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Roanoke Rapids herald. [volume] (Roanoke Rapids, N.C.) 1931-1948, December 12, 1935, Feature Section, Image 16

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Review of the History-Making Events of Last Week
- «—
Farley Thinks Midwest Safe for Roosevelt—Sloan
Urges Industry to Save Nation—Crisis in
Europe Is Approaching.
By EDWARD W. PICKARD
© Western Newspaper Union.
POSTMASTER GENERAL FAR
LEY, in liis capacity of chair
man of the Democratic national
committee, called that body to
J. A. Farley
meet in vvasmng
ton January 8, when
arrangements will
be made for the
convention of 1936
and the place of
that gathering se
lected. He told the
correspondents that
the chief bidders
for the convention
would be Philadel
phia, Chicago, St.
Louis, Kansas City
flliu OUU r liUlLlSLU, UI1U UCU1CU IUC
report that the first named city
already had been decided upon. He
said he thought the highest bidder
would be selected, provided it had
adequate convention hall and hotel
facilities.
Stories that Senator Donahey of
Ohio or some one else would be
given second place on the ticket
instead of Garner were laughed at
by Mr. Farley. He asserted that
there was no doubt about the re
nomination of Garner for Vice Pres
ident. Asked about the two-thirds
rule, he said the committee might
recommend its abandonment, but
that any change was the business
of the convention. Commenting on
the .■Literary Digest poll, which
shows a majority in the Middle
West states voting against the
ltoosevelt New Deal, Farley said:
“So far as the poll relates to
sentiment in the Midwest states,
like Iowa, it is 100 per cent wrong.”
He insisted that the President was
very strong, not only In that sec
tion of the country, but in every
part.
“The President will carry as
many states next year as he did
in 1932,’’ said Farley. Roosevelt
carried all except six states at that
time. Farley said he believed
Roosevelt would win the electoral
vote of Pennsylvania, one of the
states that voted for Hoover In
1932, and that also there was a good
chance of carrying New Hamp
shire, another of the Hoover states.
JAMES M. CURLEY, governor of
Massachusetts, was the original
“Roosevelt for President” man of
New England and, though he has
broken with some Democratic
leaders of his state, he Is still an
ardent supporter of the national
administration. Therefore he has
decided to be a candidate next year
for the senate seat now held by
Marcus Coolidge.
“I iiave made up my mind,” he
said, “to go to the United States
senate to be part of the move
ment to change the economic condi
tions of the country to provide for
social security.”
Senator Coolidge had not Indi
cated whether he will seek re-elec
tion.
DRITISH, Irish and Canadian del
•*-' egations opened conversations
in Washington with American ofil
cials looking to the establishment
of transatlantic air mail and pas
senger service. It was believed this
could be accomplished as soon as
reciprocal pacts are signed to al
low the landing of American planes
on foreign soil. Heretofore this
lias been blocked by the jealousies
of foreign aviation interests.
The delegation from Great Brit
ain is headed by Sir Ronald Bands,
director general of the general post
office. He is accompanied by C. K.
Woods Humphrey, who is managing
director of Imperial Airways, Ltd.
Postmaster General Farley an
nounced that he would ask congress
at the coming session for funds to
start an air service between the
United States and Europe. Experi
mental flights would be made next
summer and the route opened in
the following year.
GOOD news for the building In
dustry. President Green of the
American Federation of Labor gives
out the word that there will be no
more jurisdictional strikes among
construction workers. The factions
in the building trades department
of the federation have found a plan
to prevent workmen from delaying
construction by strikes over which
of two organizations should do a
particular piece of work.
In the future the contractor is to
decide whicli union shall do the job
when a dispute arises, and then if
a joint committee of the unions in
volved is unable to adjust the dif
ference the question is to be re
ferred to a federal judge as arbiter.
SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE
WALLACE announced the corn
hog program for 1936-37. Designed
to maintain a balance between the
Sec’y Wallace
interests oi me pro
ducer and the con
sumer, this new
plan will permit a
30 per cent increase
in hog production
nexi year over 1935,
thus preparing the
way for possible re
ductions in pork
prices to the house
wife ; and to re
strict corn acreage
to about 95,000,000
acres, an Increase of about 1,400,
000 acres, over the amount harvest
ed this year.
After appraisal by community
committees and review by county
allotment committees, a corn acre
age base and a market hog base
will be fixed. Co-operating producers
must agree to plant corn next year
on at least 25 per cent cf their
base acreages. They will be per
mitted to retire from 10 to 30 per
cent of their base acreage for soil
improving or erosion-preventing
purposes. Hog growers must agree
to produce between 50 and 100 per
cent of the base market produc
tion.
The 1936 corn adjustment pay
ment will be 35 cents a bushel on
the appraised yield times the ad
justed acreage, less the pro rata
share of local administrative ex
penses.
A payment of $1.25 per head will
be made on each hog in the base.
Deductions will be made at the rate
of $2.50 per head if a producer fails
to raise 50 per cent of his base
numbers.
The 1937 rates will be announced
by November 30, 1936, but the rate
on corn will not be less than 30
cents per bushel and the rate on
hogs will not be less than $1.25
per head.
DR. JAMES HENRY BREASTED
of the University of Chicago,
one of the world’s leading oriental
ists, died in New York of an illness
contracted on shipboard as he was
returning from a visit to research
expeditions in the Near East which
were under his direction. He was
seventy years old. His expeditions
to Egypt and eastern Asia and his
excavations there added vastly to
the history of civilization.
Princess Victoria, favorite sister
of King George of England, died at
her home in Buckinghamshire at the
age of sixty-seven. She suffered
from ill health through most of her
life and never was married.
Alfred p. sloan, jr., presi
dent of General Motors cor
poration, was the chief speaker at
the annual dinner of the Congress
A. P. Sloan, Jr.
ui naiuiv.au
try in New York,
and he made an
earnest plea to in
dustry to save the
country from bu
reaucracy and pos
sible socialism.
Industry should
lead the nation
away from the fal
lacious theory of
plenty “to promote
the eeneral welfare
of all the people,” Mr Sloan told the
nation’s leading manufacturers.
Should big business fail to accept
this “broader responsibility," It
will bring, he said, the “urge for
more and more interference from
without—government in business.”
Mr. Sloan conceded the gravity
and the extreme importance of
problems of today—the paramount
necessity oi charting a sound course
for the "long future.” He advo
cated :
“1—Reduction In the real costs and
selling prices of goods and services.
“2—A more economic balance of
national income through policies af
fecting wages, hours, prices and
profits.”
The meeting of the congress was
held in conjunction with the fortieth
annual convention of the National
Association of Manufacturers, and
the speakers before that body were
as emphatic In their condemnation
of the economic policies of the ad
ministration as was Mr. Sloan.
President C. L. Bardo said: “Wheth
er we like It or not, Industry has
been forced in sheer self-defense to
enter the political arena or be de
stroyed as a private enterprise.”
General Counsel J. A. Emery de
clared: “This gathering Is a call
to arms.
“The sentry call should rouse the
armies of industry to repulse the
forces of the alien theory that chal
lenge our political Institutions and
economic system within our own
household.”
Robert L. Lund, chairman of the
board, said: “The New Dealers have
been forced to desert some of their
boldest experiments. This has come
to pass because the American peo
ple have demanded a return to com
mon sense and sound business.
American Industry has taken the
leadership In this combat.”
ONE hundred thousand Demo
crats, mostly Georgians, gath
ered In the stadium of Georgia
Tech at Atlanta for a homeoomlmr
and heard Presl- g
dent Roosevelt de- |
liver a character- |
istic speech, full of j
confidence, assur- I
ance of prosperity ’
and praise for what |
the New Deal has f
accomplished. And I
he did not neglect jj
to attack warmly I
the critics of his I
administration, in
reviewing the eco
nomic and social
President
Roosevelt
advances since bis Inauguration be
gave out what was considered the
keynote for his campaign for re
election, and definitely announced
his candidacy — unnecessarily — by
asserting that life in the United
States has improved in the last two
and a half years and will continue
to Improve “if I have anything to
do with it.”
Mr. Roosevelt promised that lav
ish government spending was over
and that the nation could look for
ward with assurance to a decreas
ing deficit, and asserted that the
government credit is higher than
that of any other great nation. He
bitterly criticized the treasury poli
cies prior to his entrance into the
White House, traced the relief poli
cies as opposed to doles and de
clared that the peak of appropri
ations has passed.
CANADA’S wheat marketing pol
icy, always a matter of great
interest to wheat growers of the
United States, is to be radically al
tered, according to the Dominion
government. A new wheat board
has been appointed, headed by
James R. Murray, general manager
of the Alberta Pacific Grain com
pany. Instead of trying to main
tain prices by stabilization opera
tions of the Winnipeg Grain ex
change, the board will endeavor to
reduce the huge Canadian wheat
surplus by offering wheat for sale
at the world’s competitive prices.
“The government,” said Trade
Minister W. D. Euler, “desires to
have its surplus restored to a nor
mal basis. To accomplish this the
wheat board will seek the good
will and co-operation of -the grain
and miling trades in all important
countries.
“It is not necessary to have and
there will not be any ‘fire sale’ of
Canadian wheat, but it will be for
sale at competitive values and will
not be held at exorbitant premiums
over other wheats.”
EUROPEAN diplomats, especially
the British and Premier Laval
of France, are exceedingly clever
and resourceful, but if they are to
extricate tneir na- ;
tions from the !
present threatening
state of affairs they
will need all their
smartness. Though
decision as to the
imposition of an
oil embargo
against Italy was
postponed until De
cember 12 to give
Laval a chance to
conciliate Musso
lini, the duce re
Sir Samuel
Hoare
fused to make any gesture toward
peace. Italians were authoritative
ly warned not to mistake diplomat
ic exchanges between their premier
and the representatives of Great
Britain and France as “peace talk,”
and were told there was no reason
to believe Mussolini had modi fled
his minimum terms already pre
sented to Sir Eric Drummond and
Laval’s representative. Also he has
declined further to conciliate Brit
ain by removing more troops from
Libya and has repeated his warn
ing that he will consider an oil em
bargo an unfriendly gesture. He
end all Italians are especially re
sentful against Great Britain, which
apparently intends to insist on the
oil ban. And now they are getting
very sore at France, despite Laval’s
efforts to maintain friendly rela
tions between the two countries.
There were reports that Italian
troops were being massed along the
French frontier.
One more rather desperate move
for peace was made in Paris when
Laval gave Italian Ambassador Cer
ruti a “set of suggestions” which
were said to be the last word from
France and Great Britain before the
applying of the oil embargo, due on
December 12. These suggestions
were said to be based principally on
an exchange of territories between
Italy and Ethiopia, the latter to re
ceive Its long-sought seaport and to
remain absolutely Independent, save
for the lands granted to Italy.
The feeling in Rome was pessi
mistic, and there was noted a gen
era] tightening up of home defenses.
Troops that had been expected to
depart for the Ethiopian front were
being retained in Italy, and the or
ders to the naval and air forces
were suggestive. New economic
measures to resist the sanctions
were being put into e.fect daily.
The British government was en
grossed with the troublous situa
tion. Sir Samuel Hoare, foreign
secretary, received timely order
from his physician to take a res
in Switzerland, and It was an
nounced he would stop in Paris fo
a conference with Premier Laval
The admiralty was preparing foi
eventualities and ordered-officers o:
the royal navy reserve to report a'
once for duty at Plymouth. Thesi^
men have been serving as officeri
and engineers In the merchant ma
rine.
All members of the League oi
Nations, Including Italy, are ex
ceedingly anxious to know whal
will be the course of the United
States concerning the oil embargo
PRIVATE bankers comprising th<
federal reserve advisory counci'
have handed to the federal reserve
board a report giving warning thal
unless the board acts to contro’
credit, the country “faces danger
ous inflation” and “speculation such
as preceded the market collapse ol
1929.” The board suppressed the re
port but It leaked out.
Besides warning the reserve board
against the dangers of credit Infla
tion which lurk in the three - bil
lion dollars of idle bank reserves,
the council disagreed bluntly with
the do-nothing policy on bank re
serves which has thus far been
adhered to by Chairman Marriner
S. Eccles and other federal re
serve governors.
Recommending that the reserve
system take action to “eliminate or
at least greatly reduce’’ excess re
serves held by banks, the advisory
council suggested that this end
should be achieved by the reserve
banks selling the government se
curities which they hold.
D ESIGNATION of George N.
Peek as head of the Export
Import bank and foreign trade ad
viser to the President was what
had been expected for some time.
His policies were opposed to those
of Cordell Hull and his departure
from the New Deal is just another
triumph for the secretary of state.
His bank did no business and his
advice was never followed.
LJ ANS KERRL, German church
dictator, has stirred up another
great row by placing a censorship
on the Confessional synod to pre
vent the pastors from sending out
communications which have not re
ceived his approval. The pastors
resented this hotly and adopted the
course of making all announcements
from their pulpits rather than in
pastoral letters first submitted to
Kerri. The preachers also told their
congregations frankly just what
they thought of Kerri and his or
ders.
GEN. HO YING-CHIN, Chinese
minister of war, was sent to
Peiping by Dictator Chiang Kai-shek
to try to-check the northern auton
Ho Ying-Chin
omy movement.
Delegations from
the Autonomy Pro
motion society
called on him and
mobs shouted au
tonomy slogans out
side ills office, and
then the Japanese
army officers took
the matter in hand.
L i e u t. O p 1. Tan
Takahashi, military
attache at Peiping,
and an officer of the Japanese gar
rison called on General Ho and or
dered him to leave the city at once.
Takahnstii told the war minister:
“The Japanese army is convinced
your continued stay in I'eiping can
only complicate matters.”
Maj. Gen. Hayao Tada, Japanese
commander in north China, said:
“War between China and Japbn is
certain if China breaks the agree
ment signed last July in which Nan
king agreed not tp send troops into
Hopei province.”
At the same time Japanese war
planes were flying low over Peiping.

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