Newspaper Page Text
Mfcit-h 21, 1805.
THE WEALTH MAKERS 1' I'oiiur IMitor Wi:.i,tii M Ki:it: I c;i u buy more with it duPar today than 1 fVT ou'il; or, I rim buy morn with a d;iyV work lli.in ever before, art fxprtintiM fuiuiiiiir to everyone. Tliene mi -leading ami vicious Matcim-nts liuve fitntrilitltct liitftti. tiiu-nptl fiiwturiiiiiriiimn 1 lie neoiile I lie 1 1 i ' i t i 1 1 " t-nrkp of iirnor- - j - ri -c, mire, wliich now stands in the way of financial reform, than all the arguments ever produced in favor of less money and lower prices. The mechanic seem de lighted when he can buy six pounds ot liutter for one dollar, where lie could buy but four poundn for the same money a few years previous; and the fanner's wife is pleased to buy twenty yards of muslin for one dollar, when a few years before she could buy only ten. Both seem satis fied with the situation. The man with 'liis one dollar a day can now buy as much cloth, flour, and other necessaries ixs be could when his wages were double what they are at the present time. Just ho witn the farmer. He exchanges his crops for as much of the products of the factories as ever. And wonders why things don't come around as they used to. , Somehow the interest on the mortgage .gets heavier and more difficult to meet; the days' works become less and less in demand; by and by the mortgage is fore closed in spite of harder work and rigid economy and an increased gross produc tion. ' On the other hand, the mechanic is turned into the street. These two vie jtims of the same cause may chance to meet, the one going into the city for work, the other fleeing into the country for food and shelter. If they would sit down and consider carefully the situa tion, as it is declared in the preamble to the Omaha platform, they would discover that they were the victims of each other's ignorance. With a full knowledge of the situation and unity of voting, the disas ters which have overtaken them and millions of their craftsmen might have Jbeen prevented. They would learn the (truth, that nothing is cheap that is nnade so at the expense of another pro ducer. When the farmer buys any of the (products of mechanics cheap, they must expect the mechanics to buy their butter and eggs cheap. The result of this suici dal policy is to compel the farmers to Haiy.icss of the mechanics' products and the mechanic less butter. This brings jabout a surplus of products and a sur plus of cows. The remedy for such a sit uation is to shut down the factories, rthrowing the mechanics out of all em ployment, rendering them incapable of buying any butter, and the farmer unable to sell butter at any price. This is the case at the present time: starving operatives stand facing the farmer with his half clad family, bounti ful harvests and unpaid dc'bts.' The anoney owner, however, is happy. Where St took the interest on $1,000 to buy bread for his family the interest on f ouu will now more thau do it. All produc tions sell below the cost of production. Ifere lies the root of the evil. One class of producers have been fighting other firoducers, and the money owners fatten ing on their disaster. We want nothing cheap out money. We want dear products, and dear labor, inch is only possible where there is an abundance of money. The power of .money to oppress through the reduction of the price of labor and its products is the rul ing factor in all the distress now seen in this country. This power comes entirely through contracting the currency by taking it from use among the people. Our national banking system is a green persimmon, bringing all industries to a disastrous close. It is ''theabominatiou ' of desolation." It is a tremendous con fidence game, swamping millions if the people's deposits by its amazing failures. It is the basest wildcut system on earth. While famine is stalking abroad through several of our states, Nero Cleveland is urging an enormous issue of bonds. A. B. Flack. -Co-operation the Way of Salvation- tun-on Wealth Makkim: 1 have just reoeived sample copies of .your paper. Iain, and have been for many .years, in sympathy with the spirit and .purposeof your work, and more or less with the ways and means to accomplish it. I have also given much freelime, nnd eome free money, iu this direction, while I have not now, nor huve not had for '25 j ears over much confidence that the reorganization ot human society upon higher planes and purposes . could come until after another baptism of blood, far greater than all we have had before; yet Vl believe we should all do our best to wards reformations mid changes for the 0m rjetterment of humanity. While we may not succeed in doing much, yet the little -we- may "accomplish, may 'Ultimately ,prove the seeds, which will give the final victory. I have examined your plans for a co operative commerce colony. I sincerely hope you may succeed in getting those ' together who will stick an 3 woik in i.tr . ttiony. The Shakers alone, seem so. far to be the only real success, on communal lines la 1882 I attended the Oahspe conven tion in New York, for the parpose of or ganizing acolony movement. It was the most harmonious and pleasant gather ing, I, have everatteuded. Itsaimsand " purposes were the purest and most uu .seltisli that has as yet been attempted by selfish mortals. One of their chief works was to be the :ratherinir in of waifs and ornhaiied in fants, and to bring them up under the highest and best, mental and spiritual influences. It was this feature that in terested me most, as I wished to see how far bad hereditary environments could be overcome hy education and pure mir roiindiugs. The last I heard from this colony, there were only about a half dozen left. Human cussedness has so far been too much for them. The clearer one seen what the human oul is, in its nature and attributes as manifested life, and its relations to Deity, i the more he will become convinced thai Lit is not best to form any combinations and conditions, which hinder, or prevent the development of the best individuality 'of each person. A true nationalism will .yet le developed which will jtive all the inecessary benefits of live and let live co operatiou, and at thesametime promote htf most perfect individual development. At one time, had Houie hopes that our Tanm-i Aihiitn-e movement uou'-l tiiluii.V lead to this, n'l i ;"X to ( (t- ini t.cai Uiiiilii iliiii. ini limn. Tin- ti'int'ir. who were hi the pay ot the farmer'. rob bers and eiietM''M prevented this, together with other iuHueiicet. Your correspondent T. A. Iiiiinhue in Dec. th issue, in on tiie riy lit track in ad vising "dealing directly wit h each other." I'p to 187"2 my energies and thoiiiihts, life and love were devoted to active busi ness, oouseqiienijy I knew but little about farming or of the wants of farmers. Ill health couielleil me to give up all busi ness, so that since 1 !7i! 1 have been veg etating and thinking, on a Virginia farm, with nearly nil my proierty interests therein. My past bus uess training and exjierience, soon led me to see, not only where the farmers were at, but also where they would be ut in the future, if theydid not unite and co-operate for material, mental and moral salvation. Iu 1873 1 formulated a plan which covered afl the practical points made by tho Alliance, with several more they did not dream of, which are absolutely neces sary for success. I tried to get the lead ers of the farmers national convention held at Chicago iu 1873 to take the mat ter up. But my plans and ideas were bo far in ad vauce of theirs, which only reached out for place, power and plunder, they were inclined to think me crazy. Iu 1889, 1 sent to Evan Jones, presi dent of the Alliance, an outline of the plan, covering work the Alliance should do at their iSt. Louis meeting. But a Judas gang got control, put Air. Jones out, and bulldozed a crazy scheme through, aud opposed nil the most im portant and practical measures offered. My plan for co-operative exchanges was based upon well tried, and sound business principles. It would not only bring the producers and consumers to gether for the mutual good of both, but would also do for the farmers and manu facturing producers the work the N. Y. Clearing House does for the banks,whicli enables a small amount of actual money to do a very large part of the business exchanges. $3,000,000 to $5,000,000 of money answers to do over $100,000, 000 of daily business. 7'he way, is simple, plain aud practical, and if the people would truly unite, and truly stick, salvation would truly come. But here is the rnb they wont truly stick, and many will not even unite and try. Besides this, t he unthinking masses are so easily deceived and misled, by traitors and honest enthusiasts, lunatics and liars. Even fairly intelligent men are often sadly misled by half truths, soph istries and lies. It is said figures wont lie, yet they are made to do the biggest kind of lying. Even truth itself is made to lie like pirates. In 1890, a circular was distributed among Alliance men, which gave on one side the list prices of agricultural imple ments made by a Michigan Co. On the other side the prices they sold the same articles at to exporters. Both correct on their face, yet were tirade to lie, only as political tricksters know how to make lies, to shame the devil. It said the list prices which were about 45perceut. more than the Exporting, the farmer had to pay, while the South America farmers got them at exporting prices. Both state ments are talse. 1 told the Democratic Alliance man who was distributing these circulars, that I would bind myself to supply our V a. farmers, if they would combine their orders, the same imple ments 10 to 25 per cent less than the ex porting prices. As a matter of fact the farmers in South America have to pay double the exporting prices. Two to four profits are made before they get the articles. Much cant and nonsense, lies and hum bug, have been advanced about the tariff, yet the farmers have been fobbed of $100 by patent monopolies for $5 from custom duties, for which they sel dom squeal. Any one should be per mitted to manufacture a patented article or print a book, by paying the inventor oc author, a 10 percent, royalty. This would prevent patent monopolies, ami at the same time give the inventors of useful articles better nverage remunera tion than they now get. K I could afford to pay my own ex penses to travel through I lie great West and lecture free to the farmers on co-operation as the only way ot salvation I would do so. If you wish it. I will try and write a series of articles. 1 much prefer however to talk face to face two or three hours, than to wrileten minutes. lknowXhe farmers have the power to settle the whole financial, political and business muddle, for the greatest good to the greatest number. I also know, that the ways and means to do this, are just aud honest, plain aud practical. Without the Mandatory petition and Referendum the .people cannot get full salvation. W. M. Evans. Amherst Va., Feb. 25, 1895. A New Reform Organization Ei.'hkk A SiMiiNus, Ark., Mar. 9, '95. Editor Wkalt'I Makkks: For causes too well known there is an unrest ainougst the people, and all kinds of movements are on foot; and this is esiecially true iu the two old parties. We see them hopelessly divided iu congress upon the financial question. Thf Peo ple's party has as yet made less progress in the South, and some of the reasons were the laws under wliich they live having been made for the purpose of keeping the Democratic party in power. But the main reason is the lack of organi zation. But the people are being slowly educated. One reason amongst others why they are not organized is the poverty of t he laboring class and those who till the soil. While wheat was 40 cents per bushel and cotton four and a half cents per pound the farmer could scarcely live, for it took 2 bushels of wheat to buy a pair of onedollar pantsand one hundred pounds of lint cotton to buy a common coat, and at this rate he had to supply his family, pay his taxes, etc. Then when somebody said, ''You ought to become a member of this or that organization," the answer would be: ''The meivliant had a mortgage on my crop; he took it all. I am still iu debt, for cotton was so low I fell behind and 1 really have not had 25 cents in six months. I would like to become a member but I have not anything to pay to join with, and 1 can not puy dues." Then again organiza tions have existed, but here and there a member got behind with his dues, con sidered himself in debt, and he remained away. And then no organization re mained intact and IherjnisehiisiiiifT.'ivii Rut some ot our pconle are not i-I.e, The.v have ciifim.lere.i ail these hi.tl l-rs, and Hiiot her organization is in existence, ami i growing rapidly, to-wii: lb l'nit-d Aiwtlr.in t'ut,t!tiit!ritii I'lotltfihmiil lis name says "united," because it wants to unite nil into one or ganization and under one flag. It says "American," because it believes in Amer ican ideas, It ways "Constit lit ional," be cause the organisation wants the people to return to the first principles, and to the good old days of the lathers of the constitution. It is purely a political organization aud has adopted every plank of the Omaha platform. One clause in the constitution provides as follows: "Knowing the oppressed condition of those who labor, and the impoverished condition of those that till the soil, no dues shall be demanded as a condition for membership or a continuation there at, but the life of this organization aud the advancement of thecau.se shall de pend upon the prosperity and generosity of its members and frieuds." This organization has a grand council a legislutivedepartment aud subordinate councils. All officers are elected. The frieuds and members of this organ ization say all churches of every kind live oiid thrive iu this way, why not this'" If a member has money he comes and is welcome, and those who can contribute do so voluntarily and it is going aud doing splendidly. Moreauon. IN, What More Money Would Do. y WEDKBi'Rii, Neb., Feb. 21, 1895. Editor Wealth Makers: I am a Populist and believe that an in crease of money circulation would bring about better times. But I found in Matt Sterup's letter, published iu the lust issue of your paper, something that set me a thiukiug with the result that I now doubt if plentiness of money would help the fanners to pay off their debts. It is obvious that, il the circulation were in creased 100 percent, the value of every thing would also increase 100 per cent. The farmer who is in possession of a farm when the increase comes on, would un doubtedly prosper, but how about the one who is going to buy some land at the reduced price. Notwithstaadiug that his debt-paying power is doubled, it, would still take him as long time to pay for the laud as under the old condition, the price of the land being double that before. Thus 1 cannot see that he would be more able to get a home. The only way,-1 perceive, that an in creased circulation would benefit the farmers is, that the plentiness of money would set several new industries a run ning and thuslesseu the couietitioii in agricultural pursuits. But I think, that by removing all undue influences, that are now bearing down upon the indus stries, as monopolies and similar impedi ments, so the laws of supply and demand alone would regulate prices, the present evil could be cured without an increase of circulation. Abolishment of the preseut banking system aud issue of direct gov ernment notes, government monopoliza tion of railroads and other private I'l'-ii.-jiolies, aud perhaps establishment of government savings banks, would I think effect the desired change for better. Concerning the equal distribution of land I think it impracticable, or if practi cable injurious to the progress of the people. It would surely bring us back to the same station with the half civilized people of the hot regions. Whatever may be the means used I sin cerly hope for a speedy change to better times. C. A. Nklsox: A Trip Through Oklahoma Oklahoma, the Indian word for beauti ful land. A trip through the"beautiful land" of the Indians. Its marvelous growth, pro ductiveness and advantages. I'lion mv departure from Nebraska in January a great many of my old friends asked me to write them my impressions of the new country of Okluhoma, und as Thk Wealth Makkhs goes into the homes of so many of my friends I ask the kind .indulgence pf the editor for space so this oue letter will suffice for all. The last two years in Nebraska have been disheartening to the thousands of wealth-producers of the state and many have gone to start anew iu some more favored spot, while thousunds more are iu tending to follow them in the near future. It is a poor plan for men to pick upand move without a personal investigation of the country to which they think of moving. It is expensive work hunting a home in a covered wagou encumbered with a family, and I realize also that it is ex pensive spending money on trains and at hotels. If men knew about what country would meet their tastes and suit their occupations perhaps no better plan could be devised than ranking an exploring trip with team, if not too faraway. I want to offer one word of advice to all men when looking for new homes make haste slowly. Do not be in too much of a hurry. Afteryou have found something that seems to nearly suit yon, look a little farther. Compare advantages and prices. Consider all the surroundings and advantages. It is easier to get the right pluce first than to change after wards. It usually pays to rent the first year after you have found a locality that seems to suit you. A year's observation with eyes and ears wide open will often pay a large profit. To me Oklahoma was one series of won ders. Such marvelous growth I uever beheld. I had seen parts of Nebraska settled and improved, yet nowhere had 1 seen such substantial growth made in ten years as I found had been made there in one. Tow ns of one to five thousand population along each line of railroad, and in several instances8 notably Enid and North Enid, Pond Creek und Jeffer son rival towns only a. couple of miles apart. The Cherokee strip, opened in the fall of 1893, has a family on each quarter section except iu the western part. There III DON'T WAIT For a Cold to Run into Bron chitis or Pneumonia. Check it at Once WITH AYER'S Cherry Pectoral. "Early in tlie Winter, I took a severe cold which developed into an obstinate, hacking cotigli, very painful to endure liial troubling me day and night, for nine weens, in spite of numerous remedies. Ayer's Cherry lVc toral beiinr recommended me, I began to take it. and inside of 24" hours, I wan relieved of the tickling in my throat. Before I finished the lsittle, my cough was nearly gone. 1 cannot speak too liighlv of its excellence." Mrs. K. liosm, Eaton, Ohio. Si oi o o o 0, o V o o o o o o o Ayer's Cherry Pectoral o Received Highest Awards g AT THE WORLD'S FAIR Of ooooooooooooooooooooooe good govern meat claims may till be had, but for purely agricultural purposes the rainfall is, perhaps, not sufficient for the development of a prosperous fanning country, but it is at least thestnckinan's paradise. For small grain raising all but the extreme western iortiou may prove fairly good, while the central and eastern portions 1 do not believe can be excelled. For corn growing I have seri ous doubts of the reliability of auy of the "strip" except the extreme eastern purr. It has had no fair test yet, as last year was the first farming done there. Last year was dry over the entire west, and perhaps so new a country should not be too harshly judged by this unfair test. In old Oklahoma, settled about tiveyears since, it is not so much an experiment. In southern aud eastern parts while wheat seems to be the staple crop yet corn has doue fairly well, on the river and creek bottoms, exceedingly well. On the South Canadian bottoms 1 saw thousands of busheis of as tine corn as I ever saw in southeastern Nebraska, not only on the bottoms but also on the high plains, while the oldest settlers told me that last season was the dryest they had ever seen. Oue candid appearing man on the Canadian toid me that he had lived and farmed there among the Indians for eleven years, and for the eleven years a careful measurement of the land and corn (rave him an average yield of fifty-one bushels ir acre, aud from his crib 1894 crop. I brought with me as fine corn as I have ever seen in any country. From where 1 began my Investigations of both the Canadian rivers toward the east the reports of the growth and yield of corn became more and more flattering. From all 1 could learn during a brief trip in the win ter season 1 am firmly con viuced that for corn growing southern and eastern Ok lahoma river bottoms are as good as those of southeastern Nebraska, and that is saving a good deal. In the Cherokee strip fall wheat has gone through the winter in good condi tion and it is estimated that 525 per cent, of the entire country is iu wheat at the end of the first year. Hennessey, the first station on the Rock Island, exjiorted last fall over one million bushels ofthe fiiett quality ot fall wheat pretty good for a siugle sta tion in n dry year. Mr. Neal, near Oklahoma City, raised in forty-nine and one-tenth bushels per acre trout wliich was made the first premium Hour at the World's Fair and three pounds per bushel more than the world's best previous record, which was at the Pillsbury millsin Minneapolis Iroin hand picked wheat, while this was from unassorted wheat. Near the same place Mr. Downing raised 110 bushels oats per acre, while Mr. Forbiu raised 114. Mr. Downing is also a lame corn raiser who has raised 100 bushels tier acre. I saw oats of last year's crop that weighed forty-two pounds struck meas ure. Oklahoma is going to astonish the world as a grape coutitry. In every county I visited thereort8of thegrowth and yield of gram's was astonishing. Peaches bear at two years olil and at three or four years furnish an abundance for fatmly use, I took measurements of tieach treescomiiig five yearsold, twentv two inches iu circumference, and was told of others twenty-six inches and whole or chards that averaged twenty inches. I measured apple and cherry trees tf tle same age sixteen niches in circumference, Jones and Son, farmers at Thurston P. ()., have eighty acres of flue, thrifty, healthy, peach trees. I saw apple trees one year, budded, seveu feet in height Hooker seedlings. In all southern Oklahoma timber is very abundant and of fair quality. Lands range in price from a few dollars to fifty dollars per acre. There areother Indian reservations to lie opened to set tlement in the next few years, as fine as the best that have been opened. I know of ho new country offering so great in ducements to those in search of homes. Winters are very short and mild, and farming can usually be done all the year. (Juitea number of the towns are sup plied with electric lights, city water works and are putting on metropolitan airs generally. Outline and Oklahoma City have over ten thousand population each, fine three story brick business blocks, maguilieent school building and genuine western push and enterprise. I would say to anyone thinking of chang ing locations investigate the advantages Oklahoma offers. C. l. Suuadeu. The Baltimore Plan, now practically endorsed by President Cleveland, is attracting universal attention because it is based on the evident fact that the currency and banking systems of the country must be re formed. liut is the Baltimore plan a reform? It gives the associated banks the power to expand the currency and relieve the country. It also gives them the power to contract it at will and create universal distress for their own private gain. It puts the credit of the government behind every bank note. It donates all but half of one per cent of the profit on the note issue to the banks, and it leaves plenty of opportunities for a Napoleon of Finance to wreck a bank and leave the government to pay the notes. It leaves the banks free to demand the highest interest that the several states will allow, and affords no relief to farmers and business men of moderate capital. J1 : Contrast with this The Hill Banking System. In "Money Found," an exceedingly valuable and instructive book published by Charles H. Kerr & Company of Chicago, and for sale at the office of this paper at 25 cents, Hon. Thos. E. Hill proposes that the government open its own bank in every large town or county seat in the United States, pay 3 per cent on long time deposits, receive deposits subject to check without interest, and loan money at the uniform rate of 4 per cent to every one offering security worth double the amount of the loan. This plan is not an expense to the government, but a source of large revenue. It; secures the government amply, which . the Baltimore plan does not. It relieves the distress of the common people, which the Bal timore plan does not. It protects not only note-holders but depositors, who arc un secured now and under the Baltimore plan would be still worse off. .. In a word, the Baltimore plan is in the interest of the bankers, the Hill Banking System is in the interest of the people. Consider them both, and ask your congressman to vote for the One you believe in. And send us 25c, immediately for the book. "Money Found" has no equal in its line. Address, Wealth Makers Pub. Co., Lincoln, Neb. PURELY $3.00 for first $l,O00, $4.0O lor secoud $1,000 in the Cy clone Department. Same t n Fire Department. NEBRASKA Mutual Fire, Lightning and Cyclone Ins. Co. Orer 630,O0O insured. HaTe paid I630.0O in Losses. Ha bad but one assessment. 10c. per 100.00. J. l9Agents wanted. Who Wants a Good Thing? ' . 1 In a small tawn not far from Llncab. I HAVE a nice clean salable stock of hardware of about $2,300.00 no trmding stock. Sales from f 8,000.00 to $10,000.00 per year. My profits last yea were about $1,500.00. Store room on corner rents for $10.00 per month, 28x78, ample side rooms, etreet frontage 50 feet, best location in town; tributary trade large and good; like buying a jrold dollar ii anyone is wanting a hardware, location; part cash, part on time. Must sell. It will pay you to tee or write to me. J.H.DOBSON, 1120 M St., Lincoln, Neb. Irrigated Farms-$l,000l OUT of a thousand farms in SOUTH WEpT IA.S8A8, of 160 acres each, we an selling a limited number equipped with an independent and permanent irriga tion plant sufficient for at least ten acres on each farm. The price at whick these 160 acre farms are wiling is merely about what the ten acres and irrigation plant are worth. Before buying a farm investigate this. Special terms mads Car Celonies. Call on us or write for particulars. THE SYNDICATE LANDS & IRRIGATING CORPORATION, Boom lit Hew Eiglind Life Building. 9th & Wjandotte Bis-, IAB8A8 OITY, X9 . MUTUAL. TZ 1 1 . No Fire Insurance accept! from territory cowered by local company. Y. M. SWI&AKT, Secretary, Lincoln, Kkb