Newspaper Page Text
November 15, 1894.
THE WEALTH MAKERS. From A DAT WITH THE 'CHANCE" Ten Commandment of the Labor Movement 1. Thoa shalt earn thine own living, and not lire on rent, profit or interest. 2. Thou shall help others in propor 4 B Ha a Boer Time of It Morning Till Night. Strangers in Lincoln, and sometimes those who are not strangers, often in quire as to what constitutes the duty of the chancellor of the university, and how tie time is spent. They know that he takes no part in instruction, and with the idea of the old academy or the smaller college still in mind, wonder what he does. Possibly a brief sketch df a day in his office will be of interest. The chancellor breakfasts 7 o'clock the year around, and reaches his office gen erally a few moments before 8. The first alf hour is spent with a stenographer, - clearing up the work and memoranda of the evening previous. At half-past 8 the superintendent of the buildings and ground, who is also acting treasurer of the university, holds a daily conference with the chancellor. To these daily con ferences more than to any other one fac tor is due the extreme care and economy with with which the financial affairs of the university are administered. At 9 o'clock the stenographer comes in again, with the morning mail, which generally fills the time until the call for chapel. After chapel nearly an hour is given to meeting members of the faculty and to transacting business with other cali pers. From eleven to twelve is the first student hour of the day, and as soon as he can be relieved from this the chancel lor goes to lunch. Before 2 o clock he is back in bis office -again, the next hour being given gener ally to the inspection of buildings and vgrounds. At 3 o'clock the afternoon mail is taken up. From half-past 3 to 4 is given to the registrar for a conference over student credits and other similar matters. From 4 to 5 is the second stu dent hour,' and from 5 to 6 is the hour at which conferences with the faculty, fac ulty meetings, committee meetings, etc., are held. Of course it is impossible to keep busi ness absolutely and rigidly within these lines. Many people come to the office who know nothing of office hours, and -of course must be seen. Many students also find it impossible to come at the given hour, for that would interfere with -class work. It not infrequently happens that the outer office fills until the chaucel lor leaves his own room and takes up these cases as rapidly and informally as possible, clearing the office in a few min utes and then returning to his work again. It is easily seen that with this arrange ment there is no time for any continuous work during the day, or for any thought ful study of university affairs. This is why the chancellor is in his office nearly every evening of the year. When one considers that Tuesday even ing is set aside for students who desire a conference on matters rather outside of ordinary university work; and that as far as possible the last two days of each week are spent out in the state, visiting high schools and doing other work, which of course means accumulation of work during the first four days of the week; it is not difficult to understand why the chancellor, though one of the earliest members of the Commercial Club, has never yet been inside of the building, and why he is seen almost not at all in Lin coln society. Business men and profes sional men, who are at their office an 'hour later and who leave it an hour and a)1 half or two hours earlier, who find time every day for careful perusal of the daily paper and for much miscellaneous conversation on current topics with neighbors and friends, and whose even ings are absolutely their own, may find it hard without some such information as has just been given to see why the ex ecutive of the university is always busy and generally hurried. tion to their weakness, ignorance or poverty. 3. Thou shalt make the highest pos. sible use of thy vote regarding it as a most sacred trust. 4. Thou shalt look upon all men as thy brethren. 5. Thou shalt endeavor to prevent and abolish war. 6. Thou shalt treat private luxury as immoral, as long as poverty exists. 7. Thou shalt tesist and overthrow all injustice, tyranny, or social evil. 8. Tbon shalt regard the duties and happiness of our present age as supreme. 9. Thou shalt seek thine own welfare in advanefng the welfare of all. 10. Thou shalt reverenct these: God, the Father; Man, the Son; and Love the Holy Spirit. No one can reasonably deny the need of a new and workable morality. There is at 'presort practically no Christian code or system of ethics. Christianity does not mean anything in business. A Christian landlord is as inexorable as any heathen; a Christian employer pays no better wages than if he were a Turk. Church morality is made the qualifica tion for Heaven and not the idea of life. But so far as morality is concerned a great cause such as the Labor move ment becomes self sufficient. It has no need to go begging for a creed, as the above ten precepts prove. Every one of these spring naturally, and inevitably from the heart of our agitation, and pro vide us with a new standard of judgment in our estimate of character. The fact is that the labor movement in itself is religion. What it needs is culti vation and development. It contains the beet raw material, and requires only to be worked 'over. It is religion in the rough The essence of the Labor Move ment is not selfishness, but sympathy, justice and brotherhood. When work ingmen say "bread" they mean a thous and things. Their agitation is not the crying out of swine for more swill. They demand the recognition of their citizen ship, their manhood, their Divine son ship. The claim to be men and women altogether human, not lower animals, or machines. I hey are struggling against immoral and inhuman conditions of ilfe. No eight hour day, or four hour day either, will satisfy them. They cannot de velop their moral and intellectual natures until they have secured their material rights. The welfare of their whole na ture demands that they become partners in our national industry. Thus a strong, moral conscientious ness is arising in them, and a new defini tion of goodness. A practical, robust and rational morality, entirely freed from cant and other-worldiness, is being developed chiefly by the cultivation of their sense of justice. They are at last beginning to see that none but earners are honest, and that whatever be the shams of society, their lives at least are not based upon falsity and theft. Phey know that whatever is true and best in theism and Christianity is in line with their demands, and thus they are indif ferent to the excommunications of the Church, because they are bounded by their own conscience. Herbert Casson in Helping Hand. rivals of Finney and others in this country had a great deal to do with tlie freeing of the slaves. This is a fact the recognition of which has nothing to do with my own personal belief. Though I am an atheist, I nust as a scientist take these religious movements and faiths in to account. And in the light of these facts we can form a true doctrine of "justification by faith" we are justified made just or righteous bv belie vine in justice aua righteousness. Light Company, St Louis, Iron Maun tain and Southern railroad, Texas and Pacific railroad, Union Pacific railway, Wabash railroad. Western Union Tele graph Company, American Telegra La oie company. Mercantile Trust Co pany, New York Mutual Telegraph Com pany. American Speaking Telephone company, etc. Chauncey M. Depew. Made in rail roads, of a large number of which he is either president or director. President J. W. Cattm. Trm. A. Oasa-Mitr as, Trass, 5 foe Farmers' Motaal krace' Company of Nebraska. Ana. In the studv of present social con- of the New York Central and UnHnrn ditions these faiths demand our atten- River railroad, the New York and Har tion even more. The forces which are lem railroad. West Shore railroad and moving us on are not entirely in bar-1 Dunkirk, Alleghany Vallev and Pittsburs mony nay, they are to a large extent railroad. Director in the Chicago June-' opposed to the intellectual forces of the age as represented in scholastic circles, In this they are like Methodism, pollar- dism and early Christianity. Societies and the Greek philosopher of the early centuries of our era utterly failed to apprehend the power of Christianity though it was soon to transform the world. And so today under all the apparent discords tion Railways and Stockyards Company, Chicago and Northwestern railway, Chi cago, St Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha railway, Equitable Life Assurance So-I ciety, Delaware and Hudson Canal Com pany, Merchants Dispatch Transporta tion company, Alien igan Central railroad, new i one, uncaeo and St. Lonisra . road, New York, New Haven and Hart ford railroad, Pine Creek railway, Syra- SOME FUNNY PARAGRAPHS AND SHARP POINTS. and preplexities of modern life there lies a conviction a cuse, Geneva and Corn i no- rnilrnAri rininn great wave of feeling, that the race is a TrustCompany, Western National Bank, unit and that men must come to live to- Western Union Telenranh (Vim nun v nnt get her as brothers. The apprehension of Kensico Cemetery Company, etc., etc i.mnccuiin wuiuu iien strongest m ins i ui ropuu. lower classes" and has hardly as yet nmu its way into our universities is in finitely more scientific than all the social theories based on the mere observation of phenomena (I do not mean to deny statistics, but I am protesting against them as the substance of a sociology.) As Christianity began among despised Jews and fishermen and by a great inarticulate wave of feeling overcame the world, so today this feeling of brother hood is rising and is making the world over. If we disregard it we only reveal our own blindness. For society has its foundations in what the people believe, it is built on what they feel, and feeling ana iaitn tnus lorm the very heart of the science oi sociology. rraalllnfft by the Hnmoroaslr Disposed Gentlemen of the Frees The Bine and the Green Accident In Dark- town Selected Sarcasm. A Key to the Carpenter's Square. It is a common saying that not one carpenter in 500 fully understands the figures on the steel square and strange as it may seem the statement is not over exagerated. To the casual observer, they see nothing in the instrument be yond a measurer or to square a timber with the angle, but with it in the hands of the learned mechanic its uses are le gion, the most wonderful problems being solved at ease. Much has been written on the subject and numerous works have been published from time to time, each claiming superiority. Yet with all these helps there is not a tool in the carpenters chest that so thoroughly taxes his inge nuity as that of his square. The books as a rule are true but they make hard work of it by entering into geometrical diagrams and long and tedious descrip tions and referring to various parts by letters and figures. So much so that the average man soon tires and gives it up. Many carpenters who are finished work- , wuacu in vLlirri IcnutX'lB.UU UUl U II Ut?I I UIIU root framing, especially so when the RnmopnntDina lii,.a ....! . 1 1 hr..nn 7 uiiin I I 1 1 ' I u . .'.(411 1 til not trust themselves at framinsr a roof that is anyways complicated before the walls are raised when they can have the advantage of taking measurements. A key to the square has long been needed that would give direct information in framing without having to read longand tedious descriptions and referring to dia grams or leaving the subject in a problem to solve. We are glad to be able to offer to our readers that key. Many farmers could do their own building if they only knew how to do the framing. Any one that can read figures can instantly .find the length of any rafter or brace, to 'gether with its run and rise, degree of pitch and contents of board measure. Ihe Itngths of rafters are given to less than l-16th part of an inch and the Sgures on the square that give the cuts and bevels are presented. Much other valuable information is given in this con nection, such as polygonal roof framing and the development of their hips of any jhape. Hopper cuts, adjusting a pitch to that of another, intersection of differ ent pitches, etc. The work is called the Square Root Delineator in the Art of Framing, and is by A. W. Woods, Archi tect, and formerly of the Haish Mechani cal Institute. It is an ingenious piece of work and should be fn the hands of every carpenter, no matter as to nis anility at correctness by 6t her methods as he has in mis a reaay recKoner. A little pam phlet fully illustrating the terms used in roofs with complete instructions is given with each chart. See advertisement in another column. f f iThe new song book, vow ready for cfe ' ii7erj, is immense. Fire in your orders. f Thirty-five tents a copy. "Sol-iutflo" Sociology OllOM A LECTUHK OF DU. HEKUON) Sociology to be a science must be a science of human faiths and principles. It is on what men believe that civilization are founded; upon men's faiths 'social .orders are built; according to what they feel they act toward one another. One single error in the apprehension of hu man relations may be the cause of a multitude of social evils. This is a factor which is overlooked in the work of many schools of sociology which loudly proclaim that they proceed npon a "strictly scientific" basis. We are accustomed now-a-day's to hearagreat deal about cant in the religious world. Bnt there is a scientific cant and a politi cal cant as well as a religious cant. And it is this scientific cant which im pels men to exert themselves in gather ing statistics concerning all sorts of observable phenomenal and to persuade themselves that in this they areestablish ing a scientific sociology, while they are completely ignoring the great forces which make this world what it is. That this is but a shallow method of study is not difficult to demonstrate. Suppose a man makes up his mind to study Chinese civilization scientifically. He may gather statistics concerning all observ able facts the condition pf agriculture, of the army, of commerce and art, the number of pounds of rice consumed per annum, etc. But his knowledge of Chinese civilization is so superficial that it can scarcely be called knowledge unless he apprehends the great causes which place China where she is today: why the empire is in its present state of stagna tion and how it can hope to be revived. In this particular case the lesson to be learned would be the utter inadequacy of a mere code of ethics to sustain national life and further natural growth. Or take the case of the Buddhlistic reli gion which men say so resembles Christi anity, but which has yet produced such utterly different forms of national life. A truly scientific study will reveal the .( Jl ! ! i cause oi mis divergence as lying in a difference between the Christian and Buddhlistic conceptions of self-sacrifice; Buddhlistic self-sacrifice is self abnegation without altruism, and is the subtlest of all forms of selflshnes; the Buddlist would annihilate himself for the sake of getting rid of the responsibility of living; the Christian would give himself to be torn and mangled in all the world's struggles that ht might bear away its sins. And so we might carry our illustrations into innumerable phases of history; the Mohammedan civilization is what it is on account of the Mohammedan faith. In English history but few realize the effect of great religious movements in determin ing that civilization without tho revival of the Wesleys there would have been no suffrage laws and such laws used as were passed in the succeeding period of English history. The great religious re- Mnltl-Mtlli.inaires. The New York Tribune in 1892 pub lished a sixty page pamphlet containing the names and addresses of 4,047 Ameri can millionaires, and giving in brief the source of their wealth. The extent of the concentration of wealth and of finan cial and political power in the hands of the railroad kings of the country lsforci bly told by disclosing the official railway connections held by the so-called "kings." v e make the following quotations from the Tribune pamphlet: Jay Gould. Possessor of one of the leading fortunes of the United States Made his start in Delaware county, New lorn, in merchandising, maps, and a lo cal history written by himself. Then in larger operations, including speculation in V all street stocks and gold, and in railroad and telegraph combinations and development. President of the Missouri Pacific railway, Manhattan Elevated railway, and the Texas .and Pacific rail way. Director and large owner in the Western Union Telegraph Company,GoId ana stock telegraph uompany, Oregon Shore Line and Utah railroad, Peoria and Pekin Union Kail way Company, St. Louis, iron Mountain aud Southern rail road, Union Pacific railway, American leiegrapu and Uable Company, Pacific Mail Steamship Company, etc., etc. George J. Gould. He is vice-president oi tne Aiannattan Elevated railway and director in the East Tennessee, Virginia ana ueorgia railway, Missouri .Pacific railway, lexas and Pacific railway, Gold and Stock Telegraph Company, Inter national ucean lelegraph tompany,New iork tsank note company, JNew York Mutual Telegraph Company, Pacific Mail Steamship Company, St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern railway, Wabash railroad, Western Union Telegraph Com- Amenuan Uistrict lelegraph Company, ana otner concerns. Edwin Gould. Director in the Inter national Ocean lelegraph Company, Manhattan Elevated railway, St. Louis, Arkansas ana lexas railway, western Union Telegraph Company Company, American District Telegraph Company, American Speaking Telephone Com pany, etc. Cornelius Vanderbilt One of the rich est men in America. Inherited from Wil liam H. Vanderbilt, his father, and made in the development af the New York Cen tral and Hudson Kiver, the Harlem, the .Lake Jbneand Michigan Southern and other railroads of the Vanderbiltsystem. President of the Canada Southern and Michigan Central railroad. Director and large owner in the New York Central and Hudson River railroads, New York and Harlem railroad, Wast Shore railroad, Dunkirk, Alleghany Valley and Pitts burg railroad, Lake Shore and Michigan Southern, Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapo lis and Omaha railroad, New York, Chi cago and St. Louis railroad, Union Trust Company, l'me Creek railroad, New York Mutual Gas Light Company, etc., etc. William K. Vanderbilt. Inherited an A PoMlble Reason. 'I guess I know why cannibals brown," said Johnny. "Why?" "Because they don't wear clothes. an' nature wants 'em to look as if they naa sumpin' on anyhow." A Farewell Lunch. Skyhigh (in restaurant) What's that I you re eatinsr, Algy mushrooms? "k-y ies. maoei nas refused me. All is over. It's the latest wav. Accomodation! For All. tlix Did you stop in a hotel at the World's Fair? Kicketts Yes. It was called the all- round christian and secular hnnA Everybody stopped there. Judge. Fresh From the Yacht-Race. cne was standing before the arlass raying on a new gown. "See here," she said to the attending artiste, pull ing out the marvelously full sleeves: I want these club-toDsails clewed down some." Then, giving the skirt a iore-and-aft kick, she added, "and you can put a reel or two In this spinnaker. " 1 see, assented the dressmaker; you want to wear it when vou're run ning close-hauled to the wind." lhat s it, she responded enthusi astically, "and it makes it easier to gybe." Patience on Both Bides. Miss Simpkins What are you ing mostly? Youny author Oh, telling creditors to wait a little longer. The Fall Sufficiency. "I want more preserves." our Willie bov oried. "You've bad quite enough," his mother re plied. "I don't want enough" (with a scowl on his Drow). - "I want too much, and I want it iust now." Judge. Mot That Mine. writ- my 'I Miss Hanks Who is that man with the empty sleeve you just spoke to? Clemment Captain Ketchum. Ha lost an arm winning a victory for the Diue. Miss Hanks Introduce me; .1 have a brother at Yale. Puck. A Vast Difference. you didn't' marry Jack after enormous fortune from William II. Van derbilt, his father. Made in the railroads of the Vanderbilt system. Director in nearly all the same railroads as Corne lius Vanderbilt, but also in the Chicago and Northwestern railway, the Metro politan Opera House Company, Mer chants' Dispatch Transportation Com pany, ete., etc. Russell Sage. This able and daring operator has made a fortune of many minions in railroad and telegraph com binations and development, and in stock speculation in Wall street. Largely in terested in many of the great corpora tioas of the day. President of the Iowa Central railroad. Director and large owner in the Delaware, Lackawanna rail road, Gold and Stock Telegraph Com yany, Importers' and Traders' National Hank, International Ocean" Telegraph Company, Missouri Pacific railway, Man hattan Elevated railway, New York Bank Note Company, New York, Lacka wanna and Western railraad, Pacific Mail Steamship ComaaDy, Standard Ga 'So all?" 'No, my dear. You see, there is a vast difference between an engagement ana a omen." Flattery. No lake's cool depth more quiet lies, Nor mirrors clearer, than your eyes, Dear Mistress Kate. Since once I've been reflected there, 'Tis now my only wish to share Narcissus' fate. A Sufficient Reason. He Do.you love me, darling? one xes, pet. ue hy do you love me, my own? one necause can't tell why. Fall Styles. Ellen How do you like this currency famine?"' "'"''t'- -".wafAiuiiVfei a&L Maud Splendid! It set the fashion of carrying your money in your stock ing, and I was so afraid of purse sna toners. OTer 7f000 4.000,000 on hand. Insnranes e On Thirty-two Nowln a - Lossm Ehet... ' f Paid in 1884 ess Paid Mora Freaetlj ttaa A ay Old u m.. ii . l . . sad Ushtalair. WlSd aad Torsade, at Oat Vw6mZ jE&iT,JZ2S?i Paid la Fill aad so debts steadla aaaiasl the Coapaar. HomeOffice: 245 So. 11th St, - LINCOLN, NED. PURELY MUTUAL eg 7TJQ 88 05- NEBRASKA MUTUAL FIRE, LIGHTNING a CYCLONE IN8URANC1 mifPiwr rw.. h "iL"10" H PW over 1500.00 In iZ Hvi hid ta r!?iUZ$ uk per iw.wu. t.x.M. bwiqast, Moretarjr, Lincoln, Neb. tJfAmnta wuuT Irrigated Farm Lands -IN TH1 FERTILE SAll LUIS VALLEY, COLORADO. THE SAN LmStALLET, COLORADO, is a stretch of level plain about ay large as the State of Connecticut, lying between surrounding ranra of lofty mountains and watnred hv the Rin nnH. t:-- ...j " mors of small tributary streams. It was the bottom of a great sea, whose ds posits have made a fertile soil on an average more than ten feet deep Ths k T " " "1mlu Kreaii aeposiis oi snow, whieh melt and furnish the irrigating canals with water for the farmers' crops. " " The Climate is Unrivaled. Almost perpetual sunshine, and the elevation of about 7,000 feet dispels all malaria, nor are such pests as chinch bugs, weevil, eta, found there. FLOwraa artesian wells are secured at a depth, on an average, of about 100 feet, and at a cost of about 25.00 each. Such is the flow that they are being utilised for irrigating the yards, garden and vegetable crops. The pressure is sufficient to carry ths water, which is pure, all through the farmers' dwellings. Irrigation. Already several thousand miles of large and small irrigating canals hare been built and several hundred thousand acres of lands made available for farming operations. Irrigation is an insurance against failure of crops, because suo cess is a question only of the proper application of water to them. The loss of a single corn or wheat croD in Nebraska, for inatanne. WnnlH mfe fhan swssesal the cost of irrigating canals to cover the entire state, so important is tbecEit taintt of a full crop return to any agricultural state. The San Luis Valley wm grow Spring wheat oats, barley, peas, hops, beans, potatoes, vegetables and all kinds of small fruits and many of the hardier varieties of apples, pears and all kinds of cherries. In ths yield of all these products it has neveb been subpasscd by axx otbeb SECTION ON THE CONTINENT. Forty Acres Enough Land. Fobtt aches is enouoh land for the fanner of ordinary means and help. Be sides the certainty of return, the yield, under the conditions of proper irriga tion, will average far more than the 160-acre farm a in tho Mia.ia.ir.ni .-J Missouri Valleys, and ths outlay for machinery, farming stock, purchase money, taxes, etc., are proportionately less. There are a hundred thousand acres of such lands located in the very heart of the San Luis Valley, all within six miles of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, convenient mark .H shipping stations, for sale at $15.00 per acre. Most of these lands are fenced and have been under cultivation and in many instances have wells and some buildings, everything ready to proceed at once to beirin farming-. A ivii.t. cash payment only is required where the purchaser immediately occupies ths premises, and long time at seven per cent, interest is granted for ths deferred payments. A Specially Low Homeseekers Rate will be made you, your family and friends. Should you settle on these lands the amount yon paid for railroad fare will be credited to von on vnnr .. mente; and bemembeb the land is perfectly and thoroughly irrigated, and the land and pebpetuel wateb bights are sold you for lees than other sec tions ask for simply the water rights without the land. No betteb lands exist anywhere on earth. For further particulars, prices of land, railroad fare, and all other information call on or address, F. Hi. MPre, (Mention this paper.) Manager Colorado Land A tamlgrallta Co., BB0W5ELL BLOCK. - - - - LDrnOLN. IE! Sulpho-Saline . . . ,t Bath Mouse , and Sanitarium. Corner 14th and M Su , Lincoln. Neb Creamery Package Mn'fg Company, DEPT. E, .... . KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI. We Carry the Largest Stock la the West of Engines end Boilers, from 2 to 75 horse-power. Feed Cockers, of any desired capacity. Cresnsry Supplies, Etc. of every deeoriptioa, r a Vft ET?!E1e A Bailer. MEW ILLUSTRATED CATALOOUB 1 aad Special quotations free of charge npon application. Wnea Wrltta to tula AarerUeer, nH iaym"wVtlelr Advu la thU tt&i. Knreka" Feed Coker The New Commonwealth. THE great People's party paper of Hew York, and organ of the Co-Operatlra movement of toe united States, and Canada. Price, BO Cent Per Year. Sample Copies Free Address, Bet Common! ealtt. :uu3a UUHMl'i ' V-'-'SkHAMt:W: ST" a. " Open at All Hours Day and Night. All Forms of Baths. Turkish, Russian, Komin and Electric With apeclal attention to tba application of Natural Salt Water Baths Several time stronger than ni water. RhenmatlRin, Skin, Blood and Nervoni DIs ama, Liver and Kidney Trouble and Chronic AUmenta are treated eucceoatally. sSea Bathings mar be enjoyed at all Masons In oar large SALT BWIMHINU POOL, 501 143 feet, S to 10 lest deep, heated to uniform temperature of 80 degrees. DBS 1L H. and J. 0 EVERETT, Managing Physicians. Many K0W OFFERS Reduced : Rates! for round trip tickets to Tourist Points. . . . AMONG THEM ... Hot Springe, Dead wood. Rapid City. St. Paul, Miuneapoiis, Dulutb, Ashland, Bayfield, Madison, Milwaukee, Oconomowco, Wis. And other points too numerous to men tion in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, Maine, Ontario, Etc. For rates, maps, etc., see S. A. Mobher, A. S. Fielding, Gen'l Afrt. City T'kt. Agt. 117 So. 10th St., Lincoln, Neb. Depot: Cor. S and 8th Sta.