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If : i 2' T ) i VOL. VI. SO MOVES THE WORLD. ' We deep and wak ana sleep, bat all things . more; The Snn tltee forward to hU brother Bun : The dark Earth follows, wheeled in ber ellipse; And hnman thlnro. returning on themselves. Move onward, leading np the golden year." Brittish greed for gain is the cause of the Venezuelan troubles. The Anti-nans bill in the Wisconsin leg islature was tabled by a vote of sixty-two to thirty-seven. . Losses framblinir on the Chicago board of trade drove F. M.. McFarlin to take his life March 17th. The labor party of Austria has 120, 000 members who are pledged to the principles of socialism. The Populists of Peoria, Illinois, have a full city ticket in the neid, ana tney have a daily paper at their back. fhn nar nf feeding 2.100 convicts in the Missouri penitentiary averages 8J cents per day lor eacn individual. Duluth is to put in practice the Mayor Pinu-ree Detroit nlan of orovidina: seed potatoes and allowing the poor the free use of unoccupied lots to raise iood irom Pere Calendoni. a Sicilian monk has in vented a machine which it is claimed will compose 50,000 letters per hour. It throws all type-setting machines far into the shade. Paris lias in every ward opened free public libraries, provided by the munici pality, whereintelhgentworkingmenmay find the very best books relating to all their crafts. The Chicago Times-Herald of March 21 states editorially that sincethebeginning of the year no less than 78 persons in that city have taken their own lives, an average of one a day. Cleveland ship boiler makersareout on strike and the strike seems likely to ex tend to all the boiler makers of the coun try, the boiler manufactories being at Cleveland,) Buffalo, brie, Chicago, and Duluth. tew- -'v ... The Connecticutt Mutual Life Insurance company has the enormous sum of $37, - 487,848.18 loaned on real estate. And it is but one of many insurance compan ies that are eating up the liberties of the people by the usury process. Prof. Thorold Rogers, of "Six Centuries of Work and Wages" shows from public registers and market reports that the humblest laborer or workman of the middle ages received considerably better - wages than such do today. Rev. John Wilson after a personal in vestigation says "there are 10,000 men, hungry, ill-clad and shelterless, walking the streets of New York every night." He also declares they are not tramps or criminals, and "they are willing to work, but cannot find anything to do." Lyman Trumbull has been asked to become the head of a great labor organ ization whose objects ara to foster colo nization on a voluntury co-operative basis, providing profitable employment for the unemployed and fostering inde pendent political action among wage workers. The Philadelphia Traction Co. has voted to increase its capital Btock from f 15,000,000 to $20,000,000. Thiscom pany is controlled by the Widener and Elkins' syndicate, which is largely inter ested in the Yerkes street railway system in Chicago and also controls leading roads in New York, Pittsburg and Balti more. The hired lawyers, Choate, Edmunds and others, have done their eloquent best to rescue the rich from the dreadful in justice of having to pay in income taxes a small part of their share of what is due the government, and now the supreme court is weighing the arguments and con sidering the law. According to the figures given in Mr. Van Obh's book on American Railroads, and Investments, the most recent and reliable authority and written in the commercial interests of the railroads themselves, "for $4,650,000,000 shares now in existence, the original investors certainly paid not more than $465,000, 000, or ten per cent of their face value,. . and probably less. When Constable Levy served a writ of forcible detainer on Mrs. Caroline Mur phy of 59 Milton avenue, Chicago, be cause of her being $17 in arrears on rent, he found her destitute of food and furni ture, and both of her feet were frozen during thecold weather. Shewasalmost helpless. The notion against her will be heard March 27, the report says. Heav ens and earthl is the law against her to punish her, in addition to all this? The diphtheria bacillus has its princi pal seat in the throat and upper air passages and produces in its growth a poison known ns diphtheria toxin, which affects the heart and nerves, and is of in credible virulence. It is said to bt 700 times as poisionous as morphine. The new anti-toxin remedy is said to cure 00 per cent of cases of diphtheria It is the poison separated from the bacilli which produces it, injected into the veins of pa tients. The United Boy's Brigade of America is the name of a new military organization formed under the auspices of the various churches, branchesof which are springing up in almost every city and town. We advise parents to tnke their children out of all Sunday Schools where war is taught. The Boys' Brigade is officered as in the army and tney train with real guns that will shoot and bayonets that will pierce. The plutocrats are gettiug ready for a fight. The New York charities conference has decided to make use of the Mayor Pin gree Detroit plan of utilizing the vacant lots of the city to raise potatoes and garden truck, the use of the land being given and seed furnished, each family to have a third of an acre to work aud all they raise on it. Wm. Steinway gives the use of 200 acres in Long Island city, ex-Mayor Hewitt wves a large tract in Inwood, and Columbia college donates seven acres of its new site on Morning Side heights. It is expected that thou sands of acres will be tendered when asked for. Last year our exports amounted to $825,000,000, and our imports to $672, 000,000. Adding the. merchandise and the gold and silver movements together it shows that our excess of exports over imports was $270,000,000. This unde niably represents tribute paid to foreign ers and was our year's lossof wealth, for which no benefit was received. The gov ernment . might have manufactured its own money, lent it to the people, and saved this vast sum to empty American markets and make that much more de mand for labor. Populists Look Oat For Cuckoo Nests The Tribune has reliable information, whfch comes to it both from friends and right out of the camp of the enemy at Washington, that a movement is on foot to organize a secret order inside the People's party whose object is to capture the national convention in 1896. This information is conveyed to the Tribune by persons of character and national reputation, and we believe it to be abso lutely unquestionable. , Organizers are beine appointed and salaried by the Bimetallic League, out of funds furnished by the great silver own ers and the railroads, who have joined forces to proiuotetheirbusinessinterests. The silver monopolists want to draw our two million voters out into their lately launched single plank party by 1896, and the object of the railroads is to increase the genei al prospority of the country for the sake of their earnings by increasing the volume of money, and what they count of more importance at the same time so control the People's party leadership, clear down to county officers, as to render inoperative the de mand for government ownership of rail roads. The silver speculators fear that this demand may grow to include gov ernment ownership of mines. So much for the motives. The method is to organize a Becret "machine" within the party, so arranged as to leaveall the power of selecting delegates in the hands of the salaried organizers. The Tribune has inside information of the organization of one of these cuckoo nests in Iowa. (The cuckoo lays its eggs in nests built by other birds, aud leaves the eggs to be hatched by them.) The cuckoo organizer in Iowa (as we are in formed almost straight out of the mouth of one of his employers at Washington) is one Mullor, formerly of Illinois. We are credibly informed, in addition, that Muller worked for the Democrats as their agent among Populists of the Ninth Iowa district at twenty dollars a week, last fall. Populist papers should spread this in formation broadcast iu every state and territory, as organizers have begun, or shortly will begin, their treacherous work in all. Forewarn, the brethren, and, like the one-plank movement, this cuckoo-nesting business will diea-bornin.' With the light thus turned on, the Peo ples' party has nothing to fear. Dowu with the cuckoos! Farmers Tribune. Anti-Bonds Resolution We have received- for publication the following resolution: Resolved, That . the citizens of Oak precinct are opposed to bonding the county for $90,000 to build anew jail, as there is plenty of room in the basement of the Courthouse that could be fitted up at little expense. And there is room in old jail now occupied by sheriff that could be fitted up as cells. And we are unalterably oppesed to taxing genera tions unborn. Jonx F. Kicklike, .E .V Ekickson, G. W. McDebmott, Committee. Singing the old Hong Although the new tariff law borders too close on high protection to givecom mercial and industrial enterprises the encouragement they should have, it is evident that all signs point to a revival in business activity that the country has not enjoyed for many years. World Herald. All parties who mnv wish to tako ad vantage of our clubl'ing rates or receive our Dremiurns muni HUT back unhar-rin. tion to date if in arrears. Ayer's Sarsaparilla is unequalled as a cure for female disorders. LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, MARCH 28, 1895. The President of itie American Hu mane Education Society I hold that every city and town should be prepared at all times to furnish tem porary work at low wages to those who are not able to obtain better work else where, because men must live, and it is better they should live by earning than by begging or stealing. Say nothing of the humanitarian aspects of the case, it is cheaper to provide even unprofitable labor than to build and sustain prisons and almshouses. In many of our cities and towns public improvements are needed, and this labor could be made profitable. Whenever work is provided tramps and ablebodied beggars can be immediately employed, and will have no excuse for begging. But how shall we provide permanent work for our unemployed ablebodied men? I answer: That there is but one way under the existing state of things in which this can be done. They must go on to and till the soil. No trade is so easily learned as that of a farmer. To plough and plant and hoe and sow and gather are things not difficult to under stand. Put 10,000 people, the number of the Brooklyn strikers, on fertile lands, give them domestic animals, implements, seeds and provisions, and they will live and have plenty of work. I say: Establish colonies. Put these unemployed men on alternate quarter sections of lands; put up tor them small houses, mills, shops, a savings bank and halls to be used for schools weekdays, for religious instrnction on Sundays, and for moral and interesting amusements and instruction evenings: furnish them tools, transportation, money. Give each who desires it a constitutional deed of his lands and buildings, which on the pay ment ot what has been advanced, with interest, shall vest in him a arood title, provided he shall have sustained a good character. If it be said that we cannot afford to provide labor for the unemployed and to establish these colonies, then I answer; We cannot afford not to. If these colonies are well managed by competent and honest men, of whom I think we still have a considerable stock in the country, there is no reason why the sums paid back by the colonists in purchase of their buildings and lands, together with sums received tor the a lter nate reserved quarter sections and lots, should not pay eventually the whole, or nearly the whole expense of the coloniza tion, and so make the cost little or noth ing of transforming thousands of our able-bodied poor, liable to become crimi nals, into productive, law-abiding citi zens This is the plan. How can it be carried out? I answer: Not by individuals, talk ing, preaching or writing. These simply prepare the way. It must be accomplish ed as all other great political, religious and humane movements are, by organiz ed action. If we seek to prevent poverty and crime, the first step is to form in our cities and larger towns organizations tor the purpose of preventing them; which organizations I would call "societies lor the prevention of poverty and crime." They should be composed of both men and women. They should have, as other organizations have, offices, and paid officers constantly employed. They should gather and publish facts go be- lore city and town authorities and state governments, and if necessary before Congress, with petitions and arguments, and in all practical ways labor to carry out the purposes for which they are formed. Geo. T. Anoell, President American Humane Education Society. Ob the Misery and Despair! Kaufmann hasn't had steady work for six months. Hegot little jobs forawhile, made a dollar or two in a week, but for the last four months he hasn't had a stitch to do. He hasn't earned a dollar. The man is almost crazy. The landlord's agent was around yesterday. Kaufmann begged and pleaded for a little more time. "Well, I'm sorry," said the agent. "If it was me, I suppose I'd let you stay. But you see how it is. The landlord needs the money. He has to pay taxes and all that. He'd rather let the rooms stand empty than have people in here who won't pay any rent. The placeruns down when you're here, and it wouldn't if it were empty. You'll have to get the rent somehow or other." Then Kaufmaun's heart sank within him, and his bosom was contracted with grief. One of the neighbors tried to comfort him. "Don't get discouraged. Times are going to pick up." "Yes, but how shall I get the money to pay my rent? We .haven't a cent to buy food with. How can I pay rent?" "Business will pick up pretty soon." "Fear me, not. I'll bo dead when it does. I can die but once, and why not die quick msteud of drugging along?" Then he started off on a run. "Where are you going?" the neighbor called after him. "To hell!" cried Kaufmann. The neighbors think he will not kill himself. They expect he will make the same old weary rouud of the shops ask ing tor a little job that will give him something to eat. New York World. VOICE OF THE PRESS The One-Plank Foolishness an View ed by Leading Populist Paper The man who looks to "practical poll tics" as the road to reform has an in stinctive fear that the organization of a new party will interfere with bis carefully prepared estimates of future political alignments. He has "rubbed up against the practical side of affairs" and is not influenced by any sentimentality or by the vagaries of visionary and impractic able theorists. He would adopt such a platform as would catch free-silver Dem ocrats and free-silver Republicans. He overlooks the fact that Populism means more than free silver, or more even than currency reform, and that the party, as it now is, cannot be held together upon the narrow basis to which he would con fine it. Let the "cranks" remain stead fast to their principles and leave "practi cal politics" to the politicians. Topeka Advocate. We do not object to the free silver idea, but we do most emphatically object to making that the only issue of a political party in this country. History admon ishes us that no great party ever was created around one issue. Why should they ask a political party that polled nearly two million votes to disband? Why seek to disrupt a movement based on great principles in the interests of one issue? Either these men are fanatics or they are men who are designing for no good purpose. The People's party will not be moved. Progressive Age, Minne apolis. ' The People's party will not adopt Mr; Taubeneck's policy. That is the long and short of it. The People's party has made more rapid growth than any party ever did before in the same length of tune, and it has done it without adopt ing the Taubeueck single-plank policy. The indications are that it will keep on succeeding at the same old stand. Mr. Taubeneck is old enough to know that he nor any other one man can run the People's party. Southern Mercury. "Stick to Your Press" The newspapers of the Populist party are true to the cause and the platform. Some small-sized politicians in prominent places got very angry at the leading papers because they would not allow the party to be switched off into a one-prong trap, and not being able to say anything else the sapheads have been swearing at the newspapers that refused to do their bidding ns "Socialists." The cause is all right as long as the papers are true, and there is not a single instance of a Popu list paper having betrayed the cause. These "prong-buck" politicians, who are after boodle or an office, amount to nothing and will be brushed aside like a fly. They can't stem the great Populist tide and their efforts to change the plat form are like a little fice dog scratching at a ground-hog hole. There are only a few of these traitors and they can do little harm if the people refuse to listen to them. .Stick to your press and it will stick to you. Like a faithful sentinel it will sound the alarm when the enemy approaches, whether from within or with out. Nonconformist. Solid Sense from an Ex-Repnbllcan Belvedeiie, Neb., Mar. 22, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: 1 would like to give my impressions on the political situation in the past and present, and also touch the future some what. BeinR an old-line Republican till last year maybe my prejudice may be of some use to others. I have been for some years an ardent advocate of "National ism," foolishly thinking the Republican party would adopt those ideas after awhile. Last year gave up hope and joined with the Populists. Now about recruits from the two old parties, I can only speak from a Republi can standpoint. There is nothing that a Republican hates worse than being classed as a Dem ocrat. . I am well satisfied that the Populists in the last election would have swept the state overwhelmingly if our candidates (some of them) had not been nominated by the Democrats loo. I could hardly go that myself. I believe if those Popu list candidates thnt-, mro Democratic ticket had withdrawn from the Democratic ticket the gain in Repub lican votes would have been tremendous; for they were ready, wheu Tom Majors was lorcea on tfem by the Lincoln ring, to bolt. In this Old Rcnillilicnn BtrnnrrlinM tlm vote was a tie, and 1 know of many Re- pumicuns tnat did not vote on governor at all. TlieV COUld not vet Tnin Mnwira and would not votnwith thpip l enemies, the Democrats, for Holcomb. v .... ' in my mind the wisest policy to pursue will be to- First. Keen in tlie iniiHIe nf tlm mnA Not allow either the Democrats or Re- .ii; a. j . tu,yi;uiin iu fiiuursw or nominate our cniidates. If they do, withdraw from tlii'ir tii'L r.t Second. Let Brvnn nnrl t-iin nno.iilon followers 1T0 after their fulsp n-nds if their want to, but lot them go alone. Third. Stink tn tiio OmnU 1 a t tt f in and keep educating the people; and I be lieve victory is ours. If not now it is bound to come in the end. Very Respectfully, i N. F. House. To The F. A. & I. U. To the Officers and Members of the Ne braska Farmers' Alliance and Indus trial Union Greeting: Having accepted the position of lec turer for the Fourth district in the hands of President J. F. Willetts and the execu tive committee of our Order, I take thiB means of opening communication with all who may see this notice. It is my de sire to enter at once upon the discharge of the duties of this position, and I ask the hearty co-operation of all Alliance members to the end that the greatest amount of good may be dono during the coming year. It is proper to state in this announcement that the amended constitution of the national F. A. & I. U. provides for five lecturers, to be appoint ed by the president and the executive committee, but provides no compensa tion for such lecturers except as may be agreed between the lecturer and those who call for his services. 1 hope that officers of county or sub-alliances, or in dividual members of the order, that de sire a visit from your lecturer, will write to me without delay and I will endeavor to arrange for a visit at such time as will be most convenient for all concerned and upon such terras as can be mutually agreed upon. The absence of political excitement during the coming year wilt make the buildingof our order on a busi ness basis much easier than in a cam paign year when politics absorbs the at tention of the people. In the past the co-operative and business features of the order have been neglected and we have depended too much upon the social and educational work to keep up the roll of membership. This course has always been attended with unsatisfactory results and during the comingyear it will be the chief care of our officers to perfect the business methods in their various lines so that membership in the Alliance shall be profitable, not alone socially, morp.'lj and educationally, but financially as ll I wish to be fully informed of the need of the order in all parts of tbia district as quickly as possible, and to this end, ask all members as well as officers to write me fully so that I may be advised of your condition and requirements at once. The Fourth district includes Iudiana, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, North Dakota, Minnesota, Wis consin and Michigan. Trusting that the coining year may be one of great pros perity to our order, and that each mem ber will contribute bis or her best efforts to promote this prosperity, I remain Fraternally yours, C. Vincent. 37 W, Market street, Indianapolis, Ind. (Exchanges please copy.) Competition Cannot be Continued "Liberty is but a means to the divine social end. If liberty is not fulfilled in unity, then liberty was the consumma tion of the supreme design of evil powers. And if liberty means no more than the right to strive with each other for mate a. lal gain or intellectual superiority; if the state can do no more than foster a civilization founded in such a freedom, then the evolution of present civilization from feudalism was the irreparable ruin of the world. The conception that free dom consists in the protection of men from one another in social antagonisms, rather than in their association with each other in social sacrifice, can never bring forth any order but that of tyranny and slavery. The worship of Baal and Mo loch was relatively no more degrading and dehumanizing than the conception of the state as a commercial compact and secular institution, with ony police functions to procure individual liberty and protect property. If the state has fundamentally and finally any business that is not comprehended in the discovery and organization of society in the high est right known to man, and the redemp tion of man from all known wrong, then the state is a fraud and a tyranny, and has no right to exist and have authority over man." From Prof. Herrou'a new book. The Chkistian State. Leaders Must Lead Forward We want no Fabius now to deviselines of retreat and consult as to how best to evade an action. Timid leaders must go to the rear. Their place is with the commissary wagons. A real leader forces the fighting. The Populist is a fighting party and it demands a leader ship in sympathy with its demands. Molly-coddles and sapheads, who think it "practical politics" to ask their ene my's permission what to do, may suit to preside over au old woman's quilting party, but they are out of place iu revo lutionary times. Nonconformist. We have just received a large supply of the new book, "Money Found," written by Thos. E. Hill. Price, 25c. Send in your orders. Nothing like it. NO. 42 WORK AT THE CAPITAL Pay Time Over, Makes Froipeot of Ad jourament Generally Gratifying TEE EMEEGEEOT CLAUSE ADDED A Bad Feature of the Irrigation Bill Bill to Appeal Populist Maximum 1 Rate Bill Bills to Limit Power of Populist Governor Good Age of Consent Bill Passed Friday ended the sixtieth day of the session, the constitutional limit, in the house. Hereafter members ot that body will have to serve without pay, if at all. Instead of drawing on the public treasury they will have to draw on their patriot ism; and as the bankable quality of this is probably rather small, It may be ex pected that the agonies produced by the twenty-fourth session of the Nebraska legislature will soon be over. ItELIEF BILL PASSED. " . The bill appropriating $200,000 for the purpose of buyiug feed and seed for indigent farmers has finally passed both houses, and ere this reaches the readers,' will have become a law. The boose re fused to agree to theseuate amendments, but a conference committee soon got the two bodies together. The bill was passed with the emergency clause, so that the cash will be available at once. IBRIGATION. One irrigation bill has passed the house and will probably soon pass the senate. The objectionable feature about it ia that it gives a few men a practical mono poly of the whole irrigation business. The state irrigation society and nearly all the members from the drouth stricken counties fought to have it amended so as to give the individual farmer some rights, but enough Republican voters were held in lipe to defeat the effort. Bill Pax ton and other great land owners in the Platte valley have been down here with a strong lobby and have succeeded in get ting the act into such a shape that it will be one of the worst monopolies ever known in the state. OTHEB BILLS. General appropriation bill, also two claims bills, have gone through the house. Bill to appeal the maximum rate case has passed the house. Bill to give a one dollar bountyon wolf scalps has been recommended to pass the house. A bill appropriating $73,000 for the purpose of furnishing the university library building was recommended for passage in the house, after a hard fight. A bill has passed the senate requiring that where a man goes on a ticket by petition, the words "by petition" shall be prfnted after the name. A bill has passed the senate to take the appointment of the oil inspector out of the hands of the governor. The house refused to repeal the present depository law, but favorably acted on bill amending it in certain particulars. Anti-cigarette bill has passed. The bouse has favorably acted on a constitutional amendment requiring all members to be able to read and write the American language. The bill raising the legal age of consent with women to eighteen years has passed the house. The senate has tacked an amendment onto the beet sugar bounty bill, giving a bouuty on chicory. The bill taking the appointment of the Omaha fire and police commission out ot the governor's hands has been favorably acted on by the senate. The seriate has adopted a resolution declaring to be fraudulent the sale of certain school lands made a few years ago. J. A. E. What the Third Party Is. The predominance of the few against the many is becoming more and more apparent. The tribunals of the law are practically failures. Ever since the war the people have been trying to work out a release from the domination of the old parties, which have proved them selves failures. Neither of them have given the relief to the people which they promised. The present third party, com posed of farmers, professional men, work men and small capitalists, is but a con tinuation of the Workingmen's party, which in 18(0 nominated Wendell Phil lips for the presidency. The third party Is a movement the aim ot which is the abolition of monopolies. Henry D. Lloyd. To retain an abundant head of hair of a natural color to a good old age, the hygiene of the scalp must be observed. Apply Hall's Hair Renewer. Dr. OstIs, tMtb on gold plates. 11th 4 0.