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April 18, 1815.
4 ) DR UEUIIONS LECTDKES The Sin of the Frodioal Sou Seen in Hew Light WHAT WE POSSESS HOT OURS Tha Elder Brother At Great a Sinner Breaks in the Social Organism Cause Individual and Social Death The Social Significance of the Story of the Prodigal Son ' The following lecture by Prof. Georire D. Her rou la on of a aeries of four reported from sten ograph ootea, taken down in the clam room for Tac Wialtb Makers. They are informal lect ures delivered extempore. Two succeeding lec tares were on Wealth and Co-operation. The story of the Prodical Son might be called the social theology of the New Testament. In the story of the Prodigal Son there has been an endless individual istic application; while the true signifi cance has not been taken into account. It is a fact that we hare had to wait for science itself to reveal to us the plain truth. The relation of man as an indi vidual to God, is not the difficulty, but the relations of man with man. The story of the Prodigal Son is the story of a break in human relations. -The diffi culty begins with theindividualiumof the man's consideration of his relation to his possessions. He savs: "I will take ray part and I will separate myself and go off and do as I feel like doing with what is mine." The moment this man said, . "What is mine is mine," that moment his fall was accomplished. The moment the man begins to regard his property as bis indi vidual possession, that moment the man had become a fallen being, out of his normal relations to his fellow men, to the universe, to God. It was that in which his real prodigality consisted. The emphasis is not laid upon the fact that he went and ate husks, but upon the fact of the break in the social organism; he began to treat himself as an individual instead of a part. If the finger had self consciousness and could proceed to sever itself from the hand, it would not do much for itself or for the hand either; no more can a man who seeks to treat him self and his relations and possessions from the standpoint of himself. When a man begins to enter upon a career that is independent of consideration of his re lation to his fellows, the fall of that man has been accomplished; sorrow has been given to life, to the social organism as a whole. The man said: "What is mine is mine." The moment that man had done that his life was gone. It does not matter whether he ended with husks, or ended in a palace. The fact was that he had severed himself from God and his brothers. The same lesson may be drawn from the story of Dives and Laza rus. In the hut or the palace, the man who has marie himsell the consideration of lite, or his membership in the body ol humanity the consideration of life; that man by so doing has wrought discord and pain in all human life. If every other man on earth had his whole mind set toward God aud there yet remained one man who was out of that harmony the universe would be distraught with pain. If I have a great deal of pain in my finger, or my foot, or any place, my whole body will be full of physical discon tent; we are so truly one. It is a terrible fact yet a supremely hopeful fact that we cannot get away from each other. No man can be fully extricated until all men are extricated. It is a terrible responsibility, but, on the other hand, our supreme ground ol nope. Though the Prodigal Sou was fundamen tally a failure, he was still ason even after he became a prodigal. He had commit ted suicide in wevering himself from mem bership with God and with man. So he goes on, his relations become more ana more a discord; hesinks lower and lower. When he has reached a certain depth, he conies into the consciousness of being out of his right relations. Redemption is getting back into normal relations. To be awakened to the consciousness ot sin is not to be awakened to the simple fact that I am a sinner, but that 1 am a sin ner against somebody. He had sinned, His awakening to the consciousness of sin was the awakening to consciousness of wrong done to somebody. 1 he only fundamental and hopeful ground of re pentance is the awakening to the met that one had wronged somebody. It was not: I am a sinner and 1 am (oat, but, 'I will arise and go unto my father's house and sav, "Father I have sinned against thee." It was the awakening of conscience, to i a realization of how he had violated and wronged his inheritance. Life and pro perty are a gitt, a trust, ana not to be used in an individualistic way. It is true that we have behind us the mighty push of hereditv that brings with it good as well as evil. The good that we have is a gift to us from the past, all ol it. All that we have of life and property comes to us as an inheritance. That gift can nnl v h renaived and treated as a trust. Life is a mission, an errand to others. It is a trust. Property is a trust. The Prodigal Son awakened to theconscious' , ness of the fact that he had used his in heritance for himself. His conviction of sin was the awakening to the fact that V he must use what little he had left, use it for others, use it for all, use it for God. I That was his awakening to the conscious ness of sin, that was his repentance. ' Now, when he gets back, comes the older brother, that brother has had more neglect than he deserves. The whole history of the world is miniatured here the whole life of men. It was the Father who had not given up the young man, knowing that God is the friend of the prodigal. He is the father of the prodigal still, knowing how God kept in endless pursuit. But with the brother it was not so. Now as a matter of fact the brother who was not a prodigal was iu a worse condition than the one who was a prodigal. This leBson may be seen also in the social wrongs. The man who has succeeded mar be as the older brother. Here are the great respectable classes and here are the great unrespectable classes. The respectable people are living for themselves, they have lost their true life. The prodigal has treated his inherit ance as bis own and has squandered it. He was individualistic. On the other hand the elJnr broiii- r has bm-n penuri ous and saving, but he haa bwn just a alfib. They are jnt the same, the only difference Is, one had ben saving lor him self, the other had tried to have a good time with It in bis own mistaken way. It is more natural for the generous man to become the prodigal, and theeutirely sel fish man to become the opposite of the prodigal in worldly conditions. Here is the story of our gonial conditions. To day there are men who treat their in heritance as something which they are to preserve for themselves and men who do not treat it as a trust at all. They ar both in an unfortunate plight, but some how it seems a great deal easier to reach the prodigal than to reach the respect able man. God has a better chance at his life. Though the man who is the re spectable one may be in the church.he may may still be a strong and individualistic life, a wholly selfish life. The one has thrown away his trust, the other has taken his trust and used it for himself. The one has failed to keep his trust at all, the other has misused it. The normal relation would have been that not only the father but the brother also should seek to save the prodigal. If the brother had been in right relations with the prodigal, if he had been in right relations in the social organism, be too would have been seeking the restoration of the prodigal to his right normal con dition. The one was out of his right re lations to God as truly as the other. The one needed to learn the truth as well as the other. The one needed to know the meaning of life and its relations as well as the other. As far as we can gee in the world the elder brother has not awaken ed to a consciousness of bis sin. That part of society which is economical has not recognized its sin. The vision of wrong anywhere is my responsibility to set it right. Every wrong in the world is an obligation laid upon me to set that wrong right. We cannot be saved in the largest sense apart from our enviroment. There is discord everywhere until there is concord everywhere. We are as respon sible as God is to the relative measures of our powers. We are responsible with God for setting right the wrong that is in the world. The true selfhood of man is not in him self. We look for our true selfhood in vain when we look for it in ourselves. In other words, we all use the term universe without its meaning very much to us. Your life, my life, is a universal life. God and man, a unity, a universe, are all in volved in our lives. We are tangled up. The writer to the Hebrews said that Abraham and Moses, who had gone be fore us into the invisible activities of life, had to wait forua,that they could not be perfect without us. Death itself can not change us. We read that Moses and Elijah came down on the mountain and appeared to Jesus. Jesus talked with them. It is a revelation of the fact that all life is one, that we are bound together. The ouly thing for us to do is simply to lose ourselves, our individual lives, find ing our supreme intxTest in the extrica tion of all life from sin. There is nothing for us to "do except to take the only con tract that has ever - been given to us. It is not worth while giving our attention to ourselves from an individual stand point, but we are to give ourselves to the extrication of the world itself, the rise of human life from this predicament. The ouly way any of us can get out is to get but together. There is a sense in which we can come into individual relations with God by working with him for the re demption of the world. We are all caught in its tedemptive processes Dying does not change us. The only way to find our true life is to find it through the surrender of ourselves, -willingly, gladly, to this redemptive process, which is lifting, creating, making perfect the world. That is what Jesus means when he gays, "He that saveth his life shall lose it." He commits suicide, moral suicide just as truly as the finger that separates itself from the hand. Life con sists in living rationally, christianly, humanly. Life is but one thing. It can not mean anything else. Abandoning interest in ourselves and giving our selves in entire selfabandonment to the true redemptive processes, is the way of life. These processes will crush us if we do not. Wear i lost if we do not. He that saveth his life shall lose it; he that loseth his life shall save it. It is the social philosoph of the story of the Prodi gal Son. It is the philosophy of life that we have to learn through pain and strug gle before we will accept it and give up to it. Narrow is the gate and straight is the way of getting in and few there be that find it. It reveals to us on the other side, a social theology of God. God's relations to the world are just what he asks yours and mine to be. We may think it is not so. But it needs but a momentary con sideration to realize it. We will never abandon ourselves to that redemptive work iu which we are all caught unless we understand that God is abandoniug himself to that redemptive process. God is not pursuing his own happiness, he is pursuing the redemption oi man. The revelation of Jesus is the revelation of God himself as being constantly sacrifi ced. God himself cannot get any rest of a certain kind until this redemption is accomplished- He suffers all the time from the consequences of sin. Every Bin of man is a particular, a constant cruci fixion of God. There is a sense in which God has to be delivered from our sins. Paul goes ou and sums it all up. The whole creation groans and travails in pain, the pain of God, waiting for the manifestation of the sons of God. In other words Paul says this: the whole physical creation, our human life, all are caught in the throes and pain of the re demptive heartache and sufferings of God; waiting until we become manifested and perfected as sons of God. So God and man, the natural world, the physical world, is involved in the sin of man. This is the only possible extrication. God himself has to beextricated. Tlnvt is the philosophy of life on the one side, the social theology of God on the other side. That is the philosophy of redemption. It is not a sane universe, except that be true. From the moral standpoint we act like fools to the measure that we do not surrender ourselves to the universal re demptive process. Get Money Through Pnblic Improve ments Des Moines, Iowa, April 1, 1805. Editor Wealth Makers: We have become so accustomed to the private loaning, and private borrowing of money, that many reformers, I notice, still cling to the idea even when formulat ing plans for a more equitable system of finance than at present prevails. I be lieve that private loaning (and borrow ing too) is all wrong, fundamentally so, and unnecessary. I would utterly des troy It. root and branch, by making It unprofitable-. lA-t the federal government ondertnks all public works ol a national character, and pay for same in the purest of pure flat money, which money would be full legfll tender and receivable for any debt due the nation. Let each state borrow as much of said money as is required for public improvements within the state and deposit state bonds with the U. S. treas urer for the amount borrowed, paying for the use of such money, cost of issue. Then allow each cof nty to borrow from the state In the same manner. I contend that when it is possible undereuch a plan for individuals to ask and get interest, over and above state and couuty cost, then money should be considered at a premium over general prices, and that such a condition is unwholesome. It should then be obligatory on the part of the couu ty, state or nation, to undertake further public work, and so render pri vate loaning unprofitable. Suppose a state were to undertake an unusual amount of improvement, money would then become more plentiful and wages would be relatively high, as com pared with neighboring states. Labor would then flock to that state and the tax on the state debt would sink into in significance. On the other band states that got "economical" and refused to borrow money, would soon lose their citizens and get "in the soup." Or again if money became too plentiful aud unprofitable to use, the state and county could curtail the amount in general circulation, bo re deeming their obligations to the general government and so lessen the annual tax until private loaning and borrowing again made its appearance. There is a world of difference between paying interest to "your uncle". and tri bute to Sbylock. The plan of government loans to indi viduals is impracticable and the proposi tion brings deserved ridicule upon its projectors. We have that system now and it is a flat failure. What has the in dividual to offer as security? Do we want a system of government pawn shops (as at present)? Not much. I notice a correspondent proposes to "soak" bis land, but he needs to be re minded that as the land is the Lord's, and as he didn't help make it, he would have some difficulty showinga title to it. The days of absolute ownership of land are too near to a finish, to propose lend ing money on land. We own what we create. Let reformers understand that the monopolists who are eating the life out of this country don't care a button what they do, so long as we don't under mine interest and rent. Fuss and blow all we want to about combines, trusts, railroads and other monopolies, every last one of them is founded on either laud or money mono poly, or both. There are . but two essen tial monopolies, land and money, only two ways to get something for nothing, interest and rent. Do anything you please to destroy these two factors, and you upset and destroy the whole outfit. I believe in socialism thoroughly, but I do not believe in adding unnecessarily to the complications of government. Let us reduce government to its simplest terms. We have too many Grover Clevelands, too many John Shermans al ready. If iu the days of Alex. Hamilton the government mistrusted the people, just so in our day do the people mistrust their rulers. Yours truly, . ' ' ' - G. Blacklisted ' Blacklisted, dishonored and branded, Ohl Freemen degraded and spurned, Because you have dared and demanded A share of the treasure you earned. And this is the product of "promise," From lips that but utter to lie;- A gift that those Greeks take from us, The "right" to toil on till we die. Ayl did they not say they would bridle The coursers of wrong in their speed, If workingmen, hungry and idle, Would be yoked to the car of their creed? That mothers and babes who have wait ed, In the darkness of doubt and distress, Through them should again stand elated In homes they would brighten and bless? ' , How long shall the juggernaut rumble, Impelled by the votes we supply? How long can our liberties crumble, Ere tyrenny dares to defy? , How long shall our lives and disaster, Be wedded through wrongs that we see? " How long shall the tyrant be master, Of men that God meant to be free? Ohl send me your answer, my brothers, Who so often have trusted in vain, That no longer the pledges of others, Shall rivet and strengthen Our chain; That the shysters who ciaim to be sages Shall be known by the lies they have told For they lie as they've lied in all ages, Since manhood was bartered for gold. Nemo. Placerville, Idaho. Selections by It. Agnes C. What is love? Smiting Upon the harps of lite until the chord of self tremblingly passes into music out of sight. Tenny son. ... Through the harsh winds of our day, A low, sweet prelude finds its way; -Through clouds of doubt and creeds o, iear, A light is breaking, calm and clear. Whittier. It is ever true that he who does noth ing for others, does nothing for himself. Goethe. A kind thought, a loving deed is like sprinkling perfume on the garments ot another. You too shall breathe and receive of its sweetness. Anon. No man ever sank under the burdens of today. It is when he adds tomorrow's burdens that the weight becomes more than the man can bear. MacDonald. The man who isconstantly looking out for a soft thing may be assured his par ents contributed one to the world. It is only by infusing great principles into the common mind, that revolutions in human society are brought about. George Bancroft. WHY SUTTER WITH Sick and Nervous HEADACHE? STou may be easily and quickly oured by taking- Ayer's Pills "I have been a victim of terri ble headaches, and have never found anything to relieve them so quickly as A yer's Pills. Since I began taking this medicine, the attacks l have become less and less frequent, until, at present, months have passed since 1 have had one." C. F. Newman, Dug Spur, Va. "Having used Ayer's Pills with great success for dyspepsia, from which I suffered lor years, I re solved never to be without them in my household. They are in deed effective." Mrs. Sallie Morris, 125 Willow St., Phila delphia, Pa. . "I always use Ayer's Pills, and think them excellent." Mrs. G. P. Watrous, Jackson, Fla. Ayer's Pills Received Highest Awards AT THE WORLD'S FAIR oooeooeeooeeeooooeeeeeeoi bmssss imiiii mm m iiimiuiiimii iiiiimimmm mm nl IS THERE NO HOPE Through table, tame and luxury haT pawed The ancient nations onward to their tomo: The nations ot today are following fast Along the same Ignoble coarse to doom. If luxury conld be for every one. And not be held by an exclusive few. Injustice would not with the nations i nn And hurl them from the path where comes the - new. , What of the pew? ' Each came with noble creed, And mighty boast that Justice shonld be done, But, like the old, gave luxury to greed, ! And so passed downward to oblivion.! to there no hope? Must avarlcealone, Receive the good of all that men perform, And leave the generous spirits hot a stole, And to the masses but the work and storm? My brother lookl The new. advancing last To wrest from modern greed Its lawless power, Declares that brotherhood of man, at last. Shall reach Its glorious noon. Its crowning hour. ' Stand Arm, my brother! there Is hope today. For o'er the new, we're greeting, Justice reigns. And manhood is aroused to clear away The monuments of aelflsh strife and gains. J.O. Talmadg. Coming County Populists all Right Wisneh, Neb., April 1, 1895. ', Editor Wealth Makers: i The Populists of Cuming county, as far as t have been able to ascertain, are heartily in iavor of the resolutions pre sented iu The Wealth Makers of March 28. We tried to reform the old parties till we got tired of the job. Then we formed anew one; and to ask us now after all we have accomplished, and have two million voters, to give up our platform and fuse with the Democrats on free silver comes rather late in the day. Who gives us the assurance that we would be much better off if such a combination were successful and free silver should carry the day? As long as the trusts and mono polies are on top, and the banks have the same facilities to concentrate the money, thpy would get hold of it, whether the circulation per capita were fifty dollars or five. Let the volume of money be ever so large, we will get none of it unless we have something to buy it with. What is to hinder those men that can corner the money and make it scarce, wnen our crops are ready for market, in order to get them cheap, to do so after we have tree coinaee of silver? We will get per manent relief only when the government owns the railroads and when we have government banks where we can get money at a email rate of merest. Under these circumstances it would be worse than foolish for us to give up the Omaha platform that demands legislation on those Hues and take up withmething very much less important. It is much better to stick to ourprinciples, even if victory does not come so soon, than to win next year on a compromise. If the demands in the Omaha platform cannot be enacted intolavv.it is a comparatively unimportant matter to the rank and file of the Populists who holds the offices.or by what party name the office holders are called. If our leaders are true they will carry the flag of Populism forward in the mid dle of the road; if not, we will find new ones. . Louis Dewald. We have just received a large supply of the new book, "Money Found," written by Thos. E. Hill. Price, 25c. Send in your orders. Nothing like it. Catarrh Cannot Be Cured with LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as they cannot reach the sent of the disease, Catarrh is a blood or constitutional disease, and In order to core yon must take Internal remedies. Hall's Ca tarrh Cnre is taken internally, and acta directly ca the hlood and turnout surfaces. Hall's Catarrh Cnre is not a qnack medicine. It was prescribed by one ot the beat physicians In this country lor years, and la a regular prescription. It I composed ot the beat tonic known, combined with the beat blood purifiers, act Inn directly on the mncous surfaces. The perfect combination of the two InKredlents Is what produce such wonderful results iu curing Catarrh. Bend tor testimonials, free. F. J. CHE. VET & CO.. Props., Toledo, O. Sold by Druggists, price 76o. The Baltimore Plan, now practically endorsed by President Cleveland, is attracting universal attention because it is based on the evident fact that the currency and banking systems of the country must be re formed. But is the Baltimore plan a reform? It gives the associated banks the power to expand the currency and relieve the country. It also gives them the power to contract it at will and create universal distress for their own private gain. It puts the credit of the government behind every bank note. It donates all but half of one per cent of the profit on the note issue to the banks, and it leaves Napoleon of Finance to wreck a bank and leave the government to pay the notes. It leaves the banks free to demand the highest interest that the several states will allow, and affords no relief to farmers and business men of moderate capital. Contrast with this The Hill Banking System. In "Money Found," an exceedingly valuable and instructive book published by Charles H. Kerr & Company of Chicago, and for sale at the office of this paper at 25 cents, Hon. Thos. E. Hill proposes that the government open its own bank in every large town or county seat in the United States, pay 3 per cent on longtime deposits, receive deposits subject to check without interest, and loan money at the uniform rate of 4 per cent to every one offering security worth double the amount of the loan. This plan is not an expense to the government, but a source of large revenue. It secures the government amply, which the Baltimore plan does not. It relieves the distress of the common people, which the Bal timore plan does not. ,, It protects not only note-holders but depositors, who are un secured now and under the Baltimore plan would be still worse off. In a word, the Baltimore plan is in the interest of the bankers, the Hill Banking System is in the interest of the people. Consider them both, and ask your congressman to vote for the ttie you believe in. And send us 25c. immediately for the book. "Money Found" has no equal in its line. Address, Wealth Makers Pub. Co., Lincoln, Nb PURELY i. $3.00 for first $1,000, $4.00 for second $1,000 In the Cy clone Department. Same in Fire Department. NEBRASKA Mutual Fire, Lightning and Cyclone Ins. juo. Oyer f650,000 insured. Have paid $630.00 in Losses. Have had bat one assessment. 10c. per $100.00. J. t9Agents wanted. Faster Time Better Service. The Black Hills passenger now leaves daily at 1:25 p. m. and will land passen ger at Hot Springs at 8:05 a. m., and at Dead wood at 11 a. in. next day. From Chicago two fast trains arrive here week days, one Sundays. For further information apply as be low. A. S. Fikldino. City Ticket Agt. 1 MnuiiL-u (Jpn'l Act.. 117 So. 10th St. Good News! Governor Larrabee's great work, "The Railroad Question," is now issued in pa per covers. It is the standard authority on the stbject and has just been adopted as a text book by Vassar College. Every reformer should have a copy. Price, cloth, $1.50; paper covers, 50c. Ad dress, Wealth Makers Pub. Co., Lincoln, Neb. Homeaeekera' Excursions On March 5 th and April 2nd, the Mis souri Pacific will sell tickets to Arkansas, Texas, Oklahoma and other southern points at on fare for round trip plus $2.00. For illustrated and descriptive pam phlets or further information call at city ticket office. 1201 0 St. . F. D. Cornell, CP. AT. A. plenty of opportunities for a MUTUAL. No Fire Insurance accepted from territory covered by local company. Y. M. SWIG AET, Secretary, Lincoln, Nib. "Among the Oarks," Tha Land of Bir Apples, Is aa attoactJVj and Interesttns; book, handsomely Ulnstratef with news ot Booth Missouri scenery tnclndlni the famous Olden Frnlt Farss ol fcOQO awes U Howell conntr. I pertains to frnlt raising U that (rreat fruit belt ot America, the southeri slope of the Oiorks. and will prove of great valua otonly to fruit growers, but to T7 'a10" and homeseeker looking tor a farm tad a noma Mailed free. Address, J. E. L0CXW00D, KanjM City, Ma INorth-Western LINE F., E. & M. V. B. R. is the best to and from the Sugar Beet Fields NORTH NEBRASKA. All arufalsta sell Dr. Miles' Nerve Plasters. 1