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THE WEALTH MAKERS.
March 14, 1895 THE WEALTH MAKERS. New Berlee of THE ALUASCE-INDEPEXDEST. ', CoaeoUdatioa of th Farmers Alliance and Neb. Independent. PUBLISHED EVERT THCR8DAT BT Th Wealth Makers Publishing Company, IIHU 8 treat, Kebraeka. Oioioi HOWAtO Oihom.. Editor ...Boalneee Manager J. 8. Hyatt.. N. I. R A. "It any man muat fall fur me to riae. Then aeek I not to climb. Another'! pain I ebooa not for mjr good. A golden chain, A rob of honor, ! too good a prlie To tempt mj haaty hand to do a wrong Unto a fellow man. Tlila Hie hath woe Sufficient, wroovht by man' eatanlc foe; And who that bath a heart wonld dare prolong Or add a eorrow to a etricken font That aeeka a healing balm to make it whole? My boaom owni tbe brotherhood of man." Publishers' Announcement. Tbe anbacriptlon price of The Wealth Mak na la fl.ou per year. In advanre. Agent! In eollcltlng auliecrlptlona ehonlil be Terr careful that all nuinvi are correctly npxlled and proper poatofflre given, lllanki for return anbacrlptlona, return envelope!, etc., can be bad on application to thla office. Alwati ilgn jronr name. No matter bow often yon write di do not netrlert thie Impurtant mat ter. Krery week we receive lettera wita Incom plete adilreeaei or without alirnatnrea and It li aometlmea dtUlrnlt to locate thi-m, Coanoc OP ADDRrna. Hnlmcrlhera wlHblng to change their poatofflce alirH muat aiwaya give their former aa well aa their preaent aildrexi when change will be promptly made. Advertlalng Rate. per Inch. cent per Agate line, 14 Unci to tbe Inch. Liberal tllacount on large apace or long time contract Addreei all advertlalng- eommonlcatlon to WEALTH MAKERS PUBLISHING CO., J. 8. Hyatt, Bua. Mgr. Send Us Two New Names - With 92, and your own subscript ion will be ex tended One Year Free of Cost. Another billion dollar congress, anil no benefit to the people. So we sink into slavery. Russkll Sage's present to Jay Gould's daughter Anna who just bought a Count for a huBband, was a Bible. Strange, what such plunderers want of a Bible. The Minden Courier says there are but two classes of people, anarchists and so cialists. If you don't believe it wait til' you know more, and you will discover that tbe Courier is right. The Central Kansas Loan and Trust Company, a big concern, has gone into the hands of a receiver. Presumably be cause the credit of the state was ruined by returning the Republicans to power. The attempt to switch the People's party on to a Bilver sidetrack has proved a benefit of no small dimensions. It has called forth an almost unanimous ex pression of love for our principles as ex pressed in the Omaha platform. It is requested that all Populist papers reprint Circular No. 1 of the Industrial Legion sent out by Commander VanDer voort, printed in this issue of The Wealth Makers. Gen. Vau Dervoort's annual address is in print and can be had of him at 5 cents a copy. A subscriber in Deuel county writes that in his precinct 40 sacks of flour have been distributed among 135 hungry peo ple. He could not get any for his family because he had 10 tons of hay. Ludden refusing food to all who could not swear utter destitution. So he writes askiug if we have any people in Lancaster county who' want hay to eat; his teeth, what few he has, he says are not shaped right to eat it. The Kansas legislature has adjourned and it is now discovered that by disre garding a constitutional provision, re quiring all bills to be signed within ten days of passage, the principal part of the legislation enacted will probably be declared null and void by the courts. Kansas would better elect a PopuliRt legislature next time if it wants a body sufficiently intelligent or anti-anarchistic to obey the law. The richest gold mine in the world is on Douglas Island in Alaska, and is owned by the Rothschilds. Give to gold the sole power to "redeem" all other money and measure all values, as its owners now demand (a few weak nations ex cepted), and those who own the gold own or can purchase and pay for every thing else. The sum of gold is thus made to equal in value the sura of all wealth, land, capital and labor. There is a world-wide fore-boding of impending calamity. A gentleman in this city who has correspondents in the missionary fields of Asia and Africa, says that there is in those countries an expec tation of near-approaching tribulation. It doesn't take prophetic vision or fore sight in civilized countries to be convinc ed of troublous times. They are already here. Men's hearts are failing them for fear, the fear of want, of increasing need and suffering for their loved ones. A 8TANDARD OF VALUE Can there be a legal standard of value which, made the basis of contracts, will not vary? The gold standard advocates claim that gold alone has stable, unfluctuating "intrinsic" value. But gold has been risiug in price for twenty years and more; and in the last year, according to Sauerbeck and tbe London Economist, general prices in the world's markets have fallen eight per cent, which means that the money and money units have correspondingly risen. In the United States the dollar has risen and prices have fallen (except in cases where mono poly has held them up) very much more than eight per cent. And the fall in prices of everything un monopolized, con sequent upon this rise in money, has made manufacturing unprofitable, driven thousands into bankruptcy, destroyed the value of securities, making it unsafe to loan money, added thousands of millions to the value and tbe burden of the people's debts, and kept millions of people in need and unable to obtain em ploy men t. The money of the world is not a just value measure in which to make con tracts, because it has appreciated eight per cent in the last year. The money of the United States, consisting of gold, silver, treasury notes, greenbacks and bank notes, kept interchangeable and on a parity, is not a just, unchanging stand ard, as is demonstrated by the great fall in general prices since '93. What has occasioned the world-wide fall in prices? It has not been a change in the amount of property to exchange as compared with the amount of money in existence. The labor products last year in the United States in the aggregate amount ed to less, very much less, than the usual amount, owing to an unprecedentedly dry season and millions of workers being unemployed. Just as much money as ever was somewhere in the couutry, in somebody's hands. Still prices dropped and kept dropping, lower and lower. It is thereore incontrovertible true that the volume of money issued does not con trol prices. Even when money as com pared with labor products was increas ing, prices were falling. Why was this? Iff was simply because the people who had the money constituted but a small class, and they had very much more money than they needed to purchase goods. The people who needed the goods not having the money to buy with, the supply far exceeded the potential demand and sent prices down. Not gold, nor gold, silver aud greenbacks, nor a per capita issue of any kind that is kept un changing, can therefore be depended on to sustain a level of general prices. A standard of value must be secured, a dollar that is honest or just, in which time contracts can be made, but how, what, by w hat means? First, let ua see what is wrong or lack ing in our present financial-commercial system, what is it that locks up the goods in the markets and the money in the banks, aud at the same time throws the people out of employment. Twenty five dollars per capita would be just ns good a currency as fifty or more dollars per capita if it were all of it kept circulat ing, buying goods out of the markets, and prices could not be kept level any better with fifty, or a hundred, or two hundred dollars per capita, merely issu ed .Money merely issued becomes the tool of monopoly, and cannot preserve a scale ot prices whether the volume be small or great. Land, transportation, mining and other monopolists, by compelling inequitable exchanges, have power to gather and monopolize the money of the country no matter who issues it or how much the volume may be. Money loaned into circulation, as the vast sum stand ing for the debt of the people shows, also concentrates the money without labor or exchange of goods, leaving the workers moneyless, so cutting off their demand for goods and prices must tall. Mono poly therefore makes impossible a stand ard of value, steadiness of demand for goods, stability of prices. Money monopoly can be prevented in one way only, by the government open ing banks of issue, and for deposit, loaif and exchange; and through theseloaning money to the people, the small property owners, at a charge just sufficient to cover the cost of safely doing the busi ness. But the monopolists of land, capital and corporate privileges must be shorn of their power to collect rent and dividends, or with the money thus col lected they will be able gradually to buy up all natural resources and make the workers at last entirely dependent on them for work, and wages and prices will be of their decreeing. THE NEW PARTY PLATFORM Washington, March 5. The following was today issued by the American Bi metallic League: "A statement of the issues, on which the new party will organize. The money question is now indisputably the domi nant issue of the Uui ted States aud will remain so until settled rightly. Other questions however important, must wait for this which, to a greater or less extent, involves all others. The issue is between the gold standard, gold bonds and bank currency on the one side, and the bi metallic standard, no bonds and govern ment currency ou the other. First On this issue, we declare our selves to be unalterably opposed to the single gold standard and demand the im mediate return to the constitutional standard of gold and silver, by the re storation by the government independ ently of any foreign power of the unre stricted coinage of both silver and gold into standard money at the ratio of 10 to 1, and upon terms of exact equality the silver coin to be a full legal tender, equal with gold in payment of all debts and dues, public or private. Second We hold the power to control and regulate a paper currency is msepar able from thfe power to coin money; and hence that all currency intended to circu late as money, should be issued and its volume controlled by thegeneral govern ment only and should be legal tender. Third We are unalterably opposed tc the issue by the United States of interest bearing bonds in time of peace, and de mand the payment of all coin obligations of the United States as provided byexist- ng laws, in either gold or silvei coin at the option of the government and not at tbe option of the creditor. On this issue we appeal from the dictation of the money power to the intelligence and patriotism of the American people. Following this the League argues that it is not possible to restore silver to un restricted coinage by means of either the Republican, Democratic or Populist party Tbe silver Republicans and Democrats, the A. B. L. affirm, cannot come together in the Populist party, "for the reason, if for no other, that the platform contains declarations and the party advocates theories to which they cannot give their assent." Yes, the Populist party has too much opposition to monopoly rule in it to suit some people, and some are so ignorant that they can be led to believe that there is nothing the matter with us which silver will not cure. The landlords can take a third of what we produce; the railroads a third of what ia left; and the moi.ry loaners, stock-yards monopolists, lum ber barons, coal, oil and iron kings, etc., etc., half of what remains, aud it is of no consequence, if the mints are open to sil ver! But the justice-loving and intelligent will be "drawn to the broad, solid, ade quate anti-monopoly platform of the People's purty. On the money question the Populist party in its chief demands is all right, and the proposed silver party is not half right. The new party merely proposes to do away with the issuing of bank notes. It would leave the banks to receive, loan and discount the people's deposits and securities; and interest, therefore, would not be lessened. Aud if theinterest drain is not reduced the money power remains as great and oppressive as ever. The mere issuing of money once by the gov ernment will not keep that money iu cir culation. , As soon as it is once deposited in the banks it can only be drawn out and used by those who contract to pay back more money than they borrow. Thesamemoney.it is estimated, is de posited, borrowed, re-deposited, re-bor rowed, and the process continued until each dollar bus been loaned (panic and hard times periods excepted) about six times, each time commanding interest. Gold, silver, or paper, bank notes of government notes, it would be all the same with one or all, if there were no government banks to loan money at cost, and B0 make it unprofitable to hoard money out of use, or charge usury for permission to circulate it. Without government banks to receive and loan money the government issue cannot, be kept uniformly circulating, at work, and its working volumecontrolled. The new party therefore does not in its platform show that it has mastered the money question. It proposes no means to keep all money needed moving and the dollar of unfluctuating value. When money users must pay interest to keep it in cir culation, it is drawn periodically to such an extent into the usurers' hands that it becomes impossible or unprofitable to borrow and unsafe to lend it, with the markets full; and so prices drop, or dol lars rise. Government bunks and money without usury would alone be able to prevent this. The money question is therefore not a question of what money shall be made of, but the question how it shall be borrowed and lent. In other words, it is the interest question. It is only a few churches that engage in business, but when they do, they do business just as individual members al ways do it, by the selfish worldly rule. Trinity church in New York City owns a vast property, part of it being tenements occupied by the poor. And it squeezes all the rent it can out of its tenants and providesno better accommodations than the most hardened landlord or soulless corporation would do. The city Health Department found it necessary for health that it furnish -water in two of its tene ment houses, the law being that every teueineut shall be furnished with water. But Trinity church refused to obey the law, contending that they were not tene ments been use not originally built for that purpose. The court below decided against it, and it appealed. In the court of appeals it fought on the ground above mentioned and also on the plea that the law was unconstitu tional. But the higher court also decid ed against it. What a spectacle! A great rich church refusing fresh water to its rent oppressed tenants, a church built, professedly, on the word of Him who said: "Whosoever shall give to drink un to one of these little ones a cup of cold water in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose bis reward." This church has an income amounting to millions of dollars a year for which not one of its members does a stroke of work. It is land usury, con demned by the God it claims to worship, aud made a crime worthy of death by him, aud classed with the vilest and worst ot sins. See Ezekiel 8:10-13. COSHERING UP THE SUNBEAMS The New York Voice last week bad a humorous picture of "The Monopoly in tbe Future." In the foreground, stand ing on the earth and leaning on his hoe, is a typical farmer looking np at the outlino of the sun, which is in eclipse' And on an immensely high stepladdt-r sits a man with a plug bat on holding a pole attached to the covering of the sun, and he is saying to the anxious farmer: "' turn on the sunlight for eight per cent of tbe crops." This picture need not be considered fanciful in the least. Tbe facts are, the men who get hold of the earth and fence it up with legal titles monopolize the Sun also; and they get today much more than eight per cent out of it. They demand from a third to a half of the crops for the sunlight, soil and rain which God has made, and made without price for all. It is a crime against God and man to "corner up the sunbeams," the dew- drops, the showers of heaven and the chemical and vital energies of the soil they fall on. THE RANGE OF MONOPOLY The following partial list of trade com binations, or trusts, achieved or at tempted, and the commodities covered by them, is given, by Henry D. Lloyd in his great book, "Wealth Against Common wealth," published by Harper and Broth ers. We have not space to give the full list which fills nine large pages in noupa. riel type, but select the more important combinations and commodities in what we reprint below: Under "Light, Heat and Power" are given: boilers, candle-makers, coal, coke. electric goods, gas (forlightingand fuel), gas fixtures and pipes, gasoline stoves, governors for steam boilers, hot water heaters,house furnaces.kerosene, matches puraffine, petroleum and its products, ra diators (steam and hot water), Scotch mineral oil, stearine, stove-boards (zinc). stoves and ranges, stoves (vapor). Under the head of "Chemicals are enumerated acetic, boracic, citric, muri atic, nitric, sulphuric and oxalic acids; Alkali Union; alkaloids, alum, ammonia, bismuth sails, bleaching powder, borax; Chemical Union; chloroform, drug manu facturers (U. S. and Canada), iodine iod oform, acetate of lime, preparations of mercury, nitrates, paris-green, potash and its preparations, quinine, Rochelle salts, saltpetre, santonine, soda, strych nine, sulphur, ultramarine, and vitriol. Under the head of "Metals are: barbed wire, brass (rolled, sheet and manufact ured), copperand copper goods.iron aud iron goods, lead and white lead, mica, nickel, quicksilver, silver and lead smelt ers, steel in many forms, tin aud zinc. Under section IV we find: alcohol, axes and axe-poles, belting, leather, rubber, blankets, bobbins, spools and shuttles, bolts, boxes (wooden), bridge builders, butchers supplies, carpet-yarns, cash- registers, celluloid, etc., chains, color trust, cordage (rope, twine), corks, cotton duck, cotton-seed oil, creels, damasks, emery-wheels, felting, fibre (in, durated, pails, bowls, etc.), files, fish-oil-fire-brick, forge companies, glass bottles, glass of all sorts, glue, gutta-percha, hardware manufacturers, .label printers, leather of all sorts and tanners trusts, linen mills, linseed oil, manilla, oil (lubri cating, for tapning and burning), onyx, paper of all sorts, pitch, carpenters, planes, pumps, rubber goods, sand-paper. emery cloth, etc., saws, scales, screws, Seed Crushers Union, sewer pipe, sewing machines and supplies, spirits, straw braid, straw board, tacks, talc mills, tar, teasel, textile manufactures, edge tools, turpentine, type founders, washers, watch cases, well tools (for oil, gas and artesiau), wood shavings for packing, woodeuware, wood-working machines, wool telt, wrenches. Under "Traffic and Travel," are: bicy cles, bicycle tires, carriage builders, car riage hardware, harness dealers ana manufacturers, livery men's associations, paving (asphalt, brick and pitch), road- making machines, saddlery association, saddle-trust, wagons, wheels, whips. Under "Shipping," are a lot ol mono polies enumerated which we omit. Under "Railroads" are named: car-axles.car-spriugs.cars (freight aud catt le), elevators, express companies, locomo tives, railroad pools (freight and passen ger), Eastern Railroad Association of 800 railroads to fight patents, steel sleepers, street railways. Under "Buildings" comes about every thing used, lumber, lime, paint, plaster, hinges, nails, roofing, sash, doors, blinds, stone and brick, cement, varnish, wall paper, etc., etc. Under "Farm and Plantation" are: manufacturers and dealers iu agricultu ral implements, binders, churns, corn harvesters, cotton-baggiug, cotton presses, drain tile,fencing,fertilizers,forks, harrow manufacturers, harvesting ma chines, hay-presses, hay tools, hoes, horse brushes, jute graiu bags, mowers, ploughs, rakes, reapers, scythe-makers, shovels, snath manufacturers, threshing machines, vehicles. Under ' School, Library and Counting room" are monopoly prices on and or ganizations of, blank-books, euvelopes, lead-pencils, lithograph-printers, school books and furniture, slates and slate pencils, type-writers, writing paper. Ammunition, arms, cartridges, dyna mite, fireworks, gunpowder, guns, shot tower companies. Barbers Trust, buttons, calico (Eng land), clothes brushes, coat and cloak manufacturers, collars and cuffs, cotton goods, diamonds (mines iu S. Africa and dealers iu Europe), dress-goods, furs, ginghams, gloves, hats, knit goods, jewelers,laundries, pocket-knives, ribbons, seal skins, shirts, shoe manufacturers, trunks, umbrellas, watch m'i'g's and jobbers, woollen m'f'g's. Under smokiug and drinking the mo nopoly tax is heavy, but itdon'tso much matter, and so we skip enumeration. Under-"Home, Sweet Home" we find, besides what has been included under other heads: carpets, chairs, furniture, hair-cloth, oil-cloth, soap, upholsterers' felt, upholstery goods, window-shades, brooms, brushes, wooden bowls, crockery, fruit-jars, hollow-ware, kettles, lamp chimnevs, pans and pots, pottery, stamped wares, etc.. etc., clothes wring ers, starch, wash tubs and boards, washing-machines, table ware, table cutlery, extension tables, music books und instru ments, picture frames, rugs, tapestries, etc., etc., bath tubs, sanitary ware, sponges, chintzes, looking-glass, spring beds, wire mattress, bread, biscuit, crnckers, butter, candy, canned goods, cider and vinegar, coffee, cotton-seed oil. fish, flour, food m'f'g's association, fruit (many local associations), grape growers, grocers, honey, ice, lard-refiners, meat and cattle (Chicago packers, etc.), oat meal olive-oil, oysters, pea-nuts, pickles, produce commission merchants of eight large cities, raisins, rice-mills, salt trust, taiiiornia wine trust. Artificial teeth, caster-oil, cocoa-nut oil, coffin trust, dental machines and sup plies, drugs (importers and wholesale and retail dealers) ergot, glycerine, life insurance, patent medicines, peppermint, tombstones, vaseline. Base ball, billiard tables and furniture, bill-posters, dime museums, landlords' u nion ( London ), news-dealers (Associated Press, United Press), photographs, safes, warehouses. POPULISM IN GREAT BRITAIN Great Britain has just celebrated the twenty-fifth anniversary of her acquis! tion of the telegraphic business, the be ginning of her postal telegraph system Twenty-five years of successful operation in Great Britain, ought to satisfy every reasonable man that the Populist party's demand for government ownership of the telegraph is rational, practical, progress ive, and that no objections, aside from those originating with the monopolizers of this means of communication, can be urged against the proposition that the government furnish the people telegraphic service at cost. Under government ownership in Great Britain, telegraph lines have been greatly extended. Twelve times the service is rendered that was being given twenty five years ago. Under private ownership the prices for inland messages averaged fifty-four cents for each, now the average is fifteen cents. As the natural result of reducing the charges the business has in creased from 6,830.812 messages in a year to 71,500,000. Theservicehasalso been very greatly improved. Between 6 a. m. and 6 p. m. special messages can be sent for twenty-five cents for seventy-five words, and between 6 p. m. and 6 a. m. the cost is but twenty-five cents for a hundred words, with very great reduc tions when duplicated to two or more newspapers. The Omaha Bee states that not a pub lic man can be found in Great Britain who would dare propose a return to the old system of private corporations. "In fact, Englishmen, enjoying the benefits of the best service at the minimum price, cannot understand how other countries tolerate a telegraph in the hands of a private monopoly. Here is the late Republican postmaster- geueral, John Wannamaker, an advocate of go vern men t o wnership of th e telegraph, Rosewater ably advocating it in the Bee and before Congress, and any number o' the best men in the old parties; and we have also the most complete demonstra- i on of the great public good resulting from public ownership in countries which have purchased aud long operated the telegraph lines. It is also apparent at a glance that public ownership of the tele- graph would so cheapen news service that the present old party daily news paper monopoly would be broken, and reform papers could be also news papers and attain a vastly wider circulation. The importance of crowding this reform must be therefore admitted. Not a single reason can be urged for putting this reform aside, because in not the slightest degree does it conflict or inter fere with any other question. It is an element of great strength in the Populist platform, a demand that corrupt politi tians alone can oppose. It calls for a de gree of socialism, yes; but a socialism just like our present postal service, and unquestionably a public service of great and universal value. The Populist party in this matter is simply trying to lead the American people along a path which even the Conservative party of Great Britain passed a quarter of a century ago. "VISIONS OF BLOOD" The State Journal has waited as long ,s it possibly could contain itself, and aving nothing true to tell to injure the arae of the People's party, has manu factured a blood and thunder display- head report of what was not done by Governor Holcomb. The Journal head- ines on its March 12th first page are calculated to raise the hair of strang ers aud to spread over the nation a holy horrorof Populists and populism. They read in bluckest, boldest type as follows: "Visions of Blood. Lincoln Hospital for tbe Insane in a state of Siege. Dr. Hay Declines to give way to the Uover nor's Appointee. Holcomb to Install by Force. Beneath Him to Submit the Matter to a Court. Dr. Abbott is En joined, but Flees to Avoid Service." Now what are the facts? Governor Holcomb and Dr. Abbott to gether called on Dr. Hay at the Asylum March 11, and made the courteous for mal demand that is customary, for the possession of the superintendent's office, subtniting in writting the action of the Governor in appointing Dr. Abbott, superintendent, and his confirmation by the Republican senate. At the same time they invited Dr. Hay to continue with his family at the Asylum until such time as it would be convenient for him to re move his family. They were pleasantly received, but Dr. Hay declined to vacate the office except by decree of the court. Dr. Abbott and the Governor made no objection to the matter being settled in court, but asked that the confirmed ap pointee be given possession pending the court decision. This Dr. Hay refused to do. No threats were made by the gover nor, no statement that it was "beneath him, the governor, to submit said matter to the adjudication of any court." The assertion that Dr. Abbott fled to escape arrest, that threats of violence were made (against Hay), and that Dr. Hay "prepared for bloodshed," also that every person in the institution was afraid to go to bed," is all a Journal fabrica tion, malignantly invented and published to injure tbe reputation of the Populist party. It will of course travel, as politi cal lies do, all over the country, but ia Nebraska, where the truth can follow it, it will react against the party that uses lies for its weapons. The court will hear the case between Abbott and Hay immediately after sit ting, about the 2Gth inst. In the mean time Hay and his crazy family will sleep in peace, unharmed and unafraid. Me. Taubeneck and Gen. Weaver last week were served with several courses more of the plainest kind of plain talk from the Nonconformist, the Farmers Tribune, the Missouri World, etc., be sides uncounted correspondents of the World, writing from all over the nation. Mr. T.'s reputation is for fixedness of opinion, but in running up against the reform press and the great body of the rauk and file and trying to crowd "my policy" on them in place of their own policy the Omaha platform he found his weight next to nothing. Jotall the leaders in Washington addetP'could affect the slightest deviation from the course marked out at Omaha. The pop ulists will have no bosses, no "my-policy" Cleveland-like leaders. They all know what they want, and they want no politi cal wiseacres over them. We counted in last week's Missouri World ringing let ters trom over a hundred subscribers, scattered over many states, from Maine to Oregon, and from Minnesota to Texas, and not over two of them favored trim ming down our platform of principles. Many were outspoken in condemnation of the circular letter address gotten up by Weaver and Taubeneck, and perhaps thoughtlessly signed by most of the populist congressmen, the address they have had to declare was not intended to lead away from the Omaha platform. During the recent strike of the street car men of Brooklyn the boys, taking ad vantage of their own insignificance, with mockery and snowballing and even stone throwing, exasperated the militia and the police beyond the point of un complaining endurance. The soldiers had to call on the police for protection, and the police in turn appealed to the schoolteachers. "At the door of one of the smaller schools appeared a big po liceman," says the Outlook. He was tall and fat and red and mad. "I waunt to see the prencipall," he announced, as that person, a lady, came into the vesti bule. "I want yees to kape the byes away from the soldiersaltogither..' They do be pesterin' the life out of 'em. They make us more trouble than the strikers; and we can't bayonet them little divils." At a Farmer's Institute held in Athens, Ohio, recently, at which a proposition to bond the county to build pike roads was discussed, one of the speakers stated that the taxes on his farm were $63.19 in 1878, and they had been increasing ever since until they had reached $107.94 in 1894. During the same time prices of farm products had been going the other way. Wool was 32 cents per pound in in 1878, and only 16 in 1894. Wheat was $1.50 a bushel in 1878, and SOcents in 1894. Horses were easily sold for $150 in 1878, and would not being $50 now. The present Republican legislature is going out of its way introducing bills to take from the governor's hauds the power to appoint, in a number of cases, hitherto his by Republican made laws, all because the present governor is a Populist. It requires the governor, senate and and , , to y supreme court, all pulling together. get a Republican from the public teat BOOKS AND MAGAZINES Socialism and Social Reform, by Rich ard T. Ely, Ph. D., LL. D. We have contended for some time that there was need of a conservative, strong, critical book that should tell the people what socialism really aims to do. The prevalent ideas as to socialism, what it intends, its spirit and power, are so irra tional as to be absurd. The book that can set people right is before us. It is calm and candid in its treatment.acknow ledges fully the strength of the true socialistic position, and points out clearly its weaknesses as they appeal to the average man. In the first place Dr. Ely does not by any means agree with the doctrines of materialistic socialism, which views his tory as an evolutionary growth without a first cause or guiding personality. Ia Germany only has this doctrine taken strong hold. True socialism is deprived of its strongest feature if all social growth and reform are to be made to de pend upon no higher forces than those ol an economic nature. So, too, social growth and development do not depend on a cast iron law of evolution which takes no account of the wills and consciencesof men. Oneof the greatest needs today in all social schemes of development is to rid the socialistic movementof these falseand materialistic tendencies which ally themselves so " closely to theological and moral doctrines f that are utterly abhorrent to the vast I majority of men and that frighten eara-- est, self-sacrificing seekers of the truth. This book will certainly accomplish much V in this direction, for the discussion is calm and fair and the reason of the fair minded man is appealed to constantly. There are indeed, evidences of a strong v 1 i