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V - f VOL. VI. LET US EXCHANGE VIEWS- tin th time Intervening between now and the date of the People' Independent State Convention thin and euceeedlng column will be own to the PormllHtnof toe mate to pro ixwe candidate for tlie ticket or 'Wl. and for United btatf h Benaior, and to Dhow reimon for Individual preference. We Khali not have xpuce for anything more than name and brief TeaMont for the choice made, because we wth la hear from great many. Lkt mj mam hk ilKHltPnOPOHItUrnSOrriCK WMOMB('HAR(!TKK All WKI.L AC INTKLXRUTDAIi OUAMflCATIONR TH WHITEK WII.I, NOT FKIiHON ALLY VOUCH roH. if any caiadldutun seem to be leading whom our readers cannot connclentloueljr anp .port, by all meant let u know why they lire irenuoUHly objected to, Mm let u rennet one .another' vlewe, avoid anything tending to -dUhannony If it be poMelhl without eaorlllce of principle, and bear willingly thoae who dif fer with un, "in. a multitude of couiieelore there lnafetT." But with many to hear from each must be brief. Editor W halts M akich. Gaflln for Governor. No Fusion. KWINO, Neb., June 5, 1894. fidltor Wealth Makers: I toe you extend an invitation for an expression of preference for the coming man. It U very doubtful if we bave a strong a man to bead the ticket with as tbe Hon. J. N. Gaffin. We bave every thing to gain and nothing to lose by placing tree and tried Independents in the field. Nothing can possibly accrue to us 'y taking up Democrats. I hear considerable talk of nominating a Dem ocrat in the Third congressional district I consider it suicidal policy, Have we no tried and true men in every district irj the state? For instance, in the Third ' congressional district there is no stronger man than ex-state treasurer Falrcbildg. W. J. Bryan is still at tbe parting of tbe ways. It is very little stock the Populists should take in any roan who is waiting to see which is going to be the biggest side. 1 favor ), M. Kern in ray district, the big flth It would be infringing on your valuable space to specify in each district. Let us ' nominate men who have known "where they are at" a long time before - - this? - Enclosed find my subscription to The Wealth Makers. Yours for success, O. F. Stith. Hull of Harlan for Treasurer. Alma, Neb., June 14, 18ii4. S Editor Wealth Makers: I bave read the exchange of views with considerable interest. At first I must say I was opposed to tbe discus alon of probable candidate?, so long a time before the convention, But It is too late now to mention objections. So will just say, let us be careful that we do not establish a ring In our party, and find a few men "making medicine" for the whole outfit. It will be impossible for the conven tion to nominate all the good and capa ble men we have in the People's party, or even all those that have been already mentioned for )he various positions. So someone is aestlnea to get ten. mere is one one source, of satisfaction, how ever. And that is, that there U not a man whose name has been mentioned as a probable candidate that will sulk If he falls to get It In conclusion I wish to say that Har lan county don'l want the whole earth or the fullness thereof. But we do v want Mr. O. Hull (formerly of Lancas ter county) on our state ticket this fall as a candidate for state treasurer. In this man we bave all the qualification tbat are required In an efficient ofiloer, via .capability, honesty, and nlde from all other noble qualities, he is a tv nch Independent, was In the fight early, and has stayed right by the old banner ever since. With hi wide acquaintance all onr the state, having two Alliance late treati'.rer for evral years, coupled with his undoubted atlllty as a public speaker, would make candidate that we can fleet, and tbat would be an he nor to the state, 'leant give us Hull for trvneurvr. S, rlLTO.V. Wm It Allen's Opinion. Ildltof WfALTtl MAKKKsi: I am much iU'd with lb a oporti nlty given by you to Independent to tiamo their hull for candidate to Ail th vrat ttal tnio tntrtntla fait. julu many Lav earned my frWn), lion. J, 11, Power, (or thotf..tf tr4ufr, httsK h could hmornMy till, Lot us not Krgt lb fact when weWtt4 Mr. lurdvat tf KUImot ruuuty a nuwWr tf years ngi he had to prtiwlw to itcj.utt a man Wt4 ty th tut try tr rwforw he vould giv aa net jallo bond, tbttvby de nting tie w hoi pvirpo of fcU iU. v. I would advU a man from th Vrn pari of tb uu fc IU of jrtjrer, who might be more avorably situated than Mr. Powers, 'and give honest John Powers tie office of lieutenant governor. Now comes Professor W.A. Andrews of the 5th congressional district, and says, "Behold me dresied in sack cloth and having hot ashes sprinkled upon me; lo and behold am I cot sancti fied to silver coinage? Have I not re pented in sorrow (caused by defeat and by Mac)? Would I not promise any thing for $5,000 per year and ye emolu ment, thereof? Behold these tears and hear my sighs! I acknowledge my error when I denounced silver two years ago. Was I not honest in my opinion then, that tbe majority of the voters in the 6th were goldltes? If so, am I not honest now when I favor silver when I find the majority are in its favor? Will I not' vote as Messrs Ilaln er and Melklejobn voted, one way, and talk the other, as all my predecessors have done? Cone up you dodgaeted hayseeds, anarchists, and shopworn, brainless toilers and hear me expound true republicanitm how not to dolt, and to do them give my muscular do velop men t a chance, my mind organs an opportunity to expand and I am able and I am willing to handle your $5,000 a year and milage. G ive me a chance to develop my abilities as a straddler and I cry gold, gold, silver, silver, bank currency or greenbacks anything to suit any and all anything to beat McKelghan''. Wm. A. Allkn. Distribute Geographically the Can , dictates, Editor Wealth Makers: , The Nebraska law on elections pre scribes that "no party can have the names of their candidates printed on the official ballot unless they have cast a certain per cent, of the vote at the last general eleci0n-u4eesUte4ere---of the state petition to have them so printed." You advertUe in The Wealth Mak eii 3 a state convention to be held at Grand Island, August 2.'), 1894, of the People's party. There Is no People's party in Nebraska, no Populist party; no Independent party, but there Is a grand People's Independent party. You understand, we understand and everyone understands what Is meant by the People's party'or the Populist party, but tbat is not our name In Nebratka, and 11 we don't live up to the letter of the law at this critical period we may find ourselves off the official ballot just a few days before election. The Wealth Makers is acknow ledged as the ofllaial paper of the Peo ple's Independent party of Nebraska, and I write this letter to ask you to change the heading of the call for tbe state convention to conform to our past record, and I ask all editors of papers who lavor the People's Independent party of Nebraska to see that they advertise the party convention proper ly and save future trouble. In regard to the numerous sugges tion for state honors this fall, a long list of excellent men has been brought to light, everyone of whom would be acceptable and worthy, and I only wish to call the attention of the readers of T:i Wealth Makers to one point In making nominations, distrihutt thtm ow tht itatt. Give the western part ef the state a representative oa the tk'M. iVm't forget the south part, the rant part and the north part. Towinthtt election we must carry a stronger vote In the north and eastern portion of the state. We failed two year ago bocauie there was a Urge territory north of the Platte river from r'rvnient to tlraiid ! land that wai not represented en the itate ticket. The boys must be entuud a little so thUthuy will turn out and work htt't and vote ttur. This van only be done by giving them aomutMug to work, and vol Kir, a man that th y are puraonally aiulnUU with, tiivou It H MHIwr, u( Wajeeoonuty, Forwni inlaUntr of publUilau Uand building', and lllurr itu) you with our to aett Nivmbvr. Your la th mUUte of the rd. Vhk xriKK. fciai flr. Tlu prului ImU f.r the Nvtirk state i'lr, to b hlj at t.tscola hv tiuw 1 Wi H, r cut. r'or briber nftirpiat and prnniuHi lUU .Mn-t th irvUry, l 'l-t V, t'urn, llroa vllie, lN'brakn I..IV ! It'tl MllrV I'ftlNl'lll. Take TtiK Wkaltm) MAatna. I LINCOLN, NEB., THUESDAY, JULY 5, 1894. Discussing tbe Platform. Editor Wealth Makers: In a letter J une i, Mr. Otto Mutz calls for discussion of the platform, which I think is a wise proposition, because ex perience from the old parties' teachers that platform are mostly put up to catch votes for party leaders and are wholly ignored after election, to the detriment of the people. In changing this government form a monarchy to a Republic form. This people accepted some of the monarchlal Ideas one of which Is to put too much power In one hand, which leads to ab soluteness. This Is unrepublican and should be changed, At I was born and raised In Switzer land I will show how in this little Re public absoluteness of orTlcers is re strained. For federal and state governments in some of the states tbe people, and In tbe other states Its representatives, elect 5 or 7 orTlcers (Bundesrath or lleglerungsratb) which perform the same duties as the president or the governor In this state. These officers are elected in some states for four years and 'in the oil ers for six years; tbe terms of one half expire accordingly every two or three years and most all parties are represented. The presi dents of these bodies have to preside over the meetings, but hare no vote un less tbe votes cast are even. The presi dent is elected by and from this body for one year. At the same time they divide the different business amongst themselves. To restrain officers from absoluteness and urge them to fulfill the will of the people, they have the initiative and the referendum, The former gives the people the right to make direct pro posal for- law, which the legislative bodies cap accept or reject; but a re jection In this case Is not final. In this case the final decision is left to the veto of the whole people. The referendum Is tbe veto, power. Furthermore, the electors have a right to recall officers If they despise their will. For this purpose It needs a cer tain amount (I believe from 10 to 20 per cent) of tbe legal voters to sign the de mand for recall. In such case the officer has to withdraw at once and a new election is held immediately, whereby the same officer can be elected again, but under no circumstances can a vacated elective office be filled by ap pointment. If last year we had bad a law of this kind in Nebraska I believe the people would have made use of it when our state officers were discharged from the accusation of fraud, although the highest judge in the state held them guilty. Not In a single state of the whole civilized world could a man under such suspicions hold office. But this man had no sense of honor to de cline (retire ),(?) and to the disgrace and disadvantage of the state of Nebraska they were Installed again and are a dis honor to Nebraska today. Chairmen of the senate, congress legislatures, etc., have too much power, too. In Switzerland the chairmen of such bodies can not appoint committees. They are appointed by the member of the body. If two or more are nominated at onoe a vote of ayes and nays decide. These are a tew laws which as I knew work well In Switzerland, and which I believe are worth considering in draw ing a platform for the Peoples party. Difference arising between employ ers and employed should bj conaldervtl, too, a th present law are too much In f ivor of tbe employer, a wa plainly shown by the last miner' strike, when laborer and tnot of the mine owners wre willing tosrblttate wbcnaaafuwi f the larger mice owner nfuo 1 to pr liclpat for the purpo of raiting the price of coal, lijtyvttbey diuadvd from tho government protection for Uvf mine Thl I wrong, btau laborer have an ht'lvoJu right lo living wgo tutiluleut to iuorl their famlit a hum Mug nou!4 live; and twtmuto mla owner Lav m ritfht U arbitrarily hntUn the mine n4 lt. tvh .( .pihvl ottUif Of I ho Hal given llH.ini. To prevent !iul- lr a;ltU, ) ahouUl tm -n tid lht la t'e whrfo 'r.'ttii rtiftiHi I Hiwt vttih tVlr 4' ir.'ri la .-Ui their d it .-aolhvvraiiu'it houiJ pruWt the prvjvrty uf th voio. rl.n I y th stat militia at th a ol D. cotiorUa velll u ttiRWuHW nro U!J tthr tM-itVly vr I y 'law; ai,J II. I I jbe Injured by stopping of the opera tion, as In case of rail roads, coal mines, f)to, the government should operate the works in tbe same way as if tbey were in tbe hands of a receiver. Be cause it is an unjustlce to have all the people suffering that some greedy cor porations may make more money, j These are r few questions which I wished to be discussed before putting hp a new platform. T. Schweizer. Woodlawn, June 18, 1804. Our Ii carter Called Out. Marsunu, Neb , June 8, 1W)4. Editor Wealth Makers: 1 In replying to Mr. Porter, of Merrick, let me say tbat in the first place, he mis takes me altogether, with reference to expecting self praise. I had supposed tbat every man or woman in Nebraska was aware of tbe fact tbat self praise was considered ball scandal and that In consequence no man would take such a matter into account. If, however, a prospective candidate were to indulge in such nonsense wo should not voto for him. Again, If a man can find nothing else to express himself upou, he is not ftt for governor, or other office. There are state lneues, transportation, Issuer, labor Issues and many others up on which tbe people desire the opinion of men who are to be our standard bear ers. Certainly we do not want men who have not ability nor force enough to ex press themselves upon these subjects. , Mr. Porter, "amused" as he is at my peculiar phraseology, agrees with me dear the close of his letter of reply; but wants the candidates to consume hours qf time in tbe convention doing just what I insisted on their doing now. As (said In my former letter so say I still; that men are judged by their utter noes. not In self pralne, but upon the questions at issue and the principles of the party, I repeat, also, that a man who can not do this is not tbe man to represent the party as a nominee. By the methed of expression which I have indicated the best talent is brought out before the people previous to the con vention and the people thus prepared to make choice of ability rather than from the backing a man may have in the convention that is to nominate. It is not necessary for a man to say that he is a candidate before the com ing convention In order to give expres sion to his views. Senator Stewart, of Sioux county, has been mentioned as a possible candidate for governor and possibly for congress; but I do not think he has been consulted as to whether be will accept, yet I know that as a citizen he possesses very decided views and has the courage and ability to express them and will no doubt do so in a public man ner as a citizen. Mr. Porter himself ludges Mr. Gustln a a fit representa tive from hi utterances In written articles upon pabllo questions. Thus we see that there are other ways than thou of telling us of when these men left the g, o. p., or the work they did in forwarding the present movement of the working people, of showing their abilities a cltln or party loader. Here we all know Senator Stewart per sonally, but there are many other locali ties In the state where he I not known except by those of hU personal associ ate In the state legislature. So It 1 with many of thoe who have been pro posed by (rleuds In the eastern part of the state. Now what we want I to get acquainted with your men, and we want you to get acquainted with our, and what bottwr plan could be adopted than the one I nv proponed. When all have i pressed thuoiMjlve a clllten uKn the uutUtr referred to, then tut ability b the morit of their Ice lion. Now .Mr. Porter, can yon not y y to taW pr p-telt on and yourl( trt the wok which you say you propo to make them do at th oooventlon. Wry truly yur brother. U W. IUati. PUa nutlcv th a t cf Te ,! t II W1 to thU linue. It (jUKr Unnf. ThU hotel Isrrntraliy U'ud. is llr! U every wy, havief all mudtia tvttvfhWuee, and I o faring a "hc',1 r ' to alt "our hoy1 (ljm!!) hottn r y ou tui !ou or with d le gate to convontioit, i Hs Kvry on lUtxilrva'fd filth hhU'. roul-krv lion, I' aura and Ko a! The Ofvlt hn )ot ar In town and ha you go htu tall th buy whti u van fwt I IMPORTAANT BE To Be'p the Starved Oat Western Homesteaders- CONGRESSMAN KEM'S 000D W0EX He Get's a Bill Through tbe House Which if It Passe th Senate Will Enable Homesteaders to Return to Tbtlr Forfeited Claims. Allen Will Champion It AUo. We are informed by many correspon dents in western Nebraska that the drouth, following a failure of crops last year, Is forcing many homesteaders in the western counties to leave their land in order to find something to live on. Hundreds and hundreds are being driven from their claims by the exhaus tion of their resources. To meet this situation and prevent loss of the right to homestead where claims have to be forfeited under the present laws Con groHsman Kem has introduced a bill in the lower Ilouseand secured If passage by that body. We give below a copy of the bill and Mr, Kem's remarks thereon. If this bill becomes a law all these settlers who by force of uncontrollable circumstan ces are being driven from their borne steads, and all In future who otherwise would forfeit their claims an account of drouth, sickness, or other unavoidable casualty, will be permitted, on making a satisfactory proof of the facta to the land commissioner, to file on a new claim, jnst as If they had not made previous filing. They may return to their former claim if no one else gets back to it abend of them, - This is of course not the law yet, bat Senator Allen will do hit best to push the bill through the Senate. Following are Mr. Kem's remarks and the text of the bill: Homestead bights to certain set tlers. Mr. Kem. Mr. Speaker, I ask unani mous consent for the present considera tion of the bill (H. R 7480) to amend section 3 of an act to withdraw certain public lands from private entry, and for other purposes, approved March 2, 1889 The bill was read, as follows: Bt It enacted, etc , Tbat section 3 of the said act of March 2, 1880, be amended by adding thereto the following provi sion: "i'hat if any such settler has heretofore forfeited, or may hereafter forfeit, bis or her entry for any of said reasons, such person shall be permitted to make entry of not to exceed a quar ter section of any publlo land subject to entry under the homestead law, and to perfect title to the same under the same conditions in every respect as If he had not made the former entry." The Speaker pro tempore. Is there objections to the present opnslderation of this bill? Mr, Holman. I think there ought to be some explanation of the bill, Mr. Speaker. Mr. Kem. I will explain it All that this bill seeks to do Is to restore the rights of entry to that class of settlers who, through drought, or through mis fortune over which they have no con trol, were compelled to abandon their lands an 4 lot their homes. The bill simply give to that claw of e tiler in the west another opportunity to file claim on tbe publlo lands; In other words, It give them another chance to save their home. H It well known that throughout tbe wt, by rcaaor. of drought and other causes, large nuro bur tt our very worthiest cltlaens were compellt d to abandon their home, wore uaabie to mak proof, and, In that way, Uwt evert dollar they had In the world, All that thl till ok Id da 1 simply to give tho poopl, at It were, one more cbance f.r thetr Uvea, aud t hope there will b no objection W It paoagv, Mr. npvsicr D' ttmvtre. I there objection to the t-rewat eonldrUon to U pg? I'hcra wm no objve'lon. Ino bill wa ordered to bo engrof J, acd rd a third time: and b-lng a grvtJ, it nocordlagly real the tnl-4 Hu e aaj jm, t a iiiu'k'u of Mr Koro a motion to rt.Uir th ot i f whLh tb It. I fwd wa U14 oa th tab!, I utt l an :lern tlroitier. hh nvnr, Conn., Jun u, v 41 tor Wialtu MAkm. ( am under social obligation to you for ,Mc'.tua eopf of T WfLtW NO. 4 Makers of June 7tb. Many tbanlg for the same. The 4th page is almost a new revalation and certainly an in splration. Please don't fall to give o the forthcoming address of Prof. Geo, D. Ilerron. , Thanks be to God the leaven of Socialism, Populism and the Ktngdcm of God among men on the earth It working. The chief point of anxiety here is How can we possibly get all these true reformers of every name and measure to all see "eye toeye'ln this present up- beaval and demand for a change? Clark son of the Republican national com mlttee said upon the results of the last presidential campaign: "TAb uprUlng li an order from the American people for a cfianije in the induitrial, economic, and financial tyttem of the government." The Socialist labor party Is not going backward. The Populist party, or People's party, Is not going backward; so it is only a question of wise leader ship and a little more time and the ' 'order for a change '' will be ackn o wled ged I heard Rsv. Prof. Andrews, L L 1)., of Providence, II. I,, pronounce the present financial system, "simply infernal!" I heard Rev, Dr. Pullman of the First M. E. church here in Bridgeport say: "I am a pronounced socialist!" and Rev. Mr. Dixon, Baptist, of Hartford, ) sterling and strong In his utterances along the same lines for reform. Eev. Dr. McLano of New Haven, in his Washington's birthday oration said: "Patriotism would lead to enactment of such laws as would make possible to every man the possession of the product of his own labor" and upon being hissed for the sentiment bi turned with, sharp rebuke and said: "If any mil lionaire or his friends want to hiss that sentiment let bim hiss. Th wealth of the world win not always flow Into the coffers of tbe few, but will be more fully distributed among the many who produce It!" Well, sol might draw upon my scrap book for "pointers." Socialism Is la tbe air! A tremendous change is com log! A little nucleus of men here are working against great odds to help oa the cause. And your paper should be on our lists. I like the tone of it and shall quote from It in our section, and club both. Please send copy also to Mr. Leary, Stanford, Conn., Citizens of the) Greater Republlo club. I will enclose a thrilling poem by Casson of Boston, cut from the People, New York, which, I hope, you have) among your exchanges. Geo. Obkr, Agt Scatter the Light League, Bridgeport, Conn. We do not Favor Bonda. Eustis, Neb., June 6, 1894. Editor Wealth Makers: As all seem to be silent I venture a few lines. In your Issue of May 24 you have an article from a President Angell who proposes a plan to relieve the present commercial depression and which you heartily endorse. Were you not a little hasty about that endorsement? Mr. Angell does not state In what way the money Is to come. Indeed it would appear he would not object to bonds as be said that the na tion would not do the state could. Now w know that states can get no money except at they levy a tax or borrow. It cannot even coin gold or sliver (If It had It) without provision from congreas, and then It Is private money that has got to be borrowed. i sue tnat Mr. J actio neck is sun la the held with hi plan. 1 bave given some thought to It but wa not able to It clear a he doe, lie aj nobody would o nun ana mere wou.ni n no Uut It look to me a If Ueole Sam's renter would have to pay it alt. II. Q OlMKM. ltv. Itr I'arktiHret totha Treat hr. Itrcthrea In the Mlnl-try: Who I going to prokst against ttie national knavery and municipal InvWeney It the putl ltdiw nt IK you say that I going outU of your dloocw? Well, what U your dUe? Aryoi prophet of tivKl vUloned with a y that r'ght at4 wrong with aotuethteg of the UltttnctntM of divine laluitbs, and are you g in t let that wrong lu thr a . much citbkat rot and do your y to it a.vi pr,f, "I by alrfd"M co n?' tUw t! Uut ot livirwh feature of th old prophet ol Itraci wa r tttey wr !o ;Wmn: they t grasped tb time In their Ilrv4 and nursing ttouht la oli4 4u-a to th kingdom Of liikl - I'U'IU It i, fsrt' r7 aa br the public w Uiy ur nii and a square deal.