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The Wealth makers of the world. [volume] (Lincoln, Nebraska) 1894-1896, March 14, 1895, Image 4

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March 14, 1895
New Berlee of
', CoaeoUdatioa of th
Farmers Alliance and Neb. Independent.
Th Wealth Makers Publishing Company,
IIHU 8 treat, Kebraeka.
Oioioi HOWAtO Oihom..
...Boalneee Manager
J. 8. Hyatt..
N. I. R A.
"It any man muat fall fur me to riae.
Then aeek I not to climb. Another'! pain
I ebooa not for mjr good. A golden chain,
A rob of honor, ! too good a prlie
To tempt mj haaty hand to do a wrong
Unto a fellow man. Tlila Hie hath woe
Sufficient, wroovht by man' eatanlc foe;
And who that bath a heart wonld dare prolong
Or add a eorrow to a etricken font
That aeeka a healing balm to make it whole?
My boaom owni tbe brotherhood of man."
Publishers' Announcement.
Tbe anbacriptlon price of The Wealth Mak
na la fl.ou per year. In advanre.
Agent! In eollcltlng auliecrlptlona ehonlil be
Terr careful that all nuinvi are correctly npxlled
and proper poatofflre given, lllanki for return
anbacrlptlona, return envelope!, etc., can be bad
on application to thla office.
Alwati ilgn jronr name. No matter bow often
yon write di do not netrlert thie Impurtant mat
ter. Krery week we receive lettera wita Incom
plete adilreeaei or without alirnatnrea and It li
aometlmea dtUlrnlt to locate thi-m,
Coanoc OP ADDRrna. Hnlmcrlhera wlHblng to
change their poatofflce alirH muat aiwaya give
their former aa well aa their preaent aildrexi when
change will be promptly made.
Advertlalng Rate.
per Inch. cent per Agate line, 14 Unci
to tbe Inch. Liberal tllacount on large apace or
long time contract
Addreei all advertlalng- eommonlcatlon to
J. 8. Hyatt, Bua. Mgr.
Send Us Two New
Names -
With 92, and your own
subscript ion will be ex
tended One Year
Free of Cost.
Another billion dollar congress, anil
no benefit to the people. So we sink into
Russkll Sage's present to Jay Gould's
daughter Anna who just bought a Count
for a huBband, was a Bible. Strange,
what such plunderers want of a Bible.
The Minden Courier says there are but
two classes of people, anarchists and so
cialists. If you don't believe it wait til'
you know more, and you will discover
that tbe Courier is right.
The Central Kansas Loan and Trust
Company, a big concern, has gone into
the hands of a receiver. Presumably be
cause the credit of the state was ruined
by returning the Republicans to power.
The attempt to switch the People's
party on to a Bilver sidetrack has proved
a benefit of no small dimensions. It has
called forth an almost unanimous ex
pression of love for our principles as ex
pressed in the Omaha platform.
It is requested that all Populist papers
reprint Circular No. 1 of the Industrial
Legion sent out by Commander VanDer
voort, printed in this issue of The
Wealth Makers. Gen. Vau Dervoort's
annual address is in print and can be
had of him at 5 cents a copy.
A subscriber in Deuel county writes
that in his precinct 40 sacks of flour have
been distributed among 135 hungry peo
ple. He could not get any for his family
because he had 10 tons of hay. Ludden
refusing food to all who could not swear
utter destitution. So he writes askiug if
we have any people in Lancaster county
who' want hay to eat; his teeth, what few
he has, he says are not shaped right to
eat it.
The Kansas legislature has adjourned
and it is now discovered that by disre
garding a constitutional provision, re
quiring all bills to be signed within ten
days of passage, the principal part of
the legislation enacted will probably be
declared null and void by the courts.
Kansas would better elect a PopuliRt
legislature next time if it wants a body
sufficiently intelligent or anti-anarchistic
to obey the law.
The richest gold mine in the world is on
Douglas Island in Alaska, and is owned
by the Rothschilds. Give to gold the
sole power to "redeem" all other money
and measure all values, as its owners
now demand (a few weak nations ex
cepted), and those who own the gold
own or can purchase and pay for every
thing else. The sum of gold is thus made
to equal in value the sura of all wealth,
land, capital and labor.
There is a world-wide fore-boding of
impending calamity. A gentleman in
this city who has correspondents in the
missionary fields of Asia and Africa, says
that there is in those countries an expec
tation of near-approaching tribulation.
It doesn't take prophetic vision or fore
sight in civilized countries to be convinc
ed of troublous times. They are already
here. Men's hearts are failing them for
fear, the fear of want, of increasing need
and suffering for their loved ones.
Can there be a legal standard of value
which, made the basis of contracts, will
not vary?
The gold standard advocates claim
that gold alone has stable, unfluctuating
"intrinsic" value. But gold has been
risiug in price for twenty years and
more; and in the last year, according to
Sauerbeck and tbe London Economist,
general prices in the world's markets
have fallen eight per cent, which means
that the money and money units have
correspondingly risen. In the United
States the dollar has risen and prices
have fallen (except in cases where mono
poly has held them up) very much more
than eight per cent. And the fall in
prices of everything un monopolized, con
sequent upon this rise in money, has
made manufacturing unprofitable, driven
thousands into bankruptcy, destroyed
the value of securities, making it unsafe
to loan money, added thousands of
millions to the value and tbe burden of
the people's debts, and kept millions of
people in need and unable to obtain em
ploy men t.
The money of the world is not a just
value measure in which to make con
tracts, because it has appreciated eight
per cent in the last year. The money of
the United States, consisting of gold,
silver, treasury notes, greenbacks and
bank notes, kept interchangeable and on
a parity, is not a just, unchanging stand
ard, as is demonstrated by the great fall
in general prices since '93.
What has occasioned the world-wide
fall in prices?
It has not been a change in the amount
of property to exchange as compared
with the amount of money in existence.
The labor products last year in the
United States in the aggregate amount
ed to less, very much less, than the usual
amount, owing to an unprecedentedly
dry season and millions of workers being
unemployed. Just as much money as
ever was somewhere in the couutry, in
somebody's hands. Still prices dropped
and kept dropping, lower and lower. It
is thereore incontrovertible true that
the volume of money issued does not con
trol prices. Even when money as com
pared with labor products was increas
ing, prices were falling. Why was this?
Iff was simply because the people who
had the money constituted but a small
class, and they had very much more
money than they needed to purchase
goods. The people who needed the goods
not having the money to buy with, the
supply far exceeded the potential demand
and sent prices down. Not gold, nor
gold, silver aud greenbacks, nor a per
capita issue of any kind that is kept un
changing, can therefore be depended on
to sustain a level of general prices.
A standard of value must be secured, a
dollar that is honest or just, in which
time contracts can be made, but how,
what, by w hat means?
First, let ua see what is wrong or lack
ing in our present financial-commercial
system, what is it that locks up the
goods in the markets and the money in
the banks, aud at the same time throws
the people out of employment. Twenty
five dollars per capita would be just ns
good a currency as fifty or more dollars
per capita if it were all of it kept circulat
ing, buying goods out of the markets,
and prices could not be kept level any
better with fifty, or a hundred, or two
hundred dollars per capita, merely issu
ed .Money merely issued becomes the tool
of monopoly, and cannot preserve a scale
ot prices whether the volume be small or
great. Land, transportation, mining
and other monopolists, by compelling
inequitable exchanges, have power to
gather and monopolize the money of the
country no matter who issues it or how
much the volume may be. Money loaned
into circulation, as the vast sum stand
ing for the debt of the people shows, also
concentrates the money without labor or
exchange of goods, leaving the workers
moneyless, so cutting off their demand
for goods and prices must tall. Mono
poly therefore makes impossible a stand
ard of value, steadiness of demand for
goods, stability of prices.
Money monopoly can be prevented in
one way only, by the government open
ing banks of issue, and for deposit, loaif
and exchange; and through theseloaning
money to the people, the small property
owners, at a charge just sufficient to
cover the cost of safely doing the busi
ness. But the monopolists of land,
capital and corporate privileges must be
shorn of their power to collect rent and
dividends, or with the money thus col
lected they will be able gradually to buy
up all natural resources and make the
workers at last entirely dependent on
them for work, and wages and prices will
be of their decreeing.
Washington, March 5. The following
was today issued by the American Bi
metallic League:
"A statement of the issues, on which the
new party will organize. The money
question is now indisputably the domi
nant issue of the Uui ted States aud will
remain so until settled rightly. Other
questions however important, must wait
for this which, to a greater or less extent,
involves all others. The issue is between
the gold standard, gold bonds and bank
currency on the one side, and the bi
metallic standard, no bonds and govern
ment currency ou the other.
First On this issue, we declare our
selves to be unalterably opposed to the
single gold standard and demand the im
mediate return to the constitutional
standard of gold and silver, by the re
storation by the government independ
ently of any foreign power of the unre
stricted coinage of both silver and gold
into standard money at the ratio of 10
to 1, and upon terms of exact equality
the silver coin to be a full legal tender,
equal with gold in payment of all debts
and dues, public or private.
Second We hold the power to control
and regulate a paper currency is msepar
able from thfe power to coin money; and
hence that all currency intended to circu
late as money, should be issued and its
volume controlled by thegeneral govern
ment only and should be legal tender.
Third We are unalterably opposed tc
the issue by the United States of interest
bearing bonds in time of peace, and de
mand the payment of all coin obligations
of the United States as provided byexist-
ng laws, in either gold or silvei coin at
the option of the government and not at
tbe option of the creditor. On this issue
we appeal from the dictation of the
money power to the intelligence and
patriotism of the American people.
Following this the League argues that
it is not possible to restore silver to un
restricted coinage by means of either the
Republican, Democratic or Populist party
Tbe silver Republicans and Democrats,
the A. B. L. affirm, cannot come together
in the Populist party, "for the reason, if
for no other, that the platform contains
declarations and the party advocates
theories to which they cannot give their
Yes, the Populist party has too much
opposition to monopoly rule in it to suit
some people, and some are so ignorant
that they can be led to believe that there
is nothing the matter with us which silver
will not cure. The landlords can take a
third of what we produce; the railroads
a third of what ia left; and the moi.ry
loaners, stock-yards monopolists, lum
ber barons, coal, oil and iron kings, etc.,
etc., half of what remains, aud it is of no
consequence, if the mints are open to sil
But the justice-loving and intelligent
will be "drawn to the broad, solid, ade
quate anti-monopoly platform of the
People's purty.
On the money question the Populist
party in its chief demands is all right,
and the proposed silver party is not half
right. The new party merely proposes to
do away with the issuing of bank notes.
It would leave the banks to receive, loan
and discount the people's deposits and
securities; and interest, therefore, would
not be lessened. Aud if theinterest drain
is not reduced the money power remains
as great and oppressive as ever. The
mere issuing of money once by the gov
ernment will not keep that money iu cir
culation. , As soon as it is once deposited
in the banks it can only be drawn out
and used by those who contract to pay
back more money than they borrow.
Thesamemoney.it is estimated, is de
posited, borrowed, re-deposited, re-bor
rowed, and the process continued until
each dollar bus been loaned (panic and
hard times periods excepted) about six
times, each time commanding interest.
Gold, silver, or paper, bank notes of
government notes, it would be all the
same with one or all, if there were no
government banks to loan money at
cost, and B0 make it unprofitable to
hoard money out of use, or charge usury
for permission to circulate it. Without
government banks to receive and loan
money the government issue cannot, be
kept uniformly circulating, at work, and
its working volumecontrolled. The new
party therefore does not in its platform
show that it has mastered the money
question. It proposes no means to keep
all money needed moving and the dollar
of unfluctuating value. When money
users must pay interest to keep it in cir
culation, it is drawn periodically to such
an extent into the usurers' hands that it
becomes impossible or unprofitable to
borrow and unsafe to lend it, with the
markets full; and so prices drop, or dol
lars rise. Government bunks and money
without usury would alone be able to
prevent this. The money question is
therefore not a question of what money
shall be made of, but the question how
it shall be borrowed and lent. In other
words, it is the interest question.
It is only a few churches that engage
in business, but when they do, they do
business just as individual members al
ways do it, by the selfish worldly rule.
Trinity church in New York City owns a
vast property, part of it being tenements
occupied by the poor. And it squeezes
all the rent it can out of its tenants and
providesno better accommodations than
the most hardened landlord or soulless
corporation would do. The city Health
Department found it necessary for health
that it furnish -water in two of its tene
ment houses, the law being that every
teueineut shall be furnished with water.
But Trinity church refused to obey the
law, contending that they were not tene
ments been use not originally built
for that purpose. The court below
decided against it, and it appealed. In
the court of appeals it fought on the
ground above mentioned and also on
the plea that the law was unconstitu
tional. But the higher court also decid
ed against it. What a spectacle! A great
rich church refusing fresh water to its
rent oppressed tenants, a church built,
professedly, on the word of Him who
said: "Whosoever shall give to drink un
to one of these little ones a cup of cold
water in the name of a disciple, verily I
say unto you, he shall in no wise lose
bis reward." This church has an income
amounting to millions of dollars a year
for which not one of its members does a
stroke of work. It is land usury, con
demned by the God it claims to worship,
aud made a crime worthy of death by
him, aud classed with the vilest and
worst ot sins. See Ezekiel 8:10-13.
The New York Voice last week bad a
humorous picture of "The Monopoly in
tbe Future." In the foreground, stand
ing on the earth and leaning on his hoe,
is a typical farmer looking np at the
outlino of the sun, which is in eclipse'
And on an immensely high stepladdt-r
sits a man with a plug bat on holding a
pole attached to the covering of the sun,
and he is saying to the anxious farmer:
"' turn on the sunlight for eight per
cent of tbe crops."
This picture need not be considered
fanciful in the least. Tbe facts are, the
men who get hold of the earth and fence
it up with legal titles monopolize the Sun
also; and they get today much more than
eight per cent out of it. They demand
from a third to a half of the crops
for the sunlight, soil and rain which God
has made, and made without price for
all. It is a crime against God and man
to "corner up the sunbeams," the dew-
drops, the showers of heaven and the
chemical and vital energies of the soil
they fall on.
The following partial list of trade com
binations, or trusts, achieved or at
tempted, and the commodities covered by
them, is given, by Henry D. Lloyd in his
great book, "Wealth Against Common
wealth," published by Harper and Broth
ers. We have not space to give the full
list which fills nine large pages in noupa.
riel type, but select the more important
combinations and commodities in what
we reprint below:
Under "Light, Heat and Power" are
given: boilers, candle-makers, coal, coke.
electric goods, gas (forlightingand fuel),
gas fixtures and pipes, gasoline stoves,
governors for steam boilers, hot water
heaters,house furnaces.kerosene, matches
puraffine, petroleum and its products, ra
diators (steam and hot water), Scotch
mineral oil, stearine, stove-boards (zinc).
stoves and ranges, stoves (vapor).
Under the head of "Chemicals are
enumerated acetic, boracic, citric, muri
atic, nitric, sulphuric and oxalic acids;
Alkali Union; alkaloids, alum, ammonia,
bismuth sails, bleaching powder, borax;
Chemical Union; chloroform, drug manu
facturers (U. S. and Canada), iodine iod
oform, acetate of lime, preparations of
mercury, nitrates, paris-green, potash
and its preparations, quinine, Rochelle
salts, saltpetre, santonine, soda, strych
nine, sulphur, ultramarine, and vitriol.
Under the head of "Metals are: barbed
wire, brass (rolled, sheet and manufact
ured), copperand copper goods.iron aud
iron goods, lead and white lead, mica,
nickel, quicksilver, silver and lead smelt
ers, steel in many forms, tin aud zinc.
Under section IV we find: alcohol, axes
and axe-poles, belting, leather, rubber,
blankets, bobbins, spools and shuttles,
bolts, boxes (wooden), bridge builders,
butchers supplies, carpet-yarns, cash-
registers, celluloid, etc., chains, color
trust, cordage (rope, twine), corks,
cotton duck, cotton-seed oil, creels,
damasks, emery-wheels, felting, fibre (in,
durated, pails, bowls, etc.), files, fish-oil-fire-brick,
forge companies, glass bottles,
glass of all sorts, glue, gutta-percha,
hardware manufacturers, .label printers,
leather of all sorts and tanners trusts,
linen mills, linseed oil, manilla, oil (lubri
cating, for tapning and burning), onyx,
paper of all sorts, pitch, carpenters,
planes, pumps, rubber goods, sand-paper.
emery cloth, etc., saws, scales, screws,
Seed Crushers Union, sewer pipe, sewing
machines and supplies, spirits, straw
braid, straw board, tacks, talc mills, tar,
teasel, textile manufactures, edge tools,
turpentine, type founders, washers, watch
cases, well tools (for oil, gas and artesiau),
wood shavings for packing, woodeuware,
wood-working machines, wool telt,
Under "Traffic and Travel," are: bicy
cles, bicycle tires, carriage builders, car
riage hardware, harness dealers ana
manufacturers, livery men's associations,
paving (asphalt, brick and pitch), road-
making machines, saddlery association,
saddle-trust, wagons, wheels, whips.
Under "Shipping," are a lot ol mono
polies enumerated which we omit.
Under "Railroads" are named: car-axles.car-spriugs.cars
(freight aud catt le),
elevators, express companies, locomo
tives, railroad pools (freight and passen
ger), Eastern Railroad Association of 800
railroads to fight patents, steel sleepers,
street railways.
Under "Buildings" comes about every
thing used, lumber, lime, paint, plaster,
hinges, nails, roofing, sash, doors, blinds,
stone and brick, cement, varnish, wall
paper, etc., etc.
Under "Farm and Plantation" are:
manufacturers and dealers iu agricultu
ral implements, binders, churns, corn
harvesters, cotton-baggiug, cotton
presses, drain tile,fencing,fertilizers,forks,
harrow manufacturers, harvesting ma
chines, hay-presses, hay tools, hoes,
horse brushes, jute graiu bags, mowers,
ploughs, rakes, reapers, scythe-makers,
shovels, snath manufacturers, threshing
machines, vehicles.
Under ' School, Library and Counting
room" are monopoly prices on and or
ganizations of, blank-books, euvelopes,
lead-pencils, lithograph-printers, school
books and furniture, slates and slate
pencils, type-writers, writing paper.
Ammunition, arms, cartridges, dyna
mite, fireworks, gunpowder, guns, shot
tower companies.
Barbers Trust, buttons, calico (Eng
land), clothes brushes, coat and cloak
manufacturers, collars and cuffs, cotton
goods, diamonds (mines iu S. Africa and
dealers iu Europe), dress-goods, furs,
ginghams, gloves, hats, knit goods,
jewelers,laundries, pocket-knives, ribbons,
seal skins, shirts, shoe manufacturers,
trunks, umbrellas, watch m'i'g's and
jobbers, woollen m'f'g's.
Under smokiug and drinking the mo
nopoly tax is heavy, but itdon'tso much
matter, and so we skip enumeration.
Under-"Home, Sweet Home" we find,
besides what has been included under
other heads: carpets, chairs, furniture,
hair-cloth, oil-cloth, soap, upholsterers'
felt, upholstery goods, window-shades,
brooms, brushes, wooden bowls, crockery,
fruit-jars, hollow-ware, kettles, lamp
chimnevs, pans and pots, pottery,
stamped wares, etc.. etc., clothes wring
ers, starch, wash tubs and boards, washing-machines,
table ware, table cutlery,
extension tables, music books und instru
ments, picture frames, rugs, tapestries,
etc., etc., bath tubs, sanitary ware,
sponges, chintzes, looking-glass, spring
beds, wire mattress, bread, biscuit,
crnckers, butter, candy, canned goods,
cider and vinegar, coffee, cotton-seed oil.
fish, flour, food m'f'g's association, fruit
(many local associations), grape growers,
grocers, honey, ice, lard-refiners, meat
and cattle (Chicago packers, etc.), oat
meal olive-oil, oysters, pea-nuts, pickles,
produce commission merchants of eight
large cities, raisins, rice-mills, salt trust,
taiiiornia wine trust.
Artificial teeth, caster-oil, cocoa-nut
oil, coffin trust, dental machines and sup
plies, drugs (importers and wholesale
and retail dealers) ergot, glycerine, life
insurance, patent medicines, peppermint,
tombstones, vaseline.
Base ball, billiard tables and furniture,
bill-posters, dime museums, landlords'
u nion ( London ), news-dealers (Associated
Press, United Press), photographs, safes,
Great Britain has just celebrated the
twenty-fifth anniversary of her acquis!
tion of the telegraphic business, the be
ginning of her postal telegraph system
Twenty-five years of successful operation
in Great Britain, ought to satisfy every
reasonable man that the Populist party's
demand for government ownership of the
telegraph is rational, practical, progress
ive, and that no objections, aside from
those originating with the monopolizers
of this means of communication, can be
urged against the proposition that the
government furnish the people telegraphic
service at cost.
Under government ownership in Great
Britain, telegraph lines have been greatly
extended. Twelve times the service is
rendered that was being given twenty
five years ago. Under private ownership
the prices for inland messages averaged
fifty-four cents for each, now the average
is fifteen cents. As the natural result of
reducing the charges the business has in
creased from 6,830.812 messages in a
year to 71,500,000. Theservicehasalso
been very greatly improved. Between 6
a. m. and 6 p. m. special messages can be
sent for twenty-five cents for seventy-five
words, and between 6 p. m. and 6 a. m.
the cost is but twenty-five cents for a
hundred words, with very great reduc
tions when duplicated to two or more
The Omaha Bee states that not a pub
lic man can be found in Great Britain
who would dare propose a return to the
old system of private corporations. "In
fact, Englishmen, enjoying the benefits of
the best service at the minimum price,
cannot understand how other countries
tolerate a telegraph in the hands of a
private monopoly.
Here is the late Republican postmaster-
geueral, John Wannamaker, an advocate
of go vern men t o wnership of th e telegraph,
Rosewater ably advocating it in the Bee
and before Congress, and any number o'
the best men in the old parties; and we
have also the most complete demonstra-
i on of the great public good resulting
from public ownership in countries which
have purchased aud long operated the
telegraph lines. It is also apparent at a
glance that public ownership of the tele-
graph would so cheapen news service
that the present old party daily news
paper monopoly would be broken, and
reform papers could be also news papers
and attain a vastly wider circulation.
The importance of crowding this reform
must be therefore admitted. Not a
single reason can be urged for putting
this reform aside, because in not the
slightest degree does it conflict or inter
fere with any other question. It is an
element of great strength in the Populist
platform, a demand that corrupt politi
tians alone can oppose. It calls for a de
gree of socialism, yes; but a socialism
just like our present postal service, and
unquestionably a public service of great
and universal value. The Populist party
in this matter is simply trying to lead the
American people along a path which even
the Conservative party of Great Britain
passed a quarter of a century ago.
The State Journal has waited as long
,s it possibly could contain itself, and
aving nothing true to tell to injure the
arae of the People's party, has manu
factured a blood and thunder display-
head report of what was not done by
Governor Holcomb. The Journal head-
ines on its March 12th first page are
calculated to raise the hair of strang
ers aud to spread over the nation a holy
horrorof Populists and populism. They
read in bluckest, boldest type as follows:
"Visions of Blood. Lincoln Hospital
for tbe Insane in a state of Siege. Dr.
Hay Declines to give way to the Uover
nor's Appointee. Holcomb to Install by
Force. Beneath Him to Submit the
Matter to a Court. Dr. Abbott is En
joined, but Flees to Avoid Service."
Now what are the facts?
Governor Holcomb and Dr. Abbott to
gether called on Dr. Hay at the Asylum
March 11, and made the courteous for
mal demand that is customary, for the
possession of the superintendent's office,
subtniting in writting the action of the
Governor in appointing Dr. Abbott,
superintendent, and his confirmation by
the Republican senate. At the same time
they invited Dr. Hay to continue with
his family at the Asylum until such time
as it would be convenient for him to re
move his family. They were pleasantly
received, but Dr. Hay declined to vacate
the office except by decree of the court.
Dr. Abbott and the Governor made no
objection to the matter being settled in
court, but asked that the confirmed ap
pointee be given possession pending the
court decision. This Dr. Hay refused to
do. No threats were made by the gover
nor, no statement that it was "beneath
him, the governor, to submit said matter
to the adjudication of any court."
The assertion that Dr. Abbott fled to
escape arrest, that threats of violence
were made (against Hay), and that Dr.
Hay "prepared for bloodshed," also that
every person in the institution was afraid
to go to bed," is all a Journal fabrica
tion, malignantly invented and published
to injure tbe reputation of the Populist
party. It will of course travel, as politi
cal lies do, all over the country, but ia
Nebraska, where the truth can follow it,
it will react against the party that uses
lies for its weapons.
The court will hear the case between
Abbott and Hay immediately after sit
ting, about the 2Gth inst. In the mean
time Hay and his crazy family will sleep
in peace, unharmed and unafraid.
Me. Taubeneck and Gen. Weaver last
week were served with several courses
more of the plainest kind of plain talk
from the Nonconformist, the Farmers
Tribune, the Missouri World, etc., be
sides uncounted correspondents of the
World, writing from all over the nation.
Mr. T.'s reputation is for fixedness of
opinion, but in running up against
the reform press and the great body of
the rauk and file and trying to crowd
"my policy" on them in place of their
own policy the Omaha platform he
found his weight next to nothing. Jotall
the leaders in Washington addetP'could
affect the slightest deviation from the
course marked out at Omaha. The pop
ulists will have no bosses, no "my-policy"
Cleveland-like leaders. They all know
what they want, and they want no politi
cal wiseacres over them. We counted in
last week's Missouri World ringing let
ters trom over a hundred subscribers,
scattered over many states, from Maine
to Oregon, and from Minnesota to Texas,
and not over two of them favored trim
ming down our platform of principles.
Many were outspoken in condemnation
of the circular letter address gotten up
by Weaver and Taubeneck, and perhaps
thoughtlessly signed by most of the
populist congressmen, the address they
have had to declare was not intended to
lead away from the Omaha platform.
During the recent strike of the street
car men of Brooklyn the boys, taking ad
vantage of their own insignificance, with
mockery and snowballing and even
stone throwing, exasperated the militia
and the police beyond the point of un
complaining endurance. The soldiers
had to call on the police for protection,
and the police in turn appealed to the
schoolteachers. "At the door of one of
the smaller schools appeared a big po
liceman," says the Outlook. He was tall
and fat and red and mad. "I waunt to
see the prencipall," he announced, as
that person, a lady, came into the vesti
bule. "I want yees to kape the byes
away from the soldiersaltogither..' They
do be pesterin' the life out of 'em. They
make us more trouble than the strikers;
and we can't bayonet them little divils."
At a Farmer's Institute held in Athens,
Ohio, recently, at which a proposition to
bond the county to build pike roads was
discussed, one of the speakers stated that
the taxes on his farm were $63.19 in
1878, and they had been increasing ever
since until they had reached $107.94 in
1894. During the same time prices of
farm products had been going the other
way. Wool was 32 cents per pound in
in 1878, and only 16 in 1894. Wheat
was $1.50 a bushel in 1878, and SOcents
in 1894. Horses were easily sold for
$150 in 1878, and would not being $50
The present Republican legislature is
going out of its way introducing bills to
take from the governor's hauds the
power to appoint, in a number of cases,
hitherto his by Republican made laws,
all because the present governor is a
It requires the governor, senate and
and ,
, to y
supreme court, all pulling together.
get a Republican from the public teat
Socialism and Social Reform, by Rich
ard T. Ely, Ph. D., LL. D.
We have contended for some time that
there was need of a conservative, strong,
critical book that should tell the people
what socialism really aims to do. The
prevalent ideas as to socialism, what it
intends, its spirit and power, are so irra
tional as to be absurd. The book that
can set people right is before us. It is
calm and candid in its treatment.acknow
ledges fully the strength of the true
socialistic position, and points out clearly
its weaknesses as they appeal to the
average man.
In the first place Dr. Ely does not by
any means agree with the doctrines of
materialistic socialism, which views his
tory as an evolutionary growth without
a first cause or guiding personality. Ia
Germany only has this doctrine taken
strong hold. True socialism is deprived
of its strongest feature if all social
growth and reform are to be made to de
pend upon no higher forces than those ol
an economic nature.
So, too, social growth and development
do not depend on a cast iron law of
evolution which takes no account of the
wills and consciencesof men. Oneof the
greatest needs today in all social schemes
of development is to rid the socialistic
movementof these falseand materialistic
tendencies which ally themselves so "
closely to theological and moral doctrines f
that are utterly abhorrent to the vast I
majority of men and that frighten eara--
est, self-sacrificing seekers of the truth.
This book will certainly accomplish much V
in this direction, for the discussion is
calm and fair and the reason of the fair
minded man is appealed to constantly.
There are indeed, evidences of a strong

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