Newspaper Page Text
Jarroniy 17, 1895.
THE WEALTH MAKERS. 3 Govrnmnt Ownership of Railroads BY GKOHGE BAILEY. Our revolutionary father in 1776 de clared to the world that all men are en do wed with certain inalienable rights. Then they proceeded to establish upon this continent a government founded up on that principle, a democratic form of government. Webster defines democracy as government by the people. "A form of government in which the supreme power is in the hands of the people and directly exercised by them.". Now it seems to me if there is any one principle which this great American peo ple should guard with more care than all others it is this foundation principle of government by the people; the whole superstructure of our government rests upon that one idea and it ought to be our highest ambition as a people to not adopt any policy which will conflict with this great central thought. The first question to be considered in deciding whether the government should own and control the railroads or not is this: Would not the policy of govern ment ownership and control of the rail roads be more in harmony with the prin ciples of a democratic form of govern ment than the policy which we have adopted of fanning out this great gov ernment function into the hands of pri vate corporations? I propose to affirm the question. Democracy A form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people Is not the above standard the correct one by which to measure a pure democracy? If it is a correct standard would not any policy tending to expand the powers of the peo ple be a true policy to adopt? If so, would not any policy that would be of a nature to restrict the powers of the peo ple be undemocratic? The question of government ownership of these grea industries is rapidly get ting beyond the stage of experiment into the realm of successful certainty. All civilized nations are demonstrating their ability to successfully manage great industries upon sound business principles. England, Germany, Russia, Hungary, Austria, Switzerland, Australia and al most every civilized nation on earth, are rapidly taking advanced ground upon this very important question and many of them are owning and controlling their railroads. It is estimated that outside of Canada and the United States fully 95 per cent of the civilized governments own and control their telegraph and telephone lines. But it is not necessary for me to introduce to your notice exam ples from foreign nations to prove the feasibility and practicability of govern ment ownership, for our people have pursued two policies upon this question and have developed both plans sufficiently for my purpose; one policy has been in harmony with the principles of the Re public, while the other has been antagoj nistic to said principles. TIip old policy of surrendering up gov ernment functions into the hands of greedy corporations for the pnrpose of robbing and plundering the people is growing more and more into disfavor with the masses as they contrast the workings of the two systems. I find by consulting Chambers Encyclopedia that in England corporations are of two kinds, either aggregate or sole. A corpo ration aggregate is a society of persons authorized by law tos act as one, a cor poration sole consists of one person and his successor who are by law invested with the same capacities as a corpora tion aggregate. The Sovereign is a cor poration sole. The king being a corpo ration sole we find that our forefathers in their struggle for independence were fighting to prevent a corporation from saddling burdens upon them without their consent. This corporation sole (viz., the king) would in the olden times mobilize an army of Pinkertons and drive the common people from their lands and homes, then parcel out said lands to their favorites; and the land in England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales is possessed by descendants of the king's favorites; and the common people have sunk into the lowest depths of ignorance, poverty and degradation. It remains to be seen whether this fair land (a land in which the light of civil and religious liberty shines upon us more brightly than it ever shone upon any land before) will trnffer this relic of the old feudalistic times to get such a foothold as to oblite- rate this glorious ngnt nanaea aown to us as an eternal inheritance by those old '.heroes ot Lexington and Bunker Hill. We arc told that history repeats itself, 4 with a difference; let us hope that . . 'ifference in our case will not be in , wing this glorious light of civil and i .fgious liberty to contract under this ' id policy of corporate feudalism until it rfets to so fine a point that the eye of a prophet cannot descern it. Rather, let it expand under the blessings of a pure democracy until ' the mountains of the Lnnsu nf nnr I.nrd will be bathed in this glorious light,and all nations and people shall te allowed to Dasn in un glorious offulgence. rYimnrntinna in these latter davs. in stead of gaining their ends by force of arms, resort to otner meinoas equaiiy as successful, for instance: instead of mobilizingjarge armies of men they mo bilize large armies of dollars; then they take a very large division of said army of dollars aud hie themselves away to tha hnllu of legislation, and bv niacins said division where it will do the most good, they generally are so successful in their maneuvers that our legislators surrender to them certain privileges which will generally enaoie mem io rou tha nn him nf thousands of dollars for avorv Hnllnr which thev invest in legisla tion. Tben perhaps they will take an other large brigade oi aouars ana move upon .the free press ana capture mat, nlan nnrl mnke nf it a willing tool to cover up the iniquity of their doings, and thus make the people Deiieve mat iney nro nhilnnt.hrnniHtH and natriots and all that anrt nf thine Then thev will take another corps of dollars and go among the people and they will be Republican 1 in a Republican district, a Democrat in a J Democratic district, but they will be a W . . 3 :iiii a: corporation aog or aevii an wie nine. ) In nrnnnrt.inn na a irnvernmBtlt 171 dertakes unctions vitally affecting and vnmirnr nlnno t.n the dailv concerns oi the people, will public opinion arouse itself and .nsist on good government Tammany never yet wssstrongenoogh to dare mismanage the Are department; neither will political Jobbery ever be strong enough to mismanage the public transit system aa the uonlda bare done. The rapidity with which the cities in this country are endorsing government exercise of government functions by adopting the same policy in regard to their electric light' plants, gas works. stieet railways, water works, etc., con stitute one of the strongest arguments that could be adduced in favor of gov ern men t ownership and control of the railroads. The municipalities all over this broad land are moving in this mat ter in a way that can lead to but one conclusion, and that is that this great policy is feasible, practical and one well worthy to be adopted by the nation. The postal service as managed by the government at cost to the people is also another bright and shining light which is leading our people on to greater achievements in the same line. Compare the above policy of postal service to the people at cost, and the telegraph system run bv corporate extortion. The West ern Union has realized $100,000,000 of net profits in twenty-five years by its high charges. These figures are incon trovertible statements made to the com mittee of the last Congress before whom that company was represented by its president. One objection to the government own ership and control of the railroads is that corporations do not pay tneir em ployes as big wages as the government does, consequently corporate control of the transit systems is cheaper than gov ernment control of said systems would be. The above policy of the present control of rrilroads may allow its managers to declare larger dividends on watered stock, but that the present system is cheaper to the people than government control at cost to the people would be, I am not prepared to admit. I believe if the government owned the railroads the eight-hour system of labor would be adopted as far as possible. If an employe was disabled while on duty he would receive a pension. If he should get killed his family would receive a pen sion. And if this nation should adopt public ownership of railroads the public would be better served at half the cost than they are under the present manage ment. We would have none of those great strikes, costing the country hun dreds of millions of dollars, simply be cause the public transit system would be managed upon a basis ot justice to ail parties concerned. Wheeler, Ohio. That New Carrol County Justice. Last week he tried his hand. The coup le had procured their license they were from the country the lady was a young widow, sweet, fat, and plump; born and raised in old Arkansas on good fat corn- bread, buttermilk, punipkinsand country bacon. The gentleman was lean, lank, and redheaded lately from the grass hopper region, and sock less Simpson's retreat as they entered the J. P. shook hands with them, end thinking he had to serve papers legally, he exhibited to them his commission; then trembling stepped back to take a rest, when he remarked, join hands; they did. The widow looked pleased, the jayhawker sighed, the 'Squire cast his eyes upward and said: "Our Father who are in heaven join this couple, let them fuse for life, combine them forever, monopolize them in all things, encircle them toward oneanother by day and by night, revive their hopes enlarge their desires, stuff their ballot box, increase their majority, cement them together during life and their gene rations after them into one grand demo cratic household. In the name of Gor man, and of Brice, and of Grover Cleve land. "Dear lady what do you say,"said he to the woman. "Oh," said she, "any thing, oh Lord!" "What do you say," said he to the excited Kansan, "well" he remarked, "I accept the amendment. "Then said the Judge,1 by virtue of my commission and the great seal thereon and under the authority of W illiam Fish- back, the governor of Arkansas, I de clare that your name is Alexander Loom- is, and your name is Samantha Loomis. I'll be at your house for dinner on Sun day; my fee is 35 cents. Yon are a husband. She, likely, will be a mother, Cain was a wicked man. Case tie killed bis brudder. Amen. Always keep in the house a bottle of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral, for throat and lung troubles. Your druggist has Ayer's Almanac. A V Oman Murderer Insane Perry, Ok., San. 14. Miss Sarah Aired, who shot J. T. Lucky dead near Cleveland Tuusday during a quarrel about some corn, attempted suicide yesterday while being guarded fn a room at Cleveland, but was pre vented by one of the guards. Later she slipped out of the room and is now at large. Lucky and Miss Aired owned adjoining claims and the two were engaged. Attaok on Wolcott. Denver, CoL, Jan. 14. A resolution has been introduced in the house which will be taken up for considera tion Monday declaring that no person should be sent to the United States senate from Colorado who would not pledge himself to sever all relations with corporations and trusts. The resolution is aimed at Senator Wol cott and will, it is said, receive the support of some Republican members. Croker'a Horses Sent Abroad. New York, Jan. 14. Nineteen thoroughbreds belonging to Richard Croker were shipped on the steamer Mississippi for England to-day. Stonenell, Harry Reed and Montauk are entered in various events in the early spring meetings in England and Mr. Croker has already received the weights they will have to carry in the events. Shot as the Result of a Quarrel. Perry, Ok., Jan. 14. Philip Sun field, saloon owner and politician, and Jim Harding, who runs a feed store here, had a difference about a settle ment. Early this morning Harding left and it is said came back with a pistol and shot Sunfield in the head. Harding was arrested. Rheumatism, which is a blood disease, is radically cured by Ayer's Sarsaparilla. Monopoly and toe Pulpit. The picturesque and somewhat hyster ical declaration of a St. Louis clergyman that "the University of Chicago has been founded in blood and must and will tall," has naturally awakened some discussion in the religious denomination which con trols that institution and to which its assailant belongs. The meaning of the St. Louisan was clearly that the Stand ard Oil moneys upon which the great university is founded were gathered by methods of injustice and even spoliation, and carry with them a curse like that which the fable attaches to Judas' ten pieces of silver. The latter part of Dr. Boyd's theory is scarcely to be taken seriously. Men thrive and grow fat upon very dirty money. The odium attaching to evil ways of making a fortune seldom descends to him who inherits that for tune does not often, indeed, cling very pertinaciously to the one who originally garnered the ill-gotten wealth. "The jingling of the guinea helps the hurt honor feels," and the highest places in society in the state, and even in the church, are open to him who has success. fully acted npon rare Ben Jouson's ad vice: Oet money; still (ret money, boy, No matter by what means. Society will not exact heavier penance of an institution which has profited by money acquired in dubious ways than it exacts of the individual who rolled up that wealth, ihe sins of the Standard Oil trust will not be visited upon the Chi cago university, even though the noble gray quadrangles of that college stand iorever as a monument to the triumph of wealth over the commonwealth. It is entertaining, however, to note the line of defense taken up by the clergymen who hastened to repel the assault upon the almoner of the Standard Oil funds. Says Dr. Lawrence, vice president of the board of trustees of the university: "John u. Rockefeller has not wrung money from the people. He may have crushed smaller competitors by business methods which all pursue, but if it were not for the Standard Oil company you and I would not have such cheap oil to burn nights. If the money that he has given to the Chicago university is un clean what is to be said of the thousand institutions founded or supported by men of wealth? Mr. Rockefeller is one of the quietest men in the world. His family does not go into society, but if there is a hospital to be visited you will find Mrs. Rockefeller or one of the family there." We may pass over Dr. Lawrence's eu logy of his patron's private virtures. To the serious charges urged against the chief officer of the Standard Oil company it is no defense to plead that he gives lavishly to charity, is a regular attend ant at church, and is kindly and loving to his family. That he is "one of the quietest men in the world" is without pertinence. So also was that chief justice of England whom Macau lay des cribed as "rich, quiet and infamous." Sharp issue, however, must beia;en with Dr. Lawrence's declaration, "He may have crushed smaller competitors by methods which all pursue." Emphati cally all do not pursue the methods of the Standard Oil company. If all did, the state ot this nation would be that popularly called anarchy. Bribery of legislatures and courts would be the rule rather than the exception. Business rivalries would be prosecuted with the aid of thugs and incendiaries. Railroads would habitually be employed to build up private monopolies. A score of huge corporations would control all lines of business and the small dealer would be forced to surrender his independence and become an agent for monopoly. It is a queer commentary on the position of ethics in a church that a leading divine can say with entirecomplaceney that the methods of Standard Oil are the ordin ary business methods of the day. But the most curious error in the clergyman's defense of the monopolist is hisstatement that but "forthe Standard Oil company you and I would not have such cheap oil to burn nights." Doubt less he has never investigated the subject about which he speaks so positively Had he done so he would have discover ed that the great reduction in the cost of kerosene oil was made before the Standard Oil company secured its mono poly of refining it. Under the sway of this monopoly reductions in price have been practically checked, improved pro cesses for increasing production and cheapening the cost of refining have been suppressed. Monopoly has not only crushed its rivals but has taken its toll from the public. It is for that monopoly exists, and not all the eloquence of sub sidized clergymen can convince the people that the greatest monopoly in the coun try is other than a menace to public safety or that its methods have been other thun immoral and despicable. Chicago Times. An Oklahoma Postmaster InTolxed. Perry, Ok., Jan. 14. Deputy mar shals arrested Thomas J. Mann, post master at Cleveland, and brought him here this morning on a charge of having tampered with letters in his office. He is a leader in Grant county. Major Paddock Seriously III. Denver, CoL, Jan. 14. Major James Paddock of Omaha, government director of the Union Pacific railroad, is lying dangerously ill in his private car at the Union depot in this city. Advices to the treasury department from the sub-treasury of New York repoit the withdrawal of 92,300,000 gold for export. This leaves the amount of the gold reserve 877,474, 409. Advertiser, l'leus say When Writing to tliis" I I Kdn lifted atlthsj I Why Was It that Ayer's Sarsaparilla, out of the great number ot similar preparations manufac tured throughout the world, was the only medicine of the kind admitted at the World's Fair, Chicago? And why was It that, in spite of the united efforts of the manufacturers of other preparations, the decision of the World's Fair Directors was not reversed? BECAUSE According to Role 15 "Articles that are in any way dang-erous or offensive, also patent medicines, nostrums, and empirical prepara tions, whose ingredients are con cealed, will not be admitted to the Exposition," and, therefore Secaute Ayer's Sarsaparilla is not a patent medicine, not a nostrum, and not a secret preparation. Becaune its proprietors had nothing to conceal when questioned aa to the for mula from which it is compounded. Because It is all that It is claimed to be a Compound Concentrated Extract of Sarsaparilla, and in every sense, worthy the indorsement of this most important committee, called together for passing upon the manufactured products of the entire world. AyefeSarsaparilla Admitted for Exhibition a- m m m mm mm sf as mm mw mm B a. I Di ooooooooooooooooeoooocoj BTAJtT 8IHGIN3 0LUB3 SOW The following sample notices given Armageddon show how it is appreciated: ARMAGEDDON, or the final battle batwesa the wealth-makers and the wealth-takers. This is a splendid collection of stirring and patriotic songs with music, it con tains 140 pages aud over 60 songs set to music besides a dozen not set. A number of these same songs have been Bold by us at 20 cents each. These songs are George Howard Gibson's best. Price, post paid 35 cents, or $3.60 a dozen. American Nonconformist. Armageddon is the name of a new song book published by "The Wealth Makers Publishing Company," of Lincoln, Neb., at 35 cents a copy. Armageddon is by far the best book of its kind it has ever been our pleasure to examine. The book contains 70 songs, 57 of which are set to music, and every one is a gem. There is no chaff in the whole book. The songs are strong and ably written, while the music is of the very best. Ueorge How ard Gibson, editor of The Wealth. Mak ers, is the author. His name is never attached to any second class literary production,. There is ever an elevated tone to bis writings. His newspaper is one of the very best reform papers in existence and Armageddon is, we think, decidedly the best book of songs any Alliance or labor organization can possi bly find. The Sledge Hammer, Meadville Pa. Now is the time to make good use of Armageddon. It ought to be in every Populist's home. If our songs areevery where sung, made popular, our cause will speedily succeed. Let singing clubs be formed to master the music of this book. None finer or more effective has ever been written. "God Save the Peo ple" is a mightily stirring piece in both music and words. "Our Line of Defense" is another thrilling song Bet to the finest patriotic air of Germany, "Die Wacht Am Rhein." But we have not space to tell of the merits of each one of the 70 songs which the book contains. Humo rous, pathetic, thrilling, awakening, en thusing, calling forth all that is manly and noble, all love of right and justice, and marshalling the hosts to battle, it should be sent for and made use of by all earnest men and women now. Get ready this winter to sing these industrial gospel songs everywhere. gnobocracy. Governor Morton of New York has ap pointed John Jacob Astor, the multi millionaire, his aide-de-camp. The Gov ernor is the Republican standard bearer of New York state and the Republican party is a laboring man's party. See? Industrial News. Tha new soig book, now ready tor de li very, is Immense. Fire in your order. Thirty-five oents a oopy. How' This! Ws offer One Hundred Dollars reward for any ease of Catarrh tbat cannot be cared by Hall's Catarrh Cars. F. J. CHENEY A CO., Toledo, O. We, the undersigned, hare known P. J. Cheney for the last IS years, and beltev him perfectly honorable in all business transections and finan cially able to carry oat any obligations made by their firm. WrsT Truai. Wholesale Drnstirlsta. Toledo, O. Wilding, Kimxam A Marvin, Wholesale lrns gists, Toledo, (). Hall's Catarrh Cure la taken Internally, actios; directly npon the blood and mucous surfaces ot the system. Testimonials sent free. Flics 75c. per bottle. Sold by ail Prngists. taKfV'PAIRyUPPHS - iwe tAB.or.sT stock; iktmi Wct. m ButterTubspAcoS' Ttve ftost Gmplehi StecKf veiylhipnfi!!uiwk JUTTER 2BG1EtSE MAKlNGu Boilers and tymtslWS FEED-COOKERS fllLK CANS,L:OCrCASLTrlLlIRS,Bt. far lluatr&ttd G&loqjiAdcfrc&k CREAMERYpACMOtftjfe you saw their Advt. In this Paper. Irrigated Farm Lands nf the FERTILE SAH LUIS VALLEY, COLORADO. THBE BAN LUIS VALLEY, COLORADO, is a stretch of level plain about as large as the State of Connecticut, lying between surrounding ranges of lofty mountains and watered by the Rio Grande River and a score or mora of small tributary streams. It was the bottom of a great sea, whose do posits have made a fertile soil on an average more than tea feet deep. The mountains are covered with great deposits of snow, which melt and furnish the irrigating canals with water for the farmers' crops. ' The Climate is Unrivaled. Almost perpetual sunshine, and the elevation of about 7,000 feet dispels all malaria, nor are such pests aa chinch bugs, weevil, etc., found then. Flowing artesian wells are secured at a depth, on an average, of about 100 feet, and at a cost of about f 25.00 each. Such is the flow that they are being utilised for irrigating the yards, garden and vegetable crops. The pressure is sufficient to carry the water, which is pure, all through the farmers' dwellings. Irrigation. Already several thousand miles of large and small irrigating canals have been built and several hundred thousand acres of lands made available for farming operations. Irrigation is an insurance against failure of crops, because suc cess is a question only of the proper application of water to them. The loss of a single corn or wheat crop in Nebraska, for instance, would more than equal the cost ot irrigating canals to cover the entire state, so important is the cer tainty of a full crop return to any agricultural state. The San Luis Valley will grow Spring wheat oats, barley, peas, hops, beans, potatoes, vegetables and all kinds of small fruits and many of the hardier varieties of apples, pears and all kinds of cherries. In the yield of all these products it has nkveb been surfameb by amy oran SECTION ON THE CONTINENT. . . Forty Acres Enough Land. Fobtt acres n enocgh land for the farmer of ordinary meant and help. Be sides the certainty of return, the yield, under the conditions of proper irriga tion, will average far more than the 160-acre farms in the Mississippi and Missouri Valleys, and the outlay for machinery, farming stock, purchase money, taxes, etc., are proportionately lees. There are a hundred thousand acres of such lands located in the very heart of the San Luis Valley, all within six miles of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, convenient markets and shipping stations, for sale at 15.00 per acre. MoBt of these lands are fenced and have been under cultivation and in many instances have wells and some buildings, everything ready to proceed at once to begin farming. A shall cash payment only is required where the purchaser immediately occupies the premises, and long time at seven per cent, interest is granted for the deferred payments. A Specially Low Homeseekers Rate will be made you, your family and friends. Should you settle on these lands the amount you paid for railroad fare will be credited to you on your pay ments; and remember the land is perfectly and thoroughly irrigated, and the land and ferpetuel water rights are sold you for less than other ac tions ask for simply the water rights without the land. No BETTEI Lands exist anywhere on eabth. For further particulars, prices oi land, railroad fare, and all other information call on or address, LF Li. (Mention this paper.) Manager BS0WIELL BLOCK. - - J. W, Castob, Prss. 3. P. Boms, Vlca-rrss. O. L. Lues, The Fanners' Mataal Insurance Company of Nebraska. The Largest, Beat and. Cheapest Farm Mutual Insurance Company in the State. Over 14.000,000 5 Insurance if 9 t'UTT 1U Bffect , . . TTyri"- v i Losms Paid Mora Promptly than Any Old Llns and LiRbtnlnF, Wind and Tornado, at Ons Assessment. Fnrnlsbss Insnranca to MT Bill IIS M7 Ull tU CIV WW MS S Home Office: 245 So. 11th St , PURELY It -J Nil o i o . o t 2 3 NEBRASKA. MUTUAL FIRE, LIGHTNING & CYCLONE INSURANCE 00 MP ANT. Over half million Insured. Have paid over R00.00 In losses. Have bad bat one SMsssnMBt, 10c per 1100.00. J. Y. M. 8WIQABT, secretary. Lincoln, Neb. l9AKants wanted. The New Commonwealth rpHl (rest Feoyle'B yarty smr et Ken JL York, as ema of the COsetUV aaeveraealet Ike United States, eae Oaaasa. Prlea, BO Cents Par Year, smpls CtslMFrta Set CCZaZSlTttlti, eoaxT,K.T. It oar advertisers do not treat you right let us know. We want no "fakes" in Ths Wealth Makers. Isn't there something in our "Three Cent Column" that will profit yon? Faster Time Better Service, The Black Bills passenger now leaves daily at 1:25 p. m. and will land passen gers at Hot Springs at 8:05 a. m., and at Deadwood at 11 a. m. next day. From Chicago two fast trains arrive here week days, one Sundays. For further information apply as be low. A. S. Fielding, City Ticket Agt, 8. A. Mosbkb, Oen'l Agt., 117 So. lOta 8t We want you to notice every new "ad" in our columns. They are put there es pecially tor your benefit. ft IsmhjratlM Ca., V TjTJOOLJT, IE3 W. B. Lntca, Ssc'y. State Agsnt. i. OscsasMTU, Traas- Over 17,000 'v on hand. Thirty-two Losses raiu in 1894 . . Company Poloo- Bnslnsss. Insures Malnst Fin Par Cant. Has ran Tbres years without any tba Farmers at Aetna! Cost. AU Losses VSWaSU ksaj ogisisiwa mmmw vwjrwaw a , LINCOLN, NEB. MUTUAL To California in a Tourist Sleeper The Burlington Route's Personally Conducted Excursions to the Facifle Coast are just the thing for people of moderate means. Cheap respectable comfortable ex peditions. From Omaha and Lincoln. Through to Los Angelos and San Francisco with out change. Experienced Excursion Managers and uniformed Pullman por ters in charge. Second class tickets ac cepted. Cars are carpeted and uphol stered and have spring seats and backs, mattresses, bl.nketn, curtains, pillows, towels, etc. Only 5.00 for a double berth, wide enough and big enough for two. The route is over the"Scenic Line of the World," through Denver, Salt Lake City and Sacramento. All the wonderful canons and peaks of the Rocky Mountains are passed during the day. If you are going west you should ar range to join one of these excursions. They are the best, the very best, across the continent. Information and adver tising matter on application to the local agent or by addressing J. Francis, Genl. Pass. Agt, . Omaha, Neb. Or. Miles Pato PUJecReataklsV Subscribe for The Wealte Masses. Ceteris.