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VOL. VI SO MOVES THE WORLD. "We ileep and wak and sleep. Dot all thmgi more; The Bud diet forward to his brother 8on ; The dark Earth follows, wheeled In her ellipse; And human thlnirs, returning on themselTos, Mots onward, leading np the golden fear." Even in Europe they are feeding wheat to stock m large quantities. There was an average decrease in rail road earnings in this country in 1894 amounting to $840 per mile, as compared with the average earnings of the four preceding years. - ' Germany has educated her poor people to eat horse meat, and old broken down horses are being bought and butchered for them. Horse meat and hitching post bread! The W. C. T. U. of the world have pre sented a petition at V ashington, and it is to be presented elsewhere, asking all nations to suppress the . traffic in liquor and opium. The petition uurolled is six miles long. It has taken twelve years to secure the signatures. The outdoor relief committee of the county board of Cook county, Illinois, shows that 150,000 in Chicago require assistance to avoid starvation. 50,000 persons have already been supported at their homes at public expense. Many are in danger of being evicted from their homes. Governor Stone of Missouri in his mes sage reconvening the legislature said: '"We are confronted by the question whether the people or the lobby shall rule in Missouri. The public safety and honor ot the state are at stake, livery - senator, member, public official and citi zen familiar with the truth knows that these words are justified by the situation at Jefferson City. Two street car companies of Chicago, the Chicago City Railway Compauy and the McGann Company, have come into conflict, and one company, the former, last week with grappling irons and axes pulled a car of the rival company from the tracks and smashed it into kindling wood. "That wrecked car, said Mr. Mc Gann, is the entering wedge to municipal ownership of Btreet car transportation We are ready to turn over our line at once." The Chicago Times-Herald of April 5th reports a "gigantic combination of great financiers and politicians ot the united States to monopplize the telephone busi ness." "It is already organized under the name of the Standard Telephone Com pany, with an aggregated capital of $3(50,000,000. The Standard Oil Com pauy, the immensely wealthy Crocker interests of California and the Pullman Company are in it, besides a long list of millionaires and political leaders, its political pull is sufficiently strong to make any unfriendly legislation very difficult and favorable legislation easy. A parent company and local cbiiipanies (a part of it) nine in number are already formed east of the Mississippi, and ten other local companies are to be formed bv the combination to cover the re mainder of the territory in the United States, the British provinces and Mexico. Advantage of Public Ownership The great English manufacturing city of Manchester has owned its own munici pal gas works since 1807. The city sup plies gas to 81,000 private consumers a 60 cents a thousand feet, besides lighting at post some 15.000 public lamps. This is but one-third, to oue-half the sum charged by private gas companies in American cities. Yet, notwithstanding Manchester's low rates, the municipal gas-works earned for the city in 1893 $500,000 clear and above all expenses. These profits go to reduce taxation in Manchester and for public improvements that would otherwise not be made, or, if made, would be charged to the individual taxpayers. Twenty years ago Manchester began the construction of municipal street rail ways. The city has now 40 miles of such roads in operation and furnishes, morn Ing and evening, transportation to work ing people for one penny a ride! At the same time the roads are rented to oper ating companies on terms that pay the city ten per cent, annual profits on its investment. Glasgow, as stated in a previous editorial, has reduced fares, re duced hours of labor of operatives, and greatly improved and extended itsstreet railway system since the cfty bought out the railroad companies. Why not Amerfcan cities do likewise? Let the New York legislature give the cities of this state an equal opportunity to cheapen and improve their transporta tion service by passing the Conkling bill for a popular vote on municipal owner ship of street railroads. If not, why not? New York Voice. Contemporary Opinions Taxation without representation was never illustrated with such crushing effect as by the railroad system of the United States which now taxes iudustry all that production will bear. Producers along our great lines of transportation are as much at the mercy of the railway monopolists as the highwayman's victim is, who is commanded to stand and de liver under cover of a revolving "bull-dog."-Seattle Call. PRINCIPLES FOREVER The People Have Not Forsaken The Omaha Platform STRENUOUSLY OPPOSEED TO FUSION The Populist Patty Has a Mission, to Save The Nation, And It Is Going To Do It No Side-Tracking The Postr.l Card Responses Omaha, Neb.. April 4, 1895. Editor Wealth Makers: It gives me pleasure to say in regard to the following Bryant resolutions: Resolved; First, That we declare our unalterable adhesion to the principles of the Omaha platform of 1892. Resolved; Second, That the Populist party has a mission of its own, aud its mission is not the reformation of either of the old parties. Resolved; Third, That we call upon the good men of all parties to abandon both the hopeless task of attempting the reformation of an old party, and the chimerical one of building up a new one upon a single incidental issue. Resolved; Fourth, That in our judg ment, only Populists should be placed on guard. ; Resolved; Fifth, That we are opposed to fusion iu all its modes and tenses. That the Douglas county Populist club by vote at its regular weekly meeting fully endorsed the resolutions, and in structed the secretary and president to so notify you also to send you a copy of the obligation that every member of our club signs upon becoming a member. It is as follows: - i. . ' I hereby pledge myself in the presence of these members, to maintain and la bour for the principles of the People's In dependent party as set forth in the no tional platform adopted at Omaha, July 4th, 1892. I also pledge myself to resist fusion with either of the old political parties in any future convention or poll tical meeting oi which J. may be a mem ber. ' , Respectfully, James M. Taylor, president Populist club. C. W. Lun beck, secretary Populist club, Belviderk, Neb., April 2, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: I emphatically endorse the Bryantreso- lutions. Following a principle is like walking a crack if you wabble you fail J. O. Talmadge. - Emerald, Neb., April 2, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: Judge Bryant's resolutionscannot help being approved by all Populists who are men oi principle. 1 wish to say to them, most emphatically, AMhiY William Quick. Belvidere, Neb., Mar. 80, '93. Editor Wealth Makers. I hereby agree with, and most eraphati cally endorse the Wilber F. Bryant reso lutions. Respectfully, M. C. Dill, Chairman Thayer county People's party central committee. Peru, Neb., April 2, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: Iu reference to your request, wishing to know how the People's party stand on certain resolutions offered at the meetino- of the People's party central committee, wouia Bay, tne piattorm adopted at Omaha in '92 is good enough for me. Ira S. Parker. Port Royal, Tenn., April 1, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: - The silver party will not hurt us in the South. We are all solid for the Omaha platform, and we stand ready to brand traitors all who repudiate the Omaha declarations. We must be prepared for a death struggle in '96, and if we surrender the Omaha demands Waterloo is our fate, and we would merit it. W. L. Parks. Whittier, Neb., April 1, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: Referring to the resolutions in your issue of March 28th, I wish to express my hearty endorsement of the same. I do not know of a Populist in my neigh- oornood who will consent to abandon a single issue of the Omaha platform, or who approves of any sort of fusion. If we can't win on our own principles let us accept defeat gracefully. xours for Populism, R. C. Hardin. Allen, Neb., April 2, '93. Editor Wealth Makers: The resolutions submitted to the state central committee by Mr. Wilbur F. Bry ant, are thesentiment of Cedar conntvns expressed at their last county convention This county (Dixon) passed similar reso lutions, only stronger. Those resolu tions are all right, the Omaha platform LINCOLN, NEB., THURSDAY, APRIL ll, 1895. la nil ricrtit. And whitn tha Pnnnli.it nnrl.T leaves out finauce, transportation and land they can leave out your bumble ser vunt. W . r v p I, Kti i i (Mr. Starr is editor and proprietor of 1 .11 T V me Alien news.) Edison, Neb.j April 1, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: In answer to your request for posta card opinions on resolutions would say, endorse the same in its entirety, and would farther say, I don't see how a man nfordinary in tellect and of princi pie could do otherwise, lours for reform. , M. V. 11. Manly. Omaha, Neb., April 2, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: I am strongly in favor of the resolu tions introduced by Judge Bryant, aud what is more, believe that the Omaha platform of 1892 if changed in any way in 1896 should be made more radical. No fusion he who is not with us is agaiust us. Walter Breen, Table Rock, Neb., April 1 , '95 Editor Wealth Makers: In response to your request for a postal card vote on resolutions published iu your paper, I must say that they meet with my unqualified approval. Especially would I endorse the last resolution per taining to fusion, as 1 think that dicker ing with Bryan and the Democrats has done our party a lasting injury in this state, -Respectfully, Ellis E. Wolfe West Union, Neb., April 1, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: lhe Populist platform adopted at Omaha is good enough, and demands 16 to 1 silver and other needed reforms that we'll never lay aside. The men who undertake to sidetrack us on a one-plank platform will be sure to go down, and must bear the responsibility ol'killirig the Jreopie s party, lietter suffer defeat in the middle of the road, than victory won byiusion. Respectfully, A. B. Hartley. Naponee, Neb., April 1, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: Those five 'resolutions accord with my views periectiy. v ouid like to add reso lution that nomanshould receive a nomi nation for any office that is not a straightforward good citizen. I believe immoral men running for office last fall, did more to defeat the Independent party than any other one thine. The quicker our people wake up to the importance of putting good men in nomination, the better it will be for us. Yours for reform until reform we have. S. S. Barnes. - Inland, Neb., April 1, '65. Editor Wealth Makers; I am in favor of Mr. W. F. Bryant's resolutions. A man is not a Populist who can not say that fusion and indorsing men of other parties is leading off from the right track, and will lead to no good for the Populist party. By inviting honest men from the two old rotten parties into ours we can do some good; but to fuse with either of the old parties we will destroy our own, and the old par ties will be as bad as before. Yours for keeping right in the middle of the road. Louis M. Nelson. Neb. City, Neb., April 1, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: . . In response to your request as to the indorsement of the resolutions submitted to the state central committee by Judge Bryant, I want to say that they have my unqualified support. While I am not a member of the committee, I was present when the resolutions were being discuss ed and by the courtesy of the committee was permitted to say a few words in sup- Fort of the resolutions, believing then as do now that they expressed a sentiment that must be sustained if we expect to build up the Populist party and make it the great political party of the future. t raternally, Robt. W. Trimble. Hastlngs, Neb., April 2, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: I see in The Wealth Makers that you would like opinions on the Omaha plat form of 1892. I am a middle-of-the-road Populist, and stand on the center of the Omaha platform with a two-hundred pound weight to hold it together. No compromise or fusion with either of the old parties. No side tracking. I would rather fall in the middle of the road flht ing for principles than die in the Demo cratic ditch, or at the side of it hunting for office. W. J. Bryan was the Demo cratic stool pigeon to snare and divide, and the Populists could all see it alter it was too late. 1'ours respectfully. John E. Mowers. Imperial, Neb., Mar. 30, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: I want to respond with emphatic Amen to the five resolutions introduced by J udge Bryant. This is no time for tem porizing. We favor silver legislation as earnestly as do the silver Democrats, but fres silver is only one of many equally or more important demands of the Omaha platform, and !he single plank silver men would not respt us, if we were to aban don or betray our principles for the sake of getting their votes. Better stand square on the platform and face defeat. than to sacrifice principle and sweep the political field. I here are some things in finitely worse than defeat. Yours with both feet on the platform, J. W. Martin, (County Judge.) Dwight, Neb., April 8, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: , f The Omaha platform set our. faces in the right direction, and it's a mighty (oor time now to begin to wobble and ook to the right or left, especially when the field is occupied by two parties, one Of which is "busted" wide open, and the Other has a record which would shame the devil. Hew to the line. W, L. Darnall. Gilead, Neb., April 2, '95. ditor Wealth Makers: ; I believe tin Bryant resolutions are all of them all rig it, but the first and fifth I fuil to find language sufficiently strong to express my unalteruble devotion and attachment to; aud the fourth is of vital importance to the party. Respectfully, 1 - F. X. Pearl, Stanton, Neb., April 4, '95, Editor Wealth Makers: In regard to the one plank platform, as secretary of thecounty central committee of Stanton county, I am opposed to it. first, last and at alt times. Stand by the Omaha piattorm, fight against fusion in any form and keep in the middle of the road. lours respectfully, W. H. Woodruff, Emerald, Neb., April 7, '95. Editdr Wealth Makers: In my deliberate opinion the Populist party has got to stand by its principles Wtud avoid any and all appearance of fu sion with the Democrats, or die. If our leaders make any apparent arrange ments, go into any deals to splice teams, so that we get the name "demo-pops attached to us we cannot win. If there is anything this year that indicates deal with Democrats, or any going back on the grand principles oi the Omaha platform, count me out. J. Al. IJUICK. Oakdale, Neb., April 4, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: The Populists of this county are for the within resolutions, postal card opinions asked; for I took pains to ask 16, and 14 of them said quick that they were their sentiments. The other two were a little doubtful; they had a little fusion blood m them The resolutions are all 0. K. for me. say, no fusion. And the Iree silver party is irotten up to kill off the ropuhsts. say let Bryan and his clique go it alone. Our party is the noblest one in the country. T. W. Stratton. Weston, Neb., April 1, '95. Editor Wealth Makers: ' I endorse the W. F. Bryant resolutions soul and body. In regard to log-rolling which A and B spoke of at Lincoln would say, We are not stalled, and we have a Kood and true team that never flinches when it comes to a long and hard pun. Nor will thev balk half way up the hill We want no fusing, had enough ot that last fall. All the Pooulists ask of the Democrats is to keep bands off. We don't propose to run our party for a set of office-seekers. We lost lots of votes here by fusion, and good Independent too. If it is a iroinir to be run into Democrat machine we will vote the Re publican ticket. We did not leave the Republican party to ioin the Democrats, and lots of our Populists have said they are glad we got beat, for it would learn our leaders a lesson. So keep in the middle of the road Would say for myself, if they fuse again I will work as hard to defeat the fuse as have to insure success forour principles All our fellows sav. irive us the Omaha platform, no more, no less. Would say to all fusion leaders. Look out, or you will hear something drop. lours, J. W. EDWABD8. Concerning Those Resolutions Edison, Neb., April 3rd, 1893. Editor Wealth Makers: The resolutions of Mr. Wilber F. Bryant to Populist state central committee meet with our hearty approval. Will the free and unlimited coinage of silver make interest rates cheaper? Will the abolition of national baulks make de positors more safer Double the amount of money in circu lation and you double the amount of in terest under existing conditions; and al lowing that the product of labor should double in market value, as long as inter est rates remain high labor receives no benefit save on existing debts. The in terest taker is the hoarder of money. The great enterprises of our country are supposed to pay out all the money they gather in and they are m the power of the interest gathervr. The demand for a place of safe deposit (Contlnned on 6th page.) ' Mr. Debs Speaks at Spokane Mr. Debs recently addressed a very large audience at Spokane, Washington, and we give below enough ot his speech to show where the great A. It. U. president stands He is a Populist clear through. He spoke in part as tollows: "My fellow countrymen," said Debs, " want first of all to thank you from the bottom of my heart for this most cordial greeting. 1 am not vain enough to think one moment that it is for myself person ally this demonstration is made, but rather that it is for the manly body of men that 1 represent as manly a body of men as ever enlisted in a great cause, "I assume that this meeting is held under the auspices of the People's party, I need not say that I am with you heart and soul. (Applause.) If ever we hew out our emancipation it will be by using the best endeavors for the only party of the people. ''Both old parties are alike. Both are dominated by the money power. I am going to suggest that they be consolidat ed in name as well as in fact. Tbecorpo- rations are doing everything to defeat the People's party. And why? Because they know that when they succeed this government will be of and by and for the people, and will not be any longer run in the corporations interests. "On the Union r acme recently yon re member it the company issued an order prohibiting the men from taking a part in politics. They did that because they knew their men favored the People's party and they knew, also, that the People's party would be run in their interests. They never interfered as long as the men voted the old party tickets, "But tha People's party is more than a party. It is a philanthropic, a patriotic movement, it is a movement in which all of us can unite, cau unify all our par ties, and work out the emancipation of the workingmen all over America. "I anneal particularly to the working forces of this country. Under present conditions it is futile to strike, lhe en tire social organization ' is against us. The courts are the corporations. Mon eyed men violate law with impunity. The money power rules everywhere. Lincoln foresaw this with prophetic vision when he foretold the uprising of a great power theconsequence of whosecoutrol hecould not tell. Aud yet if a man were to say that now he would beclassed as a 'dange rous demagogue.' "They did not repudiate Abraham Lin coln, in many respects the greatest Ame rican that ever lived. It takes courage to be a Populist these days. They don't stop at ordinary reproaches, but a man's sanity is ques tioned. I have been charged with being a disturber of the peace. And here and now I , accept the compliment. I am going to do what I can to keep on dis turbing it until justice is done. (Ap plause.) "Uur forefathers proclaimed tneeternal truth that all men are created equal. They crowned themselves the people and accepted the ballotas the symbol of their sovereignty. - there never was a time When people were thinking harder than they are now. They were satisfied to think by proxy in olden days, but that has gone by. I am glad of the unrest. It promises the dawn of a better day. People are getting nearer to each other. I bis movement is not a class move ment. It embraces all who love their country and their fellow men. The Peo ple's party is often charged with not knowing what it wants. That may be so, but it knows what it doesn t want. (Laughter.) It doesn t want the corpo rations to ride rough shod over the peo ple always. Kepublicansand Democratsuke to tell you about Jackson and Lincoln. If they were living today they would be Populists (Applause.) "My heart is with you. I hope this spirit will continue to prevail. Stand shoulder to shoulder, side by side, lie deem this government, and restore it to the common people." The applause that followed shook the building. The Coxey Library Literature Editor Wealth Makers: Will you please tell your readers where they can find literature that will help to educate the "smart" business man. The The average man in trade admits he is not posted on "finance," and the farmer now has a chance to educate every retail dealer in Nebraska by spending about two cents a month. Send to J. S. Coxey, Massillion, Ohio, a two cent stamp and get a copy of his argument before the ways and means committee of congress on his non-interest bond plan. Or, 100 copies will be sent to any club or alliance for $1.00. Mr. Coxey is issuing a pam phlet form of literature called a "library," which puts financial questions in a clear and concise form, which it would be well for business men to study. The depressed conditions of trade in Illi nois, uino, lowa and Wisconsin shows how ignorant business men are, while the money loaner and "financier" are edu cated and "right in it." My Populist friend, the time has come when you must educate the business man. Two cents spent to educate the man ou buy goods of will briug you a good crop whether it rains or not. . 1 lie average retailer is honest, and if shown the merits of the Populist princi- ies in a cool reasoning manner he will be the friend of the farmer, his customer. as he ought to be. A. J. Gustin. ( tate papers pleaso copy. ) NO. 44 IT IS DEAD AT LAST Tha Host Contemptible Mean and Corrupt Partisan Body Known LAST OF THE EEP- I00DLESS Closed With a Drunken Debauch Aftei Doing the Work of their Masters, The Corporations Republicanism Now a Reproach Lincoln, Neb., Apr. 8, 1895. The twenty-fourth session of the Ne braska legislature is dead. Upon its demise, a bountiful rain fell all over Ne braska, and thus two blessings came at once. Amid a pandemonium such as would pisgrace a lunatic asylum; amid the pop ding of beer corks, the gurgle of whisky bottles and a general drunken orgie; amid a hail of debris, waste paper, bask ets and pamphlets; amid shouts, laughter, jest and song; the most disreputable legislature that ever bur dened the state, breathed its last. God be thanked that it is over. Iknow of very little to redeem It. Its presiding officers were tyrannical and unjust. Its extreme partisanship was nauseating. Its expenditures were lavish, notwith standing the almost bankrupt condition of the state treasury and the prevailing hard times. It was thoroughly domi nated by the corporations and the A. P. A. It appointed moreempioyes than the law allows; it elevated a railroad attor ney to the U. 8. senate. ' It Toted away the People's money in a bounty to cor porations; it indulged in a disgraceful scramble to take the appointing' power away from the governor; it failed to pass a freight rate law or a stockyards law; it created a number of expensive, sinecure positions to be filled by republican poli ticians; it repealed the state depository law, thus allowing the state treasurer to steal $75,000 a year of interest money from the people; it passed an irrigation bill that puts the whole irrigation system into the hands of a monopoly; it indulged in horseplay over the Barrett Scott mat ter, for political effect, and backed down -when faced by the governor; it placed re lief matters in the hands of a bureau that has been a scandal ever since it started; it passed a county relief bill that was so clumsy it could be putinto effect nowhere in the state; and finally it died in the throes of a drunken debauch that was characteristic of itself and a fitting close to its labors. 1 In the language of the confession, "It lid those things which it ought not to have done and left e-done those things which it ought to have cone; and there was no health in it" It ought to have died two weeks sooner than it did. the last op the aoony. The principal features of the last week xere the overriding of two of the govern or's vetoes and the windup. On Monday the governor vetoed the bill placing the appointing of the Omaha fire and police commission in the hands of the attorney-general aud land com missioner; and the bill placing the power to designate newspapers to publish the constitutional amendments in the hands of the secretary of the state. Both Veto messages were able documents. Consid eration of them was delayed until Wed nesday when both bills were passed over the veto. the a. p. a. buns things. The great flirht was over the bill to place the Omaha fire and police commis sion in the hands of the attorney-general and commissioner of public lands and buildings. This was an A. P. A. measure pure and simple. The fight to pass it was the greatest of the session. The A. P. A. lobby fairly swarmed the corridors and floor. It hooted, yelled and insulted members. It was led by Tom Majors and worked to gain its end through theentire session. The bill was intended as a siap at the Omaha Bee. The Populists, ex cepting one man, were solidly opposed to it. It passed with three votes to spare and Rosewater's colors went trailing in the dust. the appropriations. It is impossible to get at the exact figures on the appropriation bills at this time; but it is known that they have been very much increased over two years ago. This increase will probably amount to a quarter of a million of dollars. When to this is added the quarter of a million appropriated for re lief purposes, the appropriations will reach a round half million more than those made by the session of '93. There is a little Populist economy compared with Republican extravagance. appointments. It is rumored all around the statehouse thatCapt. P. H. Barry, the one-armed leader of the Pops, on the floor of the last house, will be adjutant-general. His selection will be a good one. It is also rumored that Uncle Barney Johnston will be one of the secretaries of the state Continued on 5th pagt.