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LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, MARCH 21, 1895.
VOL. VI. . "T" 1 1 SO MOVES THE WORLD. 'We sleep and wake and sleep, bnt all things more; The Son flies forward to his brother Sun ; The dark Earth follows, wheel il In her ellipse; ' And human thlnira, returningTm themselves, Mots onward, leading np the golden year." Prof. Huxley is being dissected by the grip bacillus. Sir Henry Rawlinson, the celebrated archeologist, is dead. a There are rumors of bribery in the Michigan legislatures. The Uuited States of Columbia are in the throes of civil war. The natioaal bank of Kansas City failed to open its doors March 18th. A combination of all the electrical manufacturing interests of the country is planned by Standard Oil magnates. The lower house in the Illinois legisla ture has passed the to extend the term of the mayor of Chicago to four years. The Buear planters of Louisiana are to build a sugar refinery at New Orleans to buck the Sugar Trust. Go it, my honey. The Michigan legislature has passed an -anti-fusion bill, preventing any candi dates for office from having his name ap- Eear more than once upon the official allot. H. O. Havemeyer, president of the Sugar Trust, gets a salary of $100,000 a year. His laborers who work in a 120 fahreuheit temperature are paid but 80 cents a day. S. A. Boomer of 272 Bishop street Milwaukee tried to commit suicide by takink carbolic acid March 13. He was 19 years old. Inability to obtain em ployment given as the cause. It is stated on authority of Janet Jen nings, Washington correspondent of the New York Independent, that Mr. Bissell retired from the cabinet because he fav ored too much civfl service reform to suit the rest. The English shoe workers to the num ber of 200,000 were locked out March 18. The employes objected to the introduc tion of improved American machinery which reduces labor for the benefit, not of the laborers, bur, tne capitalists. Riot in New Orleans on the levees last week. Five killed and seven severely wounded. One of the natural fruits of tVin nnrrmptitivn strilfffirlp. (ireat excite- merit, and foreign vessels affected make ita matter of international Hearings. The National Fish Commission has hatched and loosed over six hundred million fish of various kinds. Pike, nerch. shad and white fish are the leading varieties. Ninety million lobsters have al- o been bred and loosed by the commis eion. The gross earnings of the Pennsylvania railroad in 1894 were $16,500,000 less than in 1893, but it threw all the loss and $8,500,000 more on itsemployes and producers of its customary supplies by reducing expenses (wages, and the rest) $25,000,000. There is to be a big cut of wages forced upon the workers in iron April 1st. President Garland of the amalgamated ironworkers' union, has sent out circu lars to the subordinate lodges stating the demands of the manufacturers. If the men refuse to submit it will bring on a great national strike or struggle. Of the 22,000 miners in the Pittsburgh region who struck for a 69 cents a ton rate of pay, 16,000 have gained their point and gone to work at the advanced price. The others will probably win their demand. The stock of the Canadian Pacific which Jan. 1st, 1895, sold at 59 has fallen to S3. The passing of the dividend three weeks ago caused an immediate drop from 49 to 41, and a few days later to , the figure named. This men us a loss of market values in t wo months of nearly fifty per cent. One A. It. U. man who engaged in the strike last year, whom tne railroads blacklisted and who has been immediate ly thrown out of every job be has secured in consequence, a riven in nis neea to aes peration suicided two weeks ago; an Other, Louis R. Kirk pat rick, of Iiuliannp olis, blacklisted tins gone insane in con sequence. Corporation murders. Rev. Thomas Dixon, Jr., one of the few- fearless preachers and foremost thinkers of the times, has been so uncomfortably hampered by his "conservative" church members that it has led him to resign his pastorate of Twenty-third Street Baptist church of New York City. He will found a new church on a broader platform. The daughter of another American ' millionaire, Miss Leiter, daughter of I Z. Leiter, it is announced is to marry George Curzon, eldest son of the English Baron Scarsale. Curzon is now a mem ber of parliament, and will succeed to the title. So they go, and the American masses will continue to support both the American and hnglisn barons. Nin?ty-five per cent of labor in leather and paper industries have been displaced by improved methods and machinery, What a splendid victory over the forces of nature this would be if the benefit accrued to the laborersl But it (roes to the capitalist, and makes an increasing number of men who must beg for places and make more and more inequit qui table terms for work. As one item sliowii. the stupendous shrinkage in wnges and prices, we copy the figures found in (lie minimi report of the Pennsylvania railron.il i-oiupnuy. Thetotal (lisbuiM'iiientKOl that company for owrutinirexiieiisesand improvements last year were fi.U.OOO.dOO less than in 1892. and 2.000,000 less than in I oU.i. This, observe, whs but one railroad, though an extensive line. From this re port we learn that the railways are pur chasing no steel rails, few or no lanterns, shovels, ties, supplies of all kinds, which in turn throws men out of work in all tne factories small and great that produce these articles. Locomotive and car builders are not building a third of the engines and cars they did two years ago. So Are We Degraded. The other day Apsley, congressman from Massachusetts and a good square man at that, when gold does not stare at him with red eyes and scare him home- went home and took his whole factory list, some 250 men and women, off for a Boston holiday. He watered them, he fed them, he showed them finally "Shore Acres" at a theatre. Apsley meant well and no doubt some will think he did well, although it might be held better by a keen philosopher to let a fellow select and pay for his own recreation and preserve his spirit of independence rather than have his employer lead him to his amuse ment like a cart horse to a grass pasture, take his bridle off, hit him a slap on the flank, and turn him loose. But the point one is after is this: The New Eng land papers have not done singing the Apsley praises yet; Apsley was bo conde scending, so kind, so widely generous, so marvelously tender a master, he actually arose and spent $1000 on a day's holi day for those bond folk of his, w ho had sent him to congress and stayed at home and bowed their necks to the daily yoke to earn his millions for him. The Apsley generosity was all highly amazing to the New England papers and they Bre still licking his boots about it as a method of expressing their appreciation of his reck less and unparalleled generosity. The whole business makes an abject case, in deed, and shows how high or how low in New England estimation men are made by money or the lack of it. One may well wonder what those stout merchants of Boston of the John Hancock brood half sailor, half factor, all free and those stark farmers who killed Britons over the whole eighteen miles between Concord and Boston would think of these people who today sit in their places and wear their shoes. Chicago Times. A Choice of Evils. And now it is reported that the pluto cratic Democratic Congress is to be suc ceeded on the 4th of March by a pluto cratic Republican Congress. "From the devil and all his works good Lord deliver usl" The country will feel like the boy down in southern Illinois. He was sitting on a fence, where the road forked. The mud was knee-deep. A weary traveller on a tired horse limped slowly up and stopped. "Boy," said he, "which of these roads goes to Bungtown?" "B-B-Both," said the boy stuttering badly. "Which road had I better take?" asked the traveller. "M-M-Mister," said the boy solemnly, "do you s-s-s-see that road?" 1 "Yes," replied the traveler. "Well, m-m-mister if you t-t-take that road you'll w-w-wish you was in h 1." "Then," said the alarmed traveler, "I will take this road." "M-M-Mister," was the reply, "if you t-t-take that road you'll w-w-wish you'd t-t-took the other one." Ignatius Don nelly. Government Ownership of Railroads Editor Wealth Makers: The recent purchase of a French Count by Miss AunavGould, daughter of thelate railway robber, for the sum of two mill ions, is suggestive. Who earned the money? How many thousands were rob bed that one man was able to accumulate over seventy millions in a short life time? Have the people of the United States no better use for their public highways, than to let them out to financial pirates in order that their heirs may purchase for eign puppets at two millions apiece. Are we spending our strength to build up the birthright of American citizenshio handed down to us by the fathers, or to enrich the extinct and empty titles and pockets of foreign snobs? C. H. King. Broth r Miller's Prophet lo Letter. By mischance we lost sight of a letter from Mr. H. B. Miller of Winside received just before the assembling of our present legislature, which reads as follows: Wixsidk, Neb., Dec. 26, 1894. Editor Wealth Makeiis: Ere this reaches you, our law makers will be gathered at Lincoln. How many of them can conscientiously subscribe to the following: "I do solemnly swear that I will support the constftution of the state of Nebraska and will faithfully discharge the duties of senator or representative according to the best of my ability; and that at the election at which I was chosen to fill said office I have not improperly influenced iu any way the vote of any elector, and have not accepted, nor will 1 accept or receive, directly or indirectly, any money or other valuable thing (a railroad pass for instance,) from any corporation, company, or person (or railroad attor ney) or any promise of office fir any official act or influence for any vote I may give or withold on any bill, resolu tion, or appropriation" and so it goes on. I think it would bo well if some would stuff their ears full of colton in order that they may not know the nature of the oath, they might choke down. The good Lord is tempering the wind to the shorn lambs, of which there are thousands, yea, millions, Thurston says. And the Wall Street shearing ma chine runs right along, day and night, and the people say by their votes that they thiuk it is a nice machine. No doubt it is a fixed fact that John M. Thurston will soon be one of the chief engineers, of that famous machine and perhaps at a double salary. Did you ever notice that that machine did more effective work in dry weather than wet? In Wayne county the machine is run ning close to bed rock (or the hide) and whenever they get to clipping the hide I think you will see some tall kicking. Will the people some day learn that there is something wrong and go to work and right it? . Yours truly, H. H. Miller. It is none the less a good letter to read now. Thurston was elected, as our brother foresaw, and is diawing double salary, being now in Oregon serving the Union Pacific. Father Todd 8atifled With the People's Party Union, Mar. 3rd, 1895. Editor Wealth Makers: In placing a head to my article of Feb, you say: "Father Todd Favors a Silver Party." Now if there is any such idea set forth in that letter I do not so wish to be understood. The intention and de sire of the communication was to sustain" and support the action of our represent atives in congress for their loyalty to the people. They are to be commended for their intelligence, activity, and sagacity operating, as they have been, in the mi mority in opposition to the two old well trained political frauds. I am not in favor of anew party. The Independent People's Party is good enough for me. Yet, notwithstanding, I do not believe in the infallible platform, or infallible church, or book. And while no one expects to alter or amend the Omaha platform of 1892, yet there can be no harm in considering the altered conditions that now "confront us;" so that when the next uational convention meets we can be better prepared to im prove on such lines as shall be found ex pedient and necessary. For myself I believe in fiat money, and when this country was on a greenback standard I was in favor of remaining on such a standard. I believed it was the proper time to emancipate the world from the power of gold to oppress man kind. But the powers that be have or dained otherwise. Nothing but war or rebellion can break the chains that now bind us. But to make the burden as light as possible I would utilize the idle labor of the world in taking from the mountains and earth the silver as well as gold with which to lift the legal obliga tions imposed on the people, by the reckless, extravagant, indifferent and criminal management of theaffairs of the goverument for the last forty years. We must now return to the ways of industry and economy. We must work, not fight. Shut down on snch things as the Lincoln State University, first. Stop robbing in dustry for the benefit of humbugs, and all other bugs as well as gold bugs. Cut off the heads of a few U. S. district judges, bank presidents and state thieves gener ally. Take the power as soon as possi ble from president Cleveland to borrow on thenation'scredit. This nation needs no credit outside her own limits. Credit is what breaks up new corporations and nations. We must abolish all banks, or fix the penalty of death without the ben efit of the clergy ou all defaulting bank officers. It will take heroic measures to get this country out of its present slump, and the sooner we get at the work the better. We have brave leaders in Messrs. Bryan, Allen, McKeighan and Kem. Let them lead us to victory or deuth. Let us submit to the yoke till we get our heads out once more, and then keep 'out. When I was in the habit of working oxen I remember well there was occasionally an ox who had sense enough to go away off and hide in the willows after a hard day's work. Our people are now sub mitting to a yoke that will not be soon forgotten. But whether they will learn from experience I kuow not. Yours for grub, aud not for fame. L. G. Todd. T. L. Stewart of Eagle writes: "Please find inclosed money order for $1.85 to pay up back subscription and to keep paper coming another year. Did not in tend 1o fall in arrears. Thanking you for the best paper we ever read and hop ing it may lead thousands to think and acton the same line of thought as Tub Wealth Makers we remain fraternally ours." Dr. Davie, crown and bridge work. 11th O. lliilMERS'WK The Governor Vetoes the Barrett Soott Change of Venue Bill. TO ABOLISH CAPITAL PONISHMENI Mr. Powers Takes His Place as Labor Commissioner. Emergency Clause Added to the Relief Bill The Abbott-Hay Matter The week just closed has been one of the most interesting of the session. The governor's first veto, the appropriation bills, the relief bill, the abolition of capi, tal punishment, two bills to take the ap pointive power out of the governor's hands, the refusal of Dr. Hay to give up the Lincoln asylum, have all tended to liven up proceedings. republicans back water. Gov. Holcomb sent his first veto to the legislature this week. It was a kind courteous, dignified and able state paper. It shows the governor to be a lawyer of the very highest ability. ' The bill was one allowing the etato to take a change of venue in the Barrett Scott case. The veto message of Gov. Holcomb plainly showed the bill to be unconstitu tional. When the veto message first camp, the Republicans were going to pass the bill right over it, you just bet they were. They had enough votes in both houses to do it, but day afterday passed and they dodged the question. Finally they had a caucus and resolved to let the bill sleep the sleep of death, while they tried to forget the hole into which they had put themselves; for they had discovered that the governor was right and they were wrong. THE ABBOTT-HAY EPISODE. Dr. L. J. Abbott was appointed by Got. Holcomb superintendent of the Lincoln asylum said appointment to take effect on March 10. On lastMonday the governor and Dr. Abbott went to the asylum, and demanded of.Dr. Hay, present incumbent, that he Immediately turn over the keys. This Dr. Hay re fused to do. It was finally agreed to leave the matter to the supreme court and it will probably be decided early in April. The State Journal's report, af the mat ter, that there was a threat to use force in seating Dr. Abbott, was a lie out of whole cloth. The interview was perfectly courteous and amicable in every way. People of all parties here condemn Dr, Hay for his course. no more hangino. The senate this week passed a bill to do away with capital punishment in Ne braska. The battle over this bill raged all one day and it was finally passed by only two majority. It is thought that it will also pass the house. The credit for bringing the matter up iu the senate belongs to Senator Stewart (pop) and Senator Watson (rep). APPROPRIATION BILLS. The principal work of the house this" week was on the appropriation bills. They were amended very little from the committee's recommendations and were both passed and sent to the senate where they will be acted on next week. The labor bureau was reinstated and an ap propriation made equal to that made two years ago. The aggregate appro priations, as they now stand, are about the same as those of two years ago. They will probably be increased by the senate. NOTES. Dale's anti-pass bill was brought up this week and killed. The official bond of chief oil inspector Edmisten has been declared insufficient by the senate investigating committee. The $200,000 relief bill passed the senate in an amended form. The emer gency clause was added to the bill. The senate took up the Russian thistle bill this week and finally passed it, mak ing it a penalty for the occupant of the land. Populists tried to make it a pen alty also for the owner, but this was voted down. Senator McKeeby (fep) pave a scoring to the Rev. Luther P. Ludden this week that was worth going miles to hear. Two bills passed this week, taking ap pointments out of the governor's hands. One was thesnperintendentof theasylum for the blind at Nebraska City. The other was the fire anil police commission at Omaha. The latter failed to pass with the emergency clause, which may vitiate the entire effect of the measure. Hon. John II. Powers took his plucens lubor commissioner this week. He pro poses making the lubor bureau some thing of real value to the state. Every one wishes him God speed in his work, The senate has refused to make any amendment to the Australian ballot law. Siftirnr committees ha vebwn appoin ted in both houses, A joint committee has been appointed by the two houses to fix a time for the final adjournment. The bill reported from the claims com mittee ahd recommended for passage by the house with scarcely any amend ments is saiil to contain a large number of pretty rank steals. J. A. E. A Leiter From Mrs. Lease Wichita, Kansas, Mar. 4., '93. Editor Wealth Makers: Permit me to call your attention to an item gleaned from your paper. "In her new book, 'Problems of Civilization Solved,' Mrs. Lease proposes that the oppressed classes emigrate to South America," and you ask, " ho will solve the problem here if we run away from it." While you have touched the very note I intended Bhould be struck, yet your limited expression may bo misleading. Iu the opening chapter we find: "We have elbow room for the wo.'ld on this continent, enough land going to waste or held for speculative purpose, to feed and furnish homes for the congested popula tions of all our cities. There are mount ains and prairies, sea, air, and sunshine for the teeming millions." i then desig nate the lands held from the people in the several states and territories, the in crease in landlordism, because of a false financial system, and the consequent in crease of pauperism and crime. Permit me to quote again: "The land is the God-given heritage of the people and the source of all wealth." "The charters, wills, deeds, and parchment scrolls by which the dead deprive the living ol their sustenance should bedestroyedasutterly as God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah." I describe the tropics aud their wonder ful and almost unlimited resources, but call attention to the number of home ii it1 fnroiurn STIPCII In tors in land, the (1J V - ' - amount of land held by them, and the miatuirpa iiiH(ln bv the trovernment iu giving to a cunning few the keys to Na ture's store house and pointed out, "The lands held by foreign speculators must be repurchased or confiscated by the U. a Thn lomta Mil hv It. Its. or other home syndicates must be reclaimed, and restored by congressional action, anu n,irnmr and use made the title to land." The remedy I offer, the basis of the book, the solution oi tne prouiem oi civilization, is access to the land, and rir fnr nil. "When all are workers. there is work for all." For the industri ous the incentive of a pomp, oi remunera i: nt nil iat lifa hnlris. for the vicious tlUJI, Ul BUI I'llMW " F l" J L k nlirnnin hctrCTHTH WhO UO nOt lUir, luo ..... v,.. . re - - want to work, coercion to the point of milking them sell-sustaining. "Love and goodness Dacueq py tne strong force of the state must go down into the dens where the human wild beasts of society hide from the light of day, and empowered by that wise legisla tion that removes the leper or prevents the small pox patient from contaminat ing his fellow being, remove the social Huns of the cities to lands set aside, and purchased by the government for their use, subjecting them to such medical treatment and inspection as will effect ually check the reckless propagation of criminals, aud devitalized humanity, Un der the supervision of agents, and with government aid they could be compelled to become self-sustaining; for while God was severe in His denunciations of the oppressors of labor, He was none the less severe in His denunciations of the idle. "If a man shall not work neither shall be eat." "The purchase of lands, medical in spection, government agencies, and gov ernment aid (for the first few years hold ing the land as security), would cost less than the never-ending expense now en tailed for inadequate police protection, and erection and equipment of buildings for charities and punishments for a class that is being constantly recruited by the conditions under which we live." It is possible by just and wise methods to eliminate poverty and decrease crime. The problem must be met. Shall it be by evolution, or revolution? Yours for justice, Mary E. Lease. Don nelly Is All Right Ignatius Donnelly tells Gen. Standish of North Dakota that he "must not give orders to break ranks." "There is more in the People's party than the silver question. "It may be that before 1896 this new movement will have "petered out" com pletely. "Keep your feet firmly on the Omaha platform, General. "We had 1.600,000 votes in 1894; we have 2,000,000 now. "Who will dare to proclaim dissolution to that vast force? Who asks us to scat ter it to the winds? "Nothing can speak for the People's Party of these United States, for those 2,000,000 voters, but the People's Party itself in national convention as sembled, in 1896. "Possess your soul in patience, General. There is no reason why those 2,000,000 voters should jump out of their nether garments at. the trumpet call of the silver-mine owners. "We are a great party. Great in num bersvastly greater in possibilities. Events offer us the scepter. 'Stand still and see the salvation of the Lord!' " If you want, a reliable dye that will color an even brown or black, and will please and satisfy you every time, use Buckingham's Dye for the Whiskers. PLIES TO WARNINCI AN9 ' PROMISES TO BE CAREFUL. Dlasrow Intent to Inault Kpanlth Naval Officer In Cuban Water Instructed te Reipect the Yankee Flag The Bepatt Denied. Washington. D. C. March 19. Spat has replied to Gresham's demand. M dispatch was received last night tham so far as It goes, Is entirely satisfactory tn the United states. It Is a response to the last part of Secretary Qresham't dispatch In which he Insists tnat "imme diate and positive orders be given tft Spanish naval commanders not to in terfere with legitimate American com merce passing through that (windward) channel and prohibiting- all acts wan tonly Imperiling life and property law . ... . wf-U.J fully under the nag or tne unne States." That nart of the dlsoatch which refer to "the firing upon ths Alllanca Is re served for future reply, arter an inveu- ntlnn hv Ann In Intrt th drCUmStanCM that surrounded It. Thera Is no doubt In the minds of the president ana vtm secretary of state that this will recelv "prompt disavowal as an unauthorised act," and that a "due expression of re gret on the part or pam wm db mrm coming. Secretary Gresham communi cated the substance of Spain's response to the president as soon as It had been translated, but he was unwilling to gr It out for publication. It Is understood. however, that tne aispatcn conveyer the information that orders had been Issued to the commanders of the Span ish men-of-war in Cuban waters not ( Interfere with legitimate American com merce ana to use every precaution w avoid international complications by anj exercise of undue zeal. Secretary Gresham, when seen by, your correspondent late tonight, denied having at hand the expected apology. Washington, March 18. Minister Tay lor cabled the state department Sat urday from Madrid that Spain, whir showing a spirit of procrastination in the Alllanca outrage, undoubtedly would disavow the action taken by the captain of the Spanish crulaer. It ! evident the Spanish minister by hh criticism of the secretary of state re cently has not endeared himself to th administration, and, If he should de velop any more eccentricities, he might be surprised with the gift of his paa port FOB THB FREEDOM OF CCBA. pT. Mara 1 SIIUKS fflJ Jsr ttanjr ftei.ra.utea1 Men. Jacksonville, Fla., March 19. A spe cial from Key West Bays! "vwth Marti and Gomes and Collaco in the east, wiu the insurrectionists already in posses sion of the Vuelta Abajo district ol !Juba, Spain is confronted by a turbo ence which she knows from experience) must result in the death of many faith ful subjects and the loss of a large treasure. The forces now at work hava been gathering twenty-five years. On the defeat of the uprising of 1868 tha insurgents fled from the island and made their homes In the United State and Spanish-speaking republics ot South America and Central America. In these homes of exile revolutionary; funds were opened and regular secret contributions were made until in Net Tork alone $3,500,000 was on hand. Jos Marti, with his chief residence In New Tork, was head and front of the secret operations. Martl's plan was prtmarilJI to get some small fast steam vessel tot transports to Cuba. The rising was to be in several places at once and emis saries in Spain, the Phllllplnes and Por to Rico were to incite the insurrection. The failure of Borden's expedition de layed the beginning of the hostilities several weeks. The Lagonda, which is one of the fastest vessels in the coun try and whose speed caused Borden to charter her, was to cruise in Cuban waters and occasionally slip into the island a Cuban leader or a company ot recruits from Porto Rico, Santo Domin go, Hayti, Jamaica, Venezuela or Costa Rica and points in Florida, where clubs of Cuban revolutionists of from 160 to 200 men each had been formed, and who stood ready to go to Cuba to take up arms against Spain. The Boracoa, which was large enough to carry about 400 or 600 men, was to transport tha troops and the Amadls was to assist the Lagonda by smuggling arms lata Cuba. CHINESE MEET DISASTER. froops In Manchuria Loee AU ThelS Three-Months' Supply of Ration. New York, March 19. A special cable to the Herald from Shanghai says: "A terrible disaster has befallen the Chinese troops In Manchuria. Their en tire supply of provisions for three) months has been captured near Nla Chwang by the Japanese. The third Japanese army Is now carrying wae Into the province of Chl-Ll. This arm consists of Toklo Asaka troops, and will be under the command of Prlnco Kotmatsu. LI Hung Chang's negotia tions with Japan will be hampered bj the Ignorance that prevails as to the real designs of Russia, whose move ments in the east are being closely watched. It Is also reported that the British Mediterranean squadron is com ing out to the east.',' j