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Roanoke Rapids herald. [volume] (Roanoke Rapids, N.C.) 1931-1948, July 12, 1945, SECTION A, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2017236974/1945-07-12/ed-1/seq-6/

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By Mail — $2. Yearly — In Advance
CARROLL WILSON, Owner and Editor
Entered as Second Class matter April 3rd, 1914, at the post office
at Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina, under Act of March 8rd, 1879
We, The Peoples Of The United Nations, De
termined — to save succeeding generations from
the scourge of war, which twice in our lifetime has
brought untold sorrow to mankind, and
—to reaffirm faith in fundamental human
rights, in the dignity and worth of the human per
son, in the equal rights of men and women and of
nations large and small, and
—to establish conditions under which justice
and respect for the obligations arising from
treaties and other sources of international law can
be maintained, and
—to promote social progress and better
standards of life in larger freedom.
And For These Ends
—to practice tolerance and live together in
peace with one another as good neighbors, and
—to unite our strength to maintain internat
ional peace and security, and
—to insure, by the acceptance of principles and
the institution of methods, that armed force shall
not be used, save in the common interest, and
—to employ international machinery for the
promotion of the economic and social advancement
of all peoples.
Have Resolved To Combine Our Efforts To
Accomplish These Aims.
Accordingly, our respective governments,
through representatives assembled in the City of
San Francisco, who have exhibited their full powers
found to be in good and due form, have agreed to
the present Charter of the United Nations and do
hereby established an international organization to
be known as the United Nations.
A young veteran had come back from the
Pacific with so little faith in himself that he
couldn’t work full time at his old textile mill job.
Wi« mother persuaded him to talk to the Red Cross
Home Service worker.
“There’s one thing I didn’t tell Mom,” he admit
ted at last. “I tore up that discharge of mine and
threw it into the ocean.”
When asked why, he explained that it was an
honorable discharge, not for physical disability. It
had been given him because of his nervous condi
tion, and he was afraid people would think he was
Unity ]
The Home Service worker told him that she
knew he was not crazy. Everybody did crazy things
sometimes. After several talks that built up his
self-confidence, she persuaded him to apply for a
discharge in lieu of loss. This was sent by the War
Department.^ Then Home Service found what forms
the boy had filled out in the hospital and straighten
ed him out on what compensation he was due.
But the best aid the Red Cross was able to
render this boy was restoring his faith in himself.
When last heard from, he was doing a fulltime job.
An investment of $40,900,000,000 in agricul
ture for soil conservation, reforestation of waste
farm lands, reclaimation, drainage, rural roads,
farm structures, rural electrification, machinery
and equipment and the creation of part time farms
was advised by Roger M. Keyes, president of Harry
Ferguson, Inc., in an address before the Cleveland
Farmers’ Club of the Cleveland Chamber of Com
“Industry,” Mr. Keyes declared, “has become
more and more productive as the capital invested to
aid the worker has been increased. Therefore, the
same procedure should be applied to agriculture.
“Since 65 per cent of raw materials come from
the land, we must examine the problem of the cost
of production in agriculture. An over-all measure of
the relative falling behind of agriculture in produc
tivity is to be found in the fact that from 1869 to
1937 output of agricultural workers increased at
the rate of 2.1 per cent per year while that of indus
try increased at an average rate of 3.9 per cent per
year. In other words, the rate of increase in output
per worker in agriculture over a long period has
been only 54 per cent as much as industry. Consider
ing the greater reduction in working hours in indus
try, the showing of agriculture is even poorer.
“Millions of farmers,” he said, “are still work
ing with hand labor methods or with power ani
mals. Such antiquated application of effort ac
counts for much of their lack of productivity. If we
are to reduce the cost of raw materials it is neces
sary for agriculture to multiply the effectiveness of
its workers through mechanization in the field and
in the barn.
“Once we sufficiently reduce the cost of pro
duction of our raw materials and pass on the bene
fits of increased productivity in the processing and
marketing of these raw material to all the people
through continually reducing prices, we are well c)n
the way to permanent prosperity. We can raise our
standard of living higher than we have ever enjoy
ed and also help other countries enjoy new freedom
and prosperity.”
"We Got Adolf
(Continued from page 1—Sect. A)
Americans, approaching from the
west and the Russians from the
east came closer. One German of
ficer said: ‘If the Russians g<jjfc
here first I'm going to shoot my
self. If the Americans get here
first, I’ll surrender. That was how
the Nazis felt about the Reds.
“Believe me, those Russians
didn’t take nothing off of ’em.
They shot plenty of Germans and
the American soldiers became
rather tough, too, after they had
liberated some of the boys from
prison camps and saw with their
own eyes how barbarous our sol
diers had been treated.”
How did you fare for food, he
was asked.
‘Well, for breakfast you got a
cup of what they called coffee.
For dinner they threw a handful
of barley or oaTs at you and from
that a kind of soup was made. And
for supper you got one loaf of
bread to be divided among nine
men, and if you had been a good
boy that day you got a little lar(|
to go witn it.
“One time when we were being
moved,” said Holmes "they made
us march from Christmas eve day
until January 22. On that trip we
hardly had anything to eat or
drink. It was so cold, too, and we
didn’t have good clothing or shees.
The Red Cross boxes sent to us
from the states were kept by the
Germans. They never reached us
in most instances."
Would you mind telling of your
most interesting or harrowing ex
perience, Pvt. Holmes was asked.
“Of bourse, the most interesting
and joyous was when we saw the
boys of the 83rd coming in. A
lieutenant was leading them and
,one of our fellows rushed up to
the lieutenant and hugged and
kissed him. We ran all the Ger
mans out of the houses in the
town and took over. They sure haf
Jgood sleeping beds. Some of us
fellows began hunting for food and
I found two dozen eggs buried in
Ithe sand. We also found a jar of
canned chicken hidden in an old
Grandfather’s clock, so we had a
right gfood dinner with that. ,
' ‘‘A' buddie and I,” continued
Holmes, ‘‘finally got a Red Cross
box from the states and in it were
some cigarettes. That night wk
bribed the guard with five ciga
rettes. He went into the office of
the camp and we went over the
fence. We walked all night and
the next day. We were getting
hungry and my buddie said he was
going to a house located a short
distance from where we were hid
ing. He did and pretty soon I saw
three German civilians beating
him and kicking him about. I sat
there and had just finished eatings
a small piece of cheese and som<;
crackers when I looked around
casual like and there behind me
stood five Germans with guns
drawn. We were taken back to the
camp and confined in a small
brick room with no heat. We stay
ed in there 14 days and probably
would have starved to death if
the cook hadn’t slipped us some
soup one night. He was a swell
guy, even if he was German. He’^£
been through the other war.”
Did you see any actual brutality
committed? 'Holmes was asked.
"Yes, I di<fc The meanest man I
think I ever saw was a guard we
fellows dubbed ‘Adolf.’ We named
him* after Hitler, he was so mean.
"I saw him beat some of the
boys with rifle butts until he was
prostrate on the ground just be-'
cause the soldier d-a something
‘Adolf didn’t like. But when w^J
were liberated ‘Adolf got his, be
lieve me.
“If you were too sick or weak
to work, it was just too bad. You
were left to die or maybe if the
guards felt like doing it, they’d
shoot you to get you out of your
Holmes, who has enough points
to get out of the Army, declines
to do so. After his leave explreg
he will report to Miami, Fla., fo*
further orders.
Mrs. Li .E. Murdoch, Jr., and
daughter, Sharon Coleene, of Snow
Hill, are visiting Mrs. Murdoch’s
parents, Mr. and Mrs. D. W. Deb

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