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y r & f VOL. VI. 100. The Govenimeat, the People and th PaoiSc Railroad Millionaires. THE THIED HOUSE AT WOB& Taubeneck Imperfectly Reported, bul He Wants the Money Question Made the IssueHis Purpose Right But His Vision Narrow and Argu ment Weak. i Washington Special Correspondent. For the past week both houses of con gress have been quite busy. The Demo crats remind one of the fellows who get very industrious on Saturday, evening after being idle all the week. They have let nearly two years' time run to waste, and now they have just awakened to the fact, and are trying to crowd everything into this short session. The Democrats of the senate held two caucuses at which ; they discussed the propriety of calling up the popgun tariff bills passed by th house during last session. They also discussed the chances of changing ths rules of the senate so that the previous question could be ordered. The caucus ' decided that if the Democrats should call up the popgun tariff bills that it would provoke discussion, that that would consume the entire session, as it was very evident that the Republicans would resort to every known method ol filibustering rather than let coal and iron go ou the free list. The caucus also decided that it would be impossible to adopt the cloture rule in the senate at this time. The senate has been discuss- , ing the Nicaragua canal bill for several days. The bill under discussion pro poses for the United States to endorse the bonds of the canal company for $ 70, 0(10,000. Thfs looks very much like another Pacific railroad steal. The gov ernment endorsed the bonds of the Union Pacific railroads for 66,000,090. These bonds have been refunded, and now amount to about $ 120,000,000. The government has bad to pay all the interest, for allot which the railroads have never paid one cent, yet the-stock-holders, such as Stanford, Huntington, Scott, et al.. have become millionaires. If the Nicaragua canal should be built, and would be of such great advantage to this country, then let this country issue greenbacks, build the canal, own and control it fn the interest of the people. If the government bonds are so good and safe when they bear interest, why are they not just as good when they bear no interest The corporations are getting in theii work right along this session. On last Tuesday the house passed a bill amending the Inter-State Com mere law, so that therailroads'will be allowed to pool. The bill passed by a vote o! lt)0 tts to 110 nays. 1 am glad to re. pprt that every Populist in the houst voted against this iniquity, buch Alli ance Democrats as Alexander, Branch, Lawson, Livingston and Moses voted for the bill. I bis looks very strange, in deed, when we remember that the plat forms upon which these men were elected to congress in 1890, was for the govern ment ownership straight. It would be interesting to know how many of the men who voted for this bill ride on free passes. The committee of the house on bank ing and currency, Mr. Springer chair man, is now at work on Secretary Car lisle's financial scheme, with the view of perfecting a bill embodying Cleveland's ideas. Ihe committee is holding daily meetings and has invited Carlisle, Eckels and the bankers of the country gener ally to appear before the committee and let it know exactly what the banks want. Secretary Carlisle has drafted a bill covering the views of the administra tion. This bill, if enacted, means the de struction of our greenbacks, the perma nent demonetization of silver, a single gold standard, the absolute control of the issue and volume of our currency by national and state banks. It is a con- j nMWTh .akjJat o, the demoneti- " itttToiV "Tf! Itr5 1 Tr ' 1 1-to fcei.Vv ed .tUat the bill will pass the house, and the only hope for tlie'"cbuuTfyis'that it will be defeated in the senate. It appears from some very pungent ed itorials that have appeared in some of our reform papers recently, criticising Chairman Taubeneck, that they are en tirely mistaken as to his true position. In reply to a letter from your corre spondent on this subject, Mr. Taubeneck says: "J. II. Turner, "My Dear Sir: Yours of recent date came to hand in due time, but the illness anideoth ofrny brother's two children, as well as the illness of my father, pre vented an earlier reply. "As to Milton Park, I shall make no reply. I don't care to defend myself from the attacks of a man who has re peatedly defended and whitewashed Dr. McCune in his treachery towards our DOINGS party. You know ray views better than any man in our party. You know that I have never favored a single silver plank for our platform, you also know that we ought to make the 'Money Question' the paramount Issue. .. . ...1 ., aL Y t "The interview puDiisnea in tne ivocKy Mountain News was uot writteu in my presence, nor did I see it beforeit was sent out, but in one sense it is true, and in an other it is not. The statemeut m regard to "fancies, schemes, and rainbow chas ing" is true, that is, I used those words, but applied them to some of our state platforms we had this year. Many con tained fifteen and eighteen planks, in cluding almost every scheme and freak ever advocated by socialists and com munists. I repeat that it was untortu nateforour cause that this was done. The reporter made a mistake, as it often occurs in writing interviews from mem ory, in not mentioning the fact that this applied to some of our state platforms iu tins year s campaign. "I wish some of our platform buildere could read the stacks of letters we re ceived on the subject, from as good Pop ulists as ever voted our ticket. We must bear in mind that it requires twice as much time and work to educate the peo ple on two issues as on one. If we recog- nze the tact as we must, tnen now long will it take to educate the people on fif teen or eighteen plunks? Do you sup jose that we could realize any results short of one hundred years? We must recognize the great fact, that the plat orm of a new party is seldom much stronger than its weakest plank, and it will only be a question of time until we will have more platform than voters. "I am receiving cheering news from all along the line in regurd to the St. Louis meeting on December 28th and 29th. Air. Debs and Mr. Howard of the A. R. U. will meet with us. Colorado will have a good-sized delegation. It Will be the most important meeting held since the Omaha convention. I feel confident that we will have representatives from every state in the Union." In justice to Mr. Taubeneck I will say say that he and I have discussed thit question hundreds of times, and he al ways expressed himself to me just as he has in the above letter, and I am satis lied that the interview in the ' Ilocky Mountain News, when it quoted him as wishing to make the silver question alone the issua, was misleading and un true. J, H. Turkish. It Won't Work The Chicago Times is now trying to ride two horses going in opposite direc sious at the same time. It has fallen in to democratic hands again and is now trying to hold up the democracy and also cater to the interests of the People's party. It now advocates a fusion of Populists and Democrats to beat the Republicans in 1896. "Willyou walk in to my parlor said the spider to the fly." Entangling alliances have cost us too much in the past to be advocated for the future. Had there been no "endorse ment" in Nebraska the result would have been different. A fusion or alliance with the Democrats as proposed by the Times is a scheme couched in sugar-coated terms by which the plutocrats hope to play the same game in the national elec tion as "lias been played in the Populists states this year, to befuddle the honest voters while every element of corruption unites to sustain the party of the money trust. No fusion lor us. Keep in the middle of the road. Those who are not for us are against us. If the honest vot ers are for us they will come to us. We have marked out a straight course to pursue, leading directly to reform in the management of public affairs, and any deviation from the straight path only makes the journey longer for you must get back again and pursue the straight path to reach the goal. Fusion is a sacri fice of principle for office and is generally disastrous to reform elements. To fuse, is to surrender; to surrender ishades. No fusion, no surrender; no surrender, no hades. The Calliope. A Crazy Populist Mr. Natioual Goldbug, stand up! Where did you get the currency you issue? Auswer. From the national govern ment. What interest do you pay? A. One per cent cost of making. What security do you give? A. Government bonds, upon which I draw intprost. What makes your money pass current everywhere? A. The fuct that it is secured by gov ernment bonds. Then is it not the credit or backing of the government that gives it its value, rather than ihe credit of your bank which nominally issues it? A. Yes. Could not the government just as well back its own notes (greenbacks) as yours, and save you the trouble of issuing mon ey to the people? A. Oh I I see you areacrnzy Populist. I won't answer such impertinent ques tions. Friends, paste this in your hat. Now. Arctics, Alaskni, Rubbers or any thlngyon need. To M them meanto want them. They Uoo't coit much. They are at your price. Kecelrer'e 8ho Bale, 1016 O Street LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 23, 1894. ALTRURIAN COLONY Co-operatora Who Will Try to Re dfioe Ideals to Reality The Altrurians from their colony in Sonoma county, will publish a paper. "It will be," says the initial issue, "a traveler from Altruria, knocking at many doors, informing the people of the, pur pose, spirit and progress of ourwork. It will tell of no more earnest effort to do right things in a noble and humane way." L 'f The promoters of Altruria say that they have taken the best ideas from Plato's "Republic," More's 'Utopia,'' Bellamy's "Arcadia," Fourier's "Pha lanstery," St. Simon's '.'Industrial Sys. tern," Baboeuf's "Charter of Eqnality," Cabot's "Icaria" and particularly W. D. HoweuV'-Dream of Altruria," and will attempt to make real the ideals of these philosophers and dreamers. The first number of the paper reflects the scholastic influence of Berkeley and is inclined to quote from from Elizabeth an poets. "It will call attention," says the salut atory, "to the existing chaos of industry, trade, civil afiairs and social relations, and commend and support all wise en deavors to bring order out of coufusion. Aud in all this it will aim to be sober, thoughtful, just, sincere, truthful, con siderate and wise." The inevitable reference to misleading contemporaries is conspicuous. It says: "While we appreciate voluntary adver tisements of our contemporaries of the press, some of them have indulged in im aginary details as to our methods as amusing as they are inaccurate and mis leading. One friendly journal even went bo far as to accompany a two column article with a wood engraving of what purported to be our 'Mountain Home' iu the foothills of California. As this was evidently a secondhand woodcut, re served for duty in an emergen and as we had not then found . a desirable site for our colony settlement, it was certain ly rather premature." According to the paper's description, the srtct selected for a beginning is at the edge of the hills about seven miles from Santa Rosa. They have secured 2,000 acres, with Mark West creek flow ing through. The tract is partly wood ed, but some of the land is now under cultivation. The hillsides they intend to devote to fruit, hay. grain and pastur age. There is an old gristmill on the place, and this is to be repaired and put to use. A dam is to be Duiit near tne mill, and a typical New England mill pond is hoped for. Thedescription glow ingly depicts the beauty of thevnlleyand the fertility of the soil. It is proposed to found a town either of the Altruris farm or within easy reach. They have also a timber tract across the valley, with a sawmill now in operation. They expect to set a force of men at work on both tracts at once. They want as members of the colony only those who can be absolutely unselfish. The declared intention is to engage in farming, stock raising, horticulture, manufacturing and general business. AH labor is to be performed under an or ganized system, every member being re quired to work an equal number of days per annum. Those who chop wood, plow, harrow, grub roots, brand attle and other hard work will have fewer hours a day to toil than those who have the easy jobs. If a member works more hours than required by the colony, he gets nothing for it but gratitude and be comes a benefactor. One curious correspondent asks what the statute of wives will be in the colony. The editor replies that wives will be counted as separate members, and the wife will have her separate income re gardless of her husband. - ltisnotstated just what she will do, but will probably cook, call the men to dinner, wave her apron and say ' Shoo! to the chickens when they encroach on the flowers gar den and the vegetable patch, and enter tain the preacher and other company, The importance of infant recruits is rec ognized by the Altrurians, for they state that when "a wife is caring for a family of children she is certainly doing work for the community." Members who become disabled through sickness, accident or old age while in the service of the association will receive lull checks. The association, The Altrurian states, will furnish the nurse, room, medicine and everything else necessary, but the patient must do the suffering. Ihe only unproductive members will be theyoung, the sick and the aged. A tribunal is to be established in the Sonoma colony for the trial of unruly and selfish people. Any person working fewer hours than are required will be accused of robbing the association and must stand trial. In temperance in any form will be regarded as infidelity to the association. San Francisco Examiner. A complete course in double entry book-keeping by mail will cost you only $10.00. The National School ok Book keeping, St. Louis, Mo., 201 Union Trust Building, have pupils in all parts of the country who testify to the merits of their Bystem of teaching. lou should employ your leisure moments in fitting yourself for a good position or to intelligently manage your own anairs. Are We Financial Cowards? Now that the eloctions have cleared the atmosphere of oratorical smoke and the red rag of protection versus tariff for revenue only has been withdrawn until the assembling of congress, let us turn our attention to the real cause of financial depression. A clever man said in arecent issue of this review that what we need is a renewal of confidence. How can this confidence be renewed? I find everybody in mortal terror of Europe, consequently I want to know why a republic priding itself on independence of thought and character, is so absolutely abject finan cially. In the presence of a great power from which we successfully rebelled 100 years ago, we bend the pregnant hinges of the knee at bare mention of dollurs and cents'. Why is it? I shall interview every leader in this country until I find out. "Is it true," I asked a great thinker last week, "that Englandaloneholdstwo thousand five hundred millions of United States securities, bearing interest includ ing exchange of six per cent payable in gold?" "Yea, according to the public state mentsofliondon statisticians. Thesecre tary of the treasury says there is no pub lic record in this country showing the amount of foreign investments. We must therefore go to Europe to learn not only how much we are in debt to Great Britain.'but that at least five huudred million dollars additional of United States investments are held in France and Germany. This- makes a total in three countries of three thousand mil lions, imposing an interest charge, in cluding exchange, of one huudred and eighty millions per annum. A nice state of serfdom, isn't it?" ; "If this be ttue, does it no fully ac count for the steady flow of 'gold from this country?" t "Of course. It is estimated that ten per cent of the principal of thjs indebted ness matures -eacu year, imn yimi;ijui is generally renewed, dependent, how ever, on the state of the money market abroad. If bad investments have been made elsewhere, United States invest ments are thrown on the market to meet whatever losses have been sustained. "That accounts for our suffering for the sins of the Argentine Republic. Why has foreign capital sought our market?" "Because we hive not enough capital of our own. The reasou 'why we have not enough is because we cut off our own money supply. We possess it but do not develop it." The secretary of the treasury declares that the cause of the investment of so much foreign money on this continent is our own inability to invest from lack of native money. We have the means to supply ourselves with the additional amount if we would." "Then you would liken this country to a cow that gives a good bucket of milk and kicks it over?" "Precisely. Neither English, German nor French securities are held outside of the countries producing them. These countries are not foolish enough to stint their own money supply to make a field for investment of foreign money as wedo. Whether silver be reiuonetized or not, our present condition subjects us to a call from foreign money centers of one hundred and eighty millions in gold per annum for interest. If ten per centof the principal of the securities held abroad matures each year and is not renewed, we must further pay three hundred mil lions per year in gold." "Making a gold drain of four hundred and eighty millions, not including the in vestments that may be made in Holland and Switzerland, and the annual outgo from American tourists in Europe of at least eighty millions. This is serious." "Serious! Let it go on without a change of policy and itmeans revolution. There are seven hundred nnd fifty mil lions of gold in the United States held by banks, government and people. There is no week of the year that foreign holders of cold obligations owed by us, may not disconcert aud convulse our money mar ket. If they refrain, it is for selfish rea sons. Thev have an awful power which is neither increased nor lessened by the remouetization of silver. Having the power to disturb our money market it is said they will consider our remoneuzii tion of silver as an occasion to destruct ivelv use their power against us. Should thev carry out this threat, they would be the losers. The remouetization of silver will not change their contracts to receive gold. It cannot therefore hurt them for us to supply an adequate domestic cur rency with which to develop the country The on I v effect of the remouetization of silver and the establishment of nn ade quate banking system on foreign invest ors, would be our ability to carry our own securities by our own means, like an other great countries. Ihus foreign in vestments would cease, and the country would be freed from the domination of our money markets by foreign money centers." Kate Field s W ashington New York Actor Asphyxiated. New York, Dee. 17. John Hall and his wife, actors in a small way, were found dead iu bed early to-day. Hall returned home late and intoxicated, carelessly threw off a large stock necktie, and it landing on the gaa fixtures turned on the gas. PULLMAN MEN NOT JUSTIFIED Labor Commissioner Wright Says the Strike Was Unwarranted New Haven, Conn., Dec. 10. Carroll D. Wright, commissioner of labor, lec tured before the students of Wesleyan university in Middletown, under the aus pices of the Citizenship club. He met one of the elective classes in political economy, with several of the professors and other students. Col. Wright talked nearly two hours, making his principal subject the Chicago strike. He began his discourse by first giving the condition of affairs in Pullman. He illustrated the situation by four piles of pins one representing the $36, 000,000 capital ol the Pullman capital and the mauagiug ability of Mr. Pullman, the second representing the $26,000,000 surplus of the Pullman company, the third the capital of the workingmen that is, their skill, ability, and strength and the fourth the surplus of the work ingmen that is, their savings some 1000,000. "Now the condition of affairs," he said, "is this: The labor of the workingmen in Pullman in connection with capital has amassed their surplus of $26,000,000. Everything is running along Binoothly until there comes a time of stress, when the managers of the company are obliged to take contracts at a loss, if they can get them at all. "They find that their expenses must be cut down and they reduce the wages of the workingmen. With reduced wages the workingmen are compelled to fall back on their reserve, and their savings are wiped out. Theu comes au impair ment of health and earning ability through insufficient nourishment caused bv low wages. .Now the question arises: 'Why should labor be compelled to fall back on a reserve of savingrto tide over the depression? "The Pullman company has a surplus of 72 2-9 cents for every dollar of capital, and yet in its last period of depression it was enabled to keep that reserve unim paired and at the same time continue to pa'v divideuds of 8 per cent onthecapital of $30,000,000." 1 . m, N "Would there be a$2C,000,000 surplus if it were notfortheenterpriseaud ability of Mr. Pullman?" was asked. Col. Wright replied "No, and neither would it be there if it were not for the skill and ability of the workingmen. One is essential to the other. The mutual in terdependence of labor and capital is easily understood. Both are necessary, and without one the other is powerless. Now, why should one be compelled to bear all the burden of mutual distress and the other escape free? "This strike is an epoch-making epi sode. In feudal times physical might made right. We have outgrown that stage and are advancing toward a higher plane. The laws, customs, and public opinion of today uphold the Pullman company in its course of action. Will it continue to do so? Have we notcoine to the point when we must recognize more fully the right of labor? Again, the question is ethical and not economical." As far as the actual condition of afiairs go Mr. Wright is of the opinion that the strike was wholly unwarranted on the part of the workingmen. It was not only not justified, but it showed extreme lack of wisdom and foresight. , "The question again is." hesaid,"have we not reached such a plane where we must adopt the higher standard and rule of action. I think in all cases a company that intends to reduce wages should show the books to a committee of working men. The workingmen recognize the fact that their employers will always reduce wages when the conditions warraut the increase." The question was asked: "Do not the competition of labor and the natural laws of economics work to regulate the advantage for each side?" "They do not," he replied. "The mobility of labor is a fiction. Men can not go somewhere else and go into other business. The strike of the Michigan Central switchmen some time ago illus trates, this point. The Switchmen's union asked for an increase of wages. Instead of settling this question for them selves the Michigan Central road brought the question before the General Manag ers' association of twenty -four roads cen tering in Chicago. "The general managersdecided against the increase in wages. Now, an econo mist would let these switchmen give up their positions and go somewhere else. Yes, but they simply couldn't do it The other roads in Chicago would not employ them. Switchmen can only find employment in large railroad centers, but if they were to remove to New York or Bcstou they would find the market already overstocked. The combination of cupital has destroyed the competition of labor. "The railroads of this country are driv ing the people toward state socialism. Unconsciously, it is true, but, neverthe less, they are strongly turning that way. A few years ago the labor organizations were all opposed to socialism. Nowthey are all in fuvor of it. They see the rail roads combining and they are led to favor a combination of all railroads, tel egraph, and, in fact, all industrial enter prises, with the state as trustee. Chicago Times. Subscribe for Tra Wkalth Makjcrs. J 3 - i NO. 28 Send Us Two Her Names- - With 2. and yonr own subscription will be ex tended One Year Free of Cost. WITHOUT FOOD FOR EIGHT DAW James Mahai Dies of Starvation at tbe Brooklyn County Hospital New Tonic, Dec. 10. James Mahar died of starvation today at the Brooklyn county hospital. . A native American, he bad walked the streets of New York, without food eight days look ing for work, nd last Saturday afternoon fell uncon jcious at the Brooklyn tower of the great bridge, A special nurse gave her undi fided attention to him and nutriment was administered at frequent intervals, hut the patient relapsed into insensibility. Mahar was 85 years old and was single. He was 0 feet high and had dark hair and blue eyes. He had no relatives in the city. Chicago Times. Fusion la Compromise Cook, Neb., Dec. 8, 1894. Editor Wealth Markka: In yonr issue of Dec. 6, "A View of the( Battle Field," by A Jackson Democrat Is well put, though a careful study of the( figures will show that but about fifteen thousand Democrnts in the state voted the ticket nominated by the Democrat, convention at Omaha. The bolters' can- didates received less that seven thousand) The Democrats claim about forty-five thousand votes in, the state, leaving twenty-three thousand Demo-Republi- can voters. Powers' and McFadden'svote shows that about seventy thousand InJ dependent voters, which, added to thr fifteen thousand Democrats, leaves Hoi comb shy about twelve thousand; ant' this Rosy chopped off Irom the Republi can vote with his little hatchet. So thos Democrats that are asking for patron age for their work in the campaign (?) will have to make a divy with the Httl Bohemian giant, and between then both they cannot expect more thar about one-fourth of the patronage, ar they only furnished about one-fourth o. the votes that elected. Fusion is com promise. Compromise , is surrender Surrender is captivity. Captivity it hondace. serfdom and slavery. 1 am lot independence, freedom, liberty though we do not get any offices lor years t come. Yours truly, W. P. Bkooks, Teala's Oscillator Telsa's latest invention, the "oscilla tor," is one of the most remarkable apj pliances of the age. It is described b the Boston Transcript as being the cor of a steam engine and the core of a dyna mo combined, making a barmoniour mechanical adjustment. This combina tion, says an enthusiastic admirer,1 con stitutesa machine which has in it th( potentiality of reducing to the rank 1 old bell metal half the machinery at pres. ent moving on the face of the globe. I. may come to do the entire work of the engines of an ocean steamship within t small part of the space they occupy and at a fraction of their cost, both of con struction and operation. It will do thii worK without jar or pounding, and wil reduce to a minimum the risk of derangi ment or breakage. There is nothing ii the whole range of mechanical construc tion, from railway locomotives to stain mills, which such au invention may not revolutionize. Tbe essential character istic of the machine is the application of the pressure of steam to- produce an ex tremely rapid vibration of a bar of stee or piston, which, in turn, is so adapted to a set of magnets that the mechanical energy of the vibration is converted into; electricity. The extraordinary result it that practically and absolutely constant vibration is established, and a power it obtained greatly beyond that obtainable in the most costly expansion engines us-' ing a similar amount of steam. ) Besides saving in mechanical friction the 35 per cent of loss in the working o! the engine, the 15 per cent of loss in bel'( friction, and the 10 per cent of Ios wasted in the dynamo, making altogeth er an addition of 60 per cent totheavail able energy obtained from the steam for the purpose of producing electricity, it is simpler, lighter, and smaller than the. mechanism it is destined to replace,' ab-J solutely constant in its action, automati-l cally regulated, and subject to the least possible amount of wear and tear. The utilization of this machine in any branch of industry would result in an appreciable lowering in the cost of production, and it is quite possible that its first general employment may be in electric lighting.) In the face of this marvelous invention a recent t tatement of Tesla seems hardly no longer visionary. The young Mon tenegriu said: "I expect to live to be able to see a machine in the middle o' this room nnd move it by no othr agency than the energy of the medium i notion around us." Chicago Times. r t2 ,.