Newspaper Page Text
THE WEALTH MAKERS.
August 9, 1894 THE WEALTH MAKEKS. Nw Series of THE ALLIANCE-INDEPENDENT. CaoBOlldkMoO Of tb fanners AllianccffNebraska Independent PUBLISHED EVEItY THURSDAY BY The Wealth Makers Publishing Company, Hio M Sweet, Lincoln, Neb. OBOl HWAKD G1B.OII,. ..... . .... 3, 8. Hvaw,... ..p.- 'If any man must full for me to rls, Then eelc I wt tocllrah. Another pain I choose not fur my good. A goMen chl"n' 4 obe of honor, in too good a prlz ro tempt my hamy hand to do a wrong Unto a fellow man. TbU life bath woe sufficient, wrought by man' manic f.ji and who that batb a heart would dare prolong Or add a narrow to a stricken aoul That aeek a healing balm to make It whole? sty bosom own the brotherhood of man." V. I P. A ,t Publlehers Annoannet. The eabecrlDttoD price of Till Wiirn le el.Wlperyenf, In admiioe. ... Aaira in eollcitluK ubsriptums shcmld b r.ry careful that ell J Defied and proper pontofnce given. J1? lor return anbawlpllone, return envelope, tc . can be bad on application to this offlr. ALwara elm your name. No maMM bow irften yoa write V do not neglect tills import snt matter. Bvery weak we r waive letutr MM to&phrt a7di or without elgna inree and it aoiuetlwee difficult to locate 'iTaa'daoFaDDBM. Subscriber wiehlag W change their poetofflce aUUrs muet always civetbelr former ae well ae their nreseut ad Ires when change will be promptfy made. PEOPLE'S INDEPENDENT ' PARTY STATE CONVENTION. Unuoui, Neb., May 18, im. The People' Independent eleetori of the stale of Nebraska are hereby requeted to elect and eeud del gate from their respective' oounties to meet In convention at tbe city o Grand Island, eb on Friday, Auguit Si, at 10 o'clock a. m., for the purpose of ucml Dating candidate for tbe following state ofll eers, viz: Governor, lieutenant-governor sec retaryof state, treasurer, auditor, attorney, general, commissioner of puulle land aud building and euperlutendent of public in fraction; and for the transaction of any otbr business which mey properly come before thel convention. The basis of repreeentatlon will be one dle gate at large from each county In the state and one additional delegate for each one bunflred votes, or major fraction thereof, cait in mi for Hon. Silas A. Holcomb for Judge of tbe sti preme court, which give tbe following voU counties: AdaiuK.... Antelop . Banner... Blaine.... Johnson .... 7 Kearney Ill Keith.... 4 Keya Paha 4 Bouue.. Kimball .. t Boa Uutte A Boyd f llrnwii 4 Knox 9 Lancaster , BT Minium .... i'i Logan 2 Loup x Buffalo f Burt Uuiler Caee 11 . Cndur e Yituuson in Mct'hereon. ......... 2 Mrrlck 7 Chase f Eberry Glieyeue..., 0 Malice ........ a Numaha It Nuckolls II uiav Otoe ISi Colfax ( ?nmltiir. ........... I'awnee...,, 7 trklu 0 I'helim VJ I'lurce f Piatte 10 I'olk. 12 Kod Willow .. H leicharukun 8 OlmUT H Daaota riuwna... bawmut UeuBl 4 Dixon. Dodge Douglas Dundy R r 111 more ! Franklin Prontl-r.. ,,........ ltfx-.k... Kttllne...... 10 saipy 7 sounder 1H H-utui Utull. 8 Seward II Shnrldan 10 Furnas ..... " (laue H liHrmun Uarttald 3 Sioux i Uonpr " Grant !! Hlauton l hyr 7 Grwley Hall Tin mi kh .... 1 itiuinton x Valh'V Hamilton 1" Harlan JJ Hayes... .... 3 HlLchcock 7 WaMhlnglon A wavne VWbuter II HolU , m 4' heeler HfM)kr York 1H Howard V Jeffei-Min Total. 7M Wa would recommend that no proxies be al inwad. but thai the delegates preeeut caul the fall tow to which their renpective counties are entitled, J. A. fcDClHTON, D. CUM Pi4ait, Secretary. Chairman. Take care, take caw, 'tut a daugerem thing To goad the woif lo Its eud of bt d'-n, lujuatk may cruch, n H rannot hill Tbe patient ecn.ie of a natural right. It way slowly move, but Hie People" will. Like the ocean in Holland, Is always la sight e..i.j...-. -4 Before the law was written down with parch went or with peu; Before the law made eUUu, tb moral law made men. Law etaud for human right, lull beu It fall tbiM right t give, Then Itt law die. my bMther, but let human being live. TnclemocrUtf lo r oomlng leui the riuull't imrty, U reiMtrtoU Th iaitt" U tru boweywr In ma j oVhef Utt. Thk Knlifhva ol M ttrrangto f..e iut lour ihUhUwI ralHi In No brak IhU (all, IW. 4'AUeiuanJi U Maekf Wurkman. Th Knight arw all 'puUiW I, in mi Ml ICanfuX 1 Kna, UtntWlcao, IiM Imm uneealetl b U llovw ul IWi-t- tcBUUvea, 4 Vlor, l'U'tl, arv aiVtfeti l Utn ll la which Ik WM lli'Ct'J. Hv an ovrUUl a4 an lieiulU fatturw ul mamttry ll lmi'rta Rawi tnai'er t U )Ha if lh Ne brush KifbUf l.a.r a wUhoul uloe, At th renl U ttieeUnf Ilia KafhU al U.ttU lhe I'. ortlcU mcin ta th ktatM of declslo W u IK.rllh 1'i'iwtl! rly, hl fall. Thej r U v4 uui itrgaaior U Imtl4 K Its 0t4et, Tin Kilght km all fflESfiC flu &sl3 "AHDYET SO FAR " Mr, Bryan either lacks the dUfweltloD of heart, or the graep of truth, to be a Populist. Therefore hn casont be Uaited State wnntor from Nebraska Ho aspire to be a leader of the peo ple, yetdoc notkn"w,eraingly. b' ha brought them Into bondage. lh makf b no mention of th vaet and fext g-rowlng ?ppreeion of land mor)"p"lv he aeeme to think that tn moti.-y n.w' poly would be Iroken (- the iiiom-Hily would be affected ua rouoh a ht- tblnk life) by coining silver fr and fa would promht to redeem all greenburh in coin ; be thinka the way to deal with the rail roada i to "control" them, a la niail mum rain bill and Interstate commerce bill tylo, we Infer. He has framed a platform about hi own size to atand on, a platform that leavei out the PopulUt demand for govoroment bank and money at cost, government owned railroads end trans portation at cot, and he silently re pudiates our stand aalnHt landlordism. Leaving out these fundamental, necci ary reform bis platform U compara tively worthier, powerloHg to attract tbe Intelligent, and It will bo useful to him only In the degreo that be can with It load the undlscrlminatlng to suppose that he Is a thorough-going, "practical reformer. , Mr. Bryan would be a leader ol re form in the Democratic party, ooly It will not ba led even the mild lengths which he goes. It U not a reform party but a spoils party, Yet be hangs on to It as a child to Its mother. But be ba conceived tbe great Idea of gathering tbe people of all par ties about himself, bis plan, bis plat form, bis peron being banked on as an attraction sufficiently powerful to des troy all other attractions and opposing or separating Ideas, ne rejects tbe J'opullst platform, and yet longs for the men who stand on It, and to allure them to bim be has pieced together a patch work of small reforms which are un objectionable to us, but of too little account. Tbey are not large enough and dp not promise enough to attract men. Not even with the .brilliant Urvan thrown In can a party powerful enough to disintegrate other parties be built for bim upon such a baao. Mr. Brvan wan's the People's Inde pendent party of Nebraeka to endorse him and Its voters to elect bim to repre sent them, yet he refuses lo be a J'opulut. We alao refuse to be Democrats, and cannot be represented by Democrats. Tho mountain will not go to Mohamm ed. The mo eloquent Democrat in tlio nation cannot make a Democrat out of an intollleent Populist. Tbe Populist Is a later product la the process of mental and moral evolution. I he great est orator that lives cannot destroy the broad foundation of truth upon which our party is built. Neither Is It pos sible to show that free silver Is a groat and adequate remedy for the monopoly oppretslons under which the millions irroan. The free silver remody con sidered apart (we inolude It,' however) U not to bo compared with tho rcpullst financial system of government banks which we must have to prevent usury drains, periodically glutted marketx, enforced idlcnees, an Increasing pro letariat army aud conditions that breed a violent revolution. No, Mr. Bryan, you are a man of pleasing presence and persuasive speech, but we want men to represent ut, Populists to push our great platform dmiands, men who will proudly and feariosslv contend atralnst land, money and transportation monopoly, all mo nopolle In fact, and according to the practical plans that tbe party decides on. We have eloquent men In our party, as eloquent as Mr. Bryan, but we do not delegate or eloct any class of men to do our thinking for us. We are In no need of men outside of th party who are, or ho think themselves, greater and wiser than tbe Populist party. Tho sturdy self-respecting rank and file of our party, the men who do their own thinking, cannot be lured outside the party by any sliver tongue. We suggest, lo the interest of holding the PopulUt vote In IU entirety for PonulWt. that the state convention make a tholee for U.S. senator from it own ranks, and that such man make a campaign for the prluolple of our party platform, BRYAH'S FUTrORH A8ALTZED. The arUole entitled, "No r'ualwa la Our" wa wiltum and In type before the letter of the Nebraka t ree Coinage Democratic Uague appi-arva la the World Herald. U Bow, after awing both the letter to Mr. Hryaa and hi re uly. we are of the same mind, and consider aim a menace, a enemy who will t sot to attract PopulUVHttttof the party Ut hlittlf, ana U uroy it cheuie Ui ei H-t e PopulUt U. a tona Uir U ttuxwetl Matider. t'u our reader who 4a not get the dally ttw w should Ule that early last wk tbe World Herald contained a ltr Irowt the re iVIaage IWkhh p ratio League e4 tte"4 t- Mr, Uran, at king aim Ui aaaouaoe fciuiMtil a t ea dldat Mr the U, $ Weau tad at the asm time wake knoea the prttHstpW, the proaal tllKria, upon which b would l4itl. The l.agu tKimrotUee out on Ui ay that upon making lh-e anajoaof meal "the f I lnd ol bhnetall tw la tha l,iHHwrtlrt trtjr projoe U urge fanr aotulvatloa by tlt parly." rka ei,Miee tara4trat(h til tbl lttr to Bryan reads as follows: We are confident that every element in the elite favorable to the principles you have so ably championed are favor able to your election as United States -nator. and we are certain that the polit ical party which does not champion your candidacy will . reflect the tentimtnt of the man i of th: people of Xebraika- The italics in the above are ours The words Italicised are evidently ad dretteed more t the Populist state con vention, soon to meet, than they are to Mr. Uryan. And they assume that the niae of tbe Ponullst party would pre fer to vote for a Democrat, which would prove them to be not Populists but D xnocrats. Mr. Bryan's letter, over two columns long, we have not space for, but will here give the esuentlal part of it. He announce, bis candidacy and bis plat form, We read his letter with Interest toseo If he had left tbe Democratic party. lie has not left it. His lan guage shows that be has not changed since be said to a Bee reporter In Omaha three or four months ago, ''I am a Democrat, and shall remain with the party." In his lttter last week, announ cing bis candidacy, he said: It will be my aim, if elected, to act with those of my own party and with those of every other party who are striving to repeal tho unjust laws now existing, and to secure such new legis lation as may be necessary to protect each citizen," &o, The words which we have italicised in the foregoing paragraph are the im portant words. Tbey prove that Mr. Bryan is a Democrat, that he Is not a Populist. And the distinctively Popu list principles wblch he rejects would make it impossible for bim to vote with tho Populist for distinctively Populist measures. Tbe principles which Mr. Bryan an nounces as bis platform, boiled down, are as follows: I. Tariff for revenue. II. An Income tax as a permanent part of our fiscal system, preferring a graduated tax, III. Ktrlct economy in public ex penditures. IV. Tbe free coinage of silver at the ratio of 10 t3 1, and ,"the issue of full legal tender paper redeemable In coin, by the general government, in such quantities that the volume of the cur rency, gold, silver and paper together, will be so adjusted to the needs of busl ness that tbe dollar will be staple In Its purchasing power and thus defraud neither debtor nor creditor." V. An amendment to the national constitution enabling the people to elect U. 8. senators by direct vote of the peo ple, ' v VI. An amendment making the pres ident Ineligible to reelection. VII. Liberal pensions toward dis abled and needy soldiers, their widows and dependents. VIII. Government control not ownerehlp, take notice of railroads, and other public corporations In the In terest of the people. Foreclosure and sale of the Pacific railways, or their purchase and operation by the govern ment, "in order that the commerce of Nebraska and other western states may not bo burdened by tolls to pay interest on an exorbitant valuation." IX. In capital and labor disputes "the application of the principle of ar bitration as far as the federal authority extends," X. Independence of caucus rule. The fourth plank above given defines what Mr. Bryan calls "the most Import ant and far-reaching question which will confront the senators elected next January." Summing all up ho says: "Ihese, gentlemen, are my views, briefly stated, upon the most important questions which are likely to become the subjects of federal legislation during the sena torial term, and by yiem I am willing to be judged." Uu all these views fall far short of making Mr. Bryan such a man a the times demand. Thare Is not a single measure of great value, or one that strongly commends itself to the intolli gent voter as having far reaching bene ficial and tailing effect, In the leglsla Hon which Mr. Bryan favor. Let us briefly consider each. "Tariff for reveaue" leave foreter open the war over and corruption lacl dent U the adjustment and readjustment of tbe schedule, and what shall and what shall not be duty free, 11 root Utatloa V meet government expenses Is great Improvement over "tar! IT for revenue." "An Income Us. a a permanent part ol our fl al sysWHtt" prupoe that there mutt aly remain Interest, real and dividend drain to make up those grt Income. The Populist projai Ut nut off th Income ourve,and thu gradually reduce puople U tateihlog (lie Induilrlal equality, Wa declare Ibal" Wealth belong ta htm who ere ,' It," and "II any will aot work aellher shall be eat" He shall not draw aa Umme from the pro no I ol ether' labor. Mr. Bryaa' third plank I part ol the arofetetott of all parties. Ill fourth plant, wbU h be poiuMori "must Important sod far-macklni," I Imply lb IrvetHiliiag ol silver. Bat If lhl U really la hi oplttloa tU greal Weo why doe he uy la the party whWh Muse ta demat.4 Iree ami tin- limit. i stiver iMin, parly thai ba vUwi the tntaieliit evea the limit 1 1 olaae ol silver? Ami why dw h 'tl tiuMideettb IVpuUit party, th only party that make the demand for free coinage? But the money question with the Pop ulists embraces much more than free coinage. We reject the doctrine that greenbacks must be redeemed in gold or silver. And we demand that the government shall not only issue all tbe j money, but that it shall be distributed to the people, loaned, as they need It, and so kept In circulation, at a tax not to exceed two per cent per annum. We call also for postal savings banks that the people may have a safe place to deposit their money, The mere Issue of more money would only bring tem porary relief. Through the channels of interest, rents and dividends It would gather itself into tbe bands of the mo nopollsts and money loaners as often as every ten years, and we would have glutted markets, falling prices, panics and period of business deprepslon, just as we used to have periodically before llver was demonetized. It In not pos sible to prevent falling prices, or to give to the dollar a staple purchasing po wet , by merely issuing money to the people. It must be kept steadily circulating by means of government banks of loan, de posit and exchange, which, loaning at labor cost, would prevent lti accumula tion in the shape of interest and other monopoly tribute, with a corresponding percentage of goods left in the market which tbe producers cannot purchase Mr, Bryan does not recognize this. . lie therefore Is not a statesman. He Is not qualified to serve the people in the great matter of needed financial legisla tion. And he hat no word to tay against land monopoly. 'Financial legislation, even the perfect, equitable system which the Populists propose, must be supplemented by a land tax which will gradually reduce and destroy land mo nopoly and speculation. Mr, Bryan's fifth and sixth planks are not questions of pressing Importance. Ills seventh demand all will agree to and all parties have it In their plat forms. Ills eighth demand is not a Popu 1st demand. We demand not the control, but the government ownership and operation of, tbe railroads. Tbe difference between these two demands Is vital. It is the di (Terence between a plan that is practical, and one that bag already been found to be of little or no uso. 1IU ninth plank is indefinite, and compulsory arbitration is neither likely to be accepted by either party in con trove.'Hy, nor is It probable that the courts would uphold such compulsion. We should have added to tbe above that Mr. Bryan favors government own ership of the tolegraph system. This alone Is distinctively a Populist party demand. But very many men in both the old parties favor It. Now observe, Mr Bryan Is not stand ing on, be has deliberately rejected tbe vital part of our platform, tbe three great Populist demands by wblch we would secure destructlen of the money, transportyallon and land monopolies. Be is a Democrat, and, therefore, if elected, will oppose distinctively Popu list legislation, except In the matter of nationalizing the telegraph. lie does not recognize the three great sources of wealth concentration, or, if he sees how they are robbing, ruining and en slaving the workers, he takes no strong effective stand HgalnHt their legalized continuance. His hope Is to draw the Populists away from their platform, away from their party, away from the legislation we demand and need, to elect him as a Djmocrat to tbe senate. He knows he cannot bo elected In any other way. Ho Is therefore our political enemy. Let the state convention speak out against the suicidal policy of helping him to destroy Populism. THE SIQNS OF THE TIMES The signs of the times are best read by tboe whoso knwledge of proaent thought and social force Is greatest. And auicng those whn knowledge Is uioet thorough and comprehensive there Is m ich agreement la affirming that great danger, and difficult to avert, coofrout uh. "Blood and flreaml vapor of smoke" are declared to be but just below the horlion. Will the "great and notable day" ol juettee that the op pressed million have long cried for come suddenly aud violently, or I the light spreading so widely and with such warming, melting power that we hall be saved from the clash aad crash ol oleiaenlal force? The bright day fritt heaven un. roiled, the glad morn wuue fadeless glory prophet al bard a long tor told," we do expect " ' I U ettutla- up ik ip of Urn Aud utstiU a.!,! UsiMwie brigktw " But lite loi'ticto! darkaet la tbe social ibre iM like wild Wat over th rey. Hut thirty ) ar ago mutsouoiry a divided and deluged lth MimhI. oria aad Mouth ooaUiled la mo I rve and wurderuu war till tnllil m ere swept Uowr. by tannubshol and musketry, aud biyottet and aaber, Wbal w it ail about Why, the H ulb needed and toofht till It It I (hi more nwu a t store to fight with, of th alleged right Ul IU aad grow tWh by th wat ef other. Ami a wk b k Ihraogb MWy find that about all lb bUal that ba Uten abd oa earth ba bee a poured out by ta controlled by tn rohfter spirit, tar l a doUrmltted u lule and to ba toned. tut tbUsaut aotntil spirit sllll prw vails in the industrial, commercial and political world. Beat, interest and dividend are now demanded from tbe workers, not in exchange for labor, but for the privilege of laboring, or for per mission to exchange labor products. And over these Injustices, which are gathering all the capital and resources (tbe means of subsistence on which freedom depends) into few hands and correspondingly enslaving the masses, a universal conflict is resulting and will result. ' We might as well face the music at once. The Homestead trouble was a struggle to force down wages in order to increase or bold up dividends demanded by noa workicg stockholders. Tbe A. It. U. strike was an effort to compel the Pullman company to pay living wages and reduce its dividend demmds. Every conflict between organized labor and the corporations Is over this ques tion. Tbe interest and rent questions are practically the same as the dividends question. By means of dividends, in terest and rent the power of monopo lists is steadily increasing, and the workers In Increasing number are being made dependent on the class that con tinues to legally rob them. Dividends, interest and rent are heaping up colos sal fortunes, and spreading poverty and wretchedness, indescribable suiToring, degradation and clas hatreds; and un less justice is secured by law in tbe near future it will be secured in spite of law. Tbe slave holders believed black men were ordained of heaven to serve them. The landlord, capitalists aad money loanersof today believe the working classes ought to labor for the enrich ment of their political and economic masters, The slaveholders of a gener ation ago fought furiously to retain their power over tbe workers. Tbe rent, interest and dividend monopolists today will fight as bitterly and kill as merci lessly to perpetuate their tribute-commanding power. Why are millions idle anl thousmds starving to death in tbe greatest agony today? Simply because capitalists will not employ men and money loaners will not lend money and landlords will not lend land, only on terms of tribute, And they would al low half the people In the land to starve before tbey would yield their claim to this price which they fix upon liberty and labor. Nevertheless It is an unjust claim, and the ballot will yet dbclde against it. Then, if the capitalists rebel they will be put down, as the southern slaveholders were. GREAT LABOR MOVEMENT TO U8 The representatives of the United Mine Workers Knights of Labor Amer ican Railway Union and Street Ball way Employers' Union met iu Colum bus, Ohio, August 2nd, to confer re garding political action and issue a call for a state conference August 15, the day preceding the People's party con vention. The leaders have decided to lead the ranks of organized labor Into politics that the workers may get con trol of the government. Iu Ohio alone they have 200,000 votes and they will be turned to the People's party. The printed call says: ' The stirring events witnessed in con oeetlon with labor troubles during the past few months should convince all honest, arlent advocates of labor's causs that corporate power, when aldod and abetted by the executive, judicial and military arm of tbe state and national government, can and will override the rights of our people and oppress wage workers, regardless of the effort of organized labor, as now constituted and directed to prevent it. That organized labor prefers concilia tory and peaceable mothods for adjust ing wages and other disputes between employer and employed needs no dem onstration to convince those who are familiar with the past lndutrial history of our state or country, but when such methods were ignored or spurned to employers the right to strike still re. inalned and proved to be our most po tent weapon t protect our rights and strike down our wrongs. Until lately a strike was considered a legitimate method of Industrial warfare but as tbe law Is now applied It practi cally restrains workingmen from strik ing to redress grievance or ameliorate condition and punlebe by fine and im prisonment those who advise and those who direct them; It ba placed an em bargo upon thought and a restraint up on expresxlon and action to such an ex tent that our rlgut of free speech and the greaW'sl personal liberty consistent with public f'oti ba been cither ignor ed, ridiculed or denied. it i e videiil that labor cannot bow for relief at the bands of either the U'pub tiean or Damceratlc parly, one of which mad possible and I reponti for lb great power exercised by oonecntraled and corporal weallh now uwd to plun der ami oppres the pwpie, and the oth.rfor Iu Inability or ngtect to make g km! iu promt to rvdre tbe people wrong. Attention It called to the faot that th Federation tf Ubor, Kalghw of Lab., and the dlffervut national and low na tional trade organUattoa at hi. bmt declare lhat ib wag worker' ho, for future proaperlty depend upon Independent pttiUtcal avlUm, ami then say: It eent evttt la industrial a'Ulr bav erved aotiee up-a u that lb time lof iwb aotioa eanaol longer be delay! wl!b afety to our laurrvub and lb (alrv ol tuiriHiuntry. " The IVople't pariy U pled4 to ,y f lb legislative reform for ab h organised !atr roaU-ada," eo. Unur tb tall, aad tbe opinion I t pmed that our ( art)' wilt Insert la It platform ueh pledge a are deeno-d atHary to guarantee aeUoti a!ng egltalive lines, Kvery local labor trgn. avloa I urged to send at least one delegate to the convention. The old party press declares thafthe whole move is a Populist scheme." Great Populist movements of this sort are filling the old parties and ruling powers with consternation. The fail ure of the strike Is driving the organiz ed working millions of tho nation into tbe Popuiift party. It is their only hope of salvation. And they are com ing to us in bodies of hundreds of thousands SOMETHING MUST BE DONE. The condition of the western half of the state, we leBrn from parties who bare just returned from Custer county ' is a condition of appalling destitution, Custer is a sample county.and the Baa- con states that: There Is not enough food in the county to last till show files, and cold weathtr will soon come in its season. Hundreds of people are now in actual want, and filled with fear as to the outcome. Many have already abandoned their homes in the hop of bettering their condition, leaving the fruits of years of unrequited toil It is too bad. Words cannot ex press our sorrow. A call is made in the Beacon for the county board to call a special election to vote either for county bonds or war rants to pay labor and build irrigation v) ditches and improve the roads. The ' Wealth Makers ad viae that the work be paid for in county warrants receivable for taxes. Then they will circulate as money and be non-Interest bearing. Tbe Lancaster oountv Populists call ed for public employment of the Neb raska drouth sufferers on the roadg and digging irrigation ditches, and that they be paid in such state and county warrants. It was the plank drawn by the writer, appearing in the platform wo proposed in our last Issue. We al so urged in the last Wealth Makers that an extra session of tbe legislature be called to convene not later than October 1. We think now there should not ba any delay. The people are in urgent need. In this issue our reuripra will find an appeal from Buffalo county for an extra session of the legislature. The B'lrst National Club of Lincoln has also presented an appeal'to Ihe gover nor (or the Lieutenant Governor, Crounse is away) to immediately call the legislature in extra session to pro vide the people work upon state irriga tion ditches. WHY DEB8 18 PERSECUTED Eugene V. Dabs Is hated by tbe ruling class not so much for what be has done as an organizer and leader of the A. It. u. in iva gruai, stne, as ne is lor wnat he nas said to lead bis great following r out of tbe old parties into the Populist party. July 29th he spoke in the opera house at Terre Haute, Ind., which seats louu people, runy z,5tiu people crowd ed In to hear him. He talked about the strike, and In closing touched on poli tics as follows: There Is not a wrong that cannot be righted by tbe intelligent use of the ballot. Men have marched uader false banners unwittingly. There Is no differ ence between republicans and demo crats so far at labor is concerned. Great cheering. From 1873 to 18!M we had a high protective tariff, and in 1873 the tramp wa born. It's not a question of the tariff at all. It is a question of money. Wild applause. but tbe powers that be under both parties have ever, gone Into partner ship with the oppressors of labor. I've reached that point where I believe It absolutely necessary to good govern ment to wipe out both of tneold parties Here the entire audience arose and cheered for five minutes, I am asham ed that I have voted tbree times for Grover Cleveland. Renewed cheers. l ake off your party fetters. Bo of and for yourself. I now sav to you in all earnestaess, I am a Populist. Wild cheering. The Populist party it now the popu lar party. The workers, and all who call for justice and equal rights and privileges, are crowding into it and hailing It as the only hope of the country. It 1 wonderful bow the cur-, mnt la Mttttln tnwapil u llnnwianm. probable that tbe Populist party will poll the heaviest vote in 118, ard we may have a rebellious money power to deal with In '07, a we bad a rebellious lave power to fight In '(it. THE 1NOON8I3TENOY OF CRITICS The New Vork Tribune of Auut 2nd, ha In It editorial tbl paragraph: Peffer declared th other day that ba , wwuld gladly vote to aoolWh the United SiU Senate. Hut he ba not yet taken the first steti la tb direction of anoltshing btmelf, Aad the very next paragraph read a fo'low: Tb question uppermost In Washing ton I Kit. "l tho Trus'a own both il ousel of Congrve and the President tor Tut capital!! of tb oeun'ry are (mi otutM greatly lawrtod la the I iota) U waJ quntton. Tht'.hl lt Month tbey gathered from forty lw-a, 'i la auiubt r, aud held a rwarentloa l A bury l'rk, N. J. Their entire interest la tb r't l a desire to get a rellltoa oi!ar worth ol Interest bearing, !, 1 filly year bond iut ttl eaoh eouttty In vry ', Tbty would upoa these bond, bought " 4 4 1 oou al, get er f mission to tstu bUn4 hank; utr to' eul'.d the roaU, and , with n a ul pavmeat or rlk on lbtr part, Ihuy would obtain Ut poster to draw an naniHt annual Interval pa) inert from the UYpajeit a4 wealth prt dd r pt