news for the building In dustry. President Green of the American Federation of Labor gives out the word that there will be no more jurisdictional strikes among construction workers. The factions in the building trades department of the federation have found a plan to prevent workmen from delaying construction by strikes over which of two organizations should do a particular piece of work. In the future the contractor is to decide whicli union shall do the job when a dispute arises, and then if a joint committee of the unions in volved is unable to adjust the dif ference the question is to be re ferred to a federal judge as arbiter. SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE WALLACE announced the corn hog program for 1936-37. Designed to maintain a balance between the Sec’y Wallace interests oi me pro ducer and the con sumer, this new plan will permit a 30 per cent increase in hog production nexi year over 1935, thus preparing the way for possible re ductions in pork prices to the house wife ; and to re strict corn acreage to about 95,000,000 acres, an Increase of about 1,400, 000 acres, over the amount harvest ed this year. After appraisal by community committees and review by county allotment committees, a corn acre age base and a market hog base will be fixed. Co-operating producers must agree to plant corn next year on at least 25 per cent cf their base acreages. They will be per mitted to retire from 10 to 30 per cent of their base acreage for soil improving or erosion-preventing purposes. Hog growers must agree to produce between 50 and 100 per cent of the base market produc tion. The 1936 corn adjustment pay ment will be 35 cents a bushel on the appraised yield times the ad justed acreage, less the pro rata share of local administrative ex penses. A payment of $1.25 per head will be made on each hog in the base. Deductions will be made at the rate of $2.50 per head if a producer fails to raise 50 per cent of his base numbers. The 1937 rates will be announced by November 30, 1936, but the rate on corn will not be less than 30 cents per bushel and the rate on hogs will not be less than $1.25 per head. DR. JAMES HENRY BREASTED of the University of Chicago, one of the world’s leading oriental ists, died in New York of an illness contracted on shipboard as he was returning from a visit to research expeditions in the Near East which were under his direction. He was seventy years old. His expeditions to Egypt and eastern Asia and his excavations there added vastly to the history of civilization. Princess Victoria, favorite sister of King George of England, died at her home in Buckinghamshire at the age of sixty-seven. She suffered from ill health through most of her life and never was married. Alfred p. sloan, jr., presi dent of General Motors cor poration, was the chief speaker at the annual dinner of the Congress A. P. Sloan, Jr. ui naiuiv.au try in New York, and he made an earnest plea to in dustry to save the country from bu reaucracy and pos sible socialism. Industry should lead the nation away from the fal lacious theory of plenty “to promote the eeneral welfare of all the people,” Mr Sloan told the nation’s leading manufacturers. Should big business fail to accept this “broader responsibility," It will bring, he said, the “urge for more and more interference from without—government in business.” Mr. Sloan conceded the gravity and the extreme importance of problems of today—the paramount necessity oi charting a sound course for the "long future.” He advo cated : “1—Reduction In the real costs and selling prices of goods and services. “2—A more economic balance of national income through policies af fecting wages, hours, prices and profits.” The meeting of the congress was held in conjunction with the fortieth annual convention of the National Association of Manufacturers, and the speakers before that body were as emphatic In their condemnation of the economic policies of the ad ministration as was Mr. Sloan. President C. L. Bardo said: “Wheth er we like It or not, Industry has been forced in sheer self-defense to enter the political arena or be de stroyed as a private enterprise.” General Counsel J. A. Emery de clared: “This gathering Is a call to arms. “The sentry call should rouse the armies of industry to repulse the forces of the alien theory that chal lenge our political Institutions and economic system within our own household.” Robert L. Lund, chairman of the board, said: “The New Dealers have been forced to desert some of their boldest experiments. This has come to pass because the American peo ple have demanded a return to com mon sense and sound business. American Industry has taken the leadership In this combat.” ONE hundred thousand Demo crats, mostly Georgians, gath ered In the stadium of Georgia Tech at Atlanta for a homeoomlmr and heard Presl- g dent Roosevelt de- | liver a character- | istic speech, full of j confidence, assur- I ance of prosperity ’ and praise for what | the New Deal has f accomplished. And I he did not neglect jj to attack warmly I the critics of his I administration, in reviewing the eco nomic and social President Roosevelt advances since bis Inauguration be gave out what was considered the keynote for his campaign for re election, and definitely announced his candidacy — unnecessarily — by asserting that life in the United States has improved in the last two and a half years and will continue to Improve “if I have anything to do with it.” Mr. Roosevelt promised that lav ish government spending was over and that the nation could look for ward with assurance to a decreas ing deficit, and asserted that the government credit is higher than that of any other great nation. He bitterly criticized the treasury poli cies prior to his entrance into the White House, traced the relief poli cies as opposed to doles and de clared that the peak of appropri ations has passed. CANADA’S wheat marketing pol icy, always a matter of great interest to wheat growers of the United States, is to be radically al tered, according to the Dominion government. A new wheat board has been appointed, headed by James R. Murray, general manager of the Alberta Pacific Grain com pany. Instead of trying to main tain prices by stabilization opera tions of the Winnipeg Grain ex change, the board will endeavor to reduce the huge Canadian wheat surplus by offering wheat for sale at the world’s competitive prices. “The government,” said Trade Minister W. D. Euler, “desires to have its surplus restored to a nor mal basis. To accomplish this the wheat board will seek the good will and co-operation of -the grain and miling trades in all important countries. “It is not necessary to have and there will not be any ‘fire sale’ of Canadian wheat, but it will be for sale at competitive values and will not be held at exorbitant premiums over other wheats.” EUROPEAN diplomats, especially the British and Premier Laval of France, are exceedingly clever and resourceful, but if they are to extricate tneir na- ; tions from the ! present threatening state of affairs they will need all their smartness. Though decision as to the imposition of an oil embargo against Italy was postponed until De cember 12 to give Laval a chance to conciliate Musso lini, the duce re Sir Samuel Hoare fused to make any gesture toward peace. Italians were authoritative ly warned not to mistake diplomat ic exchanges between their premier and the representatives of Great Britain and France as “peace talk,” and were told there was no reason to believe Mussolini had modi fled his minimum terms already pre sented to Sir Eric Drummond and Laval’s representative. Also he has declined further to conciliate Brit ain by removing more troops from Libya and has repeated his warn ing that he will consider an oil em bargo an unfriendly gesture. He end all Italians are especially re sentful against Great Britain, which apparently intends to insist on the oil ban. And now they are getting very sore at France, despite Laval’s efforts to maintain friendly rela tions between the two countries. There were reports that Italian troops were being massed along the French frontier. One more rather desperate move for peace was made in Paris when Laval gave Italian Ambassador Cer ruti a “set of suggestions” which were said to be the last word from France and Great Britain before the applying of the oil embargo, due on December 12. These suggestions were said to be based principally on an exchange of territories between Italy and Ethiopia, the latter to re ceive Its long-sought seaport and to remain absolutely Independent, save for the lands granted to Italy. The feeling in Rome was pessi mistic, and there was noted a gen era] tightening up of home defenses. Troops that had been expected to depart for the Ethiopian front were being retained in Italy, and the or ders to the naval and air forces were suggestive. New economic measures to resist the sanctions were being put into e.fect daily. The British government was en grossed with the troublous situa tion. Sir Samuel Hoare, foreign secretary, received timely order from his physician to take a res in Switzerland, and It was an nounced he would stop in Paris fo a conference with Premier Laval The admiralty was preparing foi eventualities and ordered-officers o: the royal navy reserve to report a' once for duty at Plymouth. Thesi^ men have been serving as officeri and engineers In the merchant ma rine. All members of the League oi Nations, Including Italy, are ex ceedingly anxious to know whal will be the course of the United States concerning the oil embargo PRIVATE bankers comprising th< federal reserve advisory counci' have handed to the federal reserve board a report giving warning thal unless the board acts to contro’ credit, the country “faces danger ous inflation” and “speculation such as preceded the market collapse ol 1929.” The board suppressed the re port but It leaked out. Besides warning the reserve board against the dangers of credit Infla tion which lurk in the three - bil lion dollars of idle bank reserves, the council disagreed bluntly with the do-nothing policy on bank re serves which has thus far been adhered to by Chairman Marriner S. Eccles and other federal re serve governors. Recommending that the reserve system take action to “eliminate or at least greatly reduce’’ excess re serves held by banks, the advisory council suggested that this end should be achieved by the reserve banks selling the government se curities which they hold. D ESIGNATION of George N. Peek as head of the Export Import bank and foreign trade ad viser to the President was what had been expected for some time. His policies were opposed to those of Cordell Hull and his departure from the New Deal is just another triumph for the secretary of state. His bank did no business and his advice was never followed. LJ ANS KERRL, German church dictator, has stirred up another great row by placing a censorship on the Confessional synod to pre vent the pastors from sending out communications which have not re ceived his approval. The pastors resented this hotly and adopted the course of making all announcements from their pulpits rather than in pastoral letters first submitted to Kerri. The preachers also told their congregations frankly just what they thought of Kerri and his or ders. GEN. HO YING-CHIN, Chinese minister of war, was sent to Peiping by Dictator Chiang Kai-shek to try to-check the northern auton Ho Ying-Chin omy movement. Delegations from the Autonomy Pro motion society called on him and mobs shouted au tonomy slogans out side ills office, and then the Japanese army officers took the matter in hand. L i e u t. O p 1. Tan Takahashi, military attache at Peiping, and an officer of the Japanese gar rison called on General Ho and or dered him to leave the city at once. Takahnstii told the war minister: “The Japanese army is convinced your continued stay in I'eiping can only complicate matters.” Maj. Gen. Hayao Tada, Japanese commander in north China, said: “War between China and Japbn is certain if China breaks the agree ment signed last July in which Nan king agreed not tp send troops into Hopei province.” At the same time Japanese war planes were flying low over Peiping.