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jtfkrch 7, 1895 THE WEALTH MAKER8 m I V J THE ECONOMIC SITUATION (Continued from lit pag) If A cannot successfully compete in the market with B, be is at liberty to with draw t.js labor and capital from that line of prodUvion and Keek one more remun erative to hm. It is in thin way that competition be comes the regulative principle of the pres ent system of production and exchange, when not interfered with. The consuming public gains all the ad vantages of reduced cost of production. If, at any stage, from lack of competition, profits should rule high in a given line of .production, then labor and capital, if tree, will now into that business, till tne supply of commodities in that line re duces prices by competition to a point at which only average profits can be made. Their competition is the inherent law which regulates, automatically, the pro duction and exchange of commodities, uuder the system of private property and personal liberty, ivies not interfered with. Competition is the law which ultimately protects the consuming public from pay ing extortionate profits. Individual producers, or corporations, in order to avoid competition in a given line of production which is paying profits beyond the average earnings of capital, by reason of monopoly advantages through patents, franchises, etc., expand the factor capital by fictitiously increas ing the shares of stock. Without invest ing another dollar they may double or quadruple the shares of capital so that after rents and interest are distributed to these factors, aud all legitimate cost of production met, a surplus value of 100 per cent on the real capital may be made to appear to be only 10 per cent on the "watered" stock. Or, a loss may be made to appear on the earnings of the fictitious stock when there has really been made a profit equal to and above the average earnings of capital in other lines of business. It would be interesting reading for the people, if they all knew the amount of "water" in the capital of the railroads of this country; and in the $85,000,000 of the capital of the Sugar Trust; and in the capital of the Standard Oil Co., and so on to the end of the chapter. This is a mode of defeating the opera tion of the law of competition by mdivid- t ual effort. Its success, of course, de pend on a united effort of all capital and I here include corporations as indivi dual capitalists to secure friendly legis lation and judicial decisions, that wiil not disturb "business rela tions," which in plain economic language means that legislation and courts snail not disturb this practice of levying and extorting from the publicuniust and-unfair profits . To this end they or capitalistic power V must elect, legislators and judges. The farmers have rendered valuable assist ance to capitalistic power in the past. The method issuccessful entirely on the part of landlord and capitalist. The laborers who vote still think they share in the surplus value created by them, if they get employment. But now, under this competitive sys tem, how does it seem to you, if the gov ernment steps in to interfere, and compel A to recall our illustration to sell his commodity for 75 cents, thereby enforc ing a loss to him of 2s cents? He would be forced to stop production, and with draw his capital and labor from that line, hither that or bankruptcy. On the other hand it would be the out raging of justice for the government to step in and give B, by force of law, the power to sell his commodity, his 75 dent commodity, for $1.00; giving him a clear monopoly pronto! SJo cents over and above the fair competitive price. It would be an injustice to A, to the public, and to the whole world. But then this is just what B, wants, and what he gets. He wants all compe tition cancelled, and he gets it cancelled. B stands for the whole class of individ uals and corporations that seek "protec tion from competition domestic and foreign. They all have a common inter esta common end, viz., to makesuyus value the largest possible. This they can achieve by destroying all competition, domestic and foreign. They cannot reduce it to zero; but they can and do reduce its effects to such an extent that enormous fortunes are accu mulated in the hands of a small fraction of the people. Domestic competition is virtually annuled by forming the trust, through which the output in agiven line is limited and the price fixed at which the product shall be sold. Production in a given line under the trust becomes production 'under the direction of a single will. No competition is tolerated. Government aid is not needed for this. All the trusts ask i that the government shall mind its own business as they, through the courts presided over by .their own election, shall define the busi ness of government. Attorney General Olney has been an obedient servant to them. He has obeyed let them alone. This course is designed to restore "confi dence," and draw out capital, "you know." While they ask no assistance of the government in the matter of controlling domestic competition, they are exceed ingly anxious to have it in the matter of foreign competition. Only the govern ment can control foreign competition. How shall the government impede or annul foreign competition? What is the modus operandi? Why thus, let the government fine every impoiter of competing products, an average of 50 per cent on the cost at the port of entry. Only don't call it a fine. Call it a "dooty." Don't call it a tax even. Although if you have to admit it is a tax, tell the" people the farmers and laborers particularly that the foreigner pays it; that in this way the expenses of running the government are paid by foreigners. This will catch them. A change in the name, is a change in the thing named with the crowd. But how does this fining the importer destroy or limit foreign competition? This way. Given a Liverpool merchant and an English manufacturer a Boston merchant and a Massachusetts manufac turer. The two manufacturers produce each a yard of cloth of equal quality and weight. They cannot become competi tors unless their goods are offered in the same market. The English importer buys a yard of American cloth at a cost to him in Liverpool of f 1. The English government levies a tax of 25 cents on it; not as a fine for importing it; but for revenue only, and gets the 25 cents. At the same time the government levies 25 cents a yard as an excise tax on the Eng lish manufacturer, not as a line, but for revenue only, and gets it. The Massa chusetts manufacturer, through the im porter, and the English manufacturer' are treated alike. Government Interfer ence has handicapped neither. The impor ter puts his yard of American madecloth on the market having paid tne govern ment the same tax as the English made cloth had to pay. Competition is preserv- ed. The competition lies between tbs English and the American manufacturer. Whichever one by superior skill, and advantage of free raw material. improv ed machinery and efficient skilled labor can make rent, interest and pront at tne lowest price for his commodity iu the market, will take the trade, and the con suming public will reap the benefit. This is a free trade tariff. The tax may be an average of 10 per cent, 50 per cent, or 100 per cent the highness or lowness of the tax has nothing to do with the principles of free trade. to bb continued. How They Will Learn. . "Judge," the leading humorous and cartoon publication of the country, last week contained the following story: Mr. O'Turk, an old Irishman, is taking it easy in his chair, a pipe in his mouth and a cane in his band. His son Patsy is standing before him. The old gentle men asks: "Patsy, how many is twice Wan?" "I can't git it troo me hid," says Patsy. Becoming angry the old gentleman strikes the boy over the head with his cane, and then asks: "How many tonnes did it hit ye, Patsy?" "Wance, I think." The old geutlcman strikes the boy again. "An' how many times did I hit ye thin, Patsy7" "Wance." says Patsy. "Now Patsy, how many loomps have ye on yer hidr "Two." says Patsy. "Now then, Patsy, how many is twice wan?" "It's two." says Patsy. "Thot's roight, me bye. There's the makin' of a foine scholar in ye." And thus it is with the farmers and working classes of thiscountry. By vot ing the old-party tickets they will sooner or later learn in the manner required in Patsy's case. t-x. JUSTICE THE NATION'S HOPE Ob, trust not the dream 'twill outlast the spirit Which thrilled It when liberty first Rave It breath; No "manifest destiny" ever can clear It, When folly drives onward to breakers and death. When money, not character, makes legislation, When rights are exploited to favor the few. When Justice is exiled, Uod pity the nation, Shipwreck for the salvage by plot of the crewl When the city's own aldermen wait on the lobby. The power without that's all hands and no heart, A slotted machine grinding unt its pet hobby, Whose action the weightiest penny will start. When workers are "hands," and the man we are slighting. When the corporate conscience is made ontO gold, When the canker of greed every Industry's blighting. When Justice grows timid and robbery bold, When bosses defiant are snapping their fingers At law and at order all over the land, Then the doom that delays and all patiently lingers The flight back to heaven of Freedom's at hand. ' Do I dream, of such doom in this day of our glory? Nay .'friends, I'm but reading you God'schangc. less law; Do we choose to repeat the old world's tragi, story? The lesson relentless we've only to draw, Th' Eternal will change not; on one sole condi tion Can men or can nations win life anil win peace. The laws of life broken, in vain all petition; Obedience only from death can release. The star of God's promise arose o'er the nation, And eyes dim with tears saw it gleam in the skies; Shall It fall from Its orbit of bright, brief dura tion? Then where o'er the sad earth again will It rise? - ' The world is not old, 'tis the break of the dawn ing; His serpents yonng Hercules crushed in his strength; So those that our slime of corruption is spawn ing, Bousing np, our yonng giant will strangle at length! Let the men who are men, who hate meanness and lying. Be true to the vision that Washington saw. Then the wrong that disgraces, no longer defy ing. Will bow to the forces of order and law. The fruit of the tears and the toll of past ages We hold as in trust for the ares unborn; Let ns write the word "Just" on our country's fair pages, Lest onr children reproach us with pity and scorn. An oath let ns swear By the God who Is o'er us, By the thousands who've lived and who've died for our land. By Washington, Lincoln, the great gone before ns, The hope of the world, onr dear country, shall standi A CO-OPERATIVE EXPERIMENT. Some Interesting Figures of First Year's Work The Industrial Christian Union was or ganized on October 21st, 1893, in a farm house near Woodbine, Harrison Co., Iowa. It is an industrial missionary society, the leading purpose of which is the promo tion of tbeorganization of industrial and agricultural villages. Its first effort at the organization of such a village is the Hiawatha Village Association at Hiawa tha, Schoolcraft Co., Mich. This associa tion was organized on the 21st day of May, 1894. In this village all the property, includ ing the land, houses, shops, and stock, is owned by an association composed of all the workers. It distributes no dividends on capital, is its own landlord, pays no salaries; and all its products are divided among the workers, each having such a share o! these products as corresponds to hi share in doing the work which produced them. This Association now owns 1100 acres of land, 70 head of cattle, 28 horses, has a saw-mill, shoe-shop, printing-office, a wood machine, and grist mill; is doing something with tanning and knit goods, has 150 acres.of cleared land; will add 50 acres more in time for next season's crops. Has free access to wild grass land affording a limitless support for cattle and sheep without labor and without cost. It is preparing for a large dairy, for the raising and manufacture of wool, for manufacturing its bard wood timber (which it has in great quantities) into handles, rods and furniture, for establish ing a large orchard and for engaging in the raising of all manner of smalt fruits, which are produced of the finest quality anu may be in any quantity; besides a canning industry, which will handle sweet corn, vegetables, wild fruits and orchard products. It is providing for the best of schools for all ages and both sexes, and these schools as organized are formed largely of men and women of mature years who avail themselves of the opportunity to study in the evening classes with an in terest which is quite remarkable. As to the schools for the children, they are not excelled anywhere, covering the kindergarten, the day school, and in instances the evening school as well, and probably the most interesting fact in connection with this industrial experi ment is that every child in the Associa tion is a most enthusiastic colonist. Whether they come from the crowded districts of Chicago, or from the Dakota frontier, it is alt the same to them. . Hia watha is the best place in the world, and to this there is no exception. Nothing can be more inspiring than to hear the little fellows on their way home from schoolj oin in the Hiawatha yell, which is modeled after the usual college cry, and runs as follows: Co-o-perativel Sis! Boom! Bah! Hia-wa-thal ' Rah! Rah! Rahl The organization is itself a religious one, not that it is sectarian, dogmatic, or proposes any interference with any fixed convictions of Its members, but it is religious on the basis of the Sermon on the Mount and a siucere purpose to ap ply its teachings to man's whole life, in cluding the doing of his daily tasks. The purpose is to be inclusive of all serious, sober minded and public spirited people, rather thantobeexclusiveof any. Among the members are Baptists, Pres byterians, Methodists, Congregational- ists, Catholics, and a much larger per cent age who have never been members of any particular church; but our public gatherings havethe presence and support of them all, and side by side Jrom every church and no church, A. P. A.'s and Catholics alike sit down to study the best thing this life affords and to gather such strength for every better purpose as mutual suggestion and encouragement can give. Men of all creeds are admitted, but the tobacco habit, the opium habit, and all forms of intoxicating beverages are not permitted. A very large share of the members have been extensive users of tobacco, but most have already abandoned it and within a short time every evidence of its presence will have entirely disappeared, in met, tne lorms of heresy which are not tolerated are "in dolence, vulgarity and self indulgence. During the seven months covered by the first annual report there have been employed in the agricultural department 11.798 hours of work, but the products of this labor, counting the products of the labor at market prices and figures, in units of time, were worth 23,620 hours of labor, or in other words, the Associa tion produced by 11,798 hours of labor, what it would have taken the wages of 23,620 hours of labor to buy. This, it will be seen, makes working together to produce farm products better, by two to one, than buying them even at present prices. In the building department, in labor and supplies, the department is charged with 30,032 hours, but its product is es timated at 40,000 hours, or an advan tage of 25 per cent in working in an or ganization over working singly, even in the rudest construction of barnes and cottages such as the Association is now able to provide. The repairing department is charged for labor and materials 671 hours. This department does not a little manufactur ing as well as all sorts of blacksmith work, sleighs especially, and of the very best construction have been produced at a very great advantage. Its products are estimated at 3.2G3 hours showing a surplus of 2,582 hours or showing an advantage of equipping your own labor and doing your own work over hiring others to do it for you or of being hired by others todo theirwork (notyourown) it shows a clear advantage of four to one in favor of our system of Product Sharing. The saw mill is charged with 1,4 id hours of labor and is credited with products valued at 9,510 hours showing an advantage under Product-Sharing of five to one. These illustrations are sufficient. But it should be borne iu mind that these fig ures are based on an admission iu favor of the competitive system which is not true. If in the shop and mill, on the farm and at house building the competi tive worker could have regular employ ment then his returns might be from one fifth to one half as good as ours. But his employment is not regular, continu ous, all-tbe-year-round work in any one of tbem. You must at least add another third in some and a large allowance in all for lost time. Here no man has lost a single day of labor because he could not get employment. These figures have been made with all of the time of all of the workers employed aud accounted for during the whole seven months of tbe Association s existence. There are now on tbe ground 125 men, women and children, probably the most hopeful, most contented, most profitably and regularly employed of any like com pany of workers anywhere. It has been tne plan ot tne Association from the start that no one should be ad mitted to membership, nor from any one should anything be received in the shape of payments on capital stock or for any other purpose, until these applicants had first been on tbe ground and seen both the people and the place for themselves. It is a gratifying fact, however, that no person has visited our Association yet with tne expectation oi becoming a mem ber provided he was pleased with th place and the people, who has not re mained. Among those who have gone. from Chicago tbe following trades art represented. Clerks, book-keepers, moulders, stenograpners.carpenters, ma- AYER'S Cherry Pectoral SAVED HIS LIFE So says Mr. T. Nl. Reed, a highly respected Merchant of Mid dletown, III., of a Young Man who was supposed to be In Consumption. "One of my customers, some o years ago, had a son who had all 9 the symptoms of consumption, o The usual medicines afforded him o no relief, and he steadily failed g until he was unable to leave his bed. His mother applied to me o for some remedy ana 1 recom- o mended Ayer's Cherry Pectoral. The young man took it according 0 to directions, and soon began to o improve until he became well o and strong." T. M. Heed, Mid- JJ dletown, 111. o "Some time ago, I caught a o severe cold, my throat and lungs o were badly inflamed, and I had a g terrible cough. It was supposed g that I was a victim of consump- o tion. and mv friends had little o hope of recovery. But I bought a bottle of Ayer's Cherry Pectoral, took it, and was entirely cured, o No doubt, it. saved mv life." O I. Jones, Emerts Cove, Tenn. Ayer's Cherry Pectoral Received Highest Awards AT THE WORLD'S FAIR ooooooooooooooooooooooooi chiuists, book-binders, and engineers; and without exception these people have tat en eheir part in the saw-mill, on the farm. and in land clearing with an enthusiasm and attachment for their work which is not excelled by any. I am in the city justnow for others, but it is the purpose to limit the membership m our Association lor the present to fifty families, and it is quite likely before this letter shall reach your readers that the numbers will be complete,- It is the purpose of our general association, the Industrial Christian Union, however, to organize other associations of a similar character and to extend indefinitely, not so much a crusade against tbe competi tive system as to advocate and" organize a better thing in its place. These people do not withdraw trom the world nor for feit their interest in any of the tasks their fellows are carrying or any of the problems they are striving to solve. From the beginning they are devoting one-tenth of all their products to a mis sionary enterprise devoted to the study of these problems and to creating asso ciations like their own, and it is their pur pose to continue this so long as their As sociation shall exist. Walter Thomas Mills. Room 73, Hotel Grand Unlor., 150 Dearborn st., Chicago. TUe world's crons nf nnfn.tr.oa Insfc fear, according to an exhaustive in vestigation, were no less than 37r. "urn. 000 bushels short, as compared with the crop an 1893. In Ireland potatoes have not been so diseased for many years. i AROUND THE MAHOGANY. - Epicures, like poets and artists, are born, not manufactured. To the average Bridget "a pinch of alt" means a whole bucketful. Spiced and pickled peaches are new essential at fashionable dinners. It is Southern tradition that colored iooks are best to prepare oysters. Gastronomic scholars hold the wing to be the best part of the turkey. Since colonial days the chafing dish has never been so popular as now. Closed baked, home made bread, in the English way, finds favor here. It would be a good law allowing only hermits and sailors to eat onions. Genuine manufacture of codfish balls is one of the lost culinary arts. In the matter of cornbeef and cab bage, enough is equivalent to a feast Cabbage and cauliflower should not be cooked when company is expected. Few eau recite "The Raven" back ward; fewer can properly make Welsh rarebit- There is an abundance Of kerosene where some imported sardines are packed. Sausages and buckwheat cakes for breakfast are now gastronomically eorrect ' Look not upon the wine when it is ed; nor look upon artificially green pickles. The art of cooking chicken to per fection is best understood by the Chinese. There must be profanity when (hops that should have been broiled ire served fried. WALTER BAKER & CO. The Largest Manufacturers of PURE, HIGH GRADE COCOAS AND CHOCOLATES On Otis Costinut, am racelT HIGHEST AWARD8 from Um fnat ial EXPOSITIONS In Europe and America. TTkKV. .1.. rtk t n TstMed In d of their mpenttoae. puesaa Mluhta, udxu lUaMMaciN OLD SY PROCESS SVUVWHIM. WALTER BAKER ft CO. DC8CHESTER.IEAS3. i.svsf VIA! ! J Advantages of the Kitselman Fence. It is the earnest wish of the publishers of Thb Wealth Makers, that after yon have read what is said below of the Kitselman Fence, you send to the manufactur ers For a most beautiful catalogue that we have just examined; it will sarely pay yon to read it. Tell them where you saw their "ad." Iu this way only will they learn to appreciate this paper as an advertising medium. Tne Publishers. It In strong, easily handled, durable and ornamental. It will not b. Injured by aleet, .now, heat, cold or flood, It will turn borers, cattle, abeep, hove. dogs and poultry. . , It will protect flelde aa perfectly M the beet ol board fence. It will not pull ths wool from snaep, thus saving many fleece. It will not obstruct tbe view or mar the beauty of tbe landecape. It Is a net-work without barb and will not Injur stock IS any way, It will not allow wires to be pulled apart to make epace to climb t brooch. ' It will coat less to put up this fence and keep It In repair than any otber. It can be taken down, rolled up and carried to other points without Injury. It will make eat enclosures for the worst animals, and reliable line fence. It will not shelter enemies to crops and will last a lifetime with very little repair. It Is Ore-proof and cannot be blown down and will not Injure persons or clothing. Tbs twists In th wires will not slip or permit breakages by sxpansion or contraction by beat or cold. It la the only general purpose wlr fence known and will not collect snow drifts or be Injured by snow storms. v It Is the strongest, cheapest and best fence ever mad, considering th many different style an th Tarlety of Its uses. It I the only combination fence In tbe world, and can be made high enough tor cemeteries or narrow enough for lawns. It will not cast a shadow oyer growing crops, and will permit cultivation" right op to th fence; by this means you can keep your fence-rows clean. It will not rust or break In tbe twists, and is made from tbs beat "Bessemer Steel Win," Gal vaulted, thus making It proof against sue and weather. It Is adapted to sections where wood Is scarce, as It can be put on wood or Iron posts, and Is mad of the best material and In tbe beat possible manner. It will cost only a small percentage of ordinary Iron fences, and It put up with baa sad top rail, much less than picket fences, ane Is mor ornamental than either. It will save ten feet in width of the ground now occupied by rail fences, which Is equal to tour acres of land on every hundred acres now fenced with rail. fences. Old FncrifiC NoW Ba' tntn w nMlr h'om oms other man In soma part of th country who is u,w w5,os' also afraid that farmers and stockmen wouldn't take a notion to woven wlr fences. Our reply Is, It Is only that class of men wbo do not know anything about woven wlr fencing who say anything against it, and such old togias should not be noticed, aa their prejudices are tbe result of Ignorance. Address for catalogue, KITSELMAN BROS., Ridgeville, Ind. GET A HOME A CHOICE RESIDENCE three miles from postoffice for sals, It Is just outsids the city limits of Lincoln, in tbe shadow of trro colleges, between them and the city: two blocks from street car line, and in splendid neighborhood which enjoys all the luxuries of a city without its taxes, noise and dust. It is a good Mr den farm, new bouse, barn, windmill, best well of water, with water connections in bath room and kitcben. A complete system of irrigation. Fifty cherry, twenty five apple and other fruit trees, also 10,000 strawberry plants, planted in 1894 enough native firewood for cooking stove. Hers is the prettiest and most valuable holding in real estate about the Capitol If you desire to invest where large re turns cannot fail to come your way, investigate this offer. The colleges afford an excellent market for garden, poultry or dairy products. The owner wants to sell and change occupation. Mo mortgagee. If you want this offer address, J. II. DOBSOHT, 1120 II St., Lincoln, JNeb. P. S. This tract consists of ten acres. - ' Irrigated Farms-$1,000! imivir.mi.iiim an . OUT of a thousand farms in SOUTHWEST KA.N8A8, of 160 acres each, we an selling a limited number equipped with an independent and permanent irriga tion plant sufficient for at least ten acres on each farm. The price at which these 160 acre farms are selling is merely about what the ten acres and irrigation plant are worth. Before buying farm investigate this. Special terms made for Colonies, Call on us or write for particulars. THE SYNDICATE LANDS & IRRIGATING CORPORATION, Boom 412 Sew England Life Building, 8th h Wyandotte fits-, AH8A8 OUT, 0- TAKE NOTICE! Book and Job Printing In all its branches. County Printing Lithographing . Book Binding Engraving , . Of all kinds. Blank Books In every style. Legal Blanks' other houses Stereotyping From superior Printers' Rollers ' Made by an material. Country Printers Having county or other work, which they cannot themselves handle, would make money by writing us for terms. WEALTH MAKERS PUB. CO. Lincoln, Neb. TINGLEY & BUfiKETT. Attorneys for Administrator, 1026 0 Street, Lincoln, Neb. Notlca of 8ala of Real Estate In tbs matter ot th Estat ot Mary A. Hoetetter, deceased, Notlc Is hereby given that In pnrsaane of an order ot Samoa! Chapman, Judge of tb district conrt of Oto county, Stat of Nebraska, made on tbe 31st day of February, 1866, for the sal of tb real stat hereinafter described, there will be sold at tb premiers. No. Sill O St., Lincoln, Ne braska, on tbe Mth day ot March, 181)6, at 100 o'clock p. m., at public sale to the hlgbeat bidder for oasb, subject to incumbrances againet th aame. tb following described real estate, to-wit: Lot numbered six (), In block numbered on (1), in Flalnvlew addition to th city of Lincoln, anr aster county', Nebraska. Said sale will re main open on hour. Dated this mh day ot February, 1895. C. Is. McGKEW. Administrator ot th Estate of Mary A. Hoe tet ter, deceased. tsu 1' " IN LINCOLN! and Supplies From the simplest style to tbe most elaborate. The Red Line Series, the handsomest Blank in the country, printed on Bond Paper at less expense than furnish them on ordinary Sat paper. hard metal. . expert from the best and most durable -TO- CALIFORNIA 8 Is ear Sleeping; Car Rat on th PhlltiwRoek island Ton net Bicuralons from Council Bluffs, Omaha or Lincoln to Los Angeles or San Fran cisco, via the flcenlo Boat and Ogden. Car leares Omaha erery Friday. xoo hav through sleeper, and th Phillips management ha a special Agent accompany the excursion each week. and yon will ears th mosey and hav excellent accommodation, aa th ears hav upholstered spring seata,ar FaUataa build, and appointment perfect. Address 1 or reservation aid foil partlealara, CHAS. KKMMKDT, a. N. W. T, A Oaaaha, Hah. JOHN KBASTAIK. O. P. A., Cbiaaga.