Newspaper Page Text
. ... pf35 VOL. VI. : LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1895. 1 ' 1 ' ;'' . '.' ' " NO 36 A SO MOVES THE WORLD. " We sleep and waits anl sleep, bat all thing more; ' The 8nn tliea forward to his brother Son : The dark Earth follows, wheeled In h- ellipse; And human things, returnlntt on themselves. Hove onward, leading up the golden year." The Argentine Republic is taking away cur foreign market for wheat. Mrs. Augusta L. Tabor of Denver is dead and leaves property worth $1,500, 000. There is a big brewery lobby in Wash ington working against raising the tax on beer. The Plate Glass Trust is being organ ized on a capital basis of $10,000,000 stock. A big strike of Pennsylvania coal miners is reported imminent. It is to re sist a reduction in wages. ' Thegreat Pillsbury-Washburn flouring mills of Minneapolis have decided to re duce the wages of all their employes. Col. Benjamin Aycrigg of Passaic, N. J., died Feb. 5, aged 91. He leaves real estate in New York City and other pro perty worth several millions. A labor arbitration bill has finally been agreed upon in the house commit tee. Chairman McGann of the committee end Carroll D. Wright approve the bill. The shoemakers of New England, hith erto divided into several organizations, cutters, lasters and others, are agitating the subject of one organization to include all. So moves the world. Alexander Steele of Chicago, rich, died last week. His pug dog missed his usual feed at night of one pound of candy, and howled dismally. The dog's regular candy rations have cost about $1,500. The Diamond Match trust held their annual meeting February 6 and divided among the stockholders $1,000, O00 surplus in the shape of new stock. The capital stock will thus be raised to $11,000,000. The Santa Fe train No. 1, going out of Hutchinson, Kansas, at 10:15 Tuesday night of last week, was held up by ban dits, and the robbers forced the passen gers to disgorge all cash and valuables they had with them. The Manufacturers' Club of Philadel phia has approved the plan for the form ation of a national association of manu facturers decided on at a convention re cently held in Cincinnati. Organize, co operate, or be slaves. Henry W. Blair's successor in Congress, Hon. Cyrus A. Sulloway of New Hamp shire, is in favor of silver. He is the only man in Congress from New England who has taken a stand against the prevailing gold basis creed of the east. Congressman Carminetti of California has introduced a bill to restrict railway privileges and compel the forfeiture of all unpatented lands of land grants to rail ways whose bonds have not been re deemed, the Pacific roads and others. The bread business is controlled by the United States Bakers' Trust. It is there- fore respectfully suggested . that the Lord's Prayer, in its petition for daily bread, be amended to address the Bak ers' Trust, instead of the once-worshiped Aimignty x atner. Fifty bodies have been taken from a mine in trance in which was an explosion of fire-damp. This makes nearly 200 who have been killed in tips same mine. They died to make dividends for the men who owned the mines, and their families will receive no pensions. Judge Dundy has advertised that he will sell, at Sioux City, May 1st, the Sioux City, O'Neill & Western Railway com pany. The federal court order for the sale was made December 7, 1894, and is doneon suitof the Manhattan Trust com pany of New York city. The Chicago Times is authority for At torney General Olney's remark to a west ern senator: "I'll break up every labor union in the country with the anti-trust law before we're through, for I will make , every strike the basis for locking up ev ery man who counsels or is concerned in it before it is begun." At a private meeting of representatives of the Scotch oil companies in London, February 5, the agreement recently ar rived at with the Standard Oil company, by which the price of solid parafiae was increased 1 farthing a pound was rati fied. It was further agreed to adjust prices so as to curtail production. Great destitution is reported among Kansas and Oklahoma farmers. A letter to a local minister from a reputable citi zen at Blackburn, Oklahoma says: "Go where you will throughout this entire section, you will find men, women and children shivering and sta-ving no clothes, no food, no light, no hope." The volume of domestic business com pared with the trade we have with other countries is as 120 to 1. We sell, in rouud numbers, $900,000,000 abroad in a year, and $120,000,000,000 at home. Yet the politicians have kept the Ameri can people fighting each other over the tariff as the all-important question the most of the time since we became a na tion. A big pine lumber trust has just been organized by the lumbermen ot Georgia and Alabama. Arkansas and, Louisiana lumbermen are already organized and next week Mississippi will also join. A company will allot to each mill the nmntinr, nf wnrlr it la to do nnri jwa Hint there is no cutting of rates by any of the niemoers. Three hundred alien diamond cutters brought over from Holland after the duty on cut stones was raised, are re ported about to strike for higher wages. Grin. Booth of the Salvation Army has decided to locate his over-sea colony in Mauitoba instead of Australia. Ho is thus trying to save the "submerged teuth." It is announced that John D. Rockfel ler is intending to give money to Roman Catholic charities. Not a bad stroke of business if he can do it and escape Pro testant criticism. The 150,000 machines used in this country making shoes, have displaced 2,2o0,000 hand workmen, or run stead ly they can do the work of that number of hand workmen. The fire losses during the panic year showed an increaseof $20,000,000 above the normal rate, and an expert says this "is not unusual nor unexpected." Yes, it is easy to see why. Ex-Senator Warren of Wyoming owns a ranch in that state containing 7,500 square miles. It is exactly six times the size of the state of Rhode Island, and is almost the area of Massachusetts. The Australian colonies are consider ing the passing of a law providing a graded land tax which will compel ab sentee landlords to pay 20 per cent higher rates than resident owners. AMilan,0hio,bank was robbed by safe crackers feb.7,and $30,000 m currency, besides a large lot of Nickel Plate bonds, 4 percent registered United States bonds and electric bonds, were gotten away with. The latest invention of note is one which transmits the pen as well as the voice, by the electric current. A person who is writing in Loudon has his writing instantaneously reproduced in Paris, all the chirographical characteristics being preserved perfectly. There are 34,000 retail stores ia Chi cago. Thegreat department stores are, however, absorbing the retail business of the city. Just now an agitation is made against the department stores, but it aan avail nothing. -The big stores economize labor, and will therefore in time gather the principal part of there- tail business. John D. Rockefeller one year ago bought nearly all the stock and bonds of the Duluth, Messabe & Northern railroad and on his bonds and stock has been realizing 8 and 10 per cent on his invest ment, besides a clear surplus ol $200,000 remaining undivided. A gas well has just been struck near Blufftown, Ohio, tftat is estfmated to be good for 3,000,000 feet. The pressure was so strong that it blew the casing out of the bole and the roar of the well can be heard many miles. The government should take the expense of siuking holes to the natural gas reservoirs and pro vide gas to the people at cost. Rev. J. C. Reid, a Baptist minister in Portland, Ore., robbed a bank in East Portland, at the point of a revolver, but was covered by the gun of a rescuer and arrested before getting away. He claim ed that he had nothing to conceal, that destitution and desperation drove him to the crime. He had a wife and two children. A family consisting of father and three children were fonnd almost famished and uearly frozen in the basement of a ten ement in New York, last Friday. The only furniture in the dingy cheerless house was a mattress, a table and a stove without a fire. They had no bed ding even and hardly enough clothes to cover their nakedness. A few blocks away a man froze to death. , A mass meet;ug of Brooklyn citizens called to protest against the action of the police authorities Monday in denying the strikers the right of assembling at the City Hall, was itself broken up by the police at the Athenaeum. The speakers who were to address the meeting were Henry George, Rev. Mr. Carwardine of Pullman, III., Rev. Dr. Lyman Abbott and Congressman Tom L. Johnson. The Chicago News says: "Sentiment favoring municipal control of natural monopolies is expanding in all parts of the country and among all classes of people. The national board of trade, which is now in session in Washington, has for recommendation among other things government ownership of rail ways, telegraph, and like things of great magnitude, showing that the sentiment in question is not confined solely to the non-capitalistic classes. "The fourth death from outright star vation occurred in Washington, D. C, a few days ago," writes Mrs. Diggs. "Jas. Scott, a sober, honest man who had spent the winter seeking work, fell faint ing and died at the door of the police station he was going to beg to be taken in for shelter from the cold. The dead man's hollow cheeks, sunken eyes and emaciated frame told the storv of the slow torture which took him to where the wicked cease from troubling and the weary ere at rest." The Washington papers report an "Alarming number of skilled workmen out of work in the city and that for lack of funds the Charity Union must shut its doors to the poor. Think of it, people starving (because out of work) right under the shudow of the great building where the nation's laws are made and justice is sunnnRerl tn hnil her seatl 1 THE ECOKOMIC SITUATION Of the Farm r In the Existing Indus trial Organization Address of Prof. William A.Jones ot Hastings before the annual meeting of the Nebraska Far mers Alliance at Kearney, January, 1895. The farmers stand for a class in an organized industrial system', the purpose of which is the production and.it may be assumed theoretically only, the equitable distribution of wealth or economio goods. The parte of this system are mining, manufacturing, agriculture and com merce. This division of the industrial system is based on the nature of the productive processes. Collateral to these processes are many other forms of in dustrial activity; as those of artisans, shop-keepers, professional men t and laborers. : 1 The vast majority of the people of all civilized nations is engaged iuand identi fied with some form of these industries, All ought to be. For, on the highest authority, "He who will not work; neither shall heeat." The various forms of industry are organically related, and the economic goods wealth produced by the industrial organization are social products. Take the farmer's plow no one man can say, ,"I made this." It is not an iudividual, but a social product Begin at the iron mine, follow the ex cavating of the ore, the smelting and running into pigs, the transporting to another plant where the pigs are melted, cast into bars, annealed and rolled into bars and sheets, converted into steel, again transported to a plow factory and formed into mould boards and other parts. Then follow the wood from the forest to its present form and placed in plow, and it will be seen that all these processes require tne services oi a com' Dletelv organized industrial society. The production of the plow directly or indirectly involved tne labor, mental ana nhvsical. of every useful class of persons in the organized industrial society. The plow is a social product. So everythine today which enters into consumption food, clothing and shelter all the comforts and luxuries of life- are social products. All production is socialized production. The labor of millions of men utilizing the achievements and gains of other millions of men of past generations are supplying our wants and furnishing us with the daily comforts and luxuries of life. The founding of great states here, in what was once "the great American desert," is an achievement of industrial conditions which have culminated in the last half of the present century. The question which confronts us today is whether, with all this inherited and acquired industrial power, we shall be able to "hold the fort" much longer. The economically weak have already fied from the state, by the hundreds, and other hundreds feel their wings starting. However, the Farmers Alliance and In dustrial Union proposes to stay to the end of the struggle. While production is socialized, distri bution is still individualized, as will ap pear. Herein lies an antagonism. Enough wealth economic goods are produced yearly to supply amply the necessaries, comforts and many of the luxuries of life to every industrious and deserving citizen of the republic, if the mode of distribution were socialized to correspond with the mode of socialized production in other words, if equitably distributed. Ia the distribution of the social wealth the share which falls to the farmers as a class is inequitable, and in sufficient to enable them to maintain their position in the industrial system as a body of independent laborers as a yeomanry. The antagonism which arises from the inequitable distribution of the social wealth as it affects the class of farmers I hope to make clear. No intelligent explanation of the mode of wealth distribution can be given or understood without first pointing out the factor of distribution. '1 he produc tion of wealth must precede its distribu tion. The factors of production are at the same time factors of dii ution. We need then first to examine me factors of production. They, according to ortho dox economy, are land, labor and capi tal. The thought of the economist includes all natural means of production in the term land, it includes not only the soil we till, but the mines, the forests, the fisheries, the power and forces of nature or the planet as it came to the hands of man, or, as man came to the use of it. Labor is the exertion of the brain, nerve and muscle of a human being in the pro duction of an economic good, some form of wealth. Capital is a portion of wealth set apart to aid in the production of more wealth. It is embodied labor. A little reflection will show any one that land and labor are the primary factors of production. Land alone has no value. It is an utility. Alone it produces no economic goods. Labor alone produces nothing. No wealth economic goods can be pro duced without bringing land and labor together. Separate the two factors, land and labor, or land and the laborers (Continued on 8rd page.) Jl? Ml Quarreling, Whitewashing and Junketing Fills the Time. iTHE UNIVERSITY APPROPRIATION KILLED i Oleo Must be Labeled and Uncolored The Senate Still Tramples on the Law Parson Ludden's Trials Stewart After Him . Hilton a Law to Himself The work done by the legisluture dur ing the past week has not been at all stupendous. Most of the time has been spent in settling various quarrels among the Republicans. This and whitewash ing and preparing to go on junketing trips and keeping more employees in the senate than the law allows and acting on . a number of bills that don't interest any body much except the lawyers, these cover about all the week's misdeeds. KILLING THE UNIVERSITY APPROPRIATION. The bill to make a half mill additional levy for the benefit of the state univer sity was killed in the house by a very close vote. The proposed Appropriation would amount to aboutf 60,000. There is a similar bill in the senate, which the friends of the university declare they will push, but it will probably meet a similar fate. OLEO MUST BE LABELED. A bill passed the senate compelling all hotel keepers, proprietors of eating houses, etc., who use oleomargarine or butterine, to advertise the fact to the world. The voto in favor of the bill waa almost unanimous. It will unquestion ably pass both houses and become a law. Tbe.only people fighting it are the stock yards people ot honth umana. - SENATE WILL KEEP ITSJJMPLOYKS. The senate had another fight over its extra employes last week. The result was that it still continues to defy the law and to loo the state treasury in or der to furnish soft snaps for thirty-three unnecessary men. I here were seven re publicans in the senate who had man hood enough to vote to cut down this number, but the gang who run things were too many for these and the seven Pops, so the ninety-eight employes will stay and will all be paid for every day of the session, while many of them will not do a single day's work in the whole time. It might be as well to state right here that the Republican claim that the Pop ulist senate of '93 was just as bad is a lie. That senate had only sixty-eight employes and the law limiting the num ber to sixty-six was not then in existence. LUDDEN'S TRIBULATIONS. The bouse committee appointed to in vestigate Rev. Ludden and the relief commission reported this week. Said re port was a sort of wishy-washy, namby pamby affair, which neither approved nor condemned. What it should have done was to have asked Ludden's resig nation, but it did not, so the people will have to put up with him and starve and shiver it out as best they may. Over in the senate Senator Stewart and others roasted Mr. Ludden to the Queen's taste. Stewart is a terror when he gets stirred up. In response to a res olution adopted by the senate, the gov ernor wrote a letter to each member of the relief commission urging that all pos sible diligence be used in sending out sup plies and that each member of the com mission stay right at headquarters and assist. It is but justice to say that the work is going forward in better shape the last week or two than before. JUNKETING TRIPS. The legislature adjourned from Friday forenoon last to Thursday afternoon, a period of six days. The time was spent by members of the senate and house go ing on junketing trips to the various state institutions. These trips cost the state $5 per day per member and ex penses. As there were about a dozen from each house who went the cost would be considerable. Be it said to their credit that not a single Populist or Democrat went on any of these trips. They were all Repub licans. Hilton's sublime gall. An now comes L. P. Hilton, ex-oil in spector, and says that inasmuch as there is no law for inspecting gasoline, he re fuses to turn over to tha state any of the money collected for that purpose. He further says that he did not inspect the gasoline at all, though he received some thing like $ o.OOO in fees for doing so, thus admitting that he is not only a thief but a swindler as well. The people of the state stand breathless before this man's supply of gall. It is claimed now that (Jov. Crounse appointed Hilton because the latter owed him money. " den tie reader, Republican politics in this state is a sweet-scented affair. How do you like it? J. A. E. Dr. Darts, diseases of teeth and mouth. NEBRASKA LAWMAKEKS Senator Allen's Platform. Editor Wealth Makers: Senator Allen, Populist senator (?) from Nebraska, lately entertained the United States senate by reading a plat form containg thirteen planks, and he is reported in the Nonconformist as saying to the senate: 'These paragraphs I hsve read em brace the principles of tho Populist party as I understand them to exist." , We take the liberty to call the atten tion of the honorable seuator to the fact that he was elected on the Omaha plat form; that he is expected to labor dili gent to enact into law the principles of that platform in their entirety. If it wae desirable to bring the princi ples of the Populist party to the atten tion of the senate why didn't Senator Allen read the Omaha platform? What right has Seuator Allen to assume that any other platform "embraces the prin ciples of the Populist party"? We call the attention of Senator Allen to the following, taken from the Omaha platform: finance. We demand a national currency, safe, sound and flexible; issued by the general government only; a full legal tender for all debts public and private; and that without the use ol bankingcorporations; a just, equitable and efficient means of distributfon direct to the people, at a tax not to exceed 2 per cent per annum. We demand that postal savings banks be established by the government tor the safe deposit of the earnings of the people and the facilitation of exchange. transportation. Transportation being a means of ex change and a public necessity, the gov ernment should own and operate the railroads in the interest of the people. The telegraph and telephone, like the post office system, being a necessity, for the transmission of news, should be owued and operated by the government in the interest of the people. The principle of the government own ership of all railroads and their opera tion at cost price; the principle of gov ernment ownership of the telegraph and the telephone; the principle of govern ment loans direct to the people at 2 per cent; the principle of postal savings banks, through which the government may make its loans to the people, are the only principles in the Omaha plat form worth making a party fight for, They are the only principles seriously ob jected to by the railroad, telegraph, banking and other corporations. When Senator Allen formulates a plat form and leaves out the essentials, the very life of the Omaha platform, and un dertakes to sidetrack the Populist party on a platform of meaningless generali tieshe may not "understand it." But he practically places himself square in line with the corporations that now en slave the people. The Populist party is a unit in favor ot tne government ownership of the rail roads. More than 50 per cent of the voters of the old parties are in favor of the same. Many business men and the best educators in the land are filling up the ranks of the Populist party because the party demands government and mu nicipal ownership of all the monopolies that are now robbing the people. For the control of the railroads and other monopolies Senator Allen's plat form contains the following: '5. All corporations must be strictly 3onflned to the legitimate purposes of their creation, and laws must be enacted for the prohibition of trusts and combi nations which injuriously affect com merce, laDor and industry. o. We denounce pooling, stock wat ering and discrimination in the rate charges of the railroads, telegraph and telephone companies and demand that Congress shall by appropriate legislation effectually correct such abuses." For years the old parties have periodi cally regaled the people with similar res olutions in their platforms. The Inter state Commerce and Anti-Trust laws are the embodiment of the old party ideas of controlling trusts and monopolies. The people have had enough of such control. They are tired of trying to control. They are ready for government ownership. That a Populist senator should fall into the ruts of the old parties on the question of controlling monopolies, and then claim that, as he "understands it," the old party plan is to become the pro pramme of the Populist party, is an in sult to the intelligence that. has built up the party. But Senator Allen goes one step farther: by inference he reads out of the Populist party all those who do not agree with or subscribe to his platform, and that is adding injury to insult, as the people "understand it." Shelton, Neb. John Stebbins. FUTURE FINANCES London Statist Discusses the President's Eeoent Message. PE0N0UN0ED A SOUND DOOUMEHT Consequences of the Failure of Congress ' to Act Results of Fiee Coinage , of Silver and of Gold De monetization, London, Feb. 1. The Statist will say tomorrow: "President Cleveland's mes sage appears to be wise and statesman like. As the law stands it is quite clear that a large sum could not be borrowed in Europe, as there is doubt about the president's ability to contract to pay gold. This would be fatal to any pro jected loan. Money can always be had at a price, but the government of the United States cannot act as if it was bankrupt. Its credit would stand as high as that of any country in the world if congress would only do its duty. If the present congress does not act, it ia greatly (eared that it will be too late to appeal to the new congress, as before it can be called together a crisis will prob ably have occurred. It is questioned whether, under the existing conditions, the president can even borrow at home. The banks, in order to avert a panic, may furnish him gold, but even then it is questionable, when adoubt exists respect ing payment in gold, if enough gold can be got. In any case, mere borrowing will not avail, as the experience of the past year has Rhown that sooner or later there must be a contraction of the cur rency, or there would be a panic." The Statist proceeds to discuss the con sequences in the event, firstly, of gold being demonetized; secondly, no legisla tion whatever being arrived at; thirdly, the effects of the free coinage of silver. -Then the Statist remarks: "If gold is demonetized it is perfectly clear that there will be a great transfer of property from the capitalists and lending classes to the producing and borrowing classes. This would be of immense advantage to the west and south, and would prove a ser ious loss to the eastern states and to Europe. RESULT OF A silver standard. "Of course a great country like the United States adopting a silver standard would have great, influence on the whole of the world, and silver would undoubt edly rise, but it would be long before it reached 60 pence. The great reduction of debts all over the United States by a fall of silver would give the farming a ad producing classes generally a sense of freedom and prosperity, which they have not had for many years, and would prob ably give a great stimulus to production. If silver did not rise much for awhile, American cotton, pork, etc., would com pete with the product of other countries at a very great advantage, and there would probably be a very rapid and great growth ot exports and the begin ning of an era of great prosperity. "On the other hand the lending and creditor classes would suffer, aud their losses would not affect production to anything like the same extent as the gains of the debtors and producers would do. Further, there would be a very seri ous fall in securities, which would injure capitalists and lenders both in the United and Lurope. If Congress refuses legis lation, then gold would iro toaDreminin: but probably not high. The tendency would still be to benefit debtors and pro ducers, and would injure capitalists and lenders, while production and exports would be stimulated, though not to a great extent. "Thirdly, if the mints were ooened for free coinage, which would tend to make the gold premium higher still, the premi um would not be very high, and the re duction of the debt and the losses of cap italists would be small compared with the demonetization of gold." Summing up this review ot the financial possibilities, the Statist represents the west and south as being perfectly riirht in their view that a change of the present system would benefit their sections of the union, "The effect of the change they advocate woold be a tendency to trans fer property by wholesale from the east ana Europe to the west and south. In fact, it would be a form of repudiation, and it would lower the credit of the United States, and prevent the free id flux of European capital. In the future, prob ably European capitalists will always in sist upon the gold clause they will re quire a clear contract that they will be repaid in gold. In the event of gold de monetization matters will right them selves in the long run, but might be very long, and another point is that a great transfer of property would not act uni formly. Debts falling due soon after the change would be immensely reduced, whereas, di'bts falling due later, when silver has i sen, would be less reduced. and 11 silver reached 60d, there would be no reduction of debts whatever." Governor Upham has found 200 peo ple in destitute circumstances in the vicinity of Grantaburg, Wis.